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THE AMERICAN EUGENICS SOCIETY 



MEMBERS, OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS 
ACTIVITES DATABASE 



Eugenics Watch l 

Eugenics in America 2 

AMERICAN EUGENICS SOCIETY MEMBERSHIP ACTIVITIES 6 

Guide to Membership Database 6 

Alphabetical List Last Names A-C 9 

Alphabetical List Last Names D-H 101 

Alphabetical List Last Names I-L 211 

Alphabetical List Last Names M -0 264 

Alphabetical List Last Names P-S 308 

Alphabetical List Last Names T-Z 378 

Officers 435 

Directors A-L 476 

Directors M-Z 511 



Eugenics Watch 

This web site documents the means by which eugenic goals have been introduced 
into the mainstream of American intellectual and political life, and the extent to 
which it has happened. 

Eugenics is a concept familiar to Americans in the context of Nazi Germany. 
"Eugenics" involves notions of racial purity, racial superiority, and the heritability 
of intelligence, virtue, or vice. Although Hitler is its most notorious proponent, 
eugenic thinking has held a prominent place in Western intellectual history since 
the 1860's, when Darwin's disciple, Francis Galton, began to put about the idea 
that the governing classes of England should consciously guide the development 
of the human genetic heritage. 

A comprehensive history of early eugenic thinking can be found in The Legacy 
ofMalthus by Allen Chase. And additional background of a historical sort can be 
found in Aristotle to Zoos by Peter Medawar, himself a member of the English 
Eugenics Society. Medawar quotes Galton, as follows: 

"I do not see why any insolence of caste should prevent the gifted class, when 
they had the power, from treating their compatriots with all kindness, so long as 
they maintained celibacy. But if these continued to procreate children inferior in 
moral, intellectual and physical qualities, it is easy to believe the time may come 
when such persons would be considered as enemies to the State, and to have 




forfeited all claims to kindness." (Fraser's Magazine 7 [1873] quoted in Aristotle 
to Zoos, Peter and Jean Medawar, 1983 p. 87) 

By the turn of the 20th century, such ideas were commonplace. Margaret 
Sanger, a member of both the American Eugenics Society and the English 
Eugenics Society, is a particularly well-known proponent of eugenics. This is but 
one of many similar comments by Sanger, 

"Those least fit to carry on the race are increasing most rapidly ... Funds that 
should be used to raise the standard of our civilization are diverted to 
maintenance of those who should never have been born." (from The Pivot of 
Civilization quoted in Margaret Sanger, by Elsah Droghin.) 

The eugenic ideas of Sanger and her colleagues prevailed among all the major 
birth control groups of the early days. "Race Building in a Democracy" was the 
theme of the 1940 joint meeting of the Birth Control Federation of America and 
the Citizens Committee for Planned Parenthood. Indeed, the Federation 
proclaimed about Adolph Hitler: 

"We, too, recognize the problem of race building, but our concern is with the 
quality of our people, not with their quantity alone ... 

"It is entirely fitting that 'Race Building in a Democracy' should have been 
chosen as the theme of the annual meeting of the Birth Control Federation of 
America ..." ( Birth Control Review, vol. XXIV, January 1940. See also the entry 
in this book under Henry P. Fairchild) 

The rise of the eugenicists in Nazi Germany is widely known. Unfortunately, 
however, the moral generally drawn from this tale is that flaws in the German 
character explain the Third Reich. It all happened, supposedly, because Germans 
are too much in love with their own national heritage, or too sentimental, or too 
docile before authority. These traits, combined with antisemitism, "explain" the 
rise of Hitler. In other words, eugenical thinking is supposedly a menace 
particular to German culture. 

In truth, however, eugenical thinking has been spreading steadily in Western 
culture throughout this century. Even after the German embarrassment, the 
eugenicists kept right on pursuing the same goals they had always pursued, the 
same goals that Hitler pursued. But the spread of eugenics after World War II in 
the United States is not well studied or documented; hence this compilation of 
data. 

The information presented here aims to further the study of post-World War 
II eugenic influence in America. Earlier eugenicists, and foreign eugenicists, are 
studied for the sake of the light they shed on the post-War American context. 



Eugenics in America 

The conclusions drawn by the author from the data she has gathered are as 
follows: 



1. Eugenical currents in England, America, and Germany were more similar 
than different in the period 1922-1939. Supporters in all three countries 




were allied by friendship, by organizational ties, and by mutual reference 
to each other's works. 

2. The American Eugenics Society database is a useful roster of U.S. 
eugeni cists with ties the English Eugenics Society (Galton Institute), the 
vast English/Commonwealth/ European eugenic network. The Society 
survives and flourishes to the present day, although, since a name change 
in 1973, it has been known as the Society for the Study of Social Biology. 
The "modern" name does not reflect an alteration in the goals of the 
Society. 

3. Eugenical thinkers in democracies use different, more subtle tactics for the 
implementation of eugenic goals than did Hitler. However, democracy is, 
for eugenicists, little more than a political obstacle course. Eugenicists do 
not subscribe to the political culture of mutual respect which is assumed to 
be present in a democracy. 

4. Eugenicists were embarrassed by Hitler. After the war, they instituted 
various strategies to cover up the collaboration that had existed between 
German, American, and English eugenicists. For example, they adopted a 
policy of "crypto-eugenics" (or secret eugenics) and founded cover 
organizations like the Population Council and the International Planned 
Parenthood Federation to carry out their aims. There is little evidence, 
however, that American and English eugenicists learned any lesson from 
the German debacle — except where public relations was at stake. 

5. The International Planned Parenthood Federation is one of several still- 
existant organizations which (a) were wholly sympathetic with eugenic 
goals at the time of their founding; (b) have carried out effective eugenic 
programs since their founding; (c) present to the world a nominal purpose 
which does not openly appear eugenic in nature. 

6 . The eugenic agenda, in any form, is inherently dangerous. Relying on the 
illusion that they can (and should) control human destiny by shaping the 
human gene pool, they breed discrimination, trample on civil liberties, and 
undermine collective responsibility. 

7. Eugenic leaders need a certain amount of secrecy when it comes to their 
real agenda and goals, and this itself is an acknowledge of that fact that 
they are at odds with the "ordinary" people. This is a vulnerability that can 
hopefully be exploited by Eugenics Watch. Nearly everyone recoils from 
eugenic ideas once the ideas are clearly and accurately explained. 

The author's goal in distributing this material is to expose the institutions, 
associations, and intellectual disciplines which have been founded by, governed 
by or intellectually controlled by, members of the America Eugenics Society. The 
point is to encourage a healthy skepticism about the politics of these groups. For 
example, Planned Parenthood makes much over its program to reduce teen 
pregnancy, eliminate V.D., and counter AIDS. It has most notably succeeded, 
however, in reducing the number of births to people of color. To know that 
Planned Parenthood was founded by eugenicists like Margaret Sanger and 
Medora Bass of Philadelphia is to receive some enlightenment as to why PP 
continues, year after year, to fail so spectacularly at its stated goals, while 




producing what often passes for an "unintended consequence." 

The writer believes, too, that this database can help explain contemporary 
trends by revealing the influence of individuals having links to the complex global 
network of eugenics societies. 



Names of the Society 1922-1994: 

■ Society for the Study of Social Biology 1973-present 

■ American Eugenics Society Inc. 1926-1973 

■ American Eugenics Society 1925-1926 

■ Eugenics Society of the United States of America 1922-1925 

■ *Eugenics Committee of the United States of America 1922-1926 

■ International Commission on Eugenics Ad Interim Committee of the 
United States of America or "American Ad Interim Committee" 1921 

■ **American Consultative Committee 1912-21 

^Formally, the Eugenics Committee of the United States of America was distinct 
from the Eugenics Society of the United States because the Committee was 
appointed by the Second International Congress. The only action we know the 
Committee to have taken is the organization of the Eugenics Society of the United 
States, which became the American Eugenics Society. The Committee was 
dissolved when the American Eugenics Society was incorporated; and the 
Committee funds were then transferred to the Society. 

** The American Consultative Committee was appointed at the First 
International Congress of Eugenics in 1912. It was responsible for organizing the 
Second International Congress which was scheduled for 1915 but not held till 
1921 due to the war. The committee members were: C.B. Davenport, Alexander 
Graham Bell, William Castle, C.R. Henderson, A. Meyer, F.A. Woods, Ales 
Hrdlicka, and Vernon Lyman Kellogg. Henry Fairfield Osborn was President of 
the Congress, which appointed the "Ad Interim Committee". 

Addresses of the Society 1922-1991: 

■ 515 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 1991 

■ Social Sciences Research Council 1989 

■ 230 Park Ave., Rm. 1522, New York, NY 1969-73 

■ 245 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017 1967-68 

■ 230 Park Ave., New York, NY 1951-1967 

■ 1790 Broadway, New York 19, NY 1943-50 

■ RKO Building, Rockefeller Center 1940-41 

■ 50 West 50th St., New York, NY 1939 

■ 4 Hillhouse Ave., New Haven Connecticut 1935-39 

■ 370 Seventh Ave., New York, NY 1926 (NYC office) 

■ 185 Church St., New Haven, Connecticut 1922-35 

■ Penn Terminal 1922 
Notes on the addresses: 

Yale University is in New Haven, Connecticut; 1790 Broadway was also the 
address of the American Social Hygiene Association and the National Committee 




for Mental Hygiene (1948); 230 Park Avenue is the Helmsley Hotel which is 
above Penn Terminal; in the 8o's and 90's the Society address given in the 
journal, Social Biology, is the workplace address of the secretary. For example, 
when Lonnie Sherrod was secretary, the address was the Social Sciences 
Research Council where Sherrod worked. 

Presidents: 

■ Irving Fisher 1922-26 (Political Economy, Yale University) 

■ Roswell H. Johnson 1926-27 (Cold Spring Harbor, Univ. of Pittsburgh) 

■ Harry Laughlin 1927-29 (Eugenics Record Office) 

■ C. C. Little 1929 (Pres., Michigan University) 

■ Henry Pratt Fairchild 1929-31 (Sociology, New York University) 

■ Henry F. Perkins 1931-34 (Zoology, University of Vermont) 

■ Ellsworth Huntington 1934-38 (Geography, Yale University) 

■ Samuel Holmes 1938-40 (Zoology, University of California) 

■ Maurice Bigelow 1940-45 (sex education, Columbia University) 

■ Frederick Osborn 1946-52 (Osborn-Dodge-Harriman RR connection) 

■ Harry L. Shapiro 1956-63 (American Museum of Natural History) 

■ Clyde V. Kiser 1964-68 (differential fertility, Milbank Memorial Fund) 

■ Dudley Kirk 1969-72 (Demographer, Stanford University) 

■ Bruce K. Eckland 1972-75 (Sociology, University of North Carolina) 

■ L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling 1976-78 (Genetic Psychiatry) 

■ Lindzey Gardner 1979-81 (Center for Advanced Study, Behavioral Sciences) 

■ John L. Fuller 1982-83 (Behavioral genetics) 

■ Michael S. Teitelbaum 1985-1990 (US Congress staff; US population policy) 

■ Robert Retherford 1991-1994 (East-West Institute, Hawaii; funded by AID) 

■ Joseph Lee Rodgers 1994, 1995 (family influences) 

Journals of the Society 1926-1994: 

■ 1969-95 Social Biology 

■ 1953-68 Eugenics Quarterly 

■ ! 939-53 Eugenical News (published by American Eugenics Society) 

■ 1931-38 Eugenical News (published by Eugenical Research Association) 

■ People 

■ 1928-31 Eugenics 

■ 1922-28 Eugenical News (published by the Eugenical Research 
Association and the Eugenics Committee/Eugenics Society) 

Current Journal Editor: 

The 1995 editor of Social Biology, was Richard H. Osborne q.v. of the University 
of Wisconsin at Madison (Emeritus). He was editor 1960-77, retired, then 
returned as editor by 1981. The managing editor in 1994 was Barbara Teachman 
Harvey Osborne, wife of the editor. 

Journal addresses: 

“ 1939-63 Eugenical News/Eugenics Quarterly printed at 3110 Elm Ave, 

Baltimore, Md. 




■ 1962 Eugenics Quarterly, back issues at 2000 P. St., Washington, D.C. 

■ 1963 Eugenics Quarterly, printed at 1323 Greenwood St., Baltimore, Md. 

■ 1970 Social Biology, published by the University of Chicago Press 

■ 1974- Social Biology published by the Society for the Study of Social 
Biology 

Statements on Membership in Journal: 

1943-45 "The Executive Committee invites to membership all persons who are 
interested in human heredity and its control through eugenics" 

1946-51 "The Society invites to membership all persons who are interested in 
human heredity and correlative environment and their eugenic control for 
improvement of individual, family and race." 

Journal Purposes: 

1967-73 "To further knowledge of the biological and sociocultural forces affecting 
human populations" 

1974- "To further knowledge of the biological and sociocultural forces affecting 
human populations and their evolution" 

Source: Eugenical News (EN), Eugenics Quarterly (EQ) and Social Biology (SB) 
for years from 1939-1994; Eugenics for the year 1929; "Brief History of the 
American Eugenics Society" EN December 1946, vol. 31 #4, p. 49 ff for years from 
1922-1940; Minutes of the American Eugenics Society 1925-56 on deposit in 
American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for years from 1925- 
36; "The Progress of American Eugenics" Eugenics, v. 2, no. 2, 1929 p. 3 ff for 
years from 1921-29; A History of the American Eugenics Society, 1921-1940, 

Barry Mehler, PhD Thesis, available from UMI Dissertation Services, 300 N. 

Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI, 48106. 



AMERICAN EUGENICS SOCIETY 
MEMBERSHIP ACTIVITIES 

Guide to 

Membership Database 

Source of members' names: 

A list of members as of 1925 is deposited in the American Philosophical Library 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1925 list); a list of members of the Advisory 
Council appeared in Eugenics, Feb., 1929 (Eugenics, Feb. 1929); a list of 
members as of 1930 is in the Margaret Sanger papers, Library of Congress, 
Container 62-63, Reel 41, "American Eugenics Society Feb. 1928 - May 1936"; a 
list of members appeared in the Eugenics Quarterly 1956 (EQ 1956); Frederick 
Osborn wrote to congratulate new members as they joined the Society and these 
letters, with other letters to and from members, are deposited in the American 
Philosophical Society Library's American Eugenics Society collection (AESC + 




date); Richard Osborne, editor of Social Biology, prepared a list of members for 
the officers and directors of the Society in 1974 (Osborne list); Barry Mehler 
compiled a table of the terms served by members of the Advisory Council and the 
Board of Directors from 1923 to 1940 which he published in his PhD thesis, A 
History of the American Eugenics Society 1921-1940, UMI Dissertation Services, 
1988 (Mehler + page number); other sources as specified. 

In addition to membership, dates for attendance at International Eugenics 
Congresses and for work done for Social Biology, the journal of the Society, are 
sometimes listed in the area in which membership dates are listed in order to give 
an indication of the length of time during which the member has been connected 
with eugenics. The key to symbols indicating the type of writing for Social Biology 
is given below: 

BR = Book Review 

R = Report 

C = Communication 

M = article or symposium paper 

MR = Manuscript Review, Referee 

D = Discussion 

O = Obit 



Sources of information on members: 

More information on members came from Who Was Who In America (WWWIA) 
than from any other single source. Other sources are specified in individual 
articles, except that many titles of books and articles by members were obtained 
from Books In Print, Science Citation Index, library catalogues and other similar 
non listed sources. 

Notes on Some Members 

• Advisory Council. Advisory Council members were not necessarily dues 
paying members of the Society. But they have been placed on the members 
list for two reasons First, many of them are known to be members, and, 
second, as Advisory Council members, they allowed the prestige of their 
name to be used to enhance the Society and the Society used them as a sort 
of focus group. 

• Historians. In studying these lists it must be kept in mind that, in the case 
of historians, an individual historian of eugenics might have joined the 
Society as a formality because the Society required membership in order to 
access files. 

Key to Abbreviations 

AESA 

American Eugenics Society Accounts, in the American Eugenics Society collection 
deposited in the American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 




AESC 

American Eugenics Society Correspondence, in the American Eugenics Society 
collection deposited in the American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania 
AESM 

American Eugenics Society Minutes, in the American Eugenics Society collection 
deposited in the American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
AJHG 

American Journal of Human Genetics 
ARTW 

Around the World News of Population and Birth Control (IPPF newsletter) 
AMWS 

American Men and Women of Science 
BCR 

Birth Control Review 
EN 

Eugenical News 
EQ 

Eugenics Quarterly 
ES 

member, Eugenics Society, Great Britain 
FOC 

Frederick Osborn collection, deposited in the American Philosophical Library, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
FO Hist 

"History of the American Eugenics Society", Frederick Osborn, Eugenics 

Quarterly, 1973 

JBS 

Journal of Biosocial Science 
SB 

Social Biology 
SCI 

Science Citation Index 
WSW 

Who's Who (Great Britain) 

WWW 

Who Was Who (Great Britain) 

WSWIA 

Who's Who in America 
WWWIA 

Who Was Who in America 




Alphabetical List 
Last Names A-C 



Abbott, Lillian; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Abbott, Mrs. Mary V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Abbott, Dr. W. L.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Northeast, RFD #3, Maryland 1925; Maryland 1930; Northeast, Maryland 1932 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Abell, Mrs. Frank; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Abramson, Frederic David; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1941, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; PhD (genetics) 1971 Univ. Michigan; genetic 
counselor, birth defects, Wayne State 1971-72; Dept. Community Medicine, Univ. 
of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington 1974; Health Management Systems Inc., 
2115 Burnham Rd., Gaithersburg, Maryland 1979; epidemiology of abortion, 
public policy formulation; family and population planning 
Publications: 

"Spontaneous Fetal Death in Man" Social Biology, v. 20, 3 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 




Abruzzo, Michael A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept, of Biological Sciences, California State Univ., Chico, California 95926 
Source: Osborne list 

Abt MD, Isaac A.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

1867-1955; MD Chicago Medical College (Northwestern); Northwestern Univ. 
Medical School (taught pediatrics 1909- 42); Pres., American Academy of 
Pediatrics; 4810 Kenwood Ave., Chicago, Illinois 1925; 104 S. Michigan Ave., 
Chicago, Illinois 1932 
Pubns: 

Editor, Yearbook of Pediatrics 1902- 41 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 

Acheson Jr., Mr. Marcus Wilson; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1873; d. 1943; lawyer; member, various firms with Sterrett and Acheson in title 
1901-1943; Legal Aid Society; Bd. Dirs., Allegheny County Workhouse 1930-38; 
took conscientious objector cases in 1941; 1927 Oliver Bldg., Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania 1925 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Achilles, Mrs. Edith Mulhall; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

4 E. 95th St., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Adamopoulus, George; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Athens, Greece 
Source: EQ 1956 



Adams, Mrs. C.H.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Adams, Miss Emma F.; 

Member 

Personal: 

1734 Jefferson St., Kansas City, Missouri 
Source: 1925 list 

Addison, Dr. W. H. F.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York, 1921) 

Personal: 

MD; b. Ontario, Canada 1880; d. 1963 (buried Oshawa, Ontario); MD Univ. 
Toronto 1917; his daughter is Mrs. John Gilchrist; Univ. Pennsylvania School 
Medicine, anatomy, 1905-48, Emeritus; Marine Biology Lab. Woods Hole 
Pubns: 

editor, Villiger's Brain and Spinal Cord; Piersal's Normal Histology; chps. in The 
Rat In Laboratory Investigation 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Adler, Dr. Herman M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

119 E. Huron St., Chicago, Illinois 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Adriance, V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Afleck, B.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Agersborg, H. P. K.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

b. Norway 1881; PhD Univ. Illinois 1923; Prof. Biology: James Millikan Univ., 
Decatur, Illinois 1924-28, Shepherd Univ. 1929-30, Atlantic Univ. 1930-32; 
traveling lecturer on conservation of land and water resources; Agersborg 
Laboratory (Founder/Director 1949-60); Mason (Eastern Star); International 
League of Norsemen 
Publications: 

Nature Lore 6 vols. 

Source: 1925 list 

Ahern, Frank; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Behavioral Biology Laboratory, Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu; 1984 Institute 
for Human Development, Pennsylvania State Univ., College Park, PA, 16802 
Publications: 

1986 "Further Investigations of Educational and Occupational Attainment in the 
Hawaii Family Study of Cognition", Social Biology, v. 33, 1-2; 1983 "Family 
Background, Cognitive Ability, and Personality as Predictors of Educational and 
Occupational Attainment", Social Biology, v. 30, 1; used in The Bell Curve 
Source: Osborne list; 1984 list 

Albee, Edward; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Albert, Allen D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Paris, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Alder, George C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Alexander, Douglas; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Alexander Jr., Prof. Dr. Eben; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1913; MD; Neurosurgeon; Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Prof. 1949- (1979) 
Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed., 14th Ed 

Alexander Jr., Mrs. Eben; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

wife of Eben Alexander q.v. 

Source: EQ 1956 

Alfi, Omar S.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd., California 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Alford, Dr. Leland B.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Humboldt Bldg., St. Louis, Missouri 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Allan, William; 

Member 1930, 1938; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

306 N. Tyrone St., Charlotte, North Carolina 1932; Charlotte, North Carolina 
1938; William Allan Award of American Society of Human Genetics named after 
him 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM, May 1938; ERA list; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Allen, Prof. Bennet; 



Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

909 Micheltoreana St., Los Angeles, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Allen, Edward E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Allen, Dr. Frederick Madison; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

i879-(i974-76); MD Univ. California 1907; Research on diabetes: Harvard Med. 
School 1909-12, Rockefeller Institute 1913-18; Physiatric Institute, Morristown, 
New Jersey (Dir., 1920-33; investigated diabetes and other disorders of 
metabolism); Psychiatric Institute, Morristown, New Jersey 1925; New Jersey 
1930; Staff, New York Medical College 
Publications: 

1919 Total Dietary Restriction in the Treatment of Diabetes; articles on shock 
treatment 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA v. 6 

Allen, Lawrence; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Allen, Robert E.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 40 East 42nd St. New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Allen, Samuel G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Allen, Yorke; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Rockefeller Brothers Fund 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Allyn, Harriett M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Almar, Franco; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Genoa, Italy 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Als, Heidelise 

see under Rivinus 

Alvarez, Dr. Walter C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1884; MD 1905; d. 1978; Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (head of section 
and senior consultant, Division of Medicine 1926-50, Emeritus 1950-78); 
University of Minnesota (Prof, of Medicine 1934-50); father of Luis W. Alvarez, 
Mrs. Bradley C. Brownson q.v.; His period as Emeritus overlaps with period 
when Blackmun was general counsel, advising on abortions but in 1950 he moved 
to Chicago and became a Lecturer in Medicine at the University of Illinois 
Medical School 1951- ; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; 
founding member, American Assn, of Physical Anthropologists 
Publications: 

1956 "The Medical complaints of the Relatives of the psychotic, the alcoholic and 
the epileptic" Eugenics Quarterly, 3; The Emergence of Modern Medicine from 
Ancient Folkways; editor: American Journal of Digestive Diseases 1938-42, 
Gastroenterology 1943-50, Modern Medicine, Geriatrics; newspaper column 
(said that one in five American children needed specialized help in school); "Born 
that Way, A Practical Solution for the Constitutionally Inadequate", Scientific 
American, Nov. 1942, brief report, p. 202 




Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; Current Biography 1953 

Ames, Hobart; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

b. Easton, Massachusetts 1865; d. 4/22/1945; son of Oakes Angier Ames; m. Julia 
H. Colony 1891; Board Directors: Ames Shovel and Tool Co., Oliver Ames and 
Sons Corp., Old Colony Trust Co. (Boston); Wyoming Shovel Co., Easton Land 
Co.; First National Bank of Easton (Pres.); offices in the Ames Bid., Boston 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ames, Mrs. Oakes; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ames, Prof. Oakes; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

b. N. Easton, Massachusetts 1874; Harvard Univ. (1898-1941; MA 1899; instr. to 
Prof. Botany 1898-1926; Prof. 1926-41, Emeritus; Curator, Botanical Museum; 
Supr., Arnold Arboretum (founded by his father); First National Bank of Easton, 
Bd. Dirs.; Office 81 Ames Bid., Boston; many medals for horticultural 
contributions, especially identifying and breeding orchids; see Oakes Ames, 
Jottings of a Harvard Botanist, Pauline Ames Plimpton, Botanical Museum 
Harvard 1979 

— son of Governor Oliver Ames (Massachusetts) who was involved in the 
financing of the Union Pacific Railroad and was the principal person named in 
the Credit Mobilier scandal over this financing, (see Hobart Ames, Henry 
Fairfield Osborn Senior, Frederick Osborn, Fairfield Osborn, Mrs. Mary 
Harriman and Mary Rumsey for other inheritors of Union Pacific Railroad 
money who went into eugenics.) 

— m. Blanche Ames 1900 

— son; Amyas Ames; Syosset, Long Island 1995 

— daughter; Pauline Ames Plimpton; d. April 17, 1995 aged 93; married Francis 
T.P. Plimpton (see The Plimpton Papers, Law and Diplomacy, Pauline Plimpton, 
Univ. Press America 1985; A Collector's Recollections, George Arthur Plimpton, 
Columbia Univ. Library 1992 (her father- in-law)); BA, Smith College; Board: 
Planned Parenthood, Institute for World Affairs, Public Education Association 

— George Plimpton; editor, Paris Review 

— Francis T. P. Plimpton Jr.; Ormond Beach, Florida 1995 

— Oakes A. Plimpton; Boston 1995 




— Sarah Plimpton; New York 1995 

— son, Oliver Ames 

— daughter, Evelyn 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Obit, Pauline Plimpton, NYT April 17, 1995; WWWIA v. 
3 

??Blanche Ames; from prominent Massachusetts family; supporter of Margaret 
Sanger; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in 
America, Ellen Chesler, 1992, p. 171, 230, 346-47, 450- 51?? 

Ames, Winthrop; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Amos, Waldo A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Amoss MD DPH, Dr. Harold Lindsay; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

b. 1886; d. 11/2/1956, Greenwich, Connecticut; Harvard (MD 1911, DPH 1912; 
Harvard Medical School, instr. preventive medicine and hygiene); Rockefeller 
Institute (pathology and bacteriology 1912-22); The Johns Hopkins Univ. 
Medical School, Baltimore, Maryland (assoc, prof, medicine 1922- 30); Duke 
Univ., Prof. Medicine 1930-33; Mason 
Source: 1925 list 

Anderson, Bishop 

— see under Gregory, Mrs. Robert 

Anderson, Lewis O.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Junior College, Hibbing, Minnesota 1925; Wisconsin 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 



Anderson, Robert Van Vleck; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1884; d. Palo Alto, California June 6, 1949; petroleum geologist; BA Stanford 
Univ. (geology); survey California oil and petroleum resources; S. Pearson and 
Sons Ltd., England, geologist 1913-18; Whitehall Petroleum Corp Ltd., England 
(Dir. 1919-23, Chief geologist 1923-26); Algerian geological survey (1930-32, then 
for Socony Vacuum Oil Co. 1934-44); research assoc., Stanford Univ. 1945-49 
Source: Sanger list 1930; WWWIA v. 2 

Anderson, Mr. Robert V.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Menlo Park, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Anderson, Samuel Wagner; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1898; d. 1963; Norwegian background; Assistant Secretary of Commerce 1954; 
Harvard Business School 1921 (co-founder, Harvard Business Review); Goldman 
Sachs and Co. 1923-31; Interstate Equities Corp. 1932; in charge of aluminum 
and magnesium production for WW II; Lehman Bros.; International Bank of 
Reconstruction and Development (Chief of Latin American Loan Dept.) 1949; 
Chief Consultant to the Eisenhower White House on foreign economic policy 
Source: EQ 1956; Current Biography 

Anderson, Prof. V. Elving; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1921; PhD (zoology) Univ. Minnesota 1949; Dight Institute, 400 Church St. 
East, Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (i954-(i979), asst, dir., 1954- 
78, Acting Dir. 1978-179), Director, 1993); Univ. Minnesota, Prof. Genetics 1966- 
(1979); Behavior Genetics Assn., Pres., 1979; Member: American Society of 
Human Genetics, Genetics Soc. America 
Publications: 

1981 "Assortative Marriage", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 15, 1 (Social Biology, v. 29, 
#1-2 (reprinted in 1981 (v. 29) issue of Social Biology as one of the most 
frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1973 "Intellectual Performance, Race 
and Socioeconomic Status", Social Biology, v. 20, 4; refereed manuscripts for 
Social Biology in 1977, 1979, 1980; book reviews for Eugenics Quarterly and 
Social Biology in 1970, 1972, 1975 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 




Anderson, Prof. W. S.; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1921); Advisory Council 1923-35; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Prof, of Genetics, College of Agriculture, Lexington, Kentucky 1914; State 
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 1921; Univ. Kentucky, Lexington 1932 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310; Sanger list 1930; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Anderson, Prof. Wyatt W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1927; PhD (life sciences) 1967 Rockefeller Univ.; Dept. Zoology, Univ. Georgia, 
Athens (assoc, prof., 1972-75, Prof. Zoology i975-(i979); Member: Soc. Study 
Evolution, American Society of Human Genetics, Genetics Society of America 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Andrus, Margaret; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1921); 

Member 1925, 1926 
Personal: 

Cold Spring Harbor, New York 1921; AES Committee on Formal Education (Exec. 
Secretary 1926) 

Source: AESM 1925; Mehler, p. 82; Report of The Second International Congress 
of Eugenics 1921 

Angle, Dr. Edward H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1025 N. Madison Ave., Pasadena, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Angst, J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Psychiatrische Universitatsklinik Zurich, Forschungsdirektion, Postfach 68, CH- 
8029, Zurich, Switzerland 1974; psychiatry 
Source: Osborne list 



Angulo, A.W.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Antley, Dr. Ray M.; 

Member 1974; M 1976, 1980 
Personal: 

Methodist Hospital of Indiana Inc., Dept, of Medical Genetics, Indianapolis, 

Indiana 1974 

Publications: 

1980 "Elaboration of the Definition of Genetic Counseling into a Model for 
Counselee Decision Making", Social Biology, v. 27, 4; 1976 "Variables in the 
Outcome of Genetic Counseling", Social Biology, v. 23, 2 
Source: Osborne list 

Apgar MD, Dr. Virginia; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1909; MD Columbia 1933; MPH Johns Hopkins 1959; National Foundation- 
March of Dimes, 1275 Mamaroneck Ave., White Plains, New York (Dir., Division 
of Congenital Malformations 1959-68; v.p., Medical Affairs 1968-); Medical 
Center (Pres. ; clin. dir., anesthesia 1939-59)); Columbia Univ. (anesthesiology: 
instruct to prof. 1936-49, Prof. 1949-59); Cornell Univ. Medical College, Lect. 
1965-; Member: APHA, Teratology Society, Perinatal Research Association, 
ASHG 
Pubns: 

1972 Is My Baby All Right? A Guide to Birth Defects; "Birth Defects: Their 
significance as a public health problem", JAMA, v. 204, #5, April 29, p. 79; 1961 
"Human Congenital Anomalies: Present Status of Knowledge", American Journal 
of Diseases of Children, v. 101, #2, Feb., p. 249; 1952 Apgar Score 
Background: 

The Apgar Score, devised by Virginia Apgar, is a method of determining a 
newborn's condition and chances of survival within the first sixty seconds after 
birth. 

Quotes: 

-- 1961 Eugenics: 

"Man as a species for experimental study [on congenital anomalies] is almost 
hopeless. He marries for love, not eugenic reasons" (1961 "Human Congenital 
Anomalies: Present Status of Knowledge", Apgar, American Journal of Diseases 
of Children, v. 101, #2, Feb., p. 250) 

— Folic Acid: Cure for Spina Bifida Overlooked by National Foundation 
"... Thiersch ... has used aminopterin, a folic acid antagonist to produce abortion 
in young women with active tuberculosis. If too small a dose of the chemical is 
administered and abortion is not produced, there is a 100% incidence of 




abnormal offspring ... There is no real proof that an ample diet during pregnancy 
is accompanied by healthier infants ... Penrose and Stevenson [ES] are especially 
active in epidemiological investigations in Great Britain and Ireland in relation to 
congenital malformations. There is a surprising incidence of anencephaly in 
Dublin, exceeding that of Paris by a ratio of 20:1" , ("Human Congenital 
Anomalies: Present Status of Knowledge", Apgar, American Journal of Diseases 
of Children, v. 101, #2, Feb., p. 251) 

(In 1991 it was discovered that lack of folic acid in the mother's diet caused the 
condition. The World War II diet reduced spina bifida and anencephaly in Britain 
so there was evidence in 1945 that diet affected these conditions. But this link was 
ignored for forty five years. There is no reason for most of the cases of spina 
bifida since the war except the fixation of Stevenson, Apgar, C. O. Carter and 
other eugenicists on a genetic explanation together with their dominant position 
in the groups such as the March of Dimes. But such tragedies will be repeated as 
long as eugenicists control these groups.) 

— Cleft Palate: 

"excessive cortisone in mice is a reproducible way to produce cleft palate" 
("Human Congenital Anomalies: Present Status of Knowledge", Apgar, American 
Journal of Diseases of Children, v. 101, #2, Feb., p. 251) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 12th ed. (P&B) 

Appelbaum, S.J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Appleby, Edgar T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Appleton, Edward A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Arena, Dr. Julio F. de la; 

Member (Foreign) 1956; 

Personal: 

MD; School of Sciences, Havana, Cuba 1956; Member, American Society of 




Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Arias-Bernal, Dr. Luis F.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Spring Valley, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Ariton, A.V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

South Dakota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Armelagos, Prof. George J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1922; PhD (anthrop.) 1968 Univ. Colorado; Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst 
(Dept, of Anthropology, 1969-78, Prof. i978-(i982)); see A. C. Swedlund q.v.; 
biological anthropology 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979, 1982 

Armendares, Salvador; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Mexico City 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Armstrong, Dr. Clairette; 

Member 1938, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

MD; PhD; 9 East 97th St., New York City 1932; NYC 1956 
Pubns: 

1940 Consulting Editor, Birth Control Review, January; 1938 "The Moron 

Menace to Civilization", Birth Control Review 

Quotes: 

The Eugenic Reformation: 

"... the 'biological repentance and reformation' recommended by Dr. Earnest 
Hooton q.v., Harvard anthropologist (see W. W. Howells q.v., ed. note), are 




heartily urged by the clinical psychologist, who in the course of mental 
measurements has a ringside seat at the struggle for existence of the mentally 
unfit ... a biological house cleaning ... is long overdue ... then perhaps civilization 
may advance with the survival of the fittest" (from 1938 "The Moron Menace to 
Civilization", Birth Control Review, p. 53) 

Background: 

1940 "We, too, recognize the problem of race building ... It is entirely fitting that 
'Race Building in a Democracy' should have been chosen as the theme of the 
ANNUAL MEETING of the Birth Control Federation of America" from an 
editorial by Woodbridge Morris, Director, Birth Control Federation of America in 
the Birth Control Review, January 1940, vol. XXIV, #3 
Source: AESM, May 1938; EQ 1956 

Armstrong, D.B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Armstrong, Dr. S.T.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; Hillbourne Farms, Katonah, Kentucky 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Arnold, Dr. E. Hermann; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1460 Chapel St, New Haven, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Arnold, Kristin; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Psychology, Univ. Iowa, Iowa City 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Arnquist, Miss Josephine; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




Ext. Dept., Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Asana, J.J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

India 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ascham, John Bayne; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

b. 1873 Hawaii; Masonic clergyman; PhD Boston Univ.; travelled in Europe; 
research in Jerusalem 1913; Methodist pastor 1897-1925; Children's Home, 
Cincinnati (Exec. v.p. 1928-43); 909 Plum St., Cincinnati, Ohio 1932; Ohio 
Wesleyan Univ., Trustee; American Association Mental Deficiency; Mason 32 
degree (Shriner) 

Publications: 

1921 Apostles, Fathers and Reformers; 1919 The Religion of Judah; 1914 The 
Religion of Israel; 1914 Syrian Pilgrimage; 1910 Help from the Hills 
Source: Sanger list 1930; WWWIA v. 3; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 

Ascham, Leah; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Astor, Vincent; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

The Astor family had an American and a British branch. The Vincent Astor in 
Who's Who 1958-59 had no occupation except being "head of the Astor family 
the US". The British branch included the chairman of the Times publishing 
company and an MP 

Source: Sanger list 1930; The Protestant Establishment, D. Baltzell, p. 78 



Atkinson, Mr. Henry R.; 




Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Brookline, Massachusetts 1956 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list 

Attah, Ernest B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Sociology, Brown University 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Attneave, Dr. Fred; 

Member 1969 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Oregon University 1969; see Keele, S. 

Source: AESC 5/69 

Auchincloss, Hugh; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

Jackie Bouvier Kennedy was stepdaughter of an "Hugh Auchincloss". Louis 
Auchincloss wrote about the world of this family 

Source: Sanger list 1930; The Protestant Establishment, E. Digby Baltzell, p. 302 

Austin, Mrs. Gertrude B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Austin, J. Harold; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Avent, J.E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Tennessee 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Averill, Brian K.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Wolfson College, Selwyn Gardens, Cambridge Univ., England 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Averill, George G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Avery, Roger C.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Sociology, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York 1974 
Publications: 

1979 "Measuring Potential Fertility Through Null Segments", Social Biology, v. 
4; 1978 "Patterns of differential mortality during infancy and early childhood in 
developing nations with examples from Costa Rica" w/ M. R. Haines, Paper 
presented at annual meeting Population Association, Atlanta, Georgia 
Source: Osborne list 

Ayer, Frederick; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ayer, James C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Babbott, Mr. Frank Lusk; 

Member 1925, 1930; Advisory Council 1923-30; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics 1932) 




Personal: 

1854-1933; Bd. Dirs.: Atlantic Elevated Railroad, Long Island Railroad, Brooklyn 
Trust Co.; Brooklyn politics and do gooder; Eugenics Research Assn. (1922; Pres. 
1927; ERA Cttee on Immigration (Member 1922, Chinn. 1926)); old stock 
Source: AESM June 1926; Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Mehler, p. 311; Sanger list 1930; 
A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Baber, R.E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bachmann, H.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bachrach, Arthur J.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Neurology and Medical Psychology, Univ. of Virginia Hospital 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Bachrach, Christine; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

501 Constitution Ave., NE, Washington, DC; 6265 Sandchain Rd., Columbia, 

Maryland 21045 

Pubns: 

1987 "First premarital contraceptive use; United States, 1960-82", Stud Fam. 
Plan., v. i 6(3):138 ff; "Understanding US Fertility: Findings from the National 
Survey of Family Growth, Cycle III", Population Bulletin, v. 39:1-42; 

Source: Osborne list 

Bacon, C.S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Baer, Dee; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, California State, San Diego 1974 
Publications: 

1970 "Lactase Deficiency and Yogurt", report, Social Biology, v. 17, 2 
Source: Osborne list 

Baier, Prof. Joseph G.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1908; Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (1932-, Prof. 1945-68, Michael F. Guyer 
Prof. 1969-, Dean of College of Letters and Science 1956-66); electronic 
instruments, precipitins 
Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed. 

Bailey, Miss Clara E.; 

Member 1924 
Personal: 

Detroit, Michigan 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Bailey, J.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Baker, Mrs. Christina; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Baker, George F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

?? granddaughter married to John Mortimer Schiff (senior partner, Kuhn, Loeb & 




Company; see Mrs. Otto Kahn q.v.), lived Oyster Bay, Long Island; The 
Protestant Establishment, E. Digby Baltzell?? 

Baker, H.G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Baker, Paul T.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park; biological 

anthropology 

Publications: 

1974 "Altitude, Migration and Fertility in the Andes" 1974, Social Biology, v. 21, 1; 
1966 "Human Biological Variation as an Adaptive Response to the Environment", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 13, 2 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 14th ed. 

Balch, Mir. Francis N.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

60 State St., Boston, Massachusetts 1925, Massachusetts 1930 
Background: 

Samuel W. Balch, 160 Broadway, New York City 1921 (Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921) 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress 
of Eugenics 1921 

Baldwin, Jane N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Baldwin, Joseph C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Baldwin, Dr. Wesley Manning; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1879; d. 1975; MD 1911 Cornell Univ. (taught anatomy 1909-15); Union 
University, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, Prof. Anatomy 1915-36; 
Mason; biological effects of X-Rays; muscle structure; pancreas 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Baldwin, W.D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Hawaii 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Baldwin, William D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Balfour, Dr. Marshall C.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Red Cross Society Building, New Delhi, India 1956; Regional Director in the 
Far East, International Health Division, The Rockefeller Foundation, New York 
1952 

Publications: 

1952 "The Control of Fertility in Japan" in Approaches to Problems of High 
Fertility in Agrarian Societies. New York, Milbank Memorial Fund; 1950 Public 
Health and Demography. Rockefeller Foundation 
Source: EQ 1956 

Ball, An cell R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ball, E.D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Arizona 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ball, Jau Don (sic); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ballou, G.B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ballows, Alma; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bamberger, Harry; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bangham, N.C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bangs, Ms. Catharine C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 



Bangs, Mrs. Francis N.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930; Birth Control Federation of America Inc. (Director at Large 
1939) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers 
and Directors) 

Bangson, John S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kentucky 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Banker, Dr. Howard J.; (Member & General Cttee, Second International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1925; Advisory Council 1925-35; (Member, Third International Congress 
of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1866-1940; PhD (botany) Columbia 1906; DePauw Univ., Prof. Biology 1904-14: 
Eugenics Record Office, Cold Spring Harbor, New York (investigator 1914-33; 
acting supt. 1915-16; acting asst, dir 1921-22); Second International Congress on 
Eugenics, Exec. Cttee; Address: 14 Myrtle Ave., Huntington, New York 1925; 
Eugenics Record Office 1932; old stock (Dutch) 

Pubns: 

The Bancker or Banker Families of North America 1909; wrote for J. of Heredity 
Source: (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
1925 list; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 312; WSWIA; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Banne, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Banta, Dr. A. M.; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1921); 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, New York 1921, 1925; New York 1930; Brown 
Univ., Providence, Rhode Island 1932 




Source: 1925 list, Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress 
of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Barakat, Bassam Y.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

1984 Univ. of Maryland; 1974 Dept. OB-GYN, School of Medicine, American 
Univ., Beirut, Lebanon 
Source: Osborne list 

Barbour, Dr. Henry G.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 1925; Kentucky 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Barbour, R.B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bardeen, Prof. C. R.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison 1925; Wisconsin 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Barewald, C.L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Barish, N.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept. Biology, California State College, Fullerton, CA 92635 
Source: Osborne list 



Barker, Ellen; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dight Institute, Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis; 427 Jefferson St, 

Bloomsberg, Pennsylvania 17815 
Source: Osborne list 

Barker, Prof. Franklin Davis; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

b. 1877; d. 1936; PhD 1910 Univ. Nebraska; Univ. Nebraska, Prof. Medical 
Zoology 1903-26; Northwestern Univ. 1926-1936; address 1925: Station A, Univ. 
of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 
Pubns: 

1926 Synopsis of the Parasites of Man 
Source: 1925 list; WWWIA 

Barker, Lewellys A.; 

Member 1930; (Sustaining Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Maryland 1930; 1035 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Maryland 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Barker MD, Dr. Lewellys Franklin; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-30 

Personal: 

1867-1930; b. Canada; MD Univ. Toronto 1890; Johns Hopkins Univ. (1894-1930 
Prof. Medicine and Chief Physician, Johns Hopkins Hospital 1905-13; Emeritus) 
Pres.: Eugenics Research Association 1922, National Commission Mental 
Hygiene 1909-18 
Pubns: 

1916 The Clinical Diagnosis of Internal Diseases; 1927 The Young Man and 
Medicine 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 313; WSWIA; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Barker, Dr. Robert O.; 

Member 1968 
Personal: 

1968 La Cresenta, California 
Source: AESC 9/68 




Barker, William; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Source: Osborne list 

Barna, Gyorffy; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Institute of Genetics, Budapest, Hungary 
Source: EQ 1956 

Barnes, Prof. Jasper C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Maryville, Tennessee 1925; Tennessee 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Barnhardt, John Hendly; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Barrows, Edward F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Barrows, Prof. W. M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Biology and Zoology Bid., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio 1925; Ohio 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Barry, A.G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bartalos, Mihaly; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Scarsdale, New York; 225 East 79th St, New York City 
Source: Osborne list 

Bartholomew, Prof. E. T.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Citrus Experimental Station, Riverside, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Bartsch, Dr. Paul; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C. 1925; Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Baruch, Bernard; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Basbor, Wilma; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bascom, Dr. Kellogg F.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

2918 Idlewood Dr., Richmond, Virginia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Bass, George E.; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Ardmore, Pennsylvania; wife, Medora Bass q.v. 

Source: EQ 1956; AESC 

Bass, Medora Steegman; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

head of Planned Parenthood in Philadelphia; see George Bass 
Publications: 

1967 "Attitudes of Parents of Retarded Children Toward Voluntary Sterilization" 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 14, 1; 1964 "Marriage, Parenthood, and Prevention of 
Pregnancy for the Mentally Deficient" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 11, 2 

Source: Osborne list; AESC 

Bassoe, Dr. Peter; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1031 Michigan Ave., Evanston, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Bates, Rev. John M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Red Cloud, Nebraska 1925; Nebraska 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Bates, Prof. Marston; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1906; d. 1974; m. Nancy Bell Fairchild 1939 ("Keeping House for a Biologist in 
Columbia" National Geographic Magazine, August 1948); United Fruit Company 
1928-31 (Honduras, Guatemala); Harvard University PhD (zoology) 1934 " The 
Butterflies of Cuba"; Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology 1935; Rockefeller 
Foundation (1935, mosquitoes in Albania); Staff assistant, international health 
division 1937-50 (malaria in Egypt, yellow fever in Columbia); Postgraduate at 
Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health 1948; special assistant to the 
President 1950-52 (demographic problems from a biological viewpoint); Prof, of 
Zoology, Univ. of Michigan 1952-71; Pres., American Society of Naturalists 1961; 
Council on Foreign Relations; National Science Foundation (dir., cttee for biology 
and medicine 195 2-); Society for the Study of Evolution 
Publications: 

1968 Gluttons and Libertines.; 1965 Natural History of Mosquitoes; 1963 Animal 




Worlds; i960 The Forest and the Sea. ("a look at the economy of nature and the 
ecology of man" according to the front cover); The Darwin Reader, (ed.); 1955 
The Prevalence of People, (on family planning and population from a Malthusian 
and Darwinian point of view); taught a course called "Zoology in Human Affairs" 
at U. Michigan (The Forest and the Sea); 1952 Where Winter Never Comes; 1950 
The Nature of Natural History 
Quotes: 

Statement of the Eugenic Conservation Ethic: 

"The problem of man's place in nature ... is the problem of the relations between 
man's developing culture and other aspects of the biosphere. ... This makes the 
split between the social and biological sciences particularly unfortunate. 
Economics and ecology ... as fields of knowledge ... are cultivated in remotely 
separated parts of our universities ... the humanities (have) long forgotten about 
nature ... Surely there is some way of putting all these things together ... The 
matter has some urgency ... we can create ... we can produce ... we have 
achieved ... control ... yet ... attempts to look at man's future are gloomy ... 
continuing warfare ... dizzy rate of population growth, and the exhaustion of 
resources ... we have lost the faith of the Eighteenth Century ... and the .. faith of 
the Nineteenth Century ... Man can't change the laws of cultural evolution or 
organic evolution ... but understanding the laws and acting with the laws he can 
influence the consequences ... the long term threat is the cancerous multiplication 
of the numbers of men ... we must make every effort to maintain diversity ... 
Science has undermined the dogmas and revelations ... a rationale for conduct ... 
will have to consider not only the problems of man's conduct with his fellow man, 
but also man's conduct toward nature ... we need to develop an ecological 
conscience" (The Forest and the Sea p. 250 -257) 

Background: 

— Is there a gene for eugenics? 

Eugenics is often advanced by families. For example, the Osborn family (Henry 
Fairfield Osborn, Fred Osborn, Fairfield Osborn, John Jay Osborn) is related to 
the Dodge family (Cleveland E. Dodge) and to Newell Brown. In England this 
tendency is very marked, especially in relation to the Darwin family. The Darwin 
are related to the Wedgwoods, the Huxleys, the Keynes (the family of John 
Maynard Keynes), the Langdon Downs (the family of the discoverer of Downs 
syndrome), the Brains, the Adrians, the Arthurs (the family of the doctor who 
starved to death John Pearson, a Downs syndrome baby), and the Barlows. 
According to Philip Bloom of the English Eugenics Society, the Darwins and 
other family grouping like them run England, (see Uncommon Families) 
Similarly, Bates' wife was a descendant of Alexander Graham Bell, a family which 
has always been much involved in eugenics. 

Alexander Bell himself supported eugenics. The National Geographic magazine is 
controlled by his descendants, the Grosvenors. The National Geographic has been 
advocating contraception as the solution for the problems of displaced native 
peoples for some time. In the December 1988 issue, it pledged itself to work what 
it calls "a better knowledge of geography". 

But by "a better knowledge of geography" is meant eugenics as outlined above by 
Marston Bates. In "Will We Mend Our Earth" Gilbert Grosvenor explains that 




"the dark side of technology" comes from the number of people using it. He says 
that "electric lamps ... automobiles ... air conditioning ... refrigerators ... Their 
destructive impact has come with the surge in their popularity, in the world's 
bulging population ... ". But experts feel that the problems are not a cause for 
despair because "examples of success were cited frequently. China, once 
considered the vanguard of the population explosion, has curbed its growth to 
near replacement level." Grosvenor pledged to use National Geographic resources 
"to alert the public to the dangers outlined ... With all the tools at our disposal ...". 
Bates' wife was a granddaughter of Alexander Graham Bell 
— Schools of Public Health and Population Programs: 

Population programs at school of public health "Such programs, shaped to train 
cadres, are not rare ... [in the population field] ... impact on government 
depended on the research programs, but long-term survival was largely 
determined by the development of teaching programs ... [the Univ. of 
Pennsylvania program] "is unique in that it has in recent years developed a 
specialization in Africa with funding from the Rockefeller Foundation" (1986 
Caldwell, p. 155) 

Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA; Current Biography 

Batty, Mr. James; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 
Source: EQ 1956 

Bauer, Donald; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 

Bauer, Harry L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

City College, Santa Monica, California 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Baughman, Mary B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Baxter, William G.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bear, Mrs. C.U.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Beatty-DeSana, Jeanne W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Georgia Retardation Center, Cytogenetics Lab, Atlanta, Georgia 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Beck, B.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Svanevanget 32, Copenhagen, Denmark 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Beck, Philip D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Beckman, Charles K.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Beckwith, Clyde G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Bedford, Frederick H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Beer, Ethel S.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Beiguelman, Dr.; 

Member (Foreign) 1967 
Personal: 

Universidad de Campinas, Brazil 1967 
Source: AESC 1967 

Behre, Miss E. H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Box 76, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, Louisiana 1925; Louisiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Belding, Milo M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bell, Alexander Graham; 

American Consultative Committee 1912-21; (Honorary President, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921) 

Personal: 

Inventor of the telephone 

Source: Mehler, p. 37, note 3; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 



Bell, A. W.; 




Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

California 1930; Los Angeles, California 1956 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956 

Bell, Dr. J. Carlton; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1032A Sterling Pi., Brooklyn, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Bellerose, Dorothee; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Belmont, August; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

August Schonberg who renamed himself August Belmont was the representative 
of Rothschilds in America in the nineteenth century; he married Caroline Slidell 
Perry (dau. Commodore Matthew Perry who opened Japan to West; her uncle 
was Oliver Hazard Perry); Consul General to Austria which was placed close to 
Vienna House of Rothschilds; disliked by Henry Adams, an anti-Semite 
("Belmont will lookin with five other Wall Street Jews to offer you won millione 
tollars to peat dose tarn temocrats mit dier tarn Pryan" sic (Letter to John Hay 
1896 in The Protestant Establishment, E. Digby Baltzell, p. 92), Adams also said: 
"Our sway over what we call society is undisputed. We keep the Jews far away, 
and the anti-Jew feeling is quite rabid." ( quoted in The Protestant Establishment, 
E. Digby Baltzell, p. 93); his sons were August Belmont Jr., Oliver, Perry 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Our Crowd, Steven Birmingham 1967 

Bender, Lauretta; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1963 
Personal: 

Severna Park, Maryland 1974; 142 1/2 Monticello Ave., Annapolis, Maryland 
Publications: 

1963 "Mental Illness in Childhood and Heredity", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 10, 1 
Source: Osborne list 




Benedict, Ralph C.; 



Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

322 E. Eighth St., Brooklyn, New York 1925; Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, New 
York 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Benfer, Robert A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. Missouri, Columbia 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Benjamin, Flora G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bennett, Kenneth; 

Member 1976; Book editor, Social Biology, 1973 (2), 1975 & 1976 (all rev), 1980- 

1981, 1987; MR 1975-1980; was manuscript referee 1975-1980 

Personal: 

b. 1935; PhD 1967 (anthrop.) Univ. Arizona; Univ. Oregon 1967-70; Univ. 
Wisconsin, Madison (i970-(i976); Prof. Anthropology i975-(76)); AAPA; Soc. 
Study Evolution; prehistoric osteology; biological anthropology; systematics and 
taxonomy; electrophoretic techniques in human populations;; evolutionary 
genetics; 

Pubns: 

was at Univ. Wisconsin w/ R.H. Osborne and did many book reviews for Social 
Biology incl. 1987 book review of Men in Groups by L. Tiger in Social Biology, v. 
34, 1-2 

Source: AMWS 1976; Social Biology acknowledgments 1975-1980 

Bennett, Susan; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Benoist MD, Jean; 



Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1929; Lyon, France; MD 1955 Univ. Lyon; DSc 1964 Univ. Paris; Univ. 
Montreal, Canada (ass't. prof, to prof. 1962-67; Prof. Anthropology 1967- (1976)); 
International Ass. Human Biol., Council; human genetics of "race crossing"; 
microevolution, espec. in small populations 
Source: Osborne list 

Bergen, Francis H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bergman, Prof. H. F.; 

Member 1925; 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu 1925; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Berman, Paul; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Flushing, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Bernton, Dr. Harry Saul; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1884 Ireland; MD 1904 Harvard Univ.; Dir., Bender Hygienic Labs 1909-14; 
instr. pathology, Harvard 1915-17; George Washington Univ., Prof. Medical 
Jurisprudence 1919-24; Georgetown Univ., Washington, D.C. 1919-51 (Lect., 
Hygiene 1919-21; Prof. 1929-51); 1925 address: 2013 O. St., Washington, D.C.; 
allergist 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 1925 

Berolzheimer, Ruth; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Berwind, Mrs. John E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bianchine, Josette; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Columbus, Ohio 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Bichel, Dr. Jorgen; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Institute for General Pathology, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark 
1956 

Source: EQ 1956 

Biddle, Mrs. Mary Duke; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; heiress to tobacco fortune; married Anthony Drexel Biddle; her 

brother married A.D. Biddle's sister 

Background: 

Doris Duke, daughter of American Tobacco founder, who left her $1.2 billion 
estate to Bernard Lafferty either directly or in a foundation endowment, 
foundation to be run by the butler. Lafferty was a former maitre d' at the Bellevue 
Stratford Hotel, Philadelphia. He is 49. In court papers he is accused of excessive 
drug and alcohol use, frequenting homosexual bathhouses and book stores, and 
using fraud and undue influence to get will signed. A nurse alleges that Doris 
Duke's death "was caused by a fatal dose of morphine administered by Duke's 
doctor, Charles F. Kivowitz" on Oct. 28, 1993. (PI, March 6, 1995, p. A2) The will 
was signed in March of 1993 with the lawyer guiding her hand according to 
affidavits. Then it was redone April 5, 1993. The witnesses included Kivowitz. The 
affidavits say Duke was disoriented and gaunt in her last year. ("Duke aides say 
heiress was disoriented", PI, March 6, 1995, p. A2) 

In 1933 Doris Duke was said to be the richest girl in the world since she inherited 
James B. Duke's tobacco fortune. 

She married James H.R. Cromwell, son of Mrs. E.T. Stotesbury (wife of the senior 




Morgan partner in Philadelphia 

Nicholas Biddle was president of the Bank of the United States at the beginning 
of the 19th century. After his retirement the Bank accused him of embezzling 
$400,000 dollars in 1836, a theft which it was alleged he concealed by fraudulent 
entries, burning of vouchers and other methods. He died before the case came to 
trail. 

Source: Sanger list 1930; History of the Great American Fortunes, Gustavas 
Myers 1907 (1936) p. 557 (Biddle), p. 704 (Duke); America's Sixty Families, 
Ferdinand Lundberg, Vanguard 1937 p. 11-12 (Duke, Biddle) 

Bierman, Shirley C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Background: 

Dr. William Bierman, 200 Madison Ave., New York City (Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921) ?? relative?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Bigelow, Frederick Southgate; Advisory Council 1923-35; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1871-1954; assoc, editor, Saturday Evening Post (SEP) 1899-1929; supported 
immigration restriction and caused articles on this topic to appear in SEP 1920- 
40; for many years was member of board of managers of the Hospitals of the 
Graduate School of Medicine, Univ. Pennsylvania 
Background: 

— Maurice Bigelow: President, American Eugenics Society 1940-45; ??relative?? 

— Dr. William S. Bigelow, 56 Beacon St., Boston, Massachusetts; Member, 

Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 314; WSWIA v. 2; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921; AES list 

Bigelow, Prof. Robert Payne; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1863; d. 1955; PhD 1892 Johns Hopkins; Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology (MIT) Cambridge, Massachusetts (1893-1933, Emeritus 1933; Prof. 
Zoology and Parasitology 1922-33); Librarian, Marine Biology Lab, Woods Hole 
1919-23 

— son: Robert Otis Bigelow 
Pubns: 




Directions for Dissections of the Cat 1925 (rev. ed. 1935) 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Biggs MD, Dr. Herman; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

1871-1954; MD Bellevue Hospital Medical College 1883; Rockefeller Institute of 
Medical Research (Director 1901); founded municipal health clinic; helped found 
anti-tuberculosis movement; associated with Rockefeller Foundation throughout 
his life; Pres.: American Social Hygiene Assn., National Association for the Study 
and Prevention of Tuberculosis 
Background: 

endorsed Margaret Sanger's victory in Woman Rebel case 
Source: Mehler, p. 314-15; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992, p. 147; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Billings, Frank; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Billings, Pauline; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Binder, Dr. Rudolph M.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 279 Prospect St., East Orange, New Jersey 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Bingham, E.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Bingham, Harry P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

Dr. Anne T. Bingham, 2 Grammercy Park, New York City 1921; Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Bingham 2nd, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bioletti, Prof. Frederic T.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

i865-(i96i-i968); Univ. of California, Berkeley (MS Agr 1898; viticulture (wine 
vines); Prof. Viticulture 1913-35 
Source: 1925 list; WWWIA 

Biology Dept. New York Univ., NYC; 

Member 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Bisch, Dr. Louis Edward; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1885-1963; MD, PhD Columbia Univ. 1911, 1912; Psychopathic Lab, New York 
City (Organizer and Director 1916; see Katherine Davis q.v.); Mental Hygiene 
Clinic, Norfolk, VA 1918-19; Prof, of Neuropsychiatry, New York Polyclinic 
Medical School and Hospital 1926-63; Member: Eugenics Research Assn., 
American Psychiatric Assn., American Anthropological Assn. 

Publications: 

1945 Your Nerves 
Source: EQ 1956, WWWIA 



Bishop, Cortlandt F.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bishop, Dr. Louis B.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

450 Bradford St., Pasadena, California 1925, 1932; California 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 

1934 

Bishop, Mabel Lowell; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bixler, Miss Elizabeth S.: 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

62 Park St., New Haven, Connecticut 1925; Connecticut 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Blackader, Dr. A. D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Montreal, Canada 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Blackmar, Frank W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Blacksheer, Alfreda D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Nashville, Tennessee 1974 
Source: Osborne list 




Blagden, George; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Blake, Mrs. Lillian K.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Blakeslee, Dr. Albert Francis; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
(Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1874-1954; PhD Harvard 1904; Carnegie Station for Experimental Evolution, 

Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, New York (1901-02, 1912-41; Summer School 
1901- 02; Plant Genetics (1915-41; asst, dir to Dir. 1928-36, Dir. 1936-41); Smith 
College (Genetics Exp. Station, Dir. 1943-54); Trustee, Biological Abstracts 1931- 
46; American Society of Human Genetics v.p. 1954; American Society of 
Naturalists (Pres. 1930); American Gen. Assn., Genetic Soc. America 
— brother; C.H. Blakeslee; Fletcher, Prof. 1933-43; Council on Foreign Relations 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; ERA list; AJHG 1954; WSWIA; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Biasing, Jack; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Blattler, D. Paul; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Chemistry, Bioscience Laboratories, 7600 Tyrone Ave., Van Nuys, 

California 1974 

Publications: 

1975 " Intellect and Serum Uric Acid: An Optimal Concentration of Serum Urate 




for Human Learning", Social Biology, v. 22, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Blattner, Peggy; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Scarsdale, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Bley, C.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Blodgett, Mrs. John Wood; 

Advisory Council 1927-30 
Personal: 

b. Lowell, Massachusetts, Minnie A. Cumnock; d. 1930; on Advisory Council 
1927-35 but listed as dead in 1931 in husband's biography., dead in 1930 ace. to 
WWWIA; not on Sanger list 

— m. John Blodgett; Michigan lumberman; Lumber Manufacturer's Assn. (Pres. 

1923) 

— daughter was Mrs. Morris Hadley q.v. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 315; WWWIA 

Bloom, Dr. David; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; New York City 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Source: EQ 1956, Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Bloomingdale, Hiram C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Blum, Dr. Theodore; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

140 West 57th St., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Blumel, Dr. Johanna; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Galveston, Texas 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Blumenthal, George; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bodenhafer, Walter B.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Missouri 1930; Washington Univ., St. Louis, Missouri 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Bogardus, Prof. Emory S.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 
Personal: 

1882-1973; PhD Univ. Chicago 1911; Univ. Southern California (Prof. Sociology 
1915-49, (organizer and first chairman of department of sociology), Emeritus; 
Social Work Division, Dir. 1920-37; Dean 1937-39); American Soc. Soc. (Pres. 
1931); All Nations Foundation, Trustee 1940-55; The Explorer, 1962 (autobiog) 
Pubns: 

1967 A Forty Year Racial Distance Study; 1964 Towards a World Community; 
editor, Journal of Sociology and Social Work 1916-61; 1951 The Making of Public 
Opinion; 1950 (4th ed.) Fundamentals of Social Psychology 1928 Immigration 
and Racial Attitudes; Introduction to Sociology (many editions); 1922 (1913 1st 
edition) Introduction to the Social Sciences 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 315; WWWIAv. 7 

Boies, Mrs. David; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Boleslaw, Goldman; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Acting Head, Cytogenetics Institute, Tel-Hashomer Hospital, Ramat-Gan, Israel 
1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Bolley, Dean Henry L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Agricultural College, North Dakota 1925; North Dakota 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Bolton, Edna; 

Member 1937 
Source: AESM 1937 

Bonaventure, F.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bonna, Batsheva; 

Member (Foreign) 1967, 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics, Tel Hashoma Hospital, Tel Aviv 1967 
Publications: 

1973 "Reproduction and Inbreeding Among the Samaritans", Social Biology, v. 20, 
1 

Source: AESC 1967; Osborne list 

Book, Jan - Consulting Editor, 1963, 1968; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

MD; Consulting editor, Eugenics Quarterly, 1963, 1968; Institute for Medical 
Genetics, Uppsala, Sweden, 1974; State Institute for Human Genetics, Uppsala, 
Sweden 1956 




Publications: 

1959 "Fertility Trends in Some Types of Mental Defects", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 6, 
2; 1955 "Heredity Counseling. Medical Genetics and Counseling Practices", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, 3 
Background: 

In the Twenties, Dag Hammarskold's father and the Rector of the Karolinska 
Institute (awards Nobel Prizes) helped found a state institute of race biology in 
Uppsala. In 1956 Kurt Hirschhorn received a fellowship from the Population 
Council to study at the State Institute for Human Genetics, Uppsala, Sweden 
under Jan Book. Whether these two Institutes are the same is an area where 
research is needed. Another area is the question of the influence of Dag 
Hammarskold's father and brother on the European Court at the Hague; and the 
interplay of this with Swedish (not to say Nordic) race biology. 

Source: EQ 1963, 1968; Osborne list; Population Council Annual Report 1956 

Bookstaber, Philip David; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Borden, Howard S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bosenbury, Charles S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bouchard Jr., Thomas J. 

- see under directors 

Bourne, George L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Boutros, Susan N.; 

Member 1974 
Publications: 

Limestone, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Bowditch MD, Dr. Harold; (Member & General Cttee, Second International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory Council 1923; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1883-1964; MD Harvard 1909; private medical practice Boston and Brookline 
Massachusetts 1912-1958 (Did he know John Rock who was also in Brookline?) 
1921 address: 44 Harvard Ave., Brookline; Boston Univ. Medical School, asst, 
prof, medicine; Unitarian; old stock 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 316; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Bowditch, Ingersoll; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bowman, Ethel; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Goucher College, Baltimore, Maryland 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Bowman, John; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Boyden, Alan; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New Jersey 1930; Stelton, New Jersey 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Boyden, Mabel Gregg; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1899; Rutgers Univ. (Dept, of Zoology 1925-68, Lect., Bureau Biological 
Research 1950-68); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Source: EQ 1956, AMWS 12th Ed., Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Bradley, Richards M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bragg, Miss Laura M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Charlestown Museum, Charlestown, South Carolina 1925; South Carolina 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Branch, Hazel E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brand, Jean; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Arlington, Virginia 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Breitwieser, J.V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Dakota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Brem, Walter; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bretnall, Prof. G. H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Baldwin City, Kansas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Brewster, Edwin T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brewster, Frederick F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brewster, George S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bridges, Mr. Horace J.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

163 W. Washington St., Chicago, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Briggs, George; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Briggs, Olive; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brigham, Dr. Carl Campbell; 

Member 1925, 1930; Advisory Council 1927-35; (Member, Eugenics Research 
Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1890-1943; PhD Princeton Univ. 1916; 1917 junior member of R. Yerkes (q.v.) 
Army Testing Group; Princeton Univ. (1920-43; Prof. Psychology 1928-43); 
worked on immigration; Member Galton Society, Eugenics Research Association 
Pubns: 

1930 "Intelligence Tests of Immigrant Groups", Psychological Review, v. 37 
(discussed in The Mismeasurement of Man; 1923 A Study of American 
Intelligence, Princeton Univ. Press ("lent scientific credibility to the work of 
Madison Grant and Charles Gould" Mehler p. 316; Grant was a follower of Count 
Gobineau; Brigham is currently being used by Murray in The Bell Curve to lend 
scientific credibility to a new version of Gobineau's theories advanced by the 
Aryan eggheads, a group concentrated on the anthropological journal, Mankind 
Quarterly); 1917 Two Studies in Mental Tests 

Source: 1925 list; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; ERA list 1938; Mehler, p. 
316; WWWIA 

Brigham, Reed O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brill, A. A.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 1 West 70th St., New York City 1932; European Freudian analyst; 
1925 attended Sixth International Neo Malthusian Conference on Birth Control, 
sponsored by American Birth Control League 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992, p. 236; A Decade of Progress 
in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Brink, B. Dean; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brissenden, Jane; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Britton, Mr. Norman N.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

341 Powers Bid., Rochester, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Erode, Prof. H. S.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Walla Walla, Washington 1925; Washington 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Brokaw, Clifford V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bronson, Miss Margaret L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

438 Whitney Ave., New Haven, Connecticut 1925; Connecticut 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Bronstein, Philip G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Brooks, Florence V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brooks, Frank G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brooks, Mrs. Helen Clark; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

31 Prospect St., Cortland, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Brooks, Howard L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Glen Ridge, New Jersey 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Brooks, Prof. Shelagh; 

Member 1974, 1976, 1989 
Personal: 

b. 1923 Mexico; PhD (Phys. Anthrop) 1951, Univ. California, Berkeley; Prof, of 
Anthropology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas i969-(i976); "analysis and 
verification of historical burials" 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976; AMWS 1989 

Brosseau Jr., George E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

National Science Foundation 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Brousseau, Kate; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, Adelaide; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, Edgar; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, Dean George Lincoln; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1869-1957; PhD Univ. Chicago 1902; South Dakota State College (Prof. 
Mathematics 1897-1944, Dean 1910-44, Pres. 1940- 41) 

— his son, George Lincoln Brown Jr. 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Brown, Franklin Q.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, Frederick; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, G. VanAmber; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, Herbert J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown, Kenneth S.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Potomac, Maryland 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Brown, Mrs. Newell; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956, 4923 Hillbrook Lane, Washington, D.C., N. W.; daughter of Frederick 
Osborn; Newell Brown was a member of the Eisenhower administration 
Source: EQ 1956 

Brown, Orton B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Hampshire 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brown MD, Dr. Philip K.; Advisory Council 1923-35; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1869-1940; MD Harvard 1893; studied in Europe; founder, Arequipa Sanatorium, 
San Francisco for tubercular working women 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 317 

Brown, Roy Eugene; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Brown, Royal L.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Riverside, California 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Brown, Dr. William H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Bureau of Science, Manila, Philippines 1925; Hawaii 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Brownson, Dr. Bradley; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; San Mateo Clinic, San Mateo, California 1956; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954; relation of Marston Bates q.v. 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Bruce, Kathleen; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Brues, Alice M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1913 Boston; BA 1933 Bryn Mawr; PhD 1940 (physical anthropology) Harvard; 
Univ. Oklahoma School of Medicine (ass'tto Prof. Anatomy 1946-65); Univ. 
Colorado, Boulder (Prof. Anthropology I96s-(i976); Am Assn. Physical Anthrop. 
(Pres. 1971); ASHG; "race formation" (AMWS 1976) 

Pubns: 

1963 "Stochastic tests of selection in the ABO blood group", Am. J. Physical 
Anthropology, v. 21. p. 287; 1954 "Selection and Polymorphism in the ABO blood 
group", Am. J. Physical Anthropology, v. 12, p. 559 
Source: Osborne list 



Bruins, J. W.; 




Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Nederlands Anthropogenetische Vereniging, Deventer, Netherlands; 1954 

Member, American Society of Human Genetics 

Publications: 

1949 Huwelijkskeus en nageslacht 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Bruner, Prof. H. L.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

324 South Ritter Ave., Indianapolis, Indiana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Brunner, E. DeS.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bruno, Mrs. Virginia Field; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Los Angeles, California 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
1954 

Source: EQ 1956, Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Bruun, Charles A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Arkansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bryan Jr., Edwin H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Hawaii 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Bryan, Prof. W. E.; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Arizona, Tucson 1925; Arizona 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Bryant, William M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Providence, Rhode Island 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Buchholz, Prof. John T.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1888-1951; PhD Univ. Chicago 1917; Cold Spring Harbor; m. Olive Peterson 1912; 
Univ. Arkansas (Prof. Botany, head of Dept. 1919-26); Univ. Illinois, Urbana 
(Prof. Botany 1929-); Cold Spring Harbor, visiting investigator, summers 1921-41 
Bot. Soc. Am., (Pres. 1941); genetics of datura, heredity of polyploids 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA (3) 

Budd, Alfred W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bulkley, Edwin M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bumpus, Dr. Hermon C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Duxbury, Massachusetts 1925; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Burdette, Mrs. Robert J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Burdick, C. Lalor; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Lalor Foundation, Wilmington, Delaware; E. I. Dupont Inc. 

Source: Osborne list 

Burger, Erman W.; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Brooklyn, New York 1956; Syosset, NY 1974 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list 

Burleson, Mrs. John K.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Burling, Mrs. Edward; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

2408 Massachusetts Ave., Washington, D.C. 1925; Washington D.C. 1930; 
Covington, Burling and Rublee, see Dorothy Brush q.v. for Rublee; Covington 
and Burling represented Noah Slee, Margaret Sanger's husband, is his IRS case 
(1926-29). Slee argued unsuccessfully that his contributions to the American 
Birth Control League should be tax deductible but in the end had to make a 
$40,000 payment to the IRS. This gives an idea of the size of his contributions to 
the birth control movement. The IRS argued that the League was engaged in 
politics; Covington and Burling also suggested that Sen. Henry Drury Hatfield 
introduce a birth control bill in 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the 
Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 317, 330 

Burlingame, L.I.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Burlingame, Prof. L. L.; 

Member 1925; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Stanford Univ., California 1925, 1932 

Source: 1925 list; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Burlingham, Miss Gertrude S.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

556 Lafayette Ave., Brooklyn, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Burr, Clinton S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Burr, Dr. Charles W. MD; (Subscriber, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1926, 1930; Advisory Council 1928-35; (Sustaining Member, Third 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1861-1944; b. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; MD Univ. Penn 1886; studied Berlin 
and Vienna; Philadelphia General Hospital, Chief psychiatric service 1896-1931; 
Univ. Penn, Prof, mental disease 1901-31, Emeritus 1931; Orthopedic Infirmary 
for Nervous Diseases 1911-40; 1918 Spruce St. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1921; 
1528 Pine St., Philadelphia 1932; specialist in criminally insane; expert witness in 
murder trials; Pres.: Eugenics Research Assn. 1925, American Neurological Soc. 
1908; Episcopalian (ace. to Mehler), Quaker (ace. to WSWIA); unmarried 
Pubns: 

Textbook of Nervous Disease (Am Ed.) 

Source: AESM June 1926; Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 318; 
WSWIA v. 2; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Burr, George H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Burt, Prof. Edward A.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

4542 Tower Grove PL, St. Louis, Missouri 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Bush, Irving T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Bush, Dr. W. T.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Columbia Univ., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Butler, James; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Butzel, Prof. Henry M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Biochemical Genetics, Union College, Schenectady, New York 1974 
Source; Osborne list 

Byrn, Darcie; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

State College, Pennsylvania 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Byrnes, Esther F.; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1921); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




193 Jefferson Ave., New York City 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Cadien, James D.; 

Member 1974, 1976 
Personal: 

b. 1941; PhD (anthropology) 1965, Univ. California, Berkeley; Case Western 
Reserve, Cleveland, Ohio 1969-73; Univ. Arizona, Tucson, ass't. prof, 
anthropology I973~(i976); Am. Assn. Physical Anthropology; dental work 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 

Caldwell, Erskine; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Caldwell, I.S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Caldwell, John C.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Demography, Australian National University, Canberra 1974 
Pubns: 

1986 Limiting Population Growth and the Ford Foundation; 1977 "The Role of 
Marital Sexual Abstinence in Determining Fertility: A Study of the Yoruba in 
Nigeria", Population Studies, v. 31, #2, p. 277; 1976 "Towards a Restatement of 
Demographic Transition Theory", Population and Development Review, v. 2, #3- 
4, p. 321-366; 1970 A Manual for Surveys of Fertility and Family Planning: 
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice, Population Council 
Background: 

— Malthus and Political Economy: 

Thomas Malthus was Prof, of Political Economy in the East India Company's 
College at Haileybury (1805-1834). "and he and his successors ensured that 
generations of British officials and scholars in India saw that country's society in 
Malthusian terms as is evidenced by every Indian Census Report until 1951 (the 
one that was presented with great effectiveness to the 1954 World Population 
Conference in Rome)" John Caldwell, Limiting Population Growth and the Ford 




Foundation, p. 4; Many Indians were members of the English Eugenics Society, 
including Siripati Chandrasekhar, head of the Indian Statistical Institute (see list 
of English Eugenics Society members) while Lady Rama Rau was associated with 
the Indian Eugenics Association (1986 Caldwell, p. 39) 

— Into the Darkness - Coercion 

"Indeed the ultimate problem for the West is how closely it is prepared to 
associate with family planning programs that are not merely efficient but also 
coercive" (1986 Caldwell, p. 139) 

Source: Osborne list 

Caldwell, J.H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Caldwell, Prof. Otis W.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

425 West 123rd St., New York City 1925; New York 1930; 433 West 123rd St., 
New York City 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Calkins, F.C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Callender, W.R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Camp Jr., Colonel Frank R.; 

Member 1968, 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Louisville Blood Bank Center, American Red Cross, Louisville, Kentucky; 




1968; Army Medical Research Lab, Ft. Knox, Kentucky 
Source: AESC 12/68; Osborne list 

Campbell, Arthur A.; 

Member 1964; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1965, 1973; MR 1975, 1976, 
197 

Personal: 

Natality Statistics, DHEW 1964 
Publications: 

Family Planning, Sterility, and Population Growth w/ R. q.v. and P. K. Whelpton 
q.v., McGraw-Hill, New York; 1965 "Fertility and Family Planning Among 
Nonwhite Married Couples in the United States", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 12, 3 
Source: AESC, Contrib. from Members File 1964 

Campbell, Pres. William Wallace; 

Advisory Council 1925-35 
Personal: 

1862-1938; astronomer; spectrographic studies of gaseous nebulae; Pres., 
University of California 1923-30; AAAS (Pres. 1915); National Academy of 
Science (Pres. 1931); suicide 1938; old stock (Scottish) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 318- 19 

Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. Ward; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cannon, Prof. Walter Bradford MD; 

Advisory Council 1923-30 
Personal: 

1871-1945; MD Harvard 1900; family from Ulster in 1718; Harvard Univ. (1899- 
1945; instr. to prof. 1899-1906; George Higginson Prof. Physiology 1906-42, 
Emeritus 1942-45); AAAS (Pres. 1939); AES Cttee on Eugenics and Dysgenics of 
Birth Control; Rockefeller Institute attacked by anti-vivisectionists, Cannon 
appointed by AMA to head Defense Committee (1908-28); taught Peking Union 
Medical College 1935; co-founder, Medical Bureau to Aid Spanish Democracy, 
American-Soviet Medical Society, Bureau for Medical Aid to China; assisted in 
rescue of scientists from Nazis; old stock (Ulster) 

Pubns: 

1945 The Way of an Investigator; 1915 Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger and Fear; 
1911 Mechanical Factors of Digestion; developed concept of "homeostasis", use of 
x-rays in gastroenterology; studied physiological function of "suprarenal gland" 




and how the "sympathetic nerves" release noradrenaline and adrenaline 
Background: 

Cannon's work almost won the Nobel prize in physiology. He showed how the 
response to emotion is, in the body, connected with hormones. This work 
connected up with that of Sherrington and Adrian who did win the Nobel prize. 
But it also connects up with Margaret Sanger and her statements that whoever 
controls 'internal secretions' controls the world. This work also connects up with 
the mysterious Auschwitz experiments on twins which involved isolation and fear 
or "stress" (see von Verschuer q. v.) Finally it connects with Pincus who worked 
first on adrenocortical hormones (see Aviation Medicine articles in World War II) 
and then on birth control pills. 

When I say connects, I mean, is intellectually linked. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 319- 20; WWWIA 

Canoy, Jefferson M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Tennessee 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cantrill, Simeon T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Hampshire 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cardiff, Ira D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Carlson, Prof. Anton Julius; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1875-1956; b. Sweden; PhD (physiology) Stanford 1903; research associate, 
Carnegie Institute 1903-04; Univ. of Chicago (Dept, of Physiology, associate 
professor to chairman of physiology department 1904-40; Emeritus); Consultant 
to FDA, US Public Health Service; Lecturer in China for Rockefeller Foundation 
1935; National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, March of Dimes (medical and 
research cttees); Humanist of the Year 1953; Pres: National Society for Medical 
Research, Research Council on Problems of Alcohol, American Biology Society, 
American Physiological Society, Federation of American Societies for 




Experimental Biology (FASEB), Institute of Medicine, American Gerontological 
Society; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; National 
Committee Against Conscription (World War II) 

Publications: 

Control of Hunger in Health and Disease.; The Machinery of the Body. 1937 (5th 
Ed 1961); The Nature of the World and Man; many articles in American Journal 
of Physiology starting in 1904; in 1939 he began to write on aging; 1952 Annals of 
the American Academy of Political Science SS, 279, 18; 1953 Science 117, 701 (this 
article was cited by F. J. Kallmann q.v. in Am J. of Psychiatry R, 110, 489, 1954) 
Source: EQ 1956; Science Citation Index, WWWIA, Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; Current Biography 1948 

Carpentier, Peter Julius; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Berchem, Belgium 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Carroll, Robert S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Carstens, Mr. Christian Carl; (Member, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory Council 1927-35; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1865-1939; PhD Univ. Pennsylvania 1903; Charity Organization Society 
(Philadelphia, Asst. Sec 1896-99; New York, Asst. Sec. 1900-03); Society for 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children (Massachusetts, Gen. Sec. 1907-20); 1921 
address: 130 E. 22nd St. New York City 1921; White House Conference on Child 
Health and Protection (Chmn., Sect on Handicapped Children 1929); according 
to Mehler, Carstens believed a child was " first of all a member of the community 
in which his family has legal residence. He or she is entitled to such services as 
exist in that community..." (Mehler, p. 321) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 320; Sanger list 1930; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Carter, Dr. Bayard; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 




MD; Duke University Hospital 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Carter, Mrs. C. Shelby; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Carter, Hugh; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

2039 New Hampshire Ave. NW, Washington, DC 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Carter, Thomas C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cartledge, Mr. J. Lincoln; (Member, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1921 address: Pittsburgh; 203 Biology Hall, Univ. of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 

1925 

Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Cams, Mrs. Mary; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Carver, Prof. G. L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Mercer Univ., Macon, Georgia 1925; Georgia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




Carver, Prof. Thomas Nixon; Advisory Council 1925-35; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1865-1961; Harvard Univ., Prof, of Political Economy 1902-34; PhD 1894 Cornell 
Univ.; taught at John Hopkins 1891-93; m. Frances Kirkendall; Oberlin Univ. 
Prof. Economics 1894-1900; Harvard Univ. (1900-; Prof. Political Economy 
1902-34, Emeritus 1934) 

Publications: 

The Religion Worth Having 1911; Essays in Social Justice 1915; Principles of 
Political Economy 1919; Elementary Economics 1920; Principles of National 
Economics; The Essential Factors of Social Evolution 1935; How Can There Be 
Full Employment After the War? 1945; weekly articles in Los Angeles Times 
1954-61 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 321; WWWIA 

Cary, Dr. Charles; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

340 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Case, Prof. E. C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor 1925; Michigan 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Cassidy, Rosalind; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Castle, Prof. William E.; **American Consultative Committee 1912-21; 
(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1923-29; 

Member 1930, 1946; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1867-1962; Bussey Institute, Harvard University (Jamaica Plain) during most of 
career (PhD Harvard 1893); co- founder, American Breeders Assn. 1903; 
American Soc. Naturalists (Pres. 1919); old stock 




Publications: 

1951 "The Beginnings of Mendelism in America", in Genetics in the Twentieth 
Century: Essays on the Progress of Genetics during Its First Fifty Years, (ed.) L. C. 
Dunn, New York; 1930 "Race Mixture and Physical Disharmonies", Science, v. 71, 
June 13; 1916 (4th Ed 1930) Genetics and Eugenics; important teacher; 1911 
Heredity in Relation to Evolution and Animal Breeding; his students included G. 
Pincus 

Source: Mehler, p. 37, note 3; Eugenics 1929; Sanger list 1930; EN 1946 
December p. 51; ERA list 1938; Mehler p. 321, 453; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 

Cathers, Erdine; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cattell, Prof. Raymond Bernard; 

Member 1956; English Eugenics Society Member 1936, 1937 
Personal: 

b. England, 1905; personality theorist; psychological assessment 
English career: 

educ. Kings College, London (BS, MA, PhD, Dsc); director, Leicester Child 
Guidance Clinic 1932-37; Darwin Research Fellow of the Eugenics Society 1935 
American career: 

Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts 1939-41; Lect. in Psychology, 

Harvard University 1941-43; Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, Research Professor of 
Psychology 1945-74, Emeritus 1974-; University of Hawaii; Wenner Gren Prize, 
New York Academy of Science; Member: Eugenics Society (England), Human 
Eugenics Society, American Psychological Assn., American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954, British Psychological Assn., Psychonomic Society, Society 
Multivariate Experiential Psychology (first President) 

Publications: (italicized publications were cited in The Bell Curve 

1936- 37, "Is our national intelligence declining?", ER, v. 28., p. 181; 1937 The 
Fight For Our National Intelligence; 1936-37 "Views on race and eugenics: 
propaganda or science?", ER, v. 28, p. 335, (C); 1936 Guide to Mental Testing; 

1937- 38, "Some further relations between intelligence, fertility and socio- 
economic factors", ER, v. 29, p. 171; 1938 "Some changes in social life in a 
community with a falling intelligence quotient", British Journal of Psychology, v. 
28; 1944-45, "Intelligence and fertility: a plea for research", ER, v. 36, p. 126; 
1950-51, "The fate of national intelligence; test of a thirteen year old prediction", 
ER, v. 42, p. 136; 1950 Personality, A Systematic Study; 1961 The Meaning and 
Measurement of Neuroticism and Anxiety; 1963 "The Nature and Measurement 
of Anxiety", Scientific American, March, 1963, p. 96; 1965 The Scientific Analysis 




of Personality.; 1966 Handbook of Multivariate Experimental Psychology; 1968 
Prediction of Achievement and Creativity; 1971 Abilities: Their Structure, Growth 
and Action; 1974 "Differential Fertility and normal selection for IQ: Some 
required conditions in their investigation", Social Biology, v. 21; 1979 "Are culture 
fair intelligence tests possible and necessary?", Journal of Research and 
Development in Education, v. 12; 1979-80 Personality and Learning Theory. 2 
Vol., His most important work. It integrates aspects of personality in a theory of 
development; 1983 Intelligence and National Achievement, Institute for the 
Study of Man (Pioneer Fund beneficiary); 1987 Beyondism: Religion from 
Science 
Background: 

Beyondism Foundation: 

1993 Rep. Cardiss Collins asserted that the NCAA Data Analysis Group was using 
members of the Beyondism Foundation to develop eligibility standards. The 
Foundation is based on R. B. Cattell's ideas. Rep. Collins quoted Cattell as saying: 
"Probably, a positive eugenic condition could be most simply established by an 
ethic of more children from the socially more successful." The story was covered 
on the sports pages. (Washington Post, 12/15/93, P- C-2) 

Source: EQ 1956; Science Citation Index; WSWIA 1990; "Raymond B(ernard) 
Cattell" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition; Membership list, American Society 
of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Caulfield, H. P.; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 

Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi L.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1981 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics, Stanford Univ. Medical Center, California 1974, 1993; 

American Society of Human Genetics (Pres., 1989) 

Publications: 

1993 "Demic expansions and human evolution" w/ P. Menozzi and A. Paizza, 
Science, v. 265, Jan. 29, p. 639; 1992 "Coevolution of genes and language 
revisited", w/ J. Mountain, E. Minch, Proc. National Academy of Science, Jun. 15, 
v. 89 (12), p. 5620; 1991 "Drift, Admixture and Selection in Human Evolution: a 
study of DNA Polymorphisms", Proc. National Academy of Science, Feb. 1, v. 88 
( 3 ) 5 P- 839; 1991 "Genes, Peoples and Languages", Scientific American, v. 265, 
Nov., p. 104; 1989 "Genetic and Linguistic Evolution", w/ A. Piazza, P. Menozzi, J. 
Mountain; letter to Science, June 9, v. 244 (4909) p. 1128; 1988 "Reconstruction 
of Human Evolution: Bringing Together Genetic, Archaeological and Linguistic 
Data", w/ A. Piazzi, P. Menozzi, and J. Mountain, Proc. National Academy of 
Science, August, v. 85 (16), p. 6002]; 1987 African Pygmies.; 1987 "Migration 
rates of human populations from surname distributions", Nature, Oct. 22-28, v. 
329 (6i4i):7i4-6 w/ A. Moroni q.v. and others; 1987 "Insulin-like growth factors 




in Pygmies: the role of puberty in determining final stature" w/ T. Merimee, J. 
Zapf, B. Hewlett, NEJM, April 9, p. 906; 1986 "Detecting linkage for genetically 
heterogeneous diseases and detecting heterogeneity with linkage data" w/ Mary 
Clare King, AJHG, May, v. 38, #5, p. 599; 1982 "An Analysis of the Genetics of 
Schizophrenia" w/ K. Kidd q.v., Social Biology, v. 20, 3 (One of the most cited 
articles from Social Biology, SB 1984, v. 29, 3-4); 1981 "Models of Spouse 
Influence and Their Application to Smoking Behavior", Social Biology, v. 28, 1-2; 
"The Genetics of Human Populations", Scientific American, Special Population 
Issue, Sept. 1974; "Intelligence and Race", Scientific American, Oct. 1970; 
"Genetic Drift in an Italian Population", Scientific American, Aug. 1969; see also 
Walter Bodmer q.v. 

Background: 

— Genetic Survey 1991 

"Genetic survey gains momentum" (proposal to collect DNA sample from 
aboriginal populations), L. Roberts, Science, v. 254, Oct. 25, p. 517 and similar 
article by L. Roberts, 1991 Science, v. 252, June 21, p. 1614 

— Language 1991 

"Quest for the mother tongue: the story behind the search for the 'proto-World'", 
Atlantic, v. 267, April, p. 39; 1988 "Trees from genes and tongues", R. Lewin, 
Science, v. 242, Oct. 28, p. 514 
Source: Osborne list; AJHG 1989 

Cavan, Marshall M.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

c/o Cadwallader, Wickersham and Taft, Wall Street, New York City 1956; see 
Wickersham q.v. 

Source: EQ 1956 

Cazort, Sidney; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Arkansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chamberlin, R.V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Utah 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 



Chandler, Simon B.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chapin, S.B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chapman, Mrs. Florence; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chappelle, Dr. B. F.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Nevada, Reno 1925; Nevada 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Char, Dr. Florence; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Univ. Arkansas, Little Rock 1974 
Background: 

Jocelyn Elders was a professor of pediatrics at this University and is one again. 
Source: Osborne list 

Charney, Prof. Michael; 

Member 1974, 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1911; University of Colorado (PhD 1969 (anthropology), assoc, prof, to prof., 
anthropology 1971-76, Emeritus 1977-); Director, Center of Human Identification 
1980-; forensic identification; physical anthropology; note very short time period 
when he was a professor 
Publications: 

1971 "Intestinal Lactase Deficiency in Adult Nonhuman Primates: Implications 
for Selection Pressures in Man", Social Biology, v. 18, 4 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992 




Chase, Miss Ethel W. B.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

College of City of Detroit, Michigan 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Chase, H.D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chase, Irving; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chatterjee, M.N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chaudhury, Rafiquel Hudna; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Demographer, Bangladesh Institute of Development Economics, Dacca 1974 
Publications: 

1984 "The Influence of Female Education, Labor Force Participation, and Age at 
Marriage on Fertility Behavior in Bangladesh", Social Biology, v. 31, 1-2; 1972 
"Socioeconomic and Seasonal Variation in Births: a replication", 1972 report, 
Social Biology, v. 19, 1; 1971 "Differential Fertility by Religious Groups in East 
Pakistan" 1971 report, Eugenics Quarterly, v. 18, 2; 

Source: Osborne list 

Chauncey, Mrs. Betty B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Cheney, B.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cheney, Charles; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cheney, Donald A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Florida 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cheney, Louis; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chester, Prof. Webster; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

47 Winter St., Waterville, Maine 1925; Maine 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Chickering, Prof. A. M.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

206 South Mingo St., Albion, Michigan 1925, 1932; Michigan 1925 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 

1934 



Chidester, F.E.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Child, Prof. C. M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

University of Chicago, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Childs, William H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Chisolm, Hugh J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cho, Dr. Lee- Jay; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Asst. Director, East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, Hawaii; see 

Retherford, Loomis, Chung 

Pubns: 

1980 "Estimation of recent trends in fertility and mortality in the Republic of 
Korea", w/ A. J. Coale, Noreen Goldman, National Academy of Sciences, Report 
of Committee on Population and Demography; 1973 "The Own-Child Approach 
to Fertility Estimation: An Elaboration", in International Population Conference, 
Liege, Belgium 1973, Vol. 2 
Source: Osborne list 

Choate, Arthur O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Chouke, Dr. K. S.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. of Colorado Medical School, Denver 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Chubbie, Mrs. Elza C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

2442 Leland Ave., Chicago, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Chung, Chin Sik; 

Member 1974, 1989 
Personal: 

b. Korea 1924; University of Hawaii 1969-; East-West Population Institute; see 

Retherford, Cho, Loomis 

Pubns: 

1978 (Ed.) Genetic Epidemiology., w/ Newton Morton, q.v., based on conference 
at Univ. of Hawaii 1977 (New York, Academic Press); 1975 Factors affecting risks 
of congenital malformations w/ N. Myrianthopoulos q.v. and Daniel Bergsma, 
Collaborative Perinatal Project (USA); 1966 "Genetics of Racial Crosses" w/ N. 
Morton q.v., Annals New York Academy of Science, v. 134, p. 666 
Source: Osborne list; SCI; AMWS 1989 

Church, George H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Church, Grace H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Churchill, Eric; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 




16 Balmy Ave., Toronto, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 1974 

Ciocco, Dr. Angela M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 OB-GYN and Pathology, Magee Women's Hospital, Pittsburgh, 

Pennsylvania 

Source: Osborne list 

Clapp, C.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clark, Edward T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clark, Eliot R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clark, Hubert Lyman; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

M.C.Z., Cambridge, 38, Massachusetts; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Clark Jr., Percy L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Clarke, Ms. D.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dodgewood Rd., Bronx, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Clarke, Ward L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clemens, Mrs. Lucy S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clement, Mrs. Frank H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clench, William J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clewell, R.E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Clifford, Alice B.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Putney Graduate School, Putney, Vermont 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 




Cliquet, R.; 



Member (Foreign) 1967, 1974 
Personal: 

Warandedreef, Deurle, Belgium; reinstated 1967 
Source: AESC 1967; Osborne list 

Close, Prof. Perry; 

Member 1974, 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1921; City College, San Francisco (Prof., Biology 1968-); 272 Dennis Dr., Daly 

City, California 94015 

Pubns: 

1961 "Heredity and Productivity in Families of Institutionalized Deaf (abstract), 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 8, no. 1 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992 

Coale, Ansley J.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975, 1977 
Personal: 

Office of Population Research, Princeton University 1974 
Publications: 

1991 "Excess Female Mortality and the Balance of the Sexes: An Estimate of the 
Number of Missing Females' ", Pop. Dev. Rev., #17; 1991 "Recent Trends in 
Fertility and Nuptuality in China" w/ Wang Feng, Nancy E. Riley and Lin Fu De, 
Science, v. 251, January 25, p. 389; 1990 The Decline of Fertility in Europe: 
Revised Proc. of the Princeton Fertility Project, w/ Susan Cotts Watkins, 
summary volume of a series on the decline of fertility in Europe, American 
Historical Review, v. 38, April, p. 152; 1988 "Basic Data on Fertility in the 
Provinces of China 1940-82", w/ Chen Sheng-Li, Journal of the American 
Statistical Association, v. 83, Sept. p. 924; 1983 "A Reassessment of World 
Population Trends", Population Bulletin of the United Nations, v. 14, p. 1; 1983 
"Recent Trends in Fertility in Less Developed Countries", Science, v. 221, p. 828; 
1981 "Population Trends, Population Policy and Population Studies in China, 
Population and Development Review, v. 7, #1, p. 85 and "A Further Note on 
Chinese Population Statistics", Population and Development Review, v. 7, #1, p. 
512; 1980 "Estimation of recent trends in fertility and mortality in the Republic of 
Korea", w/ A. J. Coale, Noreen Goldman, National Academy of Sciences, Report 
of Committee on Population and Demography; 1979 Human Fertility in Russia 
since the nineteenth century w/ Barbara Anderson, Erna Harm; 1976 "Comment 
on 'The Changing Sex Ratio of the Navaho Tribe' by Kunitz and Slocumb", Social 
Biology, v. 23, 4; 1977, 1975 manuscript referee for Social Biology; 1975 "A New 
Method of Estimating Standard Fertility Measures from Incomplete Data", w/ T. 
James Trussell and Alan G. Hill, Population Studies, v. 41 #2; 1974 "The History 
of the Human Population", Scientific American, Special Population Issue, Sept.; 




1974 "Model Fertility Schedules: Variations in the Age Structure of Childbearing 
in Human Populations", w/ T. James Trussed, Population Index, v. 40, # 2; 1972 
The Growth of Human Populations: A Mathematical Investigation, Princeton 
Univ. Press; 1967 Methods of Estimating Demographic Measures from 
Incomplete Data w/ P. Demeny q.v., United Nations Population Study # 42; 1966 
Regional Model Life Tables and Stable Populations w/ Paul Demeny q.v.; 1965 
"Birth Rates, Death Rates, and Rates of Growth in Human Populations", in 
Human Population, M. Sheps; 1963 Estimates of Fertility and Population in the 
United States, w/ Melvin Zelnick; 1961 "The significance of age patterns of 
fertility in high fertility populations", Milbank Quarterly, v. 4, p. 631; 1958 
Population Growth and Economic Development in Low- income Countries, w/ 
Edgar M. Hoover, Princeton Univ. Press; 1947 The Problem of Reducing 
Vulnerability to Atomic Bombs; 1944 The Future Population of Europe and the 
Soviet Union, w/ F. Notestein, D. Kirk, Irene B. Taeuber, (all of the AES) and 
Louise B. Kiser (?? related to Clyde Kiser (AES)??), League of Nations 
Background: 

Ansley Coale and Edgar Hoover wrote a book (Population Growth and Economic 
Development in Low-income Countries, Princeton Univ. Press) in 1958 which 
was key in developing the argument that fast population growth slowed 
development, according to John Caldwell in Limiting Population Growth and the 
Ford Foundation, 1986, p. 29 
Source: Osborne list 

Coble, Dr. Joseph R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept, of Psychology, Clark College, Atlanta, Georgia 30314 
Source: Osborne list 

??Pubns: 1965 "Marital fertility and size of family of origin", w/ O. Duncan q.v., R. 
Freedman, D. Slesinger, Demography, v. 2, p. 508?? 

Coca, Dr. A. F.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

8 West 16th St., New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Cochran, Clifford A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Coe, Prof. Wesley Roswell; 




(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925; Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1869-1960; Zoological Labs, Yale Univ., Connecticut 1925; Yale, Prof, of Biology 
(1907-38; Curator, Peabody Museum 1914-26); American Soc. Zoologists (Pres. 
1940); Member: Eugenics Research Assn., Am. Genetics Assn.; old stock 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 322; 1925 list; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Coffey, W.C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Coffin, Alice S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Coghill, G.E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cogswell, Leander A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Hampshire 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cohen, M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Colacurcio, Edward; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cole, Prof. Leon Jacob; 

Member 1925, 1930; Advisory Council 1927-35; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1877-1948; PhD Harvard 1906; zoologist, animal geneticist taught Harvard, Yale 
and Univ. Wisconsin (Wisconsin 1925, 1930, 1932); Genetics Soc. America (Pres. 
1940); National Research Council (Cttee on Heredity w/ Davenport, Laughlin, 
Stockard, Barker, all of AES) 

Source: 1925 list; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler. p. 323; Sanger list 1930; A Decade 
of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Cole, Prof. William H.; 

Member 1925 

Clark Univ., Worcester, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Coleman, George B.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

2649 Russell St., Berkeley, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Coleman, Dr. Warren; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

59 E. 54th St., New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Colgate, Henry A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Colgate, James C.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Colin, Edward C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Chicago, Illinois 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Collette, Prof. Alfred Thomas; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1922; Syracuse Univ. (1949-, Prof, of Genetics and Science Education i960-, 
Chmn., Division of Science Teaching i960); Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed., Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Collins, Dr. Donald C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; 7045 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood, California 1956; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956, Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Collins, Herbert S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Colmeiro-Laforet, Dr. Carlos; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Vigo Municipal Hospital, Vigo, Spain 1956; see ES list 
Source: EQ 1956 



Colton, Prof. Harold Sellers; 




Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

b. 1881; zoologist, archeologist; Director, Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, 
Arizona 1928-58; Univ. of Pennsylvania (BS, PhD 1908); Univ. of Pennsylvania 
(Dept, of Zoology 1909-1954, Professor 1926-54); Director, San Francisco 
Mountain Station, Flagstaff, AZ 1929-54; Trustee, Laboratory of Anthropology, 
Santa Fe 1934-53; Member: American Anthropology Assn., American Genetic 
Assn., Ecological Society of America 
Publications: 

1961 North of Market Street; i960 Black Sand; The Sinagua.; Hopi Indian 
Kachina Dolls.; Pottery Types of the Southwest.; 1927 Days in the Painted Desert.; 
1925 Laboratory Guide in Principles of Animal Life; 1915 Selected Reading for 
Students in Elementary Zoology 

Source: EQ 1956; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA; ERA list 1938 

Condell, Prof. Yvonne C.; 

Member 1974, 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1931; Moorhead State University, Moorhead, Minnesota (asst. prof, to prof. 
1965-80, Prof, of Multidisciplinary Studies and Biology 1980-) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992 

Cook, Della; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Indiana Univ., Bloomington 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Cooke, Dr. C. Montague; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Honolulu, Hawaii 1925; Hawaii 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Cooley, Mr. J. S.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Bureau Plant Industry, Washington DC 1925; Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 



Coolridge, Mrs. O.H.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cooper, Rev. John M.; Advisory Council 1923-30; 

Member 1930; AES Cttee on Eugenics and Dysgenics of Birth Regulation; AES 

Cttee on Cooperation with the Clergy 

Personal: 

1881-1949; b. Rockville, Md.; old stock; Prof., Dept. Anthropology and Sociology, 
Catholic Univ. of America 1926-49; American Anthropological Assn. (Pres. 1940); 
Catholic Anthropological Conf. (Sec./ Treas. 1926-); Mem.: American Social 
Hygiene Assn., National Probation Assn., National Conf. Catholic Charities 
Pubns: 

1931 Childrens Institutions; 1924-30 Religious Outlines for Colleges; 1923 Birth 
Control; 1917 Analytical and Critical Bibliography of the Indians of Tierra del 
Fuego; "Primitive Man" (journal renamed Anthropological Quarterly 1953, 
founder/editor) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler p. 307, 325 

Copeland, Charles Finney; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Nebraska 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Copeland, Manton; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Copeland MD, Senator Royal Samuel; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Personal: 

1868-1938; old stock; Methodist; Member, Methodist General Conference 
Medical Career: 

MD Univ. Michigan 1889; studied in Europe; Univ. Michigan (Medical School, 
Prof. 1895-1908); Flower Hospital Medical College (Dean 1908-18); New York 
City Commissioner of Public Health and Pres., New York Board of Health 1918- 
23 (infant mortality dropped 60% during his administration (Mehler, p. 326) 
Political Career: 

Mayor, Ann Arbor 1901-03; Democrat, US Senator 1923-38 (US Immigration 




Cttee, also opposed New Deal); ran for Mayor of New York 1937 
Pubns: 

1934 Dr. Copeland's Home Medical Book; syndicated medical column in Hearst 
papers 

Source: Mehler p. 326-27; Biographical Directory of the American Congress 1774- 
1961, US Gov't Printing Office 1961 

Copeland, W.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Corning, Peter; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Institute of Political Studies, Stanford Univ., California 1974 
Publications: 

1972 leader, discussion session IV in American Eugenics Society symposium on 
"Continuing Evolution of Man", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 19, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Cornish, Mrs. Edward; 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Arkansas 1930; 1806 Arch St., Little Rock, Arkansas 1932; Little Rock, Arkansas 
1956; State representative to American Birth Control League 1933, 1937; 

Arkansas Eugenics Association 1939 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; BCR, April 1933 p. 109; BCR, Oct. 1937; BCR, 
1939 p. 63; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Corradini, Dr. Robert E.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 150 Fifth Ave., New York City 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; 1932 

Corry, Edith; 

Member 1930; Eugenics Society: Librarian 1913-39 Council 1916, 1926 Fellow 
1936, 1937 Subscriber 1926 




13 Argyll Rd. 

Kensington, London W8, 1937 
Personal: 

voluntary work for Charity Organization Society (Pringle q.v.) and Central 
Association for Mental Welfare 

Source: ER, Vol. 60, ASP's Hist. p. 87; CH; ESAR 1937; Men Behind Hitler; Obit, 
ER 1947 p. 23; Sanger list 1930 

Cort, W. W.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Cotton MD, Dr. Henry A.; 

(Member & General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 

1921); Member 1930 

Personal: 

Supt., State Hospital, Trenton, New Jersey 1921, 1932; New Jersey 1930; 
deceased by 1934 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Coudert, Frederic R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Coult, Edna Wheeler; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Hampshire 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Coulter, Stanley; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Courtis, S.A.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cowgill, Ursula; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1974; Midland, Michigan 

48640 

Pubns: 

1963 "Differential Mortality among the sexes in childhood and its possible 
significance in human evolution" w/ Hutchinson, Proc. National Academy of 
Science, v. 49:425 ff 
Source: Osborne list 

Cowles, Mrs. Thornburg; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Cowles, William H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cox, Major Earnest S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Richmond, Virginia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Cox, John L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 



Coxe, Alexander B.; 




Advisory Council 1923; (Eugenics Research Association 1926) 

Personal: 

Paoli, Pennsylvania 1921 and later 

— Mrs Alexander Coxe, Paoli 1921; Member, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921 

Source: Mehler, p. 327; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Craigie, Dr. E. Horne; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. of Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Crampton, Dr. C. Ward; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 515 Park Ave., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Crandall, Prof. W. C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

La Jolla, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Crane, Clinton H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Crane Jr., Walter S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Crane, Zenas Marshall; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Crawford, Michael H.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. Kansas 1974 
Publications: 

1974 "Human Biology of the Irish Tinkers: Demography, Ethnohistory, and 
Genetics", Social Biology, v. 21, 4; 1973 "Historical-Demographic Analysis of 
Indian Populations in Tlaxcala, Mexico", Social Biology, v. 20, 1; 1973 Methods 
and Theories of Anthropological Genetics (ed.) w/ P. L. Workman q.v. 

Source: Osborne list 

Crawford, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Crick, Joe G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Crile, George W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Crist, John W.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Michigan Agricultural College, East Lansing 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Critz, Prof. Wesley George; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1888; biologist; PhD, Univ. of North Carolina 1918; Univ. of North Carolina 
(1920-59; Prof. 1924-59); Member: American Society of Human Genetics, Elisha 
Mitchell Science Society (co-editor of journal); North Carolina Academy of 
Science (Pres., 1952) 

Publications: 

The Biology of the Race Problem, 1962 commissioned by George Wallace, 
Governor of Alabama; This pamphlet was used by the racist American Eugenics 
Party; publications on "development of man and other vertebrates" and marine 
biology 
Quote: 

"... there is no advanced civilization in any area where there has been a high 
degree of absorption of Negro genes. Nowhere in the world have the Negroes 
demonstrated that they have the creative capacity to make civilization" from The 
Biology of the Race Problem, G.W. Critz quoted in The Body, Anthony Smith 
1968. While rejecting Critz's statement, Smith asserts "it can never be argued that 
men are born equal." p. 16 

Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA; AES Collection, American Eugenics Party file 

Cross, Harold E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Surgery, Univ. Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Cross, Mrs. Whitman; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

101 E. Kirke St., Chevy Chase, Maryland 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Cross, W. Redmond; 

Member 1930; (Sustaining Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; Bernardsville, New Jersey 1932 
Background: 

Mr. W.R. Cross, 33 Pine St., New York City 1921; Subscriber, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??same person?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Crossland, H.A.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Crowe, Raymond R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Human Genetics, Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Crowell, Bowman C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cumming MD, Dr. Hugh S.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

MD Univ. Virginia 1993; USPHS (1894- 1936; Surgeon General 1920-36) 

Source: Mehler p. 328; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Curtin, Richard B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Kettering, Ohio 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Curtis, Mrs. Jennette C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Curtis, Maynie R.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 




1145 Amsterdam Ave., New York City 1925, 1932; New York 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 

1934 

Curtis, N. C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

210 Hicks, Columbia, Missouri 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Curtis, Prof. Otis S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Forest Home, Ithaca, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Curtis, W.C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Curtiss, W. Perry; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Cutler, Ira A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930 
Background: 

Ira E. Cutler; 2122 S. Clayton St., Denver, Colorado 1921; Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Cutler, John C.; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 




Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1974; Pittsburgh, PA 15208 
Source: Osborne list 



Cutler, John F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

Prof. J.E. Cutler, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 1921; Member, 
Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Cutting, Robert F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Alphabetical List 
Last Names D-H 



Dahlgren Sr., Ulric; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Background: 

Prof. Ulric Dahlgren, Princeton, New Jersey 1921; Member, Second International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative or same person?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Daigaku, Teikyo; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Igaku-Bu Toshokan, 11-1 Kaga 2-Chome, Itabashai-Ku Tokyo, Japan 1974 
Source: Osborne list 




Dale, Chester; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dalen, Per; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

St. Jorgen's Hospital, 422 03 Hisings Backa, Sweden 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Dana MD, Dr. Charles L.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1930 

Personal: 

53 W. 53rd St., New York City 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Dance, Peter; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

New York, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Danforth, Prof. Charles Haskell; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938) 

Personal: 

1883-1969; Stanford University (Dept, of Anatomy 1922, Prof. 1923-49, Dept. 
Exec. 1938-49, Emeritus 1949-) 

b. Maine 1883; PhD, Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO 1912; m. Florence 
Garrison; taught anatomy at Washington Univ. 1908-22; US Surgeon General's 
Office (WW I , anthropologist) Member: AAAS (v.p. and Chmn., section H, 
anthropology 1932), American Society of Human Genetics (v.p. 1951-52), Society 
for the Study of Evolution, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 
American Philosophical Society; Pres., Western Society of Naturalists 1942-44; 
Member: Galton Society; twins 
Publications: 




worked on Yerkes' study of American soldiers in WW I in Surgeon General's 
office (see Fred Osborn's similar study in WW II); "Family Size as a Factor in 
Human Selection", paper at Third Int. Cong. Eugenics; Associate editor: 

American Journal of Physical Anthropology 1927-42, Anatomical Record 1928-48; 
Eugenical News, Advisory Committee 1936; Member: editorial board "Growth" 
1940-49, Excerpta Medica 1946- 

Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list; EQ 1956; WWWIA, vol. 7; EN June 
1936; ERA list 1938; Mehler, p. 328; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Danforth, George N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Danforth, Prof. Ralph E.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Mayaguez, Puerto Rico (Sept.-June) 1925; Jaffrey, New Hampshire (June-Sept.) 

1925 

Source: 1925 list 

Danforth, W.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Daniel, 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Daniels, Prof. Francis; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1869; PhD Univ. Missouri 1897; Unitarian minister 1898; taught modern 
languages at various colleges; Georgia State College for Women, Milledgeville 
(Prof. French/Latin 1923-32, Emeritus 1935); Member, Eugene Field Society 
Pubns: 




Flora of Columbia, Missouri 1907; French Scientific Reader 1917; poems 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Dargan Jr., J.T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Darlington, Henry B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Darwin, Major Leonard; 

Member 1930 
Cripps Corner 
Forest Row, Sussex 1937 

Eugenics Society President 1911-1928 Hon. Pres. 1928-43 Subscriber 1926 Life 
Fellow 1937; Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1921 

Personal: 

b. 1850; d. 1943; son of Charles Darwin; Royal Engineers; War Office, 
Intelligence Dept.; Pres., Royal Geographic Society; Bedford College for Women; 
see also biography of Erasmus Darwin by Desmond King-Hale 1977; Charles 
Darwin. 1921 Leonard Huxley; Charles Darwin: a companion. 1978; Period Piece. 
Gwen Raverat 1952 

— Dr. Francis Darwin MB, FRS; son of Charles Darwin; brother of Leonard 
Darwin; "Francis Galton, 1822-1911", Galton Lecture 1914; First International 
Eugenics Congress 1912, General Committee; Source: Problems in Eugenics 1912 
(repr.) 

Pubns: 

"The Cost of Degeneracy", ER, v. 5, 1913-14, p. 93; "Heredity and Environ- ment" 
ER, July 1916, p. 93-122; 1916-17 "Quality not Quantity", ER, v. 8, p. 297; The 
Need for Eugenic Reform. 1926; What is Eugenics? 1928; "The Society's Coming 
of Age: the Growth of the Eugenic Movement", ER, 1929-30, v. 21, p. 9, Galton 
Lecture 1929; Bimetallism; "Analysis of the Brock Report" ER, 1934-35; t 9 2 4 
(reprinted 1968) "The Future of Our Race: Heredity and Social Progress", ER, v. 
60, p. 99 

Source: ESAR 1937; CH; Men Behind Hitler p. 87; ER; WWW; Obit ER 1942-43, 
34, 109; Periodical Index; Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 
Quotes: 




Compulsion: 

"permanent detention of all confirmed habitual criminals... To save the race 
compulsion would be necessary in many cases... compulsion should only be 
employed to enforce imprisonment or segregation; the latter term meaning 
confinement in comfort. Compulsion is now permitted if applying to criminals, 
lunatics, and mental defectives; and this principle must be extended to all who, 
by having offspring, would seriously damage future generations." "Race 
Deterioration and Practical Politics" ER, 1925-26 
Background 

— On confinement or sterilization of the undesirables: 

— niece was Ruth Darwin who was on the Brock Committee (see Brock q.v.), 
which recommended sterilization for the undesirables (Ruth Darwin; daughter of 
Horace Darwin (see also Nora Barlow under Sir J.A.N. Barlow q.v.; m. William 
Rees Thomas 1948; d. 1972) 

— (William Rees Thomas; MB 1909; DPM 1914; Dept. Supt., East Sussex Mental 
Hosp.; Med. Supt., Rampton State Institute; Hon. Physician to King 1944-47; 
Board of Control (which enforced the FeebleMinded Control Act) (Hon. Comm. 
1921-31; Comm. 1931; Senr. Comm. 1939-49); Prefrontal Leucotomy in 1,000 
Cases HMSO 1947; d. 1978) 

— The Undesirables: 

"I believed less than (Leonard Darwin) did that eugenically desirable qualities 
were segregated in social classes." obit by C.P. Blacker q.v. in ER 1943-44 P- 112 

— 'Voluntary' Coercive Consent to Sterilization: 

"The State to be given power to exercise a limited amount of pressure in order to 
insure that such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld." An outline of 
practical eugenic policy, by Leonard Darwin 1926 

DasGupta, Ajit K.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, India 1956; Fellow, Institute of Actuaries 
1956 

Source: EQ 1956 

Davidson, Maria; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

300 M St. SW, Washington, DC 1974 
Publications: 

1973 "A Comparative Study of Fertility in Mexico City and Caracas", Social 
Biology, v. 20, 4; 1970 "Social and Economic Variations in Child Spacing", Social 
Biology, v. 17, 2; 1967 "Social and Economic Characteristics of Aged Persons (65 
Years Old and Over) in the United States in i960", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 14, 1; 
1961 "Predictions in Fertility", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 8, 2; 

Source: Osborne list 




Davidson, Thomas W.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Davis, Bernard D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Bact. Physiol, Harvard Medical School 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Davis, Prof. B. M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Oxford, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Davis, Bradley M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

2011 Geddes Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Davis, Prof. Donald W.; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1921); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Box 297, Williamsburg, Virginia 1921; Virginia 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Davis, Dr. Katharine B.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1928-35 

Personal: 

1913 First General Secretary, Bureau of Social Hygiene; former commissioner of 
Charities and Correction, New York "where she came under [Margaret Sanger's] 
venomous attack in 1917 as the individual responsible for the inferior conditions 
of the prisons in which [sanger] and her sister were incarcerated" (Chesler, p. 

277); 1913 superintendent of Bedford Hills Reformatory for Women; 145 E. 35th 




St., New York City 1921 
Background: 

The Bureau of Social Hygiene was a John D. Rockefeller Jr. project. Its purpose 
was 'the study, amelioration and prevention of those social conditions, crimes 
and diseases which adversely affect the well being of society'. It had a Social 
Darwinist orientation. Davis sought to create a Criminalistic Institute in which 
women convicted of crime would be studied and those incapable of reform would 
be permanently detained to keep them from perpetuating their kind. Rockefeller 
gave $200, 000 to set up the Institute, which operated out of the Bedford Hills 
Institute where Davis was superintendent and the New York City Courts (see L. E. 
Bisch). C. B. Davenport was associated with this enterprise. Speaking of the BSH 
he said: "Would that its [our country's] motto were : All men are born unequal" 
(from Mehler, Sources in the Study of Eugenics, Mendel Newsletter, Nov., 1978. 

In 1913 in England a law sponsored by the Eugenics Society was passed which 
allowed permanent detention of the feebleminded. In 1970 two women detained 
since 1923 under this law were removed from an insane asylum after it was 
determined that they were not insane but rather had been pregnant and 
unmarried in 1923. (see David Suzucki's book on madness) 

Background: 

In 1924 Davis recommended that Rockefeller donate $10,000 to Margaret 
Sanger's research. He donated $5,000 anonymously using the Bureau of Social 
Hygiene as a conduit. "This private support was renewed each year thereafter at 
approximately the same levels, and in 1925 and 1926 the Bureau of Social 
Hygiene also made two additional anonymous contributions of $10,000 to 
facilitate ... co-operation between Sanger and Dickinson [q.v.]" (Chesler p. 277); 
and see Rockefeller q.v. 

Pubns: 

1929 "A Study of the Sex Life of the Normal Married Woman: The Use of 
Contraceptives", Journal of Social Hygiene, v. 8 (an early study of differential 
fertility, this was a survey of 1,000 married women who were college graduates or 
women's club members. 75 % reported the successful use of contraceptives.) 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler p. 307, 330; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Davis 3rd, N.S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Davis, Robert L.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Federal Experiment Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 1925; Puerto Rico 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




Davis, Warren B.; 



Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

2425 N. 59th St. Overbrook, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Davison, Clarence B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Davison, Mrs. H. P.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Locust Valley, Long Island, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Davison, H.P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dawson, Prof. Alden B.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

706 South Lincoln St., Chicago, Illinois 1925; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list 

Dawson, Percy M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Day, Mrs. George H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Day, George Parmly; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Day, Joseph P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Day, Prof. Dr. Richard Lawrence; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1928; MD; Director, Medical Dept., Planned Parenthood-World Population 
1965-68; Pediatrics Dept., State Univ. of New York Medical School, Brooklyn 
(Prof. 1953-60; SUNY Brooklyn produced an unusually large number of 
abortionists); Pittsburgh Univ. School of Medicine (Prof, and Chmn. of Dept. 
1960-65); Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, City Univ., NYC 1967-70; Membership 
list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Day, Robert W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

School of Public Health, Univ. of Washington, Seattle 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Day, S.H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Africa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 



DeAberle, S.B.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Deam, Charles C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Bluffton, Indiana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Dean, Jessie E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dearborn, George VanNess; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dederer, Prof. Pauline H.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Connecticut 1930; Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Deere, Emil O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

DeForest, Robert W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




DeFremery, James; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

DeFries, John C.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1934; Institute for Behavioral Genetics, Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO 80307 
1974; 

Publications: 

1985 Origins of Individual Differences in Infancy: The Colorado Adoption Project, 
w/ R. Plomin q.v.; 1983 "Family Background, Cognitive Ability, and Personality 
as Predictors of Educational and Occupational Attainment", Social Biology, v. 30, 

1; 1977 "Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of 
human behavior" w/ R. Plomin q.v. and J. C. Loehlin q.v., 1977 Psychol. Bulletin, 
v. 88, p. 245 ff ; "Selective Placement in Adoption", Social Biology, v. 26, 1; 1976 
"Assortative Mating for Specific Cognitive Abilities in Korea", Social Biology, v. 

23, 4; 1973 "Racial and Cultural Differences in Sensitivity to Flickering Light", 
Social Biology, v. 20, 1; 1973 Introduction to Behavioral Genetics w/ G. E. 
McClearn q.v. 

Background: 

Violence Initiative and Contraceptives 

1993 Understanding and Preventing Violence National Research Council Report , 
Vol. 2 Biobehavioral Perspectives of Violence, Discussed in "The Biology of 
Violence", BioScience, May 1994. This report discusses work done at the Institute 
of Behavior Genetics in Colorado, which is headed by John C. DeFries. The 
Institute says that genes contribute to alcohol and drug abuse in individuals with 
an anti-social personality disorder. The Report also discusses fetal exposure to 
testosterone. According to the BioScience article, the Report says that "girls who 
were accidentally exposed to androgenic steroids in utero showed an increased 
tendency to be more aggressive than their peers whereas boys who were 
accidentally exposed to anti androgenic steroids were not as aggressive as their 
peers" p. 292-293, "The Biology of Violence", BioScience, May 1994. 

The NIH Conference on Violence has been rescheduled for 1995. One of the 
people at the Univ. of Maryland Institute sponsoring this conference is D. 
Gottfredson. Research is needed in this area to determine whether she is related 
to Linda Gottfredson, the SSSB director, or any of the other Gottfredsons 
concentrated in the field of violence, crime and black inferiority. 

Source: Osborne list 



Degener, Prof. Lyda May; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

310-12 West Monument St., Baltimore, Maryland 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list 

Delafield, Mrs. Lewis L.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 182 West 57th St. St, New York City 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 
??Charlotte Delafield, v.p., American Birth Control League 1928; Woman of Valor: 
Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 

1992 p. 238?? 

Delafield, Dr. Maturin L.; (Member, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

29 Ave. Davel, Lausanne, Switzerland 1921; Switzerland 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Dela Potterie, Edna A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

DeLee, Joseph B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

DeLong, Mrs. George; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



DeMaio, Mrs. Rose; 




Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 

Demeny, Paul; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Population Council (1992 Distinguished Scholar; 1986 Director, Center for Policy 
Studies; 1974 Demographic division) 

Pubns: 

1992 editor, Population and Development Review (the journal of the Population 
Council); 1991 drew up plans for a study week by the Pontifical Academy of 
Sciences. He prepared the background paper for this meeting. The paper 
identifies the Population Council view of the important demographic phenomena, 
namely: rate of population growth, absolute population change, change in 
population structure, and international differences in demographic patterns. 
Population and Development Review planned to devote a Supplement to this 
conference, (see L. Gedda q.v.., ex-head of Italian Catholic Action); 1981 "The 
North-South Income Gap: A Demographic Perspective", Population and 
Development Review, v.7, #2, p. 297 ff; 1979 "On the End of the Population 
Explosion", Population and Development Review, v. 5 #1, p. 141; 1967 Methods of 
Estimating Demographic Measures from Incomplete Data w/ A. Coale q.v., 

United Nations Population Study # 42; 1966 Regional Model Life Tables and 
Stable Populations w/ A. Coale q.v. 

Background: 

Influence of the Population Council: 

The Population Council, which was founded by Frederick Osborn and John D. 
Rockefeller III, had a major influence in developing US population policy. The 
major players in this development were eugenicists. This history is explored in an 
article "The Rockefeller Foundation, the Population Council and the Groundwork 
for New Population Policies" by John B. Sharpless of the University of Wisconsin, 
Madison. The article was published in the Rockefeller Archive Center Newsletter, 
Fall, 1993. The following are the major points made by this article. I urge those 
interested in population policy to obtain the whole article. 

" ... I [John B. Sharpless] have been engaged in an extensive study of the role of 
the United States government in determining the direction of world population 
and resources issues since 1945 ... the impact of the nonprofit sector in defining 
the terms of the public policy debate on population and economic development 
was so important that it was impossible to complete my study without an 
extended stay at the Rockefeller Archive Center, which held ... the files of the 
Rockefeller Foundation (RF), the records of the Population Council, and the 
personal papers of John D. Rockefeller III ... Following are some of the initial 
observations generated by my research. Foundations and individual 
philanthropists are important in understanding the impressively quick and nearly 
unanimous change in attitudes and ideas about population that occurred during 
the 1960s. ... one crucial factor was the development of a safe reliable means of 
family planning ... The philanthropic community, with its subsidy of research and 




institution building in the 1940s and 1950s played a decisive role in laying the 
groundwork for the process of change. But it did more than simply support 
contraceptive research, for the nonprofit sector was where the debate over the 
population problem actually played itself out, ultimately defining how the policy 
issue would be viewed in the period which followed, [emphasis added] ... [the 
Population Council made sure that] ... research would take place in both the 
social as well as the biological sciences ... this effort was not simply an exercise in 
pure science but one which aimed specifically at policy ... not only the 
legitimation of the 'science' of demography but also the acceptance of 
demography as a policy science ... they were slowly encouraging an evolution in 
thinking among 'population specialists' to view intervention in demographic 
processes (particularly fertility) as not only appropriate but necessary. ... the 
1950's witnessed the creation of a world wide network of 'population experts' 
which had a core body of knowledge and a common mode of discourse: a singular 
shared set of assumptions about how population dynamics worked, ... and the 
terms under which intervention was appropriate. A consistency in methodology, 
analysis and language was forged by ... [a] small group of scholars located 
primarily in the U.S. but also in Britain, India and East Asia. The power to 
accomplish this task was based on their relationship with the philanthropic 
community. In addition to the RF and the Population Council, other Foundations 
active in this area included, the Ford Foundation, the Milbank Memorial Fund 
and, to a lesser extent, the Carnegie Corporation, and the Conservation 
Foundation ... also ... the 'great benefactors' of population studies, a cadre of 
wealthy philanthropists ... who often approached this issue with almost 
evangelical fervor ... the most important among this group was John D. 
Rockefeller III (JDR 3rd .... the depth of his resources .. he used his influence 
with leaders throughout the world and lent the weight of his family's name ..." 
[but the Rockefeller Foundation was reluctant] "to provide large funds in this 
field" and "very slow to move on the issue" which "eventually prompted JDR 3rd 
to move independently to create the Population Council in 1952. ... The question 
of population policy always raised the issue of birth control, which was still 
politically taboo. ... [and also there was a] lack of consensus on what specific 
goals were to be pursued ... If, the [RF] directors asked, the problem of expanding 
population was as serious as JDR 3rd, Marston Bates, Marshall Balfour and 
Frank Notestein suggested [then what program should be established?] ... The 
internal reports which circulated among the RF staff became the basis for 
Population Council programming. Marshall Balfour and Frank Notestein, who 
were at the center of RF discussions, moved on to assist the Population Council in 
its early years. ... Bates's report on population problems ... was passed on to the 
Ford Foundation, which used it as part of their evaluation of the population 
problem. The Ford response was to move forward and offer the Population 
Council its first major outside support! ... By the end of the 1950s ... [JDR 3rd] 
and the leadership within the Population Council had expanded the base of 
support for intervention in population problems. They had promoted the training 
of experts and assisted in supporting contraceptive research. The way now 
smoothed and well-paved [!, ed. note], the RF could enter the field without 
controversy or discord." 




See also Limiting Population Growth and the Ford Foundation, John Caldwell 
1986 

Source: Osborne list; Population Council Annual Report 1986, 1991, 1992 

Deming, Mrs. Horace E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dempster, Prof. Everett R.; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1903; Univ. of California, Berkeley (Dept, of Genetics 1935-, Prof. 1955-70, 
Chmn. of Dept. 1964-71, Emeritus 1970); 15 ElToyonal, Orinda, California 94563 
(Arthur Jensen's home town); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
1954 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; Osborne list 

Denison, Mrs. Charles; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

730 Emerson St., Denver, Colorado 1925; Colorado 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Dennis, Katharine; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

dePeyster (sic), Frederic A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

DeRyke, Willis; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Desai, S. F.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Parsi Punchayet Office, Bombay, India 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Descalzi, Mario Edgardo; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Rochester General Hospital, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

deSchweinitz, George E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Desnick, Robert J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pediatrics, Univ. Minnesota Hosps., Minneapolis 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

DeVilbiss, Lydia Allen; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1921 American Birth Control League Inaugural Conference (Chmn., session on 
contraception; DeVilbiss said she had seen suppositories made of occlusive jellies 
such as vaseline and cocoa butter work but only when mixed with spermicides 
such as quinine or zinc oxide; Margaret Sanger wanted DeVilbiss to run Sanger's 
contraceptive clinic which she intended to open in 1920. But the license was 
denied and the clinic eventually was run by Dr. Dorothy Bocker; in Miami in 1936 
DeVilbiss used WPA workers in "maternal health" clinics where she was giving 
out contraceptives; DeVilbiss wrote to Sanger about Florida birth rates among 
the unemployed: " It's either birth control or eugenic sterilization or it is 
’curtains'" ... [Devilbiss] was unashamed of the number of women she sent from 
her clinic for sterilization at local hospitals on grounds of mental deficiency or 
psychiatric impairment under the state's eugenic law. She also admitted to 




[Margaret Sanger] that she routinely gave pregnant women capsules containing 
tiny potions of arsenic and other chemicals, which she encouraged them to take 
with quinine over a four day period, in order to produce an abortion" (Chesler p. 
379 ) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 270, 274, 354, 379 

Dewey, William J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Madison, Wisconsin 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

??Pubns: 1965 "Recessive genes in severe mental defect", w/ N. Morton q.v., M. 
Mi q.v., AJHG, v. 17, p. 237?? 

Dexter, Lewis A.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Belmont, Massachusetts 1956 
Publications: 

1956 "Heredity and Environment Re-explored", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, 2 
Source: EQ 1956 

Dey, Deborah; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

St. Louis, Missouri 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Dhillon, T. S.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Botany, Univ. of Hong Kong 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Diamantis, Basil; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Madison, Wisconsin 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Dickinson, Dr. Robert L.; 




Member 1925; Advisory Council 1927-35; (Member, Third International Congress 
of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

National Committee of Maternal Health, Academy of Medicine, 2 East 103rd St., 
New York City 1932 

Source: AESM 1925; Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Mehler p. 307; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Dickson, Thomas; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dieterich, Alfred E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dight, Charles F.; 

Member 1929, 1930 
Personal: 

Pres., Minnesota Eugenics Society; introduced sterilization bill in Minnesota 

1929; Founder, Dight Institute 

Source: AESM, Jan. 1929; Sanger list 1930 

Dittmer, C.G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dixon, R.B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Doan, Charles A.; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1727 Cambridge, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Dock, George; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Security Bid., Sacramento, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Dodge, Cleveland E.; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

1888-1982; relation of Frederick Osborn; financier; son of Cleveland Dodge of 
Phelps-Dodge; BA Princeton 1909; w/ Phelps Dodge Corp., NYC 1910-1967 (v.p. 
1924-61); Trustee: Columbia Teachers College, American Museum of Natural 
History; YMCA (Executive Bd.); Pres., Greater YMCA of New York City 1925-35; 
Near East Foundation (Pres., 1930-53); Council of Churches, NYC (Bd. of Dir.); 
Woodrow Wilson Foundation (Pres., 1950); Presbyterian 
Background 

William Earl Dodge (1805-1883) founded Phelps Dodge & Company, the largest 
US. importer of metals in the nineteenth century. He owned timber in Michigan, 
a copper mine in Minnesota, and railroad stocks. In 1882 he bought the Copper 
Queen Mine, in Arizona. 

Through what mechanism did control of these resources pass from the Indians to 
the Dodges? Would it not be just for the Dodges (and the Harrimans and 
Rockefellers) to give the Indian tribes a share in the corporations which took a 
given tribe's resources? a share which would be theirs for as long as the grass 
grows and the rivers run? The share could be related to the amount of public 
money spent e.g. cleaning up environmental damage caused by these 
corporations while owned by these families; paying interest on the national debt 
incurred fixing track for the Union Pacific. This money could be used first to 
build the great Indian universities of which Red Cloud dreamed. Afterwards, the 
educated tribes could shape their own destinies with their share of the resources 
whose value had been increased by industrialization. They would be a good 
influence on conservation. 

Is there a gene for eugenics? 

Grace Hoadley Dodge (1856-1914), granddaughter of W. E. Dodge, funded the 
New York College for the Training of Teachers (1887) which became Teachers 
College (1892) of Columbia University. She helped found the YWCA and was its 
first President (1905-1914). Many eugenicists went to Teachers College 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; WWWIA 



Dodge, Mrs. Cleveland E.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dodge, Cleveland H.; 

Member 1930; (Sustaining Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 99 John St., New York City 1932 

— Mrs Cleveland H. Dodge, Riverdale on Hudson, New York 1932; Sustaining 
Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932; relative; 
Source: A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Dodge, Mrs. Geraldine R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dodge, Raymond; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

141 Linden St. New Haven Connecticut 1925; Connecticut 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Doherty, Henry L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dollar d, Charles; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

North Bennington, Vermont 1956; Pres., Carnegie Corp. (see David Hamburg) 
Source: EQ 1956; Current Biography 



Dommerich, Alex L.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Donald, Lynda J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pediatrics, Univ. Hosp., London, Ontario, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Donaldson, Rev. George H.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Grantwood, New Jersey 1921; New Jersey 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Donaldson, Henry H.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Wistar Institute, Philadelphia 1921, 1932; Pennsylvania 1930 

— Mrs Henry H. Donaldson; 3310 Race St., Philadelphia 1921; Member, Second 

International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Donchian, Richard D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Donnell, George N; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

MD; Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, California 1974 
Source: Osborne list 




Dorcus, RoyM.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dorn, Harold F.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1906-1963; 1956 address, 15 Burning Tree Ct., Bethesda, MD.; United States 
Public Health Service, Statistician 1936-; Cutter Lecturer on Preventive Medicine, 
Harvard Univ. 1959-; Member: American Public Health Assn., Population Assn., 
Washington Statistical Society (Pres.), Social Science Research Council, American 
Society of Human Genetics 
Publications: 

1958 "Darwin Revisited", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 5, 3 
Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA 

Dorus, Elizabeth; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Chicago, Illinois 1974 
Publications: 

1978 "Incidence of 47, XYY Males: Implications of the Production of 47, XYY 
Offspring by 47, XYY Males", Social Biology v. 25, 2 
Source: Osborne list 

Doubleday, George; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dowling, Dr. Oscar; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Personal: 

1886-1931; MD 
Source: Mehler p. 307, 333 



Dowling, Robert E.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Down, E.E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Doyle, William B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Drake, L. F. V.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Stonington, Connecticut 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Draper, George; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 33 East 68th St. New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Draper, Wickliffe P.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

textile manufacturer; Massachusetts 1930; 322 East 57th St., New York City 1956; 
Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; 

Background: 

financed the Pioneer Fund; W. P. Draper believed that the African-Americans 
should become Africans again; Frederick Osborn (q.v.) was president of the 
Pioneer Fund after World War II; he shared Draper's goals but believed that 
other means would be equally efficacious and have some chance of being adopted; 
one such means was birth control; Osborn's connection with this racist group 
after World War II is evidence that he could not have reformed eugenics 




-- The Pioneer Fund: 

Officers: 

1987 Pres. Harry Weyher; Treas. John B. Trevor, Jr.; Directors: William B. Miller, 

Randolph L. Speight, Marion A. Parrott 

Grantees: 

Twins: 

— University of Minnesota, Dept, of Psychology; T. J. Bouchard Jr. 

— 1986 $132,000, study of twins and adoptive siblings 

— 1987 $100, 000 study of twins and adoptive siblings 

— 1990 $120,000 study of twins reared apart; Minnesota Center for Twins and 
Adoption Research of the Dept, of Psychology 

— 1991 $105,000 study of twins raised apart 

— University of Western Ontario, Dept, of Psychology, Social Science Center, 
London, Ontario, Canada (J. P. Rushton is at this University which is in the heart 
of Tory country. The Tories were the group that opposed the American 
Revolution and emigrated to Canada afterwards.) 

— 1986 $17, 934, research on genetic basis, nature and extent of individual and 
racial differences; (research needed to determine if this relates to the work of J. P. 
Rushton) 

— 1987 $60,603 research on genetic basis, nature and extent of certain individual 
and racial differences 

— 1990 continuation of studies in Western Ontario Twin and Adoption Project 

— 1991 $175,654 socio-biology of individual and group differences; Western 
Ontario Twin and Adoption Project; sex differences in cognitive abilities; 

(Eugenics Watch research project: Where is E. O. Wilson and his close associates, 
who wrote Sociobiology ?) 

— Charles Darwin Research Institute, 1904-323 Colborne St, London, Ontario, 

N6B 3N8, Canada 

— 1990 $100,000 for analysis of archival data relating to the socio-biology of 
individual and group differences 

Race, Crime, Linda Gottfredson and R. A. Gordon 

— Johns Hopkins Univ. 

— 1986 $51,000 for symposium on crime and unemployment 

— 1987 $73,000 symposium on intelligence in employment; new computer 
system 

— University of Delaware, Project for the Study of Intelligence and Society, 

Newark, Delaware 19716 

— 1991 $80,000 Project for the Study of Intelligence and Society; Research 

Project: how much of this money went to Linda Gottfredson. q.v.?; see 1991 

"Universities Violated Academic Principles in Pioneer Fund Ban", The Review, 
Univ. of Delaware, Oct. 29, 1991 

— 1991 $8,000 study of politicization of science especially the study of race; 
Eugenics Watch research project: was this money used by R. A. Gordon q.v. to 
write The Battle to Establish a Sociology of Intelligence: A Case Study in the 
Sociology of Politicized Disciplines by R. Gordon, Johns Hopkins 1993? 
Immigration 

— Federation of American Immigration Reform (FAIR), 1424 16th St., NW, Rm. 




701, Washington, D.C. 20036 

— 1986 $80, 000 for study of illegal immigration 

— 1987 $110, 000 for study of illegal immigration 

— 1990 $150,000 studies on immigration policy questions 

— 1991 $100,000 research and education on immigration policy 

— American Immigration Control Foundation, P. O. Box 11839, Alexandria, VA 
22312 

— 1986 $30, 000 purchase of a computer! research project: how big? 

— 1987 $20, 000 study of immigration problems 

— 1990 $10,000 printing and distribution of monographs on population 
questions 

— Coalition of Freedom, 11350 Random Hills Rd., Ste. 800, Fairfax, Virginia 
22030 

— 1987 $100,000 educational films on immigration; research project: study these 
films (assumptions, distribution) 

— American Policy Institute, P. O. Box 68008, Raleigh, North Carolina 

— 1991 studies of immigration policy; Mankind Quarterly and Aryan Evolution: 

— Institute for the Study of Man, 1987-88, 1133 13th St. NW, Ste. C2, Washington, 
D.C. 20005; 1991, 6861 Elm St., Ste. 4H, McLean, Virginia 22101 (see Council on 
Economic and Social Studies at same address); this Institute publishes Mankind 
Quarterly; its Director is Richard Pearson (ES) 

— 1986 $44, 500 Institute's literary activities 

— 1987 $30, 500 Institute's literary activities and studies on the role of heredity 
in human behavior 

— 1990 $30,000 effective and tension free communication between diverse 
groups; distribution of a study of genetic factors in human behavioral diversity; 
distribution of reprints of scientific articles 

— 1991 $60,000 distribution of scientific articles, maintenance of library and 
publications ($48, 400) 

— Council for Economic and Social Studies, 6861 Elm St., McLean, Virginia 22191; 
(see Institute for the Study of Man, same address) 

— 1991 $8,000 publication of scientific research 

— Atlas Economic Research Fund, 4210 Roberts Rd., Fairfax, Virginia 22032 

— 1990 $90,000 Continuation of a study supervised by Richard Lynn (ES, 
Mankind Quarterly, Ulster Institute for Social Research q.v.) of "an evolutionary 
theory of the characteristics of the intelligence of Mongoloids and its extension to 
various populations. (Lynn believes that the struggle with the glaciers during the 
Ice Age raised the average level of intelligence of the Asiatics and whites. (See 
Mankind Quarterly) 

— Hoover Institute, Stanford University, Stanford , California 94305-6010 

— 1990 $10, 000 expenses of a conference on "Evolutionary Theory and Human 
Values" 

— University of Florence $10,000, 50122 Firenze - Via del Proconsulo 12 

— 1990 research project on utility of cytogenetic methods to trace historic genetic 
and ethnic relations between two isolated populations in Italy; Eugenics Watch 
research project: did this support or oppose L. L. Cavalli-Sforza q.v. and his 
theories? 




Clash of Civilizations: 

— City College of the City University, New York City 

— 1991 research on philosophical implications of group differences; Eugenics 
Watch research project: relation, conceptual or otherwise, between "clash of 
civilizations" concept developed by Samuel Huntington in Foreign Affairs and 
this research 

— Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia 

— 1991 research on crowd behavior and effects in contemporary politics 

Arthur Jensen, H. J. Eysenck and the Electrophysiological Study of Intelligence: 

— Institute for the Study of Educational Differences, 61 Moraga Way, Orlinda, CA 
94563; this is Arthur Jensen's Institute 

— 1986 $134,500 continuation of research by Arthur Jensen and his associates 

— 1987 $107,000 continuation of research by Arthur Jensen and his associates; 
(individual and population differences in speed of elementary cognitive processes 
and related matters) 

— 1990 $100,000 study of differences in speed of elementary cognitive processes 

— University of California, School of Education; Jensen teaches here 

— 1991 $8,000 research on a book on population 

— Institute of Psychiatry, Univ. of London, England; (Eysenck works here) 

— 1987 $48,930 cross cultural studies of reaction time (Eysenck) 

— Ulster Institute for Social Research, 276 Drumcroon Rd., Coleraine, Northern 
Ireland (Richard Lynn works here) 

— 1990 $72,500 conference on intelligence in New York with about twenty 
participating scientists; electrophysiological study of intelligence 

— 1991 $197,500 worldwide IQ levels, nutrition and IQ, male-female difference; 
electrophysiological study of IQ ($82,500); brain parameters correlation with 
conventional IQ ($65,000); (electrophysiological study of IQ is Eysenck's field, S. 
Carroll, P. Barrett, F. Miele and S. L. Hampson who received the grant are 
working for Eysenck (ES), though funded through a Pioneer Fund grant to the 
Ulster Institute) 

Miscellaneous 

— Foundation for Human Understanding, Box 5712, Athens, Georgia 30604 

— 1986 $25, 000 research for book on national origins and achievements 

— 1991 $15,000 reprints and distribution of scientific materials 

— Smith College, Dept, of Education and Child Study, Wright Hall-119, 
Northampton, Massachusetts 01063 

— 1986 $12,000 publication of a series of educational books 

— 1990 various projects on human intelligence 

— University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk , 
Philadelphia, PA 19104 

— 1987 $65,000 studies on decline of infertility in Europe, North America and 
East Asia; (This is Aryan or Indo-European territory, ed. note)) 

— University of Illinois, 603 East Daniel St, Champaign, Illinois 

— 1990 $21,000 studying gifted high school students and their parents 
quantitatively 




— 199 1 $22, 500 characteristics of gifted high school students 
Background: 

"Richard Lynn's Evolutionary Account of Racial Differences in Intelligence" 
"Richard Lynn's Evolutionary Account of Racial Differences in Intelligence", an 
article by Maria T. Phelps in Mankind Quarterly (Spring 1993, p. 295 ff) helps us 
to understand how all the different elements funded by the Pioneer Fund fit 
together. J. P. Rushton offered "support and helpful comments " on earlier drafts 
of this article. Miss Phelps tells us that "results from a number of studies 
examining genetic influences on intelligence, social attitudes and altruism, as 
well as the findings from the studies of monozygotic twins reared apart (e.g., 
Bouchard, Lykken, McGue, Segal and Tellegen, 1990; Rushton 1990) point to the 
profound impact of genes in the determination of human behavior." The Pioneer 
Fund is helping support the Minnesota Twin Study, see Bouchard q.v. for more 
on the study. She links the results from the twin studies to Darwinian 
evolutionary theory. "Clearly students of human behavior can no longer ignore 
the explanatory power of neo-Darwinian biology ... There is no logical reason why 
the evolutionary principles that account for so much of the variability in animal 
behavior cannot also be used to the same effect for human behavior." The Pioneer 
Fund is supporting the Charles Darwin Research Institute in its studies on 
human sociobiology. But Miss Phelps says that "when evolutionary principles are 
applied to the study of racial differences in behavior" many social scientists attack 
the project instead of the data. The Pioneer Fund gave money to study the 
politicization of science with respect to race, see R. A. Gordon q.v. and Linda 
Gottfredson q.v. for more information. Miss Phelps tell us that evolutionary 
theories "to account for racial differences in intelligence and behavior have been 
proposed" (p. 296) including that of Richard Lynn. Lynn's model "stresses the 
role of the ecological niche in shaping intellectual and cultural differences 
between the races (p. 296) ... The universality of racial differences in intelligence 
test performance and cultural complexity lead Lynn to suggest that they [race 
differences] must have evolved in accordance with the general principles of 
natural selection ... (p. 296) ... The problems of survival in cold northern 
latitudes ... required an increase in brain size and intelligence" (p. 297) The 
Pioneer Fund is supporting research into Lynn's theory through the Atlas 
Institute. It is also supporting the studies of intelligence of A. Jensen and H. J. 
Eysenck, studies Lynn relies on. These electrophysiological studies are supposed 
to be free of cultural bias. Lynn believes that "the reason Mongoloids have a more 
highly developed general intelligence than Caucasoids lies in the colder winters 
they experienced." But American Indians who are Mongoloids do not have a 
higher general intelligence than whites. How to account for this, asks Miss Phelps? 
Lynn's explanation is that the glaciation period called "Wurm", which happened 
about 24,000-10,000 years ago raised Mongoloid intelligence; but American 
Indians had already crossed into America and so did not have their IQ's raised, (p. 
298) This supposes that Indians got to America ten to thirty thousand years 
earlier than most anthropologists think they did. Here, says Miss Phelps, Lynn is 
disagreeing the work of Joseph H. Greenberg, Christy G. Turner II, and Stephen 
Luke Zegura (q.v.) and with the work of L. L. Cavalli-Sforza (q.v.) (p. 298-302) 

( For an account of the controversy over arrival time of the Indians in North 




America, read "Science and the Citizen, Early Arrivals", Scientific American, 
February 1992. One of the sites mentioned by Lynn is in Pennsylvania, a state in 
which many eugenic society directors, directors who are anthropologists, are now 
concentrated. This is an area in which Eugenics Watch research is needed. 

The history of anthropology is strewn with the bones of error and fraud.) Miss 
Phelps proposes to save Lynn's theory about the effect of glaciation on 
intelligence by the suggestion that disease and war brought by the Spanish 
Roman Catholics wiped out the intelligent Indians. "Unlike the Macedonian 
policy in Persia ... the [Spanish] conquerors engaged in mass executions of the 
upper classes ... disease and war could also affect the populace by selective culling 
of the more intelligent members of Amerindian populations, just as World Wars I 
and II are suspected by some as having had a dysgenic impact on Europe." (p. 

303, 305) Miss Phelps study ends here. However, it is clear that if Lynn's theory 
is accepted, then we have accepted a theory of African inferiority. Furthermore, 
the work of Gordon and Gottfredson will kick in at this point, work which links 
crime to genetics. And then the neo-Nazi links of the Pioneer Fund will enter into 
the policy making process in America. 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; FOC, Pioneer Fund tax returns 

?? 1932 Col. W.P. Draper, 524 Fifth Ave., New York City, NY; Supporting Member, 
Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932; ??Relative??; Source: 

A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Drexel, John E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Drinker, Mrs. Henry S.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Merion, Pennsylvania 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Dryden, Horace W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Modesto, California 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 



Dublin, Louis L.; 




(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); (Member, 
Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); Member 1956 
Personal: 

a "progressive" who rejected birth control because " 'Such activity is distinctly 
anti-social; for it enables selfish people to escape their proper responsibilities, 
ultimately to their own detriment and certainly to the injury of the state'" 

(Chesler p. 215- 15; he also argues that workers needed economic intervention, 
not birth control; he also argued that the Depression was caused by declining 
birth rates which led to declining consumption, an argument also made by John 
Maynard Keynes q.v.; 418 Central Park West, New York City 1932; River Lane, 
Westport, Connecticut 1956; Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, New York 
City 1921 and later. 

Publications: 1949 Length of Life: A Study of the Life Table, w/ Alfred Lotka and 
Mortimer Spiegelman (See Eugenics Society list) 

Source: EQ 1956; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; 
A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Ducharme, Prof.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Villa Lapocatiere, Cte. Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 1974 

Dula, Caleb C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dumars, Kenneth; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Pediatrics, Univ. of California at Irvine College of Medicine 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Dummer, Mrs. W.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Dunlap, Dr. Knight; 




(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923 

Personal: 

500 W. 33rd St., Baltimore, Maryland 1921 

Source: Mehler p. 307; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Dunn, Dr. Halbert L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Washington, D.C. 1956 
Pubns: 

1962 "The Potentiality of Vital Statistics for Genetic Studies", WHO 
Source: EQ 1956 

Dupont, Aileen M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Delaware 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dupont, Henry F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Durant, William C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Dyke, Bennett; 

see under directors 

Dyson-Hudson, V. R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Managerial and Social Sciences, College Environmental Science and 




Forestry, SUNY, Syracuse, New York 1974; biological anthropology 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 14th ed. 

Earle, Mabel L.; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1921); 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

124 Ocean St., Lynn, Massachusetts 1921; Massachusetts 1930; 23 King St., East 
Lynn, Massachusetts; Lynn, Massachusetts 1956; relation of Frederick Osborn 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; ERA list 1938; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 

East, Prof. Edward M.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1875-1938; Bussey Institute biologist and plant geneticist; Massachusetts 1930; 
publicly supported Margaret Sanger; Board member of Margaret Sanger clinic 
Pubns: 

1926 (repr. 1977) Mankind at the Crossroads 1926, 1977 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler p. 307, p. 335; Woman of 
Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen 
Chesler, 1992 p. 217, 278; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Eastman, George; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Patron 

1930 

Personal: 

900 East Ave, Rochester, New York 1921; New York 1930; A Patron was a 
member whose dues were $1,000 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Eaton, Prof. Elon Howard; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

678 Main St., Geneva, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




Edmonston, Barry; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1990, BR 1984 
Personal: 

Food Research Institute, Stanford Univ., California 1974; see Dudley Kirk q.v.; 
International Population Plan, 323 Uris Hall, Cornell Univ. Ithaca, New York 
14853; Population Study Center, Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. 

Pubns: 

1993 "Interruption of Breast feeding by Child Death and Pregnancy" JBS, April 
1993; 1990 "Interruption of Breast feeding by Child Death and Pregnancy", Social 
Biology, v. 37, Fall, p. 233; 1984 "Herman Hollerith: Forgotten Giant of 
Information Processing (book review) Social Biology, v. 31, # 1-2 
Source: Osborne list; JBS, April 1993 

Edwards, John A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Medicine, Buffalo General Hosp., SUNY at Buffalo, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Edwards, Marvell E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Edwards, Robert H.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Pathology, USAF Keeler Medical Center, Biloxi, Mississippi 1974; 60 
Hawthorne, Florence, Alabama 35630 
Source: Osborne list 

Ehrenfried, A.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930; 21 Bay State Rd., Boston, Massachusetts 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Eidlitz, Otto M.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Eikenberry, Prof. W. L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

State Normal School, E. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania 1925; New Jersey 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Eisenkramer, Mrs. Irene S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Arkansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Eitinger, Leo; 

Member (Foreign) 1967, 1874 
Personal: 

Psykiatriste Institut, Univ., of Oslo, Vinderen, Oslo 1967, 1974 
Source: AESC 1967; Osborne list 

El Attar, M. A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Mississippi State Univ., MS 39762 
Source: Osborne list 

Elam, Mr. Edgar H.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

c/o American Embassy, Tegucigalpa, Honduras 
Source: EQ 1956 

Eldridge, Hope T.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Publications: 

1954 Population Policies: A Survey of Recent Developments, The International 




Union for the Scientific Study of Population 
Source: EQ 1956 

Eliot, Pres. Charles; 

Advisory Council 1923-26 
Personal: 

1834-1926; Pres., Harvard Univ. 1869-1909; Trustee, Carnegie Foundation 1906- 
09; Member: General Education Board 1908-17, Rockefeller Foundation 1914-17, 
International Health Board; opponent of imperialism and standing armies; see 
Charles William Eliot, 1930, Henry James 

Source: Mehler, p. 337; The Proud Tower, 1966 (1981 pr.), Barbara Tuchman 

Eliot Jr., G.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Elkins Jr., Stephen B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Elliott, Alfred O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Elliott, John W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Elliott, Prof. Richard M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis 1925 
Source: 1925 list 




Elliott, Richard M.; 



Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930; St. Paul, Minnesota 1956 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956 

Ellis, Mrs. Florence A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ellis, Robert S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

316 Roosevelt Ave., Syracuse, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Ellsworth, Mrs. Jane A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Elmadjian, Fred; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

NIH (Chief, Bio Research section, National Institute of Mental Health, NIMH; 
Clinical Research Branch DERP 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Eltinge, Miss Ethel J.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Parsons College, Fairfield, Iowa 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Emerson, Mrs. B. Homer; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 




Emerson, Prof. Charles P.; 



Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Indianapolis, Indiana 1925; Indiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Emerson, Prof. Fred W.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Penn College, Oskaloosa, Indiana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Emerson MD, Dr. Haven; 

Advisory Council 1923-35 
Personal: 

1874-1957; Sanitary Superintendent, New York City 1915-17; Prof. Public Health, 
Delamar Institute of Public Health (Columbia Univ. School of Public Health) 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929, Mehler, p. 307 

Emerson, Kendall; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Emge, Ludwig A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Emory, K. P.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii 1925; South Seas 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Engerrand, Prof. George C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




Univ. of Texas, Austin, Texas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

English, H.B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

English Jr., William M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ennis, Mrs. R. B.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

930 Peninsula Dr., Daytona Beach, Florida 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Ensminger, Douglas; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Ford Foundation, New Delhi, India 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Eriksson, Aldur W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Tologatan 12 A 22, Helsinki 10, Finland 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Erdis, Ellwood C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Estabrook, Prof. Arthur H.; (General Cttee, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921); 




Member 1926, 1930; Advisory Council 1923-35; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Buck v. Bell investigator; 404 State House, Indianapolis, Indiana 1921; New York 
1930; 87 Morton St., New York City 1932 

Source: AESM June 1926; Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Mehler, p. 307; Sanger list 1930; 
Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of 
Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Estabrook, Mrs. H. K.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

92 Reservoir Ave., Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 1925; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Esterly, Prof. C. O.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Occidental College, Los Angeles 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Eudowe, Harry M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

7 (or 6)44 Congress Ave., New Haven, Connecticut 1925; Connecticut 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Evans, S. Wayne; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 530 Riverside Dr., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Evans, W.A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Everett, Herbert L.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Ithaca, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Everett, Prof. Walter G.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

550 Broad St., Providence, Rhode Island 1925; Rhode Island 1930 
Source: 1925 list 

Faber, Eberhard; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fabnestock, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fairchild, Dr. David; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 
Personal: 

Dept. Agriculture, Washington, DC 1921; Coconut Grove, Florida 1938; Marston 
Bates (q.v.)/Alexander Graham Bell q.v. relative 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; ERA list 1938; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Falek, Arthur; 

editor, Social Biology 1978 
Personal: 

Chief, Human & Behavior Genetics Research Lab., Georgia Mental Health Inst., 

1256 Briarcliff Dr., Atlanta, GA 30306 

Publications: 

1974 "Phases in Coping: The Hypothesis and Its Implications", Social Biology, v. 
21, 1; 1973 "Methodologies in Human Behavior Genetics", Symposium of Human 
Behavior Genetics Association in Social Biology v. 20, 3; 1971 "Differential 
Fertility and Intelligence: Status of the Problem", Social Biology, v. 18 (Supp.); 




1962 "Investigation of Genetic Carriers" w/ E. Glanville in Expanding Goals of 
Genetics in Psychiatry, F. Kallmann (ed.) 

Source: Social Biology in appropriate years 

Falls, Prof. Dr. Harold Francis; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1909; MD; Univ. of Michigan (Ophthalmology 1947-, Prof, i960; Institute of 
Human Biology, Associate geneticist 1946-); University Hospital, Univ. of 
Michigan 1954; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1954 "The Detection of Carriers of Recessive Genes", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, 2 
Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Falk, Dr. K. George; 

Member 1925 list, 1930 
Personal: 

Roosevelt Hospital, New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Fantham, Prof. Harold B. MA, Dsc; 

Member 1930; Eugenics Society Life Fellow 1937; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Africa 1930; Univ. Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa 1932; McGill 

University, Montreal, Canada 1937 

Personal: 

Prof, of Zoology, Witwatersrand University, South Africa 1917-32; Pres., South 
African Eugenics Society; Strathcona Professor of Zoology, McGill Univ. 1932-37 
(see Strathcona and Mountroyal q.v.) 

Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1938 Jan., p. 268; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress 
in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Farley, Reynolds; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Population Study Center, Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor 1974 
Pubns: 

"Components of Suburban Population Growth", in The Changing Face of the 
Suburbs, Barry Schwartz (ed.), Chicago 
Source: Osborne list 



Farnam, Mrs. William W.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

335 Prospect St., New Haven, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Farnum, Henry W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Farrand, Pres. Livingston; 

Advisory Council 1923-35 
Personal: 

1967-1939; anthropologist, psychologist; President, Univ. of Colorado 1914-1919 
(helped establish medical school); Chmn., Central Committee, International Red 
Cross 1919-21; President, Cornell Univ. 1921-37; Chmn., Emergency Committee 
in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars 1933-39 (see C. Stern, F. J. Kallmann q.v.); 
Chmn., Milbank Memorial Fund 1938; Trustee: Milbank Memorial Fund, 
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, American Museum of 
Natural History 
Pubns: 

Basis of American History, 1904; editor, American Journal of Public Health 1912- 
14; survey of public health in New York schools w/ Thomas Parran, made 
recommendation to Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt; 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler p. 341 

Farrel, Alton; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fasten, Nathan; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fehlandt, A.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fenn, Don Frank; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fenton, Norman; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fernald, Miss Evelyn I.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Rockford College, Rockford, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Fernald MD, Dr. Walter; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

Massachusetts School for the Feebleminded, Waverly, MA, 1887-1924, Pres. 
Background: 

"Retarded Boys fed radiation in 40's and 50's"; Fernald School became the site of 
radiation experiments many years after Fernald's regime. 

Source: Mehler, p. 307; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Ferris, H. B.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

395 Ronan St., New Haven, Connecticut 1925; Connecticut 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Feser, Miss Martha; 

Member 1926 
Personal: 




AES Cttee on Crime Prevention and Legislation in Chicago 1926; see Judge Harry 
Olson q.v. 

Source: Mehler, p. 82 

Fetter, Dorothy; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

South Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fetter, Frank A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Field, Hazel E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Field, Marshall; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Field, W.L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Filene, Edward; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

?? one of the brothers who owned Filene's; Edward Filene was interested in 
causes; died 1937; left most of $2,000,000 estate to Twentieth Century Fund and 




the Edward Filene Goodwill Fund both of which he founded; The Great 
Merchants, Mahoney & Sloane 1966?? 

Findley, Prof. M.C. (or Findlay 1930); 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Parkville, Missouri 1925; Missouri 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Finkel, David T.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Adelphi Univ., Garden City, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Finley, Wayne H.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Univ. of Alabama, Birmingham 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Finnegan, Michael; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1941; PhD (anthrop.) 1972, Univ. Colorado; Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, 
Kansas (ass't. prof anthropology i973-(i976; Osteology Lab); Kansas State 
Bureau of Investigation, cons, osteo 1976; Am. Ass. Physical Anthropology; 
forensic osteology 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 

Finnigan, Oliver D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

USAID, Philippines 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Firschein, I. Lester; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Brooklyn, New York 1956; Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 1974; Dept. 
Anthropology, Hunter College, 625 Park Ave., New York City, NY 10021 




Publications: 

1962 "Population Dynamics of the sickle cell trait in the black Caribs of British 
Honduras, Central America" PhD Thesis, Columbia Univ. 1962; 1959 "Mating 
and Fertility Patterns in Families with Early Total Deafness" Eugenics Quarterly, 
v. 6, 2 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list 

Fischer, Karen W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Cherry Hill, New Jersey 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Fischman, Harlow K.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Medical Genetics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, West 168th St., 
New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Fish Jr., Stuyvesant; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

"When Mrs Stuyvesant Fish, the famous Newport hostess coughed in the night 
air, her husband considerately asked: 'Can I get you something for your throat, 
my dear.' 'Yes , you can', she replied. 'That diamond necklace I saw today at 
Tiffany's ' " The Great Merchants p. 65 

Source: Sanger list 1930; The Great Merchants, Tom Mahoney, Leonard Sloane, 
rev edition 1966 (1st edition 1947) 

Fisher, F.P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fisher, G.N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fisk MD, Dr. Eugene Lyman; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923-30; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1867-1931; Equitable Life Assurance Society (Medical Division 1891-98); 
Provident Savings Life Assurance Society, New York (Medical Director 1898-1913 
Life Extension Institute, New York (Medical Director 1913-1931); 24 W. 45th St., 
New York City 1921; Fellow: Am. Public Health Assn., American Social Hygiene 
Assn., American Genetics Assn.; insurance doctor 
Pubns: 

editor, How To Live (journal of Life Extension Institute); How To Live w/ Irving 
Fisher q.v. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929, Mehler, p. 308; Sanger list 1930; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Fleidner, Miss Frieda; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1971 West 99th St., Cleveland, Ohio 1925; Florida 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Fletcher, Mr. Austin B.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

165 Broadway, New York City 1921 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Fletcher, J.H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fletcher, Prof. Joseph; 

Member 1956, 1978 
Personal: 

b. 1905; d. 1991; m. Forrest Hatfield (associate of Margaret Sanger, d. 1988); m. 




Elizabeth Hobbs; daughter, Jane Fletcher Geniesse; Berkeley Divinity School BD 
1929; Dean, Graduate School Applied Religion, Cincinnati, Ohio 1936-44; Paine 
Professor, Applied Social Ethics, Episcopal Theological School, Harvard 
University 1944-70; Univ. of Virginia at Charlottesville (medical ethics 1970-77); 
investigated by McCarthy who called him 'the Red Churchman'; renounced belief 
in God in the late Sixties; Euthanasia Society; Society Scientific Study Religion; 
Soviet- American Friendship Society; American Sociological Association; 
Association for the Study of Abortion (v.p. 1966-); Association for Voluntary 
Sterilization; Planned Parenthood Federation; Society for the Right to Die (Pres. 
1974-76); "firm supporter of, and mentor to, the Hemlock Society from its 
inception in 1980" (Hemlock Quarterly Jan. 1992, p. 3); Obit New York Times, 
Oct. 31, 1991 
Publications: 

1985 "Fetal Research: The State of the Question" The Hastings Center Report, 
April 1985 (Daniel Callahan q.v. is director of the Hastings Center); 1983 "Ethics 
and Trends in Applied Human Genetics", Birth Defects, National Foundation/ 
March of Dimes Original Articles Series, vol. 19, #5, 1983; 1976 "Fetal Research: 
An Ethical Appraisal" appendix to Research on the Fetus pub. by HEW National 
Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral 
Research, 1976; "Abortion, Euthanasia and Care of Defective Newborns" in 
Bioethics; 1974 The Ethics of Genetic Control ; "Ethical Aspects of Genetic 
Controls", 1971 NEJM, v. 285, p. 776 ff; "Indicators of Humanhood: A Tentative 
Profile of Man" 1972 The Hastings Center Report 2, p. 1 ff; 1968 co-author, The 
Situation Ethics Debate; 1967 (1974) Moral Responsibility ; 1966 Situation Ethics 
the new morality ("which suggested that a loving solution be chosen over a moral 
mandate", from Contemporary Authors, v. 135, p. 156); 1963 William Temple: 
Theological Portrait; 1954 Morals and Medicine., (according to the IPPF 
newsletter, this book asserts that "there is no Christian doctrine which supports 
the prohibition of sterilization for preventive means or for any reason 
whatsoever" ARTW March 1955; acc. to NYT obit it argued for active euthanasia); 
Christianity and Property 1947; Church and Industry 1930 
Source: EQ 1956; Directory of American Scholars (Philosophy) 1978; Newsletter, 
Society for the Right to Die, Fall/ Winter 1991; Contemporary Authors, v. 135, p. 
156; Obit New York Times, Oct. 31, 1991 

Flint, Marcha T.; 

Member 1974 
Publications: 

Dept. Anthropology, Montclair State College, New Jersey 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Flowers, Hiland L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fobs, Ferdinand Julius; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fogel, Prof. Seymour; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1919; Brooklyn College (Genetics, Assoc. Prof, to Prof. 1950-69); Univ. of 
California, Berkeley (Prof, of Genetics, Chmn. of Dept, of Genetics 1969-); 
Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed., Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Foley, Fenwick D.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Folger, Mrs. Emily C.J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Folks, Homer; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

105 E. 22nd St., New York City 1921 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Forbes, Alexander; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Forbes, J.M.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Florida 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Forbes, William R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Biology, Indiana Univ. of Pennsylvania, Indiana, Pennsylvania 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Ford, Helen W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ford, Henry W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Forsius, Dr. Henrik; 

Member 1969 (Foreign) 

Personal: 

Oulu University Eye Hospital, Finland 1969 
Source: AESC 1/69 

Forster, George F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fortescue, J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fosdick, Rev. Harry Emerson; Advisory Council 1923-35; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rockefeller built Riverside Church for Fosdick, an opponent of the 
Fundamentalists; read an account of the life of William Jennings Bryan to 
understand how free silver and the Scopes trial are related; Henry Fairfield 
Osborn Sr. testified at the Scopes trial; Birth Control Federation of America Inc., 
Medical Advisory Board (Advisory Council 1939) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 308; Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939 

Fosdick, Raymond B.; 

Advisory Council 1925-35 
Personal: 

1883-1972; Rockefeller Foundation 1920-36, (Pres. 1936); the Foundation gave to 
eugenics, including Nazi eugenics; Fosdick urged Rockefeller to donate to 
Margaret Sanger, which he did through the Bureau of Social Hygiene; see 
Katherine Davis q.v. 

Pubns: 

1931 "Companions in Depression", Scientific American, March; Chronicle of a 
Generation (autobiog.) 1958 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308, 350; Rockefeller Foundation 
Annual reports 1930-39; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control 
Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 277 

Foshay, P.M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

168 Park St., Montclair, New Jersey 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Foust, C.M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Fraikor, Arlene; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Arvada, Colorado 1974 
Publications: 

1977 "Tay-Sachs Disease: Genetic Drift Among the Ashkenazim Jews", Social 
Biology, v. 1977, 2 
Source: Osborne list 

Franceschetti, Dr. A.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Clinique Ophtalmologique, Geneva, Switzerland 1956; 5 Chemin Du Petray, 
1222 Vesenaz, Geneva, Switzerland; Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Francfort, J.J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

14 Rue de Touraine, Strasbourg Meinau, 67 too, France 1974 
Source: Osborne list 1974 

Francois, Dr. Jules; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Gogheelkundige Klinick, Ghent, Belgium 1954; Member, American Society 
of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Francois, T.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

15 De Smet Naeyerplein, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium 1974; See J. Francois q.v., 
Maria Matton q.v. 

Source: Osborne list 

Frandsen, Prof. Peter; 



Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 




Univ. of Nevada, Reno 1925; Nevada 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Franklin, George S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Freedman, Ronald; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Ann Arbor, Michigan 1974 
Publications: 

Family Planning, Sterility, and Population Growth w/ A. Campbell q.v. and P. K. 
Whelpton q.v., McGraw-Hill, New York; "Fertility after Insertion of an IUCD in 
Taiwan's Family Planning Program", Social Biology, v. 18, 1; 1975 The Sociology 
of Human Fertility; 1965 "Studies of Fertility and Family Limitation in Taiwan", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 12, 4 
Source: Osborne list 

Freire-Maia, Ademar; 

Member 1967 
Personal: 

Brazil 1967; Dept. Genetics, Faculty of Medicine and Biology Univ., Sao Paulo, 

Brazil 1974 

Publications: 

1974 "Hybridity Effect on Mortality", Social Biology v. 1974, 3 
Source: AESC 1967; Osborne list 

Freund, Dr. Hugo A.; (Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1921); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

2407 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Michigan 1921; Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Frew, Walter E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Frick, Childs; 

Member 1956; 1965 
Personal: 

"Clayton", Roslyn, New York 1956 

Source: EQ 1956; AESC, Contrib from members file 1965 

Friedman, Dr. Robert D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Biochemistry, Temple Univ., School of Dentistry, 3223 Broad St., 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Friedmann, Theodore; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pediatrics, Univ. of California School of Medicine, La Jolla 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Friesner, Ray Clarence; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

1894-1952; PhD Univ. Michigan 1919; Butler College, Indianapolis, Indiana 
(1919-1952, Prof. Botany 1925-; Dean, College of Liberal Arts 1947-); Eugenics 
Research Association; American Genetic Assn. 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA3; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 

Froeberg, Sven; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Minnesota 1930; 804 South 4th St., St. Peter, Minnesota 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Frohlich, Gary S.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

New York, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Frost, Howard B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Fryer, Prof. James R.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Fuerst, Robert; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1969 (2), 1971, 1972, 1973 
Personal: 

Dept. Biology, Texas Women's Univ., Denton 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Fulker, David; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Birmingham, England (Dept, of Psychology 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Funkhouser, Dr. W. D.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 1925; Louisiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Gabriel, V.G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Gabriele, Dr. Anthony B.; 



Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Gage, Simon H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gaines, E.F.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Washington 1930; Pullman, Washington 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gaiser, Joseph H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Galdston, Dr. Iago; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. Russia, 1895; MD Fordham 1921; Prof., Fordham Univ.; New York Academy of 
Medicine (Secretary, Medical Information Bureau 1927-62); Connecticut Dept, of 
Mental Health (Director, Resident Training 1962-, Chief of Psychiatric Training 
1962) 

Publications: 

1959 Medicine and Anthropology; 1949 Social Medicine: Its derivation and 
objectives.. 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed 

Gamble, Dr. Clarence J.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Harvard Medical School (Dept, of Anatomy 1952); Milton, Massachusetts 




1956; Procter and Gamble heir; Pathfinder Fund; 1929 seed money for birth 
control clinic in Cincinnati, Ohio; helped start clinic in Columbus, Ohio; principal 
benefactor in Thirties of National Committee on Maternal Health (R.L. Dickinson 
q.v.); Pennsylvania birth control league; w/ R.L. Dickinson did research which 
led to exposure of commercial contraception racket in Fortune article 1937; Birth 
Control Federation of America Inc., Regional Director for the South 1939; 
subsidized programs in Puerto Rico proposed by E. Gruening, then a Dept, of 
Interior employee; " As a legacy of Earnest Gruening's and Clarence Gamble's 
quiet cooperation during the Depression, the Puerto Rican legislature had 
legalized birth control in 1937" (Chesler, p. 444); the Puerto Rican law authorized 
birth control when distributed by trained eugenicists; Birth Control Federation of 
America Inc. (Director at Large 1939); distributed Ortho contraceptive jelly 
among Appalachian women in Logan County; helped sponsor a trial of 
DeVilbiss's [q.v.] foam powder in North Carolina working "with Dr. George M. 
Cooper, an enterprising official, though regrettably also a racist, in the State 
Board of Health" (Chesler, p. 380); did field trials with a simple contraceptive in 
a rural area of Japan in 1949-50; helped pay for field trials of the pill in Humacao, 
trials were done by A.P. Satterthwaite q.v. who "wound up providing a fourth of 
the case histories on which Gregory Pincus would base his successful argument 
for the safety and effectiveness of Enovid before the United States Food and Drug 
Administration three years later" (Chesler, p. 444) 

Pubns: 

*****rep 0r t on spermicides (which used mercury) in Journal of the American 
Medical Association, Jan. 5, 1952 *****; 1958 "Birth Control in a Rural Area of 
Puerto Rico", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 5, 2 

Source: EQ 1956; ARTW, April 1952; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the 
Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 298-99, 353, 378, 

380, 391, 407, 422, 444; Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers 
and Directors) 

Gammel, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gamstorp, Ingrid; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Luthagsesplanaden 12 b, S-752 25, Uppsala, Sweden 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Garber, R.J.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gardner, Prof. Eldon John; 

Member 1956, 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975, 1976 
Personal: 

b. 1909; Utah State Univ. (Dept, of Zoology, Prof. 1949-, Dean of the School of 
Graduate Studies 1967, Dean of the College of Science 1962-67); Bureau of 
Education and Manpower Training 1967-71; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 
Pubns: 

1980 "Inherited Susceptibility to Breast Cancer in Utah Families", Encyclia 57:27- 
46; 1968 Principles of Genetics; 1965 History of Biology; 1950 "Breast Cancer in 
One Family Group", American Journal of Human Genetics 2:30-40 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Garland, Sarah May; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Garrett, Robert; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1923-35; Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 1875-1961; Banker; Partner, Robert Garrett and Sons, Baltimore 
(Partner); Garrett Bldg., Baltimore, Maryland 1921, 1932; Director: Maryland 
Trust Co., Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Provident Savings Bank; Trustee, 
Princeton Univ.; Presbyterian 
Background: 

Malthusian theory and compound interest: 

"The growth in numbers of biological populations ... that which is formed by 
growth is itself capable of further growing. This is the distinguishing mark of 
growth by compound interest, for if the starting number is regarded as capital 
and the additional numbers of the population formed by growth as interest, then 
clearly the interest is added to capital and begins to earn interest on its own 
behalf. Growth of this kind is often referred to as exponential or logarithmic." 
from Aristotle to Zoos: A Philosophical Dictionary of Biology P. B. Medawar and 
J. S. Medawar, Harvard 1982 p. 182 (Peter Medawar was a member of the 
English Eugenics Society) 




In other words, Malthusian growth is the application of the principle of 
compound interest as it exists in a banker's world applied to money, this 
principle applied to the growth of human populations. It seems to me that 
whenever our measure of projected economic health is projected population 
growth divided by projected growth in the money supply or by projected growth 
in the Gross National Product, then the logic of compound interest will dictate to 
bankers and others who constantly calculate compound interest an apparent 
requirement of population control to match control of the money supply. But 
history does not support the accuracy of projections based on this ratio, though 
this ratio is effective as a rough and ready measure of economic health at any 
given moment. 

Therefore, it seems to me that it would be better to try to understand how people 
differ from money than to continue policies entirely based on this false analogy. 
Among such policies we may number world population control. 

It seems to me that it is this false analogy between the growth in the money 
supply and population growth which accounts for the constant presence of 
bankers and financiers in eugenic societies. The presence of these bankers and 
financiers, particularly those concerned with the national debt, accounts in turn 
for the mysterious power of eugenics to impose its will despite the fact that it 
cannot openly state its goals because they have no support. 

Even before Hitler, eugenics had very little support and it has none now. 

If Society's goals had support, the Society would work openly. In fact, it has not 
published a list of members for thirty-six years. (1956 to 1993) 

Source: Mehler, p. 350; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; 
WWWIA; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A 
Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gartler, Prof. Stanley; 

Member 1956, 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975 
Personal: 

b. 1923; research assoc, in genetics, Columbia Univ. 1952-57; Univ. of 
Washington, Seattle (Dept, of Genetics 1957-, Prof, of Medicine and Genetics 
1964-1988, Center for Inherited Diseases 1988); American Society of Human 
Genetics (Member 1954; Pres. 1987, Awards Cttee 1988-1990) 

Publications: 

1988 "Thoughts on the Action Committees of the American Society of Human 
Genetics", AJHG, v. 42, #4, April, p. 644; 1955 "The Evolutionary Problem of 
Genetic Disease", Eugenics Quarterly v. 2, 1 
Quotes: 

The Action Committees of the American Society of Human Genetics are involved 
in many fields which include "trying to influence various levels of state and 
Federal government on issues of concern to our Society." Position papers are the 
result of wide consultation but letters "to senators, congressmen, or governors" 
are written "on the basis of the opinion of a very small subset of the Society, the 
Public Policy Committee" ... One public policy action that we took this year 
involved a letter to Governor Thompson of Illinois, urging him to veto a 




modification of a right-of conscience act. This bill, if passed into law would have 
permitted a physician to not counsel a patient regarding the possibility of 
abortion if abortion was contrary to the physician's religious or moral beliefs ... 
[This] would have had the effect of restricting access to information, limiting free 
choice, and essentially permitting one person to impose his or her religious or 
moral beliefs on another person ... [Our letter was] basically political ... most of 
us, regardless of whether we are involved in cytogenetics, counseling, linkage or 
gene cloning are concerned in one way or another with the application of our 
findings to the human condition. ... Our applied activities ... make it difficult to 
remain aloof from public policy" from "Thoughts on the Action Committees of the 
American Society of Human Genetics", Stanley Gartler, AJHG, v. 42, #4, April, p. 
644-45 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954, April 1988 p. 646 

Gates, Prof. William H.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge 1921, 1932; Louisiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Gavan, James A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Anthropology, Univ. of Missouri, Columbia 1974 
Pubns: 

1975 A Classification of the Order Primates, Univ. of Missouri, Columbia; 1955 
The Non-Human Primates and Human Evolution, Wayne Univ. Press 
Source: Osborne list 

Gaw, Miss Esther Allen; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Mills College, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Gedda, Prof. Dr. Luigi; 

Member (Foreign) 1956, 1972 
Personal: 

b. 1902; MD; Director, Institute di Genetica Medica e Gemellologia 'Gregorio 
Mendel', Piazza Galeno 5, Rome, Italy 1956, 1972; Prof, and Head of Dept, of 




Medical Genetics, University of Rome 1967, 1972, attached to Univ. 1954); 
Member: International Fertility Assoc. 1972, International Union for the 
Scientific Study of Population 1972, Societa Italiana di Genetica Medica 1972, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954; ex head of Italian Catholic Action 
Publications: 

1970, i960 Advisory Board, Mankind Quarterly, (see v. 1, #1, i960; v. 11, #1, 
1970); 1963 Proc. of the Second International Congress of Human Genetics (ed.); 
1955 "Lo studio dei Gemelli" Acta Genet. Med. Gem., 4, 3-10 ("Twin research is 
useful in studying the frequency and causation of the physical and psychological 
characteristics of a population" Psych. Abstracts 1927-58 p. 1369); 1954 "Twin 
Studies" Eugenics Quarterly, 1, 171-75; editor, Acta Geneticae Medicae et 
Gemmellogiae" Vol. 1 #1 Jan. 1952; 1951 Studio dei Gemelli. Rome; supporter of 
von Verschuer q.v., who was Josef Mengele's co-researcher in Auschwitz; former 
head of Italian Catholic Action who betrayed the Catholic Church by not exposing 
the rise of eugenics 

Source: EQ 1956; The Last Nazi.; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Gelman da Kohan, Dr. Lulema B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Centro de Genetica Medica, Combate de los Pozos, Buenos Aires, Argentina 1974; 
medical genetics 
Source: Osborne list 1974 

Gendel, Dr. Edward; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

420 E. 55th St., New York, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Genochio, E.P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

George, Miss Julia; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1136 Eddy St., San Francisco, California 1925; California 1930; 995 Market St., 
San Francisco, California 1932 




Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 



Gerould, Prof. John H.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 1921; New Hampshire 1930; 36 
Ocean Ridge, Hanover, New Hampshire 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gerry, Peter G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gesell, Dr. Arnold A.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Connecticut 1930; Yale Clinic of Child Development, New Haven Connecticut 
1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gibbon, William R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gibbons, Mary L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gibson, William W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 




Glenmont, New York 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Giddings, Prof. Franklin H.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-30 

Personal: 

1855-1931; Prof, of Sociology, Columbia University 1894-1928 
Pubns: 

1922 Studies in the Theory of Human Society; 1918; The Responsible State; 1901 
Inductive Sociology; 1898 The Elements of Sociology; 1896 The Principles of 
Sociology; 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Gifford, Mrs. Walter Sherman; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Alexandrine Lloyd Perry; wife of Walter Sherman Gifford; may be connected with 
Henry Fairfield Osborn Jr., who married Lucretia Perry 
— Walter S. Gifford: see below 
Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA 

Gifford, W. S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1885; American Telephone and Telegraph (1911-, Chief statistician, v.p., Exec 
v.p., Pres., Chmn. of the Board; (it was due to his negotiating skill that ATT was a 
monopoly for so long); Trustee, Carnegie Institute, General Education Board 
(!935-50), Rockefeller Foundation (1936-50); US Ambassador to Great Britain 
1950-53; Fellow, American Statistical Assn., American Philosophical Society; 
AT&T was founded by Alexander Graham Bell, who was a eugenicist; AGB also 
founded the National Geographic magazine and it is today run by his descendants 
see Marston Bates, Caryl Haskins) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Gilbert, Mrs. Clara; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 



Gilder, Rodman; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gildersleeve, Dean Virginia C.; 

Advisory Council 1925-35; Member 1930 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930 

Giles, Eugene; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975, 1976 
Personal: 

b. 1933 Salt Lake City, Utah; Harvard Univ. (PhD anthropology 1966; ass't. prof. 

1966- 70); Univ. Illinois, Urbana (i970-(i976); Prof. Anthropology 1973- (1976); 
Head Dept. i975-(i976); NSF, Fellow in demography at Australian National Univ. 

1967- 68; ASHG; Am. Assn. Physical Anthropology; Am. Academy Forensic 
Science; "morphological variation in crania"; "non cosmopolitan human 
population" and analysis of their physical variation and genetic structure 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 

??Pubns: "Micro-evolution in New Guinea: the role of genetic drift", Annals New 
York Academy of Science, v. 134, p. 655?? 

Gilfillian, Prof. Seabury Colum; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1889, St. Paul, MN; PhD Columbia 1935; Purdue Univ., asst. prof, of sociology 
1937-38; Univ. of Chicago, research assoc, on social aspects of inventions, patents 
and cultural prediction; Los Angeles 1974; d. between 1982-85 
Publications: 

1935 Inventing the Ship; 1935 The Sociology of Invention. 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; WWWIA 

Gill, George W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. Wyoming, Laramie 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Gilles, Prof. A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 




Centre d'Estude de la Reprod. veg., Vaarstraat 24, 3000 Leuvan, Blegium 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Gillespie, Robert W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Population Council, Teheran, Iran 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Gillette, C. P.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

620 Elizabeth St., Ft. Collins, Colorado 1925; Colorado 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Gillin, J.L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gilman, Esther; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gleason, R.H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Goddard, Prof. Henry H.; 

Advisory Council 1925-35; Member 1930; (Member, Eugenics Research 
Association 1938) 

1866-1957; PhD, Clark Univ. 1899; studied in Europe where he met Binet and 
Simon (1908); New Jersey Training School for Feebleminded Boys and Girls, 
Vineland (Director of Research 1906-18; introduced IQ tests; invented word 
"moron"; said IQ tests measure innate ability and 2% of school children defective 
(1911); traced history of Kallikak family; served on Committee that developed 




Army IQ tests in World War I (1917); Ohio State Bureau of Juvenile Research 
(Director, 1918-22; Ohio State Univ. (Prof. 1922-); his work on the Kallikaks was 
used in Buck vs. Priddy, the case that became Buck vs. Bell; Member Eugenics 
Record Office (helped formulate their methods of data collection, Mehler p. 355) 
Publications: 

1928 "Feeblemindedness: a question of definition, Journal of Psycho- Asthenics, 
v.33; 1919 Psychology of the normal and the subnormal, Dodd, Mead, New York; 
1917 "Mental Tests and the Immigrant", Journal of Delinquency, v. 2; 1915 School 
Training of Defective Children; 1915 The Criminal Imbecile; 1914 
Feeblemindedness: its causes and consequences, MacMillan, New York; 1913 
"The Binet Tests in Relation to Immigration", Journal of Psycho- Asthenics 1912 
The Kallikak Family, a study in the heredity of feeblemindedness, MacMillan, 
New York 
Background: 

In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald looks at the society the eugenicists were trying to 
preserve. Tom Buchanan, not able to really remember book titles correctly mixes 
up The Jukes and the Kallikaks with The Rising Tide of Color Against White 
World Supremacy, saying at a drunken party: " 'Have you read The Rise of the 
Colored Empires by this man Goddard? ... This fellow has worked out the whole 
thing", Tom continued. 'It's up to us, who are the dominant race, to watch out or 
these other races will have control of things. ... The idea is that we're Nordics. I 
am and you are, and you are ... and we've produced all the things that go to make 
civilization - oh, science and art, and all that. Do you see?' " in The Protestant 
Establishment, E. Digby Baltzell, p. 221 

As a Yalie, Fitzgerald was taught by early eugenicists. All his books look at the 
realities of that world. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; ERA list 1938; The Protestant Establishment, E. 
Digby Baltzell 

Goddard, Verz. R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Godefroy, J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Gijzelstr 6, Dissen, Netherlands 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Goelet, Robert; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Goethe, C. M.; Advisory Council 1930-35; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1875; d. July 8, 1966; Charles Matthias; m. Mary Glide 1903; son of Henry 
John Goethe, Banker; Methodist; lived in Sacramento; financed Eugenics Society 
of Northern California; Save the Redwoods League; "Honorary Chief Naturalist", 
National Park Service; Patron, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Pubns: 

1936 "Patriotism and Racial Standards", Presidential address to Eugenics 
Research Association 1936, Eugenical News, v. 21, #4, p. 65, 1936 
Quotes: 

Immigration: 

"The unique Immigration Quota Acts of 1921-24 ... By their enactment a first 
class power wrote into law the concept of the desirability of racial homogeneity ... 
The Nordic stream ... had become a trickle ... Followed these Quota Acts which 
said to the world: America, still overwhelmingly Nordic, proposes so to remain! 
These acts began a gigantic eugenical experiment in population control. ... 
Germany is but one of six European nations engaged in sterilization ... Does there 
exist in America an adroit censorship to bar any advocacy of the desirability of 
conserving Nordic homogeneity? ... Should we not consider substituting 'race 
consciousness’ for 'race prejudice’ ... The Harmon Foundation has opened our 
eyes. The birth rate of the 20% on relief has speeded up ... war has, for centuries, 
always first destroyed our best Nordics ... David Starr Jordan [is] teaching us ... 
that our Civil War definitely eliminated ... strains that cannot be replaced .. 
Athens ... commenced to admit the immigrant mongrels of Asia Minor, of Africa, 
vassalage to Rome became certain" (from "Patriotism and Racial Standards", 
Presidential address to Eugenics Research Association 1936, Eugenical News, v. 
21, #4, p. 65, 1936) 

Immigrant Birds: 

"Man ... wastes everything ... transplanting English sparrows and starlings to 
displace our native birds" (from obit, San Francisco Chronicle, Monday, July 11, 
1966, p. 4) 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; EQ 1956; Sanger list 1930; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Goetsch, Emil; 

Member 1925, 1930 

2 Sidney Place, Brooklyn, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 



Goldfarb, Prof. A. J.; 




(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925 

Personal: 

College of City of New York 1921, 1925 

Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Goldschmidt, Mrs. Herbert; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Germany 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Goldsmith, William M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Goldstone, Loreta; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

W. 56th St., New York, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Good, Alvin; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Louisiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Good, Dorothy; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Goodfriend, Arthur; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Bradford, New Hampshire 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 




Goodrich, Charles C.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Goodwin, Mrs. Katherine; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gordon, Manuel J.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Berkeley, California 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Pubns: 

1958 "The Control of Sex", Scientific American, Nov. 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Gordon, Robert A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Social Relations, Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, Maryland 1974 
Publications: 

1993 The Battle to Establish a Sociology of Intelligence: A Case Study in the 
Sociology of Politicized Disciplines by R. Gordon, Johns Hopkins 1993); 1991 
"Universities Violated Academic Principles in Pioneer Fund Ban", The Review, 
Univ. of Delaware, Oct. 29, 1991; 1987 "SES versus IQ in the Race-IQ- 
Delinquency Model", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, v. 7, no. 
3, p. 30 ff; 1986 "IQ Commensurability of Black- White Differences in Crime and 
Delinquency" paper presented at American Psychological Association, 

Washington, DC; 1985 "The Black- White Factor is 'g' ", Behavioral and Brain 
Sciences, v. 8, p. 229 ff; 1980 "Research on IQ, Race and Delinquency: Taboo or 
Not Taboo", in Taboos in Criminology, (ed.) Edward Sagarin, Sage; 1979 "Bad 
News Concerning IQ Tests", Sociology of Education, v. 52; 1978 "Comment on 
'Delinquency, Sex and Family Variables' by Andrew", Social Biology v. 24, 4; 1975 
"Crime and Cognition: An Evolutionary Perspective" in Proc. of II International 
Symposium on Criminality, v. 4 ,Sao Paulo International Center for Biological 
and Medico-Forensic Criminology (the ?impartial? center that claimed to have 
determined by a study of exhumed bones that the Nazi eugenicist and criminal, 
Josef Mengele, was dead) 




Unpublished: 

"An Explicit Estimation of the Prevalence of Commitment to a Training School, to 
age 18, by Race and by Sex" 

Background: 

Gordon and others complain that their academic freedom is infringed by attacks 
on their funding. However they don't admit their eugenic orientation. Academic 
freedom is freedom to tell the truth as one sees it; not freedom to deceive as the 
moment seems to require. 

Source: Osborne list 

Gosney, Ezra Seymour; 

Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938 ) 

Personal: 

1855-1942; LLB Washington Univ., Missouri 1880; financier; Human Betterment 
Foundation, 321 Pacific Southwest Bldg., Pasadena, California 1932 (Founder 
1928; Pres. 1928-42; financed Foundation; funds transferred to CIT after death, 
Gosney Research Fund) 

Pubns: 

1931 Sterilization for Human Betterment (study of 6000 California sterilizations; 

Trans, into German); 1938 Twenty-Eight Years of Sterilization 

Source: Mehler, p. 308, 357; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list; ERA list 1938 

Gottfried, Samuel; 

Member 1956 

Personal : Sacramento, California 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Gould, Prof. Charles Winthrop; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-30; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1849-1931; LLB Columbia Univ. 1872; related to New England Goulds, 
Saltonstalls, Winthrops; no children; Gould and Wilkie law firm, New York City 
1892-1916, ret. 1916; Commissioner in Charge of Cuban Relief 1898; Society for 
the Relief of Cuban Orphans; ??California 1930?? 

Pubns: 

America, A Family Matter 1921; Mental Tests and History; inspiration for A 
Study of American Intelligence by Brigham q.v. according to Yerkes (q.v.) 
Introduction 

Source: Mehler, P. 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 




Gould, Harley N.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Newcomb College, New Orleans, Louisiana 1925; Louisiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Gould, H.P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gould, Jay; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gould, William S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Grabill, Wilson; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975: M 1957 
Publications: 

1975 Manuscript referee, Social Biology; 1958 The Fertility of American Women, 
w/ C. Kiser q.v., P. Whelpton q.v.; 1955 "Differential Fertility by Duration of 
Marriage", Eugenics Quarterly v. 4, 1; 

Source: Osborne list 

Graham, Prof. John Y.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Alabama 1925; Alabama 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 



Grahn, Douglas; 




Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1923; Argonne National Lab, Argonne, IL 60439 (assoc, scientist in biology 
1953-58, Division of Biology and Medical Research 1961-, Associate Director, 
1962-66, Senior biologist 1966-87, US Atomic Energy Commission); Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Pubns: 

"Variation in neonatal death rate and birth rate in the United States and possible 
relations to environmental radiation, geology and altitude", AJHG, v. 15, p. 329 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1992 

Grave, Prof. Benjamin H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Crawfordsville, Indiana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Graves, Arthur H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Graves, Dr. William W.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

727 Metropolitan Bldg., St Louis, Missouri 1921; Missouri 1930; 5136 Enright 
Ave., St. Louis, Missouri 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gray MD, Dr. Etta; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

California 1930; 649 S. Olive St., Los Angeles, California 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Green, Charles W.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

Columbia, Missouri 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Green, M. M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Genetics, Univ. California at Davis 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Green, R.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Green, Rosalie; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Director, Clinical Cytogenetics, Dept. Human Genetics, Arlington Hosp., Virginia 
1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Green, Wyman B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Tennessee 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

?? Dr. Wyman R. Green, Drew Univ., Madison, New Jersey 1932; Member, Third 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932; ??relative??; Source: A 
Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Greenbaum, Dr. Marvin; 

Member 1969 
Personal: 

2525 NW Lovejoy St., Ste. 409, Portland, Oregon 
Source: AESC 6/69 



Greene, F.M.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Greene, Jerome D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Greer, Mrs. Lois; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gregg, Abel J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gregor, Mrs. Henry; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1460 Mantua St., Coral Gables, Florida 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Gregory, Ian; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Ontario Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada 1956 
Publications: 

t955 "The role of nicotinic acid (niacin) in mental health and disease" J. Ment. 
Sci., 101, 85-109 
Source: EQ 1956 

Gregory, Mrs. Robert D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




"(For Bishop Anderson .... 100.00)", p. 6, 1925 list 
Source: 1925 list 

Gregory, Prof. William King; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; (Sustaining Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1876-1970; PhD Columbia Univ. 1910; American Museum of Natural History 
(research assistant to Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. q.v.; paleontologist); connected 
with Columbia Univ.; Galton Society, Exec. Cttee; Pres.: New York Academy of 
Medicine 1932-33, American Assn, of Physical Anthropology 
Source: Mehler, p. 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gressit, Mrs. J.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Japan 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Grier, Prof. N. M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 1925; Indiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Griffin, Prof. Lawrence E.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Reed College, Portland, Oregon 1925; Oregon 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Griggs, Prof. Leland; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Hanover, New Hampshire 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Grinnell, George Bird; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Groff, A.H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Grossman, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Grout, Mr. A. J.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1 Vine St., New Brighton, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Grover, Frederick O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Groves, Prof. Ernest; 

Member 1925; Advisory Council 1930-35 
Personal: 

1877-1946; BD Yale Univ. 1901; Boston Univ., Prof. Sociology 1920-27; Univ. 
North Carolina 1927-, taught course on " 'preparation for family life' ", Groves 
was "the recognized pioneer among educators teaching college courses on sex and 
marriage"; used his book Marriage in course (Mehler, p. 361); Birth Control 
Federation of America Inc. (Director at Large 1939); 74 Warren St., Needham, 
Massachusetts 1925 
Pubns: 

1930 Introduction to Mental Hygiene; 1942 Christianity and the Family; editor, 
Longmans, Green Sociological Series 1926-40; wrote for many journals and 
magazines incl. Ladies Home Journal, Good Housekeeping, and Parents; North 




Carolina Mental Hygiene Society (Pres., 1936-38); Federated Council of Churches 
of Christ in America (Chmn., Cttee on the Family 1938-40; National Council on 
Family Relations (Pres. 1941) 

Source: 1925 list; Mehler, p. 308, 361-62; Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 
(list of Officers and Directors) 

Gruenberg, Benjamin; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925, 1930 

Personal: 

418 Central Park West, New York City 1921, 1925; New York 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress 

of Eugenics 1921 

Gual, Carlos; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, de Endocrinologia, Inst. Nacional de la Nutricion, Viaducto Tlalpan y San 
Fernando, Mexico 22, D.F. Mexico 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Gudernatsch, Dr. F.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

19 Cliff St, New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Guggenheim, M. Robert; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; grandson of Meyer Guggenheim; "the most spectacular playboy 
of all the Guggenheims" (Our Crowd, p. 299); four wives; Ambassador to Portugal; 
4th wife was Polly Guggenheim who became Mrs. John A. Logan 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Guggenheim, Murray; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Guilford, Paul W.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Gunthorp, Horace; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Arizona 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Guttman, Ruth; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology C 1987 
Personal: 

Israel Institute of Applied Social Research (This institute was itself a member of 

the English Eugenics Society), Jerusalem, Israel 1974 

Pubns: 

1987 "Further Possible Causes of Assortative Mating: Husband Superiority or 
Theory Inferiority? Response to James' Comments", Social Biology, v. 34, 1-2; 

1984 "Mate Selection in Man: Evidence, Theory and Outcome" w/ E. Epstein , 
Social Biology, v. 31, p. 234 ff; 1967 "Cross-Population Constancy in Trait Profiles 
and the Study of the Inheritance of Human Behavior Variables", in Genetic 
Diversity and Human Behavior, J. Spuhler q.v.; 1965 "A Design for the Study of 
the Inheritance of Normal Mental Traits", in Methods and Goals in Human 
Behavior Genetics, S. Vandenberg q.v. (ed.); "Cross-cultural stability of an 
intercorrelation pattern of abilities: A possible test for a biological basis", Human 
Biology, v. 35, p. 53 
Source: Osborne list 

Guyer, Prof. Michael F.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930, 1946, 1956; (Member, Third 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics 
Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1874-1959; PhD Chicago Univ. 1894; Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (Chmn., Dept. 
Zoology 1911-45, taught animal biology, heredity, eugenics); Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1916 Being Well-Born: An Introduction to Eugenics, Indianapolis (hereditary 
predisposition to crime, disease and mental characteristics); 1931 Animal Biology 
(5th rev. 1964) 

Source: Mehler, p. 308, 363; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; EN 1946 
December p. 51; EQ 1956, Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, 




AJHG 1954; ERA list 1938; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Gwinn, Ralph Waldo; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1884; son, John Harvey Gwinn; De Pauw Univ. 1905 (Trustee, De Pauw 1923- ) 
LLB Columbia 1908; Special Counsel, War Shipping Board in WW I; farming, 
Ravenwood, Pawling, New York 1928; Republican Congressman 1945-59; Mason; 
National Republican Club (Pres.) 

Pubns: 

1938 Fifth Avenue to Farm: a biological approach to the problem of the survival 
of our civilization., w/ Frank Fritts 

Source: EQ 1956; Congressional Directory, 84th Congress, 1956; Biographical 
Directory of the American Congress 1774-1961, US Gov't Printing Office 1961 
?? 1986 "Seasonal Variation in Pregnancy and Various Outcomes", Marta Gwinn 
et al, Social Biology, v. 33, #1- 2?? 

Hackett, L.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hadley, Mrs. Morris; 

Member 1925, 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956; American Birth Control League, Director at Large 1937; 955 
Park Ave., New York City 1925 

— mother was Mrs. John Blodgett q.v. 

— ??Caroline Hadley Robinson; PhD (sociology) Columbia Univ.; Seventy Birth 
Control Clinics: A Survey and Analysis Including the General Effects of Control 
on Size and Quality of Population, Baltimore 1930; quote from CHR in Margaret 
Sanger: Woman of Valor Chesler, p. 293?? 

— ??Mary Futter; Hadley law firm; Pres., Barnard College; supervised 
dismantling of H.F. Osborn Sr.'s and Pioneer Fund exhibits at American Museum 
of Natural History 1991-95?? 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; BCR, Oct. 1937 

Hagan, Prof. Harold B.; 

member 1925 
Personal: 




Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Haines, Dr. Thomas H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

370 Seventh Ave., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Halberstein, Robert; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 1974 
Publications: 

1974 "Mortality Patterns in Cuanalan, Mexico: 1866-1970" 1974 Social Biology, v. 
21, 3; 1973 "Historical-Demographic Analysis of Indian Populations in Tlaxca, 
Mexico", Social Biology, v. 20, 1 
Source: Osborne list 

Hale, C.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hall, Mrs. Mary Bowers; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

37 East Church St., Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 1925, 1932; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Hall, Roberta L.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1980 
Personal: 

Corvallis, Oregon 1974 
Publications: 

1985 Male-female differences: a bio-cultural perspective w/ Patricia Draper; 1982 
Sexual dimorphism in Homo Sapiens: a question of size; Social Biology 
manuscript referee 1980 
Source: Osborne list 




Hall, R.P.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hall, Prof. Winfield; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Source: Mehler, p. 308 

Halleck, Prof. Reuben Post; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1154 South Third St., Louisville, Kentucky 1925; Kentucky 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Hamersley, Louis G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hamilton, Mrs. Juliet P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hamlin, Bryan; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Bridgehampton, Long Island 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Hamlin, Chauncey J.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1014 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




Hamlin, Earle I.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hammond Jr., John Hays; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hammond, John H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hanault, Carole Duke; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Psychology, Div. Science and Mathematics, SUNY at Binghamton, New 
York 1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Hanes, James G.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Winston Salem, North Carolina 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Hansell, Marion; 

Member 1931 
Source: AESM 1931 

Hanson, Daniel R.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1978 
Personal: 

Dept. Psychology, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 




Hardesty, Irving; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Louisiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hardman, Lamartine G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 

??- 1856-1937; MD; studied in Guys Hospital, England; Governor of Georgia 
1927-31; Pres., Harmony Grove Cotton Mills?? 
or 

?? his son; Lamartine Griffin Hardman?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Harkness, David B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Harkness, Edward S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Harley, Prof. Herbert; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925, 1930 

Personal: 

Rm. 919, City Hall, Chicago 1921; Rm. 920, City Hall, Chicago, Illinois 1925; 
Illinois 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress 
of Eugenics 1921 

Harper, Dean H.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975, 1976 
Personal: 




Rochester, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Harper, E. H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

College Station, Texas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Harper, Mr. J. C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1501 Torrey Rd., La Jolla, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Harper, Miss Julia J.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Hood College, Frederick, Maryland 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Harper, Prof. R. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Columbia Univ., New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

?? 1959 "Responsibilities of Parenthood: A Marriage Counselors View", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 6, #1 by Robert A Harper?? 

Harper, Roland McMillan; 

Member 1925, 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1878-1966; PhD Columbia Univ. 1905; Florida State Geological Survey 1908- 31; 
Univ. Georgia (research prof, economics 1928-29); Univ. Alabama, Tuscaloosa 
1932, 1956; discovered thirty species of plants; statistical studies of population in 
USA and other countries; Population Assn. America 
Publications: 

1931 Some Savannah vital statistics of a century ago. Savannah Georgia Historical 
Society, reprinted from Georgia Historical Quarterly, vol. 15, #3 Sept.; 1928 
Catalogue of the trees, shrubs and vines of Alabama, with their economic 




properties and local distribution. Univ. of Alabama 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; ERA list 1938; WWWIA 

Harr, Luther; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Logan Hall, Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Harrassowitz, Otto; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Post fach 349, 6200 Wiesbaden, West Germany 1974 
Source: Osborne list 1974 

Harriman, Mary (Mrs. E. H. Harriman); 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923; (Supporting Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Wife of E. H. Harriman; inherited his money in 1909; founded the Eugenics 
Record office in 1910 w/ $500,000 dollars; 39 Broadway, New York City 1932; 
deceased by 1934; see C. C. Rumsey 
Pubns: 

Modern Philanthropy: A Study of Efficient Appealing and Giving, by William H. 
Allen, 1912, with Foreword by Mary Harriman; (see also "The Relationship of 
Eugenics to Public Health" by William Allen, Eugenical News, v. 21, #4, July- 
August 1936) 

Source: Mehler, p. 365, 452; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Harriman, William A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Harris, Prof. Arthur; 

Advisory Council 1925-30 
Source: Mehler, p. 308 



Harris, Mr. C. J.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

105 Highland Place, Ithaca, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Harris MD, Dr. David J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, 64108 
Source: Osborne list 

Harris, Dawson; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Harris, Dawson; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Harris, Prof. J. Arthur; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1925-30 

Personal: 

1880-1930; PhD Washington Univ., St Louis 1903; studied biometry w/ Karl 
Pearson, London 1908-09, advocate of biometry in America; Cold Spring Harbor 
(botanist 1907-24); Univ. Minnesota (Dept. Botany, Chmn., 1924-30); Weldon 
Medal, Oxford Univ. 1921; American Society of Naturalists (Pres. 1926) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929, Mehler, p. 366; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Harris, Reginald G.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; Cold Spring Harbor, New York 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Harrison, G. Ainsworth; 




Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Anthropology Lab, Dept. Human Anatomy, Oxford, England 1974; Member, 
Eugenics Society, England; 1993 Editorial Advisory Panel, Journal of Biosocial 
Science 
Pubns: 

1990 Famine, Biosocial Society Series #1; 1989 Coping with Uncertainty in Food 
Supply, (Reviewed by Nancy Howell q.v., Science, v. 243, Feb. 17, 1989, p. 953) 
Source: Osborne list; The Dismal Scientists 

Harrison, Prof. Ross; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Source: Mehler, p. 308 

Hartl, Emil M.; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Boston, Massachusetts 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1982 Physique and Delinquent Behavior: a thirty year follow-up of William 
Sheldon's Varieties of Delinquent Youth w/ E. P. Monnelly q.v. and R. D. 

Elderkin 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Hartman, Luis F.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

La Paz, Bolivia 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Hartung, John; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1300 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1974 
Publications: 

1977 "A Eugenic Effect of Medical Care", Social Biology v. 24, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Harvey, Mrs. Ethel Browne; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




1885-1965; PhD, Columbia 1913; m. Edmund Newton Harvey 1916; two children: 
Edmund Newton, Richard Bennett; Investigator, Cold Spring Harbor 1905; 
Marine Biology Lab, Woods Hole (Investigator, 1906-62, Trustee, 1950-58, 
Emeritus Trustee 1958-65); investigator, Biology Dept., Princeton Univ. 1931-62; 
address 1925: 2 College Rd., Princeton, New Jersey; Member: American Genetic 
Assn. 

— Edmund Newton Harvey ; b. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1887; d. 1959; 
Princeton Univ. 1911-1959 (Prof. Physiology 1919-33; H. F. Osborn Prof. 
Physiology 1933-59); bioluminescence various kinds of biological tension - cell 
membranes, muscles. 

Pubns: 

The American Abacia and Other Sea Urchins 1956; article on fertilization, 
Encyclopedia Britannica i960; centrifuging marine eggs 
Source: 1925 list; WWWIA 

Harvey, George W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, California 1954, 1956; Member, 

American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Background: 

The Scripps Institute of Oceanography was founded in 1903 as the Marine 
Biological Station, San Diego by Edward Wyllis Scripps and his sister q.v. This 
group has carried out many studies of the undersea Scripps canyon and the 
nearby La Jolla canyon. E. W. Scripps (1854-1926) organized the first major 
newspaper chain in the US.; he also founded the United Press which, in 1958, 
became UPI, following a merger with the Hearst International News Service. 

In 1878 he founded the Cleveland Penny Press, which became the Cleveland 
Press. In 1894 he formed the Scripps-McRae League of Newspapers; in 1902 he 
founded the Newspaper Enterprise Association, the first to supply features, 
illustrations and cartoons to papers; in 1909 he formed the Scripps Coast League; 
in 1922 he transferred control to his son Robert Paine Scripps. His son 
reorganized the group into Scripps Howard papers. 

Source: EQ 1956; "Edward Wyllis Scripps" and "Scripps Canyon" Encyclopedia 
Britannica 15th edition 1987 vol. 10 p. 571; Membership list, American Society of 
Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Harvey, Helen B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Harvey, Norman Darrell; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Haskins, Prof. Caryl; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Director, Schenectady Trust 1934-; Prof., Union College, New York 1937-55; 
Carnegie Institute (Pres., 1956-71); Carnegie Corporation, Chmn. Bd. 1976; 
Director, Council on Foreign Relations; Trustee, Population Council, World 
Wildlife Fund, National Geographic Society; Haskins Laboratories, NYC, NY 1954 
Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1988 National Geographic Symposium reported in Dec. issue; 1964 The Scientific 
Revolution and World Politics, Harper and Row for the Council on Foreign 
Relations (The Elihu Root lectures 1961-62); 1959 "The Innovating Spirit in Our 
Day", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 6, 1; 1939 Of Ants and Men, New York 
Background: 

The National Geographic Society and magazine became a force under Alexander 
Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone. He was on the Board of Directors of the 
Eugenics Record Office and wrote several articles on eugenics for the National 
Geographic magazine. His descendants, the Grosvenors, still edit and control the 
magazine. Eugenics has been dropped as a topic but comments supportive of 
family planning appear frequently in the midst of articles on far away places. In 
1988 a symposium held by the National Geographic discussed conservation and 
resource issues in relation to the "population explosion" in the Third World. The 
National Geographic pledged to do more on this issue. C. Haskins was at this 
symposium, which was reported in the December 1988 issue of the National 
Geographic. 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1992 

Hatcher, J.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kentucky 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hauser, Philip M.; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1909; Univ. Chicago PhD 1938 (sociology); Prof, of Sociology i932-(i973); 
Director, Population Research Center 1946-11973)); US Bureau of the Census 




(Deputy Director, 1938-47, acting director, US Bureau of the Census 1949-50 
which meant that Hauser actually directed the 1950 census); United Nations, US 
rep Population Commission 1947-51 
Publications: 

1982 Population and the Urban Future; 1981 "The Census of 1980", Scientific 
American, Nov.; 1971 "The Census of 1970", Scientific American, July; 1962 
"More from the Census of i960", Scientific American, Oct.; i960 "The Census of 
i960", Scientific American, July; 1951 "The Census", Scientific American, April; 
1979 World Population and Development: Challenges and Prospects; 1973 
Differential Mortality in the United States: a study in socioeconomic 
epidemiology w/ Evelyn Kitigawa; 1971 Rapid Population Growth: Consequences 
and Policy Implications, National Academy of Science publication, Johns 
Hopkins Press; 1969 The Population Dilemma; 1967 "Family Planning and 
Population Programs: A book review article", Demography 4; 1965 The Study of 
Urbanization; 1961 Population Perspectives; i960 World Population and 
International Relations., w/ A. F. K. Organski, J. Spengler q.v., Washington, D.C., 
National Institute of Social and Behavioral Science; i960 Housing a Metropolis - 
Chicago; 1959 The Study of Population: an inventory and appraisal w/ O. Duncan 
q.v.; 1958 Population and World Politics; Part 3, (Ed.), Glencoe, Illinois, The Free 
Press 

Background: 

Influence of Eugenicists on Liberal Catholics: 

"For the Statistics in my chapters I am indebted to Professor Philip M. Hauser, 
Director of the Population Research and Training Center, University of Chicago 
and former U.S. Representative to the United Nations Population Commission." 
Father John A. O'Brien Family Planning in an Exploding Population, 1968 
(dedicated to John D. Rockefeller III) 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 1973 

Hauser, Robert Mason; 

Member 1973, 1974 
Personal: 

b. Chicago, 1942; PhD (Sociology) Univ. of Michigan 1968; Brown Univ., 
Population Research Lab 1967-69; Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (i969-(i973) 
Prof, of Sociology i973-(i974)) 

Pubns: 

1976 Schooling and Achievement in American Society (ed.) w/ W. H. Sewell q.v. 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1973 

Havemeyer, Loomis; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Havemeyer, Theodore; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Haviland, Dr. C. Floyd; 

Advisory Council 1925-29 
Personal: 

MD 

Source: Mehler, p. 308, 367; Eugenics Feb., 1929 

Hawley, Joseph; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hay, Clarence L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hayes, Prof. H. K.; 

Member 1925. 1930 
Personal: 

1460 Hythe St., St. Paul, Minnesota 1925; Minnesota 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Hayes, Prof. Samuel P.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

South Hadley, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hayes, W.D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Haynes, John R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hays, Mrs. Christina; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hazard, Caroline; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hazard, Mrs. F.R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hazard, Helen H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hazard, Robert P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 



Hazard, Rowland; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Heckman, Samuel B.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

College of the City of New York (CCNY) 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Heckscher, August; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hefner, R. A. ; 

Member 1956; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

Dept, of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 1954, 1956; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954; ERA list 1938 

Heide, Henry; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Heikens, George; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

University Ave., Minneapolis, Minnesota 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Heimler, Audrey; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Director, Human Genetics, Long Island Jewish Hillside Medical Center, New 
Hyde Park, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Henchman, Miss Annie P.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Henderson, C. R.; 

American Consultative Committee 1912-21 
Source: Mehler, p. 37, note 3 

Henderson, Elsie Morrill; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Henderson, Margaret W.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

3317 N. Smedley St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Henderson, Norman D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Oberlin College, Ohio 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Henderson, W.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Henmon, Prof. V.A.C.; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison 1925; Wisconsin 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Herrman, Dr. Charles; 

Member 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

MD; 118 West 79th St., New York City 1932; New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Hersh, A. H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, Adelbert College, Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, Ohio 1925; 
Ohio 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Hertel, Elmer; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, Wartburg College, Waverly, Iowa 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Herzberg, Victoria L.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pediatrics, Univ. Arkansas Medical Center, Little Rock 1974 (see Florence 
Char q.v.) 

Source: Osborne list 

Hess, Alfred F.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

16 W. 86th St., New York City 1921; New York 1930; ??MD?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 



Hess, Rolla H.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hess, Prof. Walter N.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

DePauw Univ., Greencastle, Indiana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hessler, Robert; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

25 S. Bolton St., Indianapolis, Indiana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hewitt, Erskine; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Higgins, Prof. James Victor; 

Member 1974, 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1933; Michigan State University (zoology: asst. prof. 1961-70; Prof., zoology 
and human development i970-(i992)) 

Publications: 

1988 "Amniocentesis Use and Risk Awareness: Comparison of Knowledge and 
Beliefs Among Older Gravida", Social Biology, v. 35, 1.2; 1962 "Intelligence and 
Family Size: a paradox resolved" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 9, 2 (one of the most 
frequently cited of articles published in Eugenics Quarterly (see 1982 Social 
Biology, Fall- Winter) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992 

Hill, F.H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Hill, J. Arthur; 



Member 1956 
Personal: 

Churchville, New York 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Hill, James N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hill, L.F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hill, Robert T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

Dr. Robert W. Hill, The Capitol, Albany, New York 1921; Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Himes, Norman; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

PhD; Massachusetts 1930; Colgate Univ., Hamilton, New York 1932; Birth 
Control Federation of America Inc., Medical Advisory Board (Advisory Council 
1939) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934; Birth 
Control Review, Feb/March 1939 

Hinckley, Edward Barnard; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hiraizumi, Yuichiro; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Zoology, Univ. Texas at Austin 1974 
Pubns: 

1964 "Prezygotic selection as a factor in the maintenance of variability", Cold 
Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology, v. 29. p. 51 
Source: Osborne list 

Hires, Mr. Harrison; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Hires Root Beer; Berwyn, Pennsylvania 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Hirsch, Jerry; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1969, 1971, 1973, 1980, 

1983 MR 1976 

Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Univ. of Illinois, Champaign 1974 
Publications: 

1983 Book review of The IQ Game: A Methodological Inquiry into the Heredity- 
Environment Controversy by Taylor, Social Biology, v. 30, #1 (Jerry Hirsch does 
not support the racist interpretation of the IQ test results); 1982 Behavior 
Genetic Analysis (ed.) (2nd ed., 1st ed. 1967); 1963 "Behavior genetics and 
individuality understood", Science, v. 142, p. 1436 
Source: Osborne list 

Hirsch, Dr. N.D.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Michigan 1930; 1030 E. Hancock St., Detroit, Michigan 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Hirschman, Charles; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1978, 1979 
Personal: 

Malaysia field office, Ford Foundation, E. 43rd St., New York, New York 1974 




Publications: 

1981 "Trends and Differentials in Breastfeeding: An Update", w/ Marilyn Butler, 
Demography, v. 18, #1, p. 39; 1974 "Social Background and Breast feeding Among 
American Mothers", Social Biology, v. 21, 1 
Source: Osborne list 

Hite, Miss Bertha C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Corvallis, Oregon 1925; Oregon 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Hoch, Dr. Paul; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1902; MD; The Complete Psychiatrist: the achievements of Paul H. Hoch. 1968, 
edited by Nolan Don Carpentier Lewis and Margaret O. Stahl, State Univ. of New 
York Press; Paul Hoch edited the Proceedings of the annual meeting of the 
American Psychopathological Association for many years; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1962 Mental Disability, a major human problem: a message to the legislature., 
speech delivered by Governor Rockefeller to the New York State legislature, 
prepared by Paul Hoch; 1946 Shock Treatments and other somatic procedures in 
psychiatry., w/ Lothar Kalinowsky. Foreword by Nolan D.C. Lewis (2nd edition 
title: Shock Treatments, psychosurgery, and other somatic treatments in 
psychiatry.; Psychosexual development in health and disease, inclu. chp. on 
"Concepts of normality and abnormality in sexual behavior" by A. C. Kinsey 
Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Hodge, Robert W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Sociology, Univ. California at Los Angeles 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Hodgson, Casper W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Hodson, Cora B.S. (Miss Lane) FIS; 



Member 1930; Eugenics Society General Secretary 1920-31 Council 1933 Life 
Fellow 1937 Editor, Eugenics Review; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

443 Fulham Rd. 

London SW10, 1937 
Personal: 

Cora Brookings Sanders; daughter of Mary Louise Day; did research under E.B. 
Poulton q.v.; married Dr. Fred Hodson 1910 (d. 1918) 

Pubns: 

Human Sterilisation Today. 1934; "International Federation of Eugenic 
Organisations; A Survey of the Zurich Conference", ER 1934-35, P- 220 
Source: ER 1933, ESAR 1937, ER Vol. 60, ASP's Hist p. 157, Obit, ER 1953 July p. 
79; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 
Background: 

Post War Denial of Eugenic Society Support for Nazis: 

"...the adoption by Adolf Hitler of a programme of 'race purification' based on 
superficial and perverted derivatives from the naive concepts of the early eugenic 
enthusiasts..." "Eugenics" by Robert C. Cooke of the American Eugenic Society in 
ER 1963; reprinted from Encyclopedia of Social Behaviour, (ed. Albert Ellis) 

Pre War Support for Nazis: 

1934 "the protagonists of the new eugenic era in Germany appear to hold a 
middle course..." "International Federation of Eugenic Organisations; A Survey of 
the Zurich Conference", article by Mrs. Hodson, ER 1934-35, P- 220 
1936 "... much interest focused at this meeting on the eugenic plans of the new 
Germany. The President of the Federation has been a chief adviser to the 
government ... Dr. Ruedin (sic. This is Dr. Rudin who trained Mengele, Eliot 
Slater q.v. and F.J. Kallmann q.v., ed. note) ... Questions sought to establish 
regimentation as a control- ling factor only to be told that in effect individual 
tastes and popular feeling were given wide scope under the present experiments." 
(International Federation of Eugenic Organisations 1936 Conference Report by 
CBS Hodson, ER Oct 1936, p. 217, 218) 

Antisemitism and Racism: in the German exhibit of 1934: ... "there is 
comparatively little about the Jews, and the point stressed is that alien races are 
all right in themselves and provided they keep to themselves, but that they must 
not be allowed to 'poison good German blood' ... (the exhibit also covered)... "the 
problem of the 600 black bastards on the Rhine" (ER 1934 p. 164 by CBS Hodson) 
Antidemocratic: " I fear some of us will have to stoop to a good deal that is vulgar 
if we are really to get Eugenics home to the masses, but very possibly they do not 
matter" (from a letter to Wing Commander James q.v.) 

Hoeflich, Mr. & Mrs R.N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Florida 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hoekstra, G.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Utrecht, The Netherlands 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Hof, Miss Anne; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

945 Charles River Rd., Cambridge, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hoffman, James Michael; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. California at Berkeley 1974; Dept. Anthropology, 
Colorado College, Colorado Springs CO 80903 
Source: Osborne list 

Holch, Prof. A. E.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Peru, Nebraska 1925; Nebraska 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Holden, Mrs. James; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Newton, Massachusetts 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Holley, Clyde E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Hollingsworth, Mrs. Elsie M.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hollingsworth, Mr. & Mrs. H.S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Holloway, Ralph; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Columbia Univ., New York 
Source: Osborne list 

Holmberg, Centre W. (sic); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Holmes, C.O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Holmes, George E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Holmes, Joseph L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal 

Schermerhorn Hall, Columbia Univ., New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




Holst, Bertram P.; 



Member 1956 
Personal: 

Holst Publishing Co. 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Holt, Caroline M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Holtzman, Stephan F.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, Illinois 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Hook, Ernest B.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1977, 1978, 1979 
Personal: 

1974 New York State Birth Defects Institute, Albany Medical College, Albany, 

New York 12208 

Publications: 

1980 Letter to the editor of Social Biology, v. 27, 1 on "Human Germinal 
Mutations: Monitoring for Environmental Effects"; 1979 "Human Germinal 
Mutations: Monitoring for Environmental Effects", Social Biology, v. 26, 2; 
Background: Chemicals from the environment can cause chromosome doubling, 
Downs syndrome and other types of genetic damage. 

Source: Osborne list 

Hooker, Dr. Davenport; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hooker, Mrs. Mary M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 




The Hueblin, Hartford, Connecticut 1925; Connecticut 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Hoot on, Prof. Earnest A.; 

(Genera; Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1887-1954; Prof. Anthropology, Harvard Univ., Boston, Massachusetts 1930-54; 
established Harvard as a principal center for physical anthropology; succeeded by 
WW Howells q.v.; Curator, Peabody Museum at Harvard Univ. 1914-1954; Birth 
Control Federation of America Inc., Medical Advisory Board (Advisory Council 
1939); personality and criminal behavior 

— Mrs. Earnest A. Hooton; 13 Buckingham St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 1921 
(EA Hooton at same address in 1921); Member, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921 
Pubns: 

1942 Man's Poor Relations (behavior of monkeys and apes); 1940 Why Men 
Behave Like Apes; 1939 Crime and the Man; 1939 The American Criminal; 1939 
Apes, Men and Morons; 1931 Up From the Ape (rev. ed. 1946) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 370; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Hope, Mrs. Walter; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hopkins, Dr. Andrew D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1708 Washington Ave., Parkersburg, West Virginia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hopkins, Louis J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Hopkins, Louise Alice; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

Clarke School for the Deaf, Massachusetts 1956; Alexander Graham Bell was very 

supportive of this school 

Publications: 

1954 "Heredity and Deafness", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1., no. 3; 1949 Pedigree 
Data. 1930-1940, Clarke School studies concerning the heredity of deafness, 
Monograph 1; 

Source: EQ 1956 

Hopkins, Prynce; 

Member 1956, 1967 
Personal: 

b. 1885; psychiatrist 
Publications: 

1963 Orientation, socialization and individuation., London, East Asia Publishing 
House. Lectures delivered at University of Madras, India 1961 (see life of J B S 
Haldane, brother of Naomi Mitchison (ES)) 

Source: EQ 1956; AESC, Contrib. from members file 

Horn, Joseph ML; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Univ. at Austin 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Hornblower, Ralph; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Horsley, Dr. J. Shelton; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Richmond, Virginia 1925; Virginia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Horton, Marion R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hoskins, Will C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kentucky 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Houghton, Arthur D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Houssay, Alberto B.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Buenos Aires, Argentina 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Howard, W.S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Howe MD, Dr. Lucien; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1929; Advisory Council 1923-35 

Personal: 

1848-1928; Buffalo Eye Clinic 1876- 1926; 520 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, New York 
1921 

Background: 

Dr. Howe wished to bond all hereditarily blind people before allowing them to 
marry, the bond to be applied to any expense the state incurred in assisting the 
children. (Another solution would be to bond doctors to find a cures for one of 
the various forms of hereditary blindness since the state incurred the expense of 
educating the doctor.) 

Source: Mehler, p. 308, 371; AESM, Jan. 1929; Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Report of 
The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 




Howe, Mrs. Lucien; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Howland, Murray S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hoyt, W. D.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Washington & Lee Univ. 1925; Virginia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Hrdlicka, Ales; 

American Consultative Committee 1912-21; (General Cttee, Second International 

Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory Council 1923-35 

Personal: 

1869-1943; Smithsonian Museum anthropologist 1921; in 1913 assembled a 
collection of skulls and bones of pre-Columbian American Indians now at the San 
Diego Museum of Man 
Pubns: 

1980 Catalogue of the Hrdlicka Paleopathology Collection, Charles F. Merbs q.v., 
Rose A. Tyson, Elizabeth Alcauskas 

Source: Mehler, p. 37, note 3 and 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Hsia, Y. Edward; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Human Genetics, Yale Univ. School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 
1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Hubbard, Miss Marion E.; 

Member 1925, 1030 
Personal: 




Hallowell House, Wellesley, Massachusetts 1925; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Huether, Prof. Carl Albert; 

Member 1974, 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1937; University of Cincinnati, OH 45221 (1966-83 biology and genetics; Prof., 
biology 1983); Population Reference Bureau, advisory cttee 1978-87 
Publications: 

1981 "Causes of Low Utilization of Amniocentesis by Women of Advanced 
Maternal Age", Social Biology, v. 28, 3-4 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992 

Huggins, Hastings Dudley; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Director, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Mona, West Indies 1956; 
Publications: 

"Social and Economic Studies", a quarterly reporting on the work of the Institute 
Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58 

Hughes, Walter L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Humbert, Prof. E.P.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

College Station, Texas 1925; Texas 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Humphrey, Dr. R. R.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; School of Medicine, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 1956; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 



Humphrey, Prof. Seth; 




Advisory Council 1930-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1864-1932; invented Humphrey Elevator for grain mills; Massachusetts 1930 
Pubns: 

The Indian Dispossessed 1905; Mankind 1917 
Source: Mehler, p. 308, 374; Sanger list 1930 

Hunnewell, Mrs. Arthur; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hunt, Prof. Harrison R.; 

Member 1926, 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

501 Sunset Lane, East Lansing, Michigan 1932; Dept, of Zoology, Michigan State 
University, East Lansing, Michigan 1938, 1956; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 

Source: AESM, Dec. 1926; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; ERA list 1938; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Hunt, J. Ramsay; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Hunt, Mrs. Mildred B.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

California 1930; 327 S. Highland. Los Angeles, California 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Hunter, Arthur; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923; Member 1930 

Personal: 

New York Life Insurance Co., 346 Broadway, New York City 1921; New York 1930 




Source: Mehler, p. 308; Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Hunter, Miss Mabel R.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Glenville High School, Cleveland, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hunter, Roland Jackson; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930; 17 Sacramento Ph, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Huntington, Archer M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Huntington, Ellsworth 

- see under officers 

Huntington, Mrs. Ellsworth; 

Member 1938, 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Hamden, Connecticut 1956 

Source: AESM, May 1938; EQ 1956; Osborne list 

Huntington MD, Dr. George H.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1930 

Personal: 

College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 1921; Turkey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 



Huntington, Mrs. George; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Huntington, Jas. Lincoln; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Huntington, Rev. Henry S.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; Richbell Close, Scarsdale, New York 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Huntsman, Prof. A. G.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929 

Hurst, Dr. Lewis A.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Alexandria Institute, Maitland, Cape Town, South Africa 1951; West Koppies 
Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa 1952; Sterkfontein Hospital, Krugersdorf, South 
Africa 1954; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1961 "Applications of Genetics in Psychiatry and Neurology", Eugenics Quarterly, 
v. 8, #2; 1952 "Research in Genetics and Psychiatry: New York State Psychiatric 
Institute" Eugenical News , v. 37, 86-91 (work of F. J. Kallmann q.v. outlined) 
Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Hurty, John Newell; 

Advisory Council 1923-26 
Source: Mehler, p. 308 



Hutchison, Dr. Woods; 




(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923 

Pubns: 

The Gospel According to Darwin 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Hyde, Ida H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1312 Torrey Pines Rd., La Jolla, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Hyrenius, Hannes; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Demographic Institute, Viktoriagatan 13, S-411 25, Gothenburg, Sweden 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Alphabetical List 
Last Names l-L 



Ibsen, Prof. Heman (sic) L.; 

Member 1925; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Animal Husbandry Dept., Kansas State Agricultural College, Manhattan, Kansas 
1925, 1932 

Source: 1925 list; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Iha, Thomas H.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Transplantation Lab, Dept. Preventive Medicine, State Laboratory Hygiene, Univ. 
Wisconsin Center Health Science, Madison, Wisconsin 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Ingall, Gillian B.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Medicine, Buffalo General Hospital, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Ingersoll, Raymond V.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ingraham, Richard L.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept. Biological Science, San Jose State Univ., California 95192 
Source: Osborne list 

Inman, Ondess; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Inouye, Eiji; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Institute of Brain Research, Univ. of Tokyo School of Medicine, Japan 1974 
Publications: 

1981 "Morality Rates in Japanese Twins: Infant Deaths of Twins After Birth to 
One Year of Age", Social Biology, v. 28, 3-4; 1973 "Some Considerations in the 
Methodology of Behavior Genetics" from 1971 Symposium of Behavior Genetics 
Association, Social Biology 1973, v. 20, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Ireland, Mrs. R. L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

North Park Blvd., Cleveland, Ohio 1956 
Background: 

— Mr. Alleyne Ireland, Little Darjeeling, Catskill, New York 1921; Member, 
Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 




— Patricia Ireland; NOW; ??relative?? 

Source: EQ 1956; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Irwin, M.R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ives, Charles P.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930; Baltimore, Maryland 1956; connected with "Eugenics" 

publication, 1929 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956 

Ives, Judson Dunbar; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Jefferson City, Tennessee 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Ives, Judson Dunbar; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930; Pinebluff, North Carolina 1956 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956 

Jackson, Dr. John F.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

MD; b. 1928; Prof. Preventive Medicine, Univ. Mississippi Medical Center, 
Jackson, MS 39216, i967-(i979); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 14th Ed 

Jackson, Prof. Laird; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1971 
Personal: 

MD; Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (res., 59-62, instr., 
62-64, assoc. 64-66, Prof. Medicine i966-(i979), Prof. OB-GYN and Pediatrics 




I97 1_ (i979)> Dir., Division of Medical Genetics I97i-(i979) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 14th Ed 

Jackson, Percy; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jacob, T.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Physical Anthropology, Gadjah Mada Univ. College of Medicine, Yogyakarta, 
Indonesia 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Jacobs, Prof. M.H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Jacobus, Donald L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

James, Dr. Walter Belknap; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Personal: 

1858-1927; father was founder of large lumber company and President of Citizens 
National Bank; MD Columbia 1883; studied in Europe with Virchow and Koch; 
private practice; lectured at Columbia Medical College 1889-1918; has 
sanatorium for tuberculosis in upstate New York; Chmn., New York State 
Commission on Mental Defectives 1918; American Museum of Natural History 
(Trustee, Exec. Committee, Africa Hall Collection); National Geographic Society; 
New York Academy of Medicine (Pres. 1915-18) 

— Mrs Walter B. James; 7 East 70th St., New York City 1932; (Supporting 
Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




James, Mrs. Wortham; 



(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

993 Park Ave., New York City 1921; Missouri 1930; Exec. Cttee, Eugenics 
Research Assoc. 

Source: Mehler, p. 308, 379; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Jarvik, Prof. Dr. Lissy Feingold; 

Member 1956, 1974, 1989 
Personal: 

MD; b. Netherlands; Lissy Feingold 1954; m. Murray Elias Jarvik; New York 
State Psychiatric Institute, New York City, 1955-72); University College, Los 
Angeles, California (Prof., Psychiatry 1972-; chief, neuropsychogeriatrics unit 
1983-); 760 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90024; Member, American Society 
of Human Genetics 1954, Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association, 
Bd. Dirs. 1980- 
Publications: 

1991 Comprehensive Review of Geriatric Psychiatry; 1988 Parentcare: A Common 
Sense Guide for Grownup Children; 1988 Treatments for the Alzheimer Patient: 
the long haul; 1987 co-editor, International Journal Alzheimers Disease and 
Associated Disorders 1987-; 1982 Aging; 1981 Clinical Pharmacology and the 
Aged Patient; 1979 Psychiatric Symptoms and Cognitive Loss in the Elderly, 
workshop on assessment including Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, NIH/Univ. 
of California; 1973 "Human aggression and the extra Y chromosome: fact or 
fantasy?", American Psychologist, v. 28, p. 674; 1963 "Genetics and Intelligence: 

A Review" w/ L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling, Science, v. 142, p. 1477; 1962 "Congenital 
Malformations attributed to sleeping pill (thalidomide)", Communication, 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 9, #2 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1989 

Jean, Mr. F. C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1729 12th Ave., Greeley, Colorado 1925; Colorado 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Jeffries Jr., Mr. Jesse; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 




East Orange, New Jersey 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Jeffry, Fred P.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Stockbridge Hall, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Jenkins, Helen Hartley; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Chmn., 
Finance Committee 1929; Advisory Council 1923-30; Member 1930 
Personal: 

232 Madison Ave., New York City 1921 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; AESM, June 1929; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930 
Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Jennings, Prof. Herbert Spencer; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-24 

Personal; 

Frequently and publicly disagreed with the eugenic line as that line developed in 
the Twenties and Thirties; Johns Hopkins Univ. 1921 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Jennings, Walter; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

?? Mrs. Walter Jennings, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 1932; (Supporting 
Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); ??relative?? 
Source: A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Jennison, Prof. H. M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Jensen, Arthur R.; 




Member 1974, 1989; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1970 
Personal: 

b. 1923; 30 Canyon View Dr., Orinda, CA 94563; read E. L. Thorndike q.v. and 
became interested in psychology; PhD (psychology) Columbia Univ. 1956, 
"Aggression in Fantasy and Overt Behavior"; 1955-56, Psychiatric Institute, Univ. 
of Maryland; USPHS fellowship to study with H. J. Eysenck (ES), Psychiatric 
Institute, London, England (a nest of eugeni cists); Jensen was "deeply impressed 
by several of his [Eysenck's] books" and said of his studies with Eysenck 
'Nearly all my work since then has directly or indirectly grown out of the kind of 
problems I became involved with during this period in Eysenck's Department 
From then till now [1973] I can perceive an essentially unbroken continuity in the 
things I have been doing as a researcher ... [I am] most concerned with how and 
why persons differ behaviorally from one another, as they so obviously do'. He 
was particularly influenced by the [Eysenck's] quantitative and experimental 
approach to personality research" (Current Biography, 1973, p. 210); 1958 Univ. 
of California at Berkeley, (1958 School of Education; Institute of Personality 
Assessment 1959-61; Institute of Human Learning (co founder; Prof, of 
educational psychology i966-(i973)); many of his studies were financed by grants 
from "the US Office of Education, the US Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), 
the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, and 
the University of California's Institute of Social Sciences" (1973 Current 
Biography, p. 210); in 1962 funded by these groups Jensen began testing minority 
schoolchildren with 'culture free tests; Conclusion: there are two types of 
intelligence 1. rote memory of facts in which ability is equally distributed through 
all races and 2. conceptual learning (that which is measured by IQ tests) and this 
ability occurs with greater frequency among whites than blacks and somewhat 
more frequently among Orientals than whites; from other studies he concluded 
that "80 percent of intelligence is due to genetic factors and only 20 per cent to 
environment" 1973, Current Biography, p. 211); combining these ideas led to the 
conclusion "that the well known differences in performance on intelligence tests ... 
were due to inherent and essentially unchangeable differences between the two 
races, rather than to the effects of poverty, discrimination and similar remediable 
factors ... the implications of Jensen's findings for school reform ... he called for 
the establishment of diverse programs to match differences in the learning ability 
and readiness of individual pupils" (1973 Current Biography, p. 211); 1969 
published "How much can we boost IQ and scholastic achievement", Harvard 
Educational Review, v. 39, p. 1 ff which put forward these "findings" and 
conclusions; the article was read into the Congressional Record by a Southern 
Congressman (May 28, 1969, v. 115, #88, pp. 4270-4298), a research project 
would be to find out whether this Congressman was associated with the Pioneer 
Fund, as some say Senator Eastland was; or the White Citizens Councils; 1964- 
1965 Guggenheim Fellowship , studied in London with Eysenck again, also 
influenced by Cyril Burt, whose fraudulent IQ studies were exposed as a 
consequence of the furor over Jensen (see Cyril Burt, psychologist, Hearnshaw 
(ES); Not In Our Genes, R. Lewontin q.v.; The Mismeasurement of Man, S. Gould; 
The Legacy of Malthus, Chase; A Question of Intelligence, Seligman; this last 
presents the revisionist view that Burt was not a fraud; see below for Seligman's 




account of Jensen's latest correlation of long legs, deep pockets and high IQ)); 
1966-67 Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Science; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1973 (this account draws heavily on the account in 
Current Biography) 

Pubns: 

1991 "Physical Correlates of Human Intelligence" in Biological Approaches to the 
Study of Human Intelligence, by P. A. Vernon; 1979 Bias in Mental Testing, Free 
Press, New York; 1978 "Genetic and Behavioral Effects of non random mating" in 
Human Variation: Biogenetics of Age, Race and Sex Academic Press by C. E. 
Noble, R. T. Osborne, and N. Weyle; 1973 Educability and Group Differences; 
1972 Genetics and Education; 1969 "How much can we boost IQ and scholastic 
achievement", Harvard Educational Review, v. 39, p. 1 ff (see also Newsweek, 
March 31, 1969; said Operation Headstart and similar programs would fail 
because they cannot affect genetic heritage, acc. to Current Biography); 1968 
Social Class, Race and Psychological Development; 1961 From Adolescence to 
Adult 

Related Reading: 

1987 Crime and Human Nature, Wilson and Herrnstein (on genetics and criminal 

behavior, reviewed in Social Biology by J.P. Scott 

Background: 

— Long legs, deep pockets and high IQs: 

"Physical Correlates of Human Intelligence" by Jensen in Biological Approaches 
to the Study of Human Intelligence, 1991 by P. A. Vernon contained "good news 
for heterosexual males with above average IQ's, a category presumably covering 
most FORTUNE readers ... the long established correlation between height and 
IQ ... is really ... reflecting ... leg length. But why? Why would there be an 
association between long legs and smart heads? 

"Jensen and Sinha confess to being less than certain about the answer, but offer a 
hypothesis that seems utterly plausible. They note that the women who are rated 
most attractive in Western culture (as evidenced in Petty-girl calendar art and 
Miss America contest results) have traditionally been long-stemmed. Which men 
will be most successful in pursuing these extended-gam beauties? Obviously, the 
men who are most successful in general: those with high incomes and high IQ's 
(The income-IQ correlation is about 0.5) ... the result ... would be 'cross 
assortative mating between IQ (of men) and leg length (of women), resulting in a 
genetic correlation between IQ and leg length in the offspring generation’ " (from 
"Keeping Up" by Daniel Seligman, Fortune, April 23, 1990) 

Understanding Implications: 

Corrado Gini of Mankind Quarterly (late scientific advisor to Mussolini) said: 

"A small group of persons of high intellectual capacity, directing a mass of 
persons of lesser ability but given to work and conformity, could conceivably 
enjoy an advantage over a nation in which each member is gifted with superior 
intelligence and who, as a consequence, is little disposed to follow the orders of 
others without criticism or resistance. 

This is one circumstance that must be kept well in mind in the judgment of the 
qualifications of nations in international competition" (from Mankind Quarterly, 
1970-71, v. 11, p. 125) 




Background: 

Daniel Seligman was senior staff editor for all Time Inc. publications. He was also 
a senior editor of "Fortune" for many years and in 1992 still wrote a regular 
column for that magazine. Pubns: 1992 A Question of Intelligence: The IQ Debate 
in America, Birch Lane Press, Carol Communications Inc., 600 Madison Ave, 
NYC, 10022; 1989 "Measuring Intelligence", Commentary, March 
Background: 

R.J. Herrnstein: 

Pubns: 1990 New York City Police Dept. 1940: A Preliminary Report (photocopy) 
1990 "Still An American Dilemma", Public Interest, Winter; 1989 "IQ and Falling 
Birthrates", Atlantic, May; Crime and Human Nature w/ Wilson (reviewed in 
Social Biology 1987 v. 3-4 by J.P. Scott q.v.; 1982 "IQ Testing and the Media", 
Atlantic, August 

Source: Osborne list; Pioneer Fund tax return; Current Biography 1973; Mankind 
Quarterly 

Jensen, Edward E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jewell, Fobes C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Job, Thesle T.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

706 South Lincoln St., Chicago, Illinois 1925, 1932; Chicago 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 

1934 

Jockinsen, John P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Johnson-Acsadi, Gwendolyn; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Population Division, United Nations, New York 1974 
Pubns: 

1990 Population growth and reproduction in sub-Saharan Africa: technical 
analyses of fertility and its consequences, Washington, DC, World Bank 
Symposium 
Source: Osborne list 

Johnson, Hon. Albert; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

Congressman responsible for the Johnson Act; see The Legacy of Malthus for a 
description of the consequences of this Act, which include exclusion of the Jews 
attempting to flee Hitler; see Harry Laughlin q.v. 

1869-1957 (died in VA hospital, American Lake, Washington); b. Springfield, 
Illinois; reporter/editor; editor, Washington Post 1898; Moved to Washington 
State; editor; Republican Congressman 1913-1933; Captain, Chemical Warfare 
Service WW I 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930 

Johnson, Buford J.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore 1921; Maryland 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Johnson, E.E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Johnson, Roger Craig; 

Member 1974, 1989 
Personal: 

b. 1938; Adelphi University, New York City (asst. prof. 1967-73, assoc, prof., 
biology 1973-1989) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1989 



Johnson, Prof. Ronald C.; 




Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology R 1987: M 1983, 1984, 1986, 

1988 

Personal: 

1993, 1974 Dept, of Psychology, 2430 Campus Rd., Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu 
96822 

Publications: 

1986 "Further Investigations of Educational and Occupational Attainment in the 
Hawaii Family Study of Cognition" 1986 Social Biology, v. 33, 1-2; 1985 "Galton's 
data a century later", w/ G.E. McClearn q.v., F.M. Ahern, R.E. Cole, American 
Psychologist, vol. 40, pp. 875-92; (cited in Race, Evolution, and Behavior)i984 
"Group Size and Group Income as Influences on Marriage Patterns in Hawaii", 
Social Biology, v. 31, 1-2; 1983 "Family Background, Cognitive Ability, and 
Personality as Predictors of Educational and Occupational Attainment" 1983 
Social Biology, v. 30, 1; 1976 "Assortative Mating for Specific Cognitive Abilities 
in Korea", Social Biology, v. 23, 4 
Source: Osborne list; JBS April 1993 

Johnson, R. Peter; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1969 
Personal: 

Child Development Laboratory, Univ. Illinois, Urbana 1974; 707 W. Washington, 

Urbana, IL 61801 

Publications: 

1969 book report for Social Biology 
Source: Osborne list 

Johnson, Walter L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Johnston, Denis; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Sociology, Howard University 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Johnston, Prof. John Black; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. 1868, Ohio; d. 1947; PhD, Univ. Michigan 1899; Univ. Minnesota 1907-1947 
(prof. Comparative Neurology 1909-1947, Secretary, Faculty of Medicine 1910-13; 




Dean 1914-37) 

Pubns: 

1934 Education for Democracy ; 1930 The Liberal College in Changing Society; 
1906 The Nervous System of Vertebrates 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Johnstone, Prof. E. R.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Vineland, New Jersey 1925; New Jersey 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Johnstone, J.C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jones, Adam Leroy; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jones, Cheney C.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 
Personal: 

1880-1954; LLB Yale Univ. 1909; Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children, Special Agent 1909-13; White House Conference on Child 
Health and Protection 1929-30; White House Conference on Children in a 
Democracy 1939-40; Pres.: Child Welfare League of America 1929-32, National 
Committee for Mental Hygiene; National Conference Social Work, Exec. Cttee 
1939-42 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 383 

Jones, Prof. E.N.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Texas 1930; Baylor Univ., Waco, Texas 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Jones, Mrs. F. Robertson; 



Member 1938; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

137 East 66th St., New York City 1932; Eleanor Dwight Jones; wife of New York 
lawyer; Acting Pres., American Birth Control League 1926; formalized operating 
procedures, fired old pioneer Anne Kennedy; Margaret Sanger returned as Pres. 
1928 but resigned in June; FR Jones then became president, Sanger was on 
board of directors and editor of Birth Control Review; FR Jones then claimed 
advisory role in Margaret Sanger Clinic but lost this battle; she then appointed an 
editorial advisory board for the Birth Control Review; Sanger resigned from the 
League and the magazine and left with the Clinic. This was patched up later, see 
under Mrs. L. DeB Moore q.v.; Jones "was unabashedly elitist and undemocratic" 
(Chesler p. 240) " 'Couples who cannot endow their children with health, vigor, 
and intelligence should have fewer children than those who can ... In order that 
people of inferior stock shall have fewer children, all we need to do is to remove 
the obstacles put in the way of their getting birth control advice'" speech to 
national Conference on Social Work 1929 (quoted in Chesler p. 240); applied to 
Bureau of Social Hygiene for funding for a " 'systematic campaign against the 
present dysgenic multiplication of the unfit ... The public is beginning to realize 
that scientific, constructive philanthropy does not merely care for the diseased, 
the poor, the degenerate, but takes steps to prevent the birth of babies destined to 
be paupers, invalids, degenerates or all three.' " (quoted in Chesler, p. 241) As a 
result the American Birth Control League was given $10,000 for work among 
physicians; Birth Control Federation of America Inc. (Director at Large 1939) 
Source: AESM, May 1938; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 236-41; Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and Directors); A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Jones, Mr. George T.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

143 West College St., Oberlin, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Jones, Harold E.; 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

b. 1894; (Dir. of Research, Institute of Child Welfare, (1938), Dept, of Psychology, 
Univ. of California, Berkeley 1956) 

Publications: 

1955 "Perceived differences among twins" Eugenics Quarterly, 2, 98-102; 1949 
Motor Performance and Growth: a developmental study of static dynamometric 




strength., University of California Publications in Child Development vol. l, #i; 
1947 "National and Regional Programs of the Social Science Research Council as 
related to psychology" American Psychologist, 2, 410; 1943 Development in 
Adolescence: approaches to the study of the individual growth study, w/ staff of 
the Adolescent Growth Study, Institute of Child Welfare, University of California; 
1933 The Growth and Decline of Intelligence, Genetic Psychology monographs, 
Clark University from the Institute of Child Welfare, University of California 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58; ERA list 
1938 

Jones, Prof. J. W. L.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Tiffin, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Jones, Lawrence M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jones, Marshall B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Behavioral Sciences, Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania 1974 
Publications: 

1973 Brief Report "Non Assortative Mating and Small Mean Differences; A 
Comment on the Reeds' Family Study", Social Biology, v. 20, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Jones, Walter C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Alabama 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jordan, Dr. David Starr; 

Advisory Council 1923-30; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1851-1931; MD Indiana Medical College 1875; PhD Butler 1878; First President, 
Stanford University 1891-1913 (Chancellor 1913-16); World Peace Foundation 




(Dir., 1910-14); Trustee, Carnegie Foundation; Pres., AAAS; English Eugenics 
Society, v.p.; Mem., Eugenics Research Assn. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list; Mehler, p. 308, 384 

Jordan, Edwin O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Jordan, Prof. Harvey Earnest; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923-35; Member 1930; Eugenics Research Association 

Personal: 

1878 to ?; Marine Biological Lab, Woods Hole 1905-06; PhD Princeton 1907; 
Univ. Virginia, Charlottesville (histology, embryology 1907-49; Prof. Anatomy; 
Director, Anatomical Labs; Dean, Dept, of Medicine); Pres., Virginia Academy of 
Science 1937 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308, 384-85; Sanger list 1930; Report of 
The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Juberg, Dr. Richard C.; 

Member 1968, 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Virginia 1968; Louisiana State Univ. School of Medicine, Shreveport 
1974; Staff, Dept, of Medical Genetics and Birth Defects, Develop. Eval. Center, 
Children's Medical Center, 1735 Chapel St., Dayton, Ohio 45404, i977-(i979); 
Appalachian Lab, Occupational Respiratory Disease, Institute of Environmental 
Health Science (NIH research contract 1967-68) 

Publications: 

1973 "Socioeconomic and Reproductive Characteristics of the Parents of Patients 
with the Gi-trisomy Syndrome", Social Biology, v. 20, 4; 1969 "Genetics and Laws 
Prohibiting Marriage in the U.S., w/ Michael G. Farrow, JAMA, vol, 209, pp 534 
ff 

Source: AESC 9/68; Osborne list; AMWS 14th ed. 

Juday, Mr.?? Chancy??; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Biology Bid., Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Chancey Juday; 1871-1944; Univ. Wisconsin, Madison (Lect. Zoology 1908-31; 
Prof. Limnology 1931-); Trout Lake Limnologocal Lab (Dir. 1925-); Wisconsin 




Geological and Natural History Survey 1905-31; Ecol. Soc. America (Pres. 1927) 
Pubns: Dissolved Gases of Wisconsin Lakes 1911; Hydrography and 
Morphometry of Wisconsin Lakes 1914; Plankton of Wisconsin Lakes w/ E/A. 
Birge, 1914 

Judy, U. B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Hampshire 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Julius, H. W.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Hygiensch Laboratori, Utrecht, The Netherlands 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Kaback, Prof. Michael M.; 

Member 1975 
Personal; 

MD Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine 1963; Johns Hopkins (Pediatrics; 
Intern 63-64, resident 66-68, instructor, 68-69, asst. prof. 69-72); Univ. of 
California Los Angeles, School of Medicine, (Pediatrics assoc, prof. 72-75, Prof. 
Pediatrics 1975-); Harbor General Hospital, Torrance, California 90509 (Director, 
Prenatal Diagnostic Center 1975, assoc, chief, Div. of Medical Genetics 1975); 
Director, California Tay-Sachs Disease Prevention Program 1975; American 
Society of Human Genetics (Pres, 1991) 

Pubns: 

1993 Prenatal Diagnosis (journal), editor for North America (1991 Editor in Chief, 
Malcolm Ferguson-Smith, English Eugenics Society) 

Background: 

Genetic Testing: A New Eugenics? or A New Eugenics Target? 

Genetic testing and eugenics are discussed in "Grading the Gene Tests", Scientific 
American, June 1994 by John Rennie. He says that "The paradigms of eugenics 
are programs of unsurpassed evil" (p. 97) which might appear to be a 
condemnation of eugenics. But he praises "the Tay-Sachs testing program, which 
Kaback organized" (p. 92) and considers it a model. Since Kaback is a eugenicist, 
we must conclude that Rennie is really trying to bring about a paradigm shift. His 
real message then would be: "the image of eugenics is that of the Nazi eugenic 
Holocaust but here is a eugenics program run by and for Jewish people which is 
not a program of 'unsurpassed evil'. Trust the new eugenicists." 

But Rennie condemns the sickle cell program in which R. Murray q.v., also a 
eugenicist, was involved. So what is new in the new eugenics? Is it just that its 
first target is now the blacks, not the Jews? 




Source: Congressional Record, 94th Congress, 1st sess. , July 15, 1975, v. 36, st.3- 
41, p. 200; AJHG 1991; Prenatal Diagnosis, April 1991, inside front cover 

Kahn, Mrs. Otto; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1876-1949; Board of Margaret Sanger Research Bureau 1932; Birth Control 
Federation of America Inc. (Director at Large 1939) 

— Father, Abraham Wolff, partner at Kuhn Loeb and Co. 

— Husband, Otto Herman Kahn; b. Germany; 1867-1934; senior partner at Kuhn, 
Loeb and Co.; New York 1930 (partner 1897-) 

— Son, Gilbert Kahn, partner, Kuhn Loeb and Co. 

Other Partners 

— Abraham Kuhn 

— Solomon Loeb; m. Abraham Kuhn's sister 

-- James Loeb 1867-1933; Solomon Loeb's son; BA Harvard Univ. 1888; Kuhn, 
Loeb & Co. (1888-1901); gave money to Harvard; founded Loeb Classical Library 

— Jacob Schiff; m. Solomon Loeb's daughter 

— Mortimer Schiff; Jacob Schiff s son 

— John Schiff; Mortimer Schiff s Son 

— Felix Warburg; m. Frieda Schiff, Jacob Schiff s daughter 

— Frederick M. Warburg 

— Paul F. Warburg; m. Solomon Loeb's daughter 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308; Sanger list 1930; DAB; Our Crowd, 
Stephen Birmingham 1967; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 292; Birth Control Review, 
Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and Directors) 

Kammerer, Dr. Frederic; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Lohn, Kehrsatz, Bern, Switzerland 1925; See The Case of the Midwife Toad by A. 
Koestler 

Source: 1925 list 

Kaneko, T.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Japan 1930; 1344 Yoyogi, Tokyo, Japan 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Kanellakis, Prof. Athanasios; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Athens School of Hygiene, 11-13 Alfiou St. Greece 603 
Source: Osborne list 

Kanter, John; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Population Dynamics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, 

Maryland 1974 

Pubns: 

1982 "Review Symposium of Julian F. Simon, "The Ultimate Resource", 
Population and Development Review, v. 8, #1 p. 163 
Source: Osborne list 

Karickhoff, O. Earle; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kasakoff, Samuel; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kauffman, Albert; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kaur, Dr. Rajkumariji Amrit; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Minister of Health, New Delhi, India 1956; Dr. Kaur insisted on the use of 
the rhythm method in India; she did not support the Family Planning Conference 
in India at which the International Planned Parenthood was formed in 1953, 
because she was a follower of Ghandi, who advocated abstinence. Dr. Kaur also 
accepted the rhythm method. (An Inheritance, Chp 28) 

The head of the Indian Family Planning Association was Dhanvanthi Rama Rau. 




Her husband was head of the Indian Central Bank, the Reserve Bank (1948-1959). 
His job was to match the growth of the money supply to the growth of the 
economy; her job was to match the growth of population to the growth of the 
money supply. Her first submission to the National Planning Commission shows 
this, as it was entitled "The Growth of Population in relation to the Growth of 
Economic Development" (An Inheritance, p. 253). 

After some propaganda "... even the Health Minister Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur, 
who was not in favor of family planning through contraceptives, had agreed that 
a representative of WHO be invited to India, carry out a research study, and make 
recommendations ... to the Government ... (This was} Dr. Abraham Stone ..." (An 
Inheritance p. 257) 

In 1952 Lady Rama Rau became the first co-president of the International 
Planned Parenthood Committee, serving with Margaret Sanger. She was elected 
President of International Planned Parenthood Federation three times. (1963- 
1969). 

Her husband's brother, Shiva Rau, was an associate of Annie Besant. Eugenicists 
mentioned in her book are Professor Karve (ES), A. P. Pillay (ES), Margaret 
Sanger (ES, AES), Lena Levine, and Marie Stopes (ES). The Indian Eugenics 
Association was started in 1916 at Madras Presidency College. Lady Rama Rau 
was associated with it. (Limiting Population Growth and the Ford Foundation, 
John Caldwell 1986, p. 39 

Source: EQ 1956; An Inheritance: the Memoirs of Dhanvanthi Rama Rau 1977 
New York, Harper and Row (espec. chps. 28, 29, 30) 

Kay, W. J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Keele, Dr. Steven; 

Member 1969 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Oregon University 1969 
Source: AESC 5/69 

Keeler, Prof. Clyde E.; 

Member 1956, 1979 
Personal: 

Prof. Zoology, Georgia State College, Milledgeville, Georgia 1941-61; dir. res. dept. 
Cent. State Hosp. 1961-75 (head, genetics lab 1961-76); Sheldon Fellow, Paris and 
Berlin 1926-27; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

studied relationship between coat color in rats and behavior, suggested a similar 




relationship existed in man (i.e. between skin color and behavior); 1947 "Coat 
color, physique and temperament: materials for the synthesis of hereditary 
behavior trends in the lower mammals and man." Journal of Heredity, 38, 271- 
277 ("... 15 mammals and man indicate a positive correlation between certain coat 
characteristics..." and behavior patterns p. 2029, Cumulative Author Index to 
Psychological Abstracts 1927-58. This means that skin color may be predictive of 
behavior or, in other words, in Georgia, racism.); 1950 "An attempt to eliminate a 
genetic syndrome in man" Eugenical News, 35, 40-44; 1931 The Laboratory 
Mouse: its origin, heredity and culture, Harvard Press 

Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58, Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1979 

Keen MD, Dr. William Williams; 

Advisory Council 1923-26; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1837-1932; MD Jefferson Medical College 1862; studied in Europe; Trustee of 
Crozer Theological Seminary of Brown University; Lect. at Jefferson Medical 
School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; old, ill did not participate in Society except to 
lend it his prestige 
Pubns: 

Manager, American Baptist Publication Society; edited Gray's Anatomy 
Source: Mehler; Philadelphia Inquirer; personal information; Sanger list 1930 

Keith, Myron L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Keller, Ida A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

4424 Osage Ave., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Keller Jr., Prof. Roger F.; 

Member 1956, 1974, 1979 
Personal: 

Univ. Akron, Ohio (biology, assoc, prof, and head Dept. 1954-66, Prof. 1966- 
(1979); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1979 




Kelley, Prof. Truman Lee; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1927-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1884-1961; PhD Columbia Univ. 1914; Student of Thorndike; worked with 
Terman q.v. on Stanford-Binet test; Stanford Univ., California 1921; California 
1930; Harvard Univ. 1932; Pres. American Psychometric Society 1938-39 
Pubns: 

1917 Mental Aspects of Delinquency; 1926 The Influence of Nurture on Native 
Difference; 1947 Fundamentals of Statistics 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308, 386; Sanger list 1930; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Kellogg, Mrs. F.R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kellogg MD, Dr. John Harvey; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Supporting Member, Third 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics 
Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1852-1945; invented granola and flaked cereals (Corn Flakes); MD Bellevue 
Hospital Medical College 1875; studied in Europe; Battle Creek Sanatorium 
(Director and chief surgeon); Race Betterment Foundation (Medical Missionary 
Board 1906 changed name to Race Betterment 1914 (his father was an 
abolitionist and Baptist thus summing up the whole intellectual change); 
sponsored three eugenic conferences 1914, 1915, 1923 (these had a heavy race 
purity bias); published journal "Good Health"; founded Battle Creek College to 
teach public health, this closed in 1938 due to financial situation); adopted eight 
children; founded home for orphans 
Pubns: 

Plain Facts About Sexual Life 1888 (sold a million copies) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308, 387-88; Sanger list 1930; ERA list 
1938; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of 
Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Kellogg, Dr. Vernon Lyman; 




American Consultative Committee 1912-21; (General Cttee, Second International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1867-1937; relative of John Harvey Kellogg but born in Kansas, not Michigan; MS 
Cornell 1892; studied in Europe; Stanford Univ. (Prof, entomology 1896; work 
books with Davis Starr Jordan q.v.); National Research Council (helped found; 
Permanent Sec. 1930-31); Trustee, Rockefeller Foundation, Brookings Institute; 
League of Nations cttees 
Pubns: 

1907 Darwinism Today, Holt 

Source: Mehler, p. 37, note 3; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 
308, 388-89; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Kelly, E. Lowell; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 1956; carried 
out many studies on the effectiveness of psychological assessments in predicting 
success (husbands and wives, pilots, psychologists) 

Publications: 

1967 Assessment of Human Characteristics; 1957 "Preferences in size of family 
and eventual fertility twenty years after" w/ C. Westoff q.v., American Journal of 
Sociology, 62, 491-497; 1951 The Prediction of Performance in Clinical 
Psychology; 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Psychological Abstracts 192758 

Kelly, Dr. George Lombard; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1890; MD; sex educator; Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 1956 
Publications: 

1951 Sexual Feeling in Married Men and Women, Pocket Book; 1948 Sex manual 
for those married or about to be, written for the layman. (2nd Ed 1953) Southern 
Medical Supply Co.; 1930 Sexual Feeling in Women 
Source: EQ 1956 

Kelly, Prof. James P.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

238 South Gill St, State College, Pennsylvania 1925, 1932; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 




Kelsey, Clarence H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

176 Broadway, New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Kelso, Prof. Alec John; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Colorado, Boulder (instr. to prof, anthropology 1958-78, Chmn., Dept. 

Anthropology i977-(i979)); physical anthropologist 

Pubns: 

1984 Physical Anthropology (1974 , 2nd ed.) 

Source: Osborne list, AMWS 14th ed. 

Kemnitzer, Luis S.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, San Francisco State Univ. 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Kemp, Tage; 

Member (Foreign) 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Univ. Institute of General Pathology, Copenhagen, Denmark 1932; University 
Institute for Human Genetics, Copenhagen, Denmark 1956; Kemp's research 
received Rockefeller funding 
Publications: 

1954 "Prevalence of Genetically Based Physical and Mental Deficiencies and the 
Frequency of Related Genes: Information on Population Groups and Methods of 
Investigation", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, no. 4; 1951 Arvehygiene 
Source: EQ 1956; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Kendall, F.O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Kennedy, Foster; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Pubns: 

1942 "The Problem of Social Control of the Congenital Defective: Education, 
Sterilization, Euthanasia", American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 99, July 1942, p. 
13-16; "Sterilization and Eugenics" read to New York Academy of Medicine, Sect 
on OB-GYN, Nov. 24, 1936, pub. American Journal OB-GYN, vol. 34, Sept., 1934, 
pp. 519-520 (see M. Kopp q.v.) 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kenoyer, Mrs. Alice; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kenoyer, Prof. Leslie A.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Western State Normal School, Kalamazoo, Michigan 1925, 1932; Michigan 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Kenoyon, O. C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kent, Dean R. A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Northwestern Univ., Evanston, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Kent, William; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Kentfield, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 




Kercher, Mrs. Merrill; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kern, Paul J.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Hillsdale, New Jersey 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Kerr, Abram T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kesler, J. L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Tennessee 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ketels, Mrs. Hark; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Key, Dr. Wilhelmina; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930, 1946; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

Battle Creek, Michigan 1921 (see Kellogg); Connecticut 1930; Somers, 
Connecticut 1932; Eugenics Record Office 1946 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EN 1946 December p. 51; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 



Keyes, Edward L.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Khan, Mohammad Fasahat Ali; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Agricultural Research Station, P.O. Khanpur (Bahawalpur State), West Pakistan 

1956 

Source: EQ 1956 

Kidd, A. M.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

California 1930; School of Law, Univ. of California, Berkeley 1956 
Source: Sanger list; EQ 1956 

Kilbourne, Norman J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kimball, A. R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kime, Rufus R.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Box 917, Orlando, Florida 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Kincaid, Prof. Trevor; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. Washington, Seattle 1925; Washington 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




King, Mrs. Arkly; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

King, Cyrus A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Erasmus Hall High School, Brooklyn, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

King, Haitung; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

NIH, National Cancer Institute, Sr. Research Scientist I96i-(i979); Georgetown 
Univ. Medical School, clin. prof. i968-(i979); Kennedy Center for Population 
Research I97i-(i979); epidemiology of Chinese and Japanese 
Source: Osborne list 

King, Dr. Helen Dean; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938) 

Personal: 

1869-1955; PhD 1899 Bryn Mawr College; Wistar Institute of Anatomy, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Prof. Anatomy 1908-48), Dean); zoology, bred 150 
generations of inbred rats; no children, did not marry; Member: American 
Society of Zoologists, American Genetic Assn. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 308; ERA list 1938; 
Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of 
Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

King, Lyle E.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Organic Chemicals Dept., E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. 1956 (Chief of this dept, 
was L. Burdick q.v.) 

Source: EQ 1956 



King, Robert L.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kingsbury, Alice E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kinnicutt, Francis H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kirkham, Prof. William B.; 

Member 1925, 1930; 1956 
Personal: 

100 Mill St., Springfield, Massachusetts 1925; Massachusetts 1930; Springfield, 
Massachusetts 1956 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956 

Kirkman, Mrs. Alex S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kirkpatrick, Mr. E. A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

856 Main St., Leominster, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Kirkwood, Prof. J. E.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

State Univ., Missoula, Montana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 




Kishimoto, Dr. Ken-Ishi; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya Univ., Nagoya, 

Japan 1956; Margaret Sanger's associate 
Publications: 

1962 "Preliminary Report of the Activities of the Consanguinity Study Group of 
the Science Council of Japan", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 9, 1; 1955 "Genetic study of 
microcephaly based on Japanese material" American Journal of Human Genetics, 
7 , 51-65; 

Source: EQ 1956 

Kittredge, Wheaton; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Klein, H. Edward; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

West Newton, Massachusetts 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Klein, Thomas W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Psychology, Univ. California at Davis 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Kline, Linus Ward; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kloepfer, H. Warner; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Tulane University School of Medicine (assoc, prof, anatomy 1952-77, emeritus 
i977-(i979); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; detection of 




genetic carrier 
Publications: 

i960 "Genetic Signposts of Preventive Medicine", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 7, no. 2; 
1955 "Heredity Counseling, Starting a Heredity Clinic" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, 3 
"An investigation of 171 possible linkage relationships in man" Annals of 
Eugenics, Cambridge, England 1946, 13, 35-71 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Psychological Abstracts 192756; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1979 

Kluckhohn, Prof. Clyde Kay Maben; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1905; d. i960; anthropologist; theories of culture, partial value systems, 
culture patterns; affected many students; represented anthropology in 
government circles; 1922 in New Mexico for health reasons he began to study the 
Navahos; BAUniv. of Wisconsin 1920; Univ. of Vienna 1931-32; Rhodes Scholar, 
Oxford 1932; PhD Harvard 1936; Morale Survey, War Dept. 1944-45 (see 
Frederick Osborn q.v.); Harvard Univ. (Anthropology 1935-1960, Prof. 1946- 
1960); Director, Russian Research Center 1947-54; American Anthropology Assn. 
(Pres., 1947); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; Royal 
Anthropological Institute, London; American Philosophical Society 
Publications: 

1953 (1948) Personality in Nature, Society and Culture, (ed., 1948, 2nd edition 
1953); 1949 Mirror for Man: the relation of anthropology to modern life., (asserts 
that there are fundamental human values common to all cultures); "Culture and 
behavior" in Handbook of Social Psychology. G. Lindzey q.v.; 1946 The Navaho; 
1944 Navaho Witchcraft.; (depth psychology, cultural history and linguistics); 
1944 "The influence of psychiatry on anthropology in America during the past 
one hundred years" in One Hundred Years of American Psychiatry, Columbia 
Univ. Press; 1927 To the Foot of the Rainbow; Navaho Classification of Their 
Song Ceremonials.; Introduction to Navaho Chant Practice. 

Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Knight, Louise A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Kings College Hospital Medical School, Denmark Hill, London, SE 5, England 
1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Knopf, Dr. S. Adolphus; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930, 1938 




Personal: 

New York 1930; Leading private physician in New York City public health efforts 
(see also Herman Biggs); 1916 endorsed birth control and Margaret Sanger in 
lecture to American Public Health Association; 16 W. 95th St., New York City 
1921 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM, May 1938; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger 
and the Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 147; Report 
of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Knox, Seymour E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Knudson Jr., Prof. Alfred G.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Texas Health Center at Houston, Graduate School Biomedicine (Prof, 
medical genetics and dean 1970-76); Dir., Institute of Cancer Research, Fox 
Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania i976-(i979); Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics (1979, Pres. 1982); Genetics Society 
America (Pres. 1977-78) 

Pubns: 

1990 Genetic Basis for Carcinogenesis: tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes; 
1971 "Mutation and Cancer: Statistical Study of Retinoblastoma," Proc. of the 
National Academy of Sciences 68:820-23; 1983 Genetics and Cancer; 1980 
Genetic Predisposition to Cancer in Man, NIH, National Cancer Institute; 1965 
Genetics and Disease 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979, 1992-93 

Kober, George M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Koch, John C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

265 E. Euclid Ave., Detroit, Michigan 1925 
Source: 1925 list 




Kofoid, Prof. Charles Atwood; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1865-1947; PhD Harvard 1892; Univ. California, Berkeley (taught zoology 1901-); 
co- founder, Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, California (See E.B. 
Scripps q.v., G. Harvey q.v., F.B. Sumner q.v.) 

Pubns: 

editor, biology section, Biological Abstracts 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 308, 390; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Kohls, Harold L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kolakowski, D. L.; 

Member 1974, 1982 
Personal: 

b. 1944; PhD (measurement and statistics), Univ. Chicago 1970; University of 
Connecticut Health Center, Farmington (Dept. Behavioral Science (bio- 
behavioral science), asst. prof. 1970-74; assoc, prof. i974-(i982)); NIH, NIMH 
grants to Univ. Connecticut, principal investigator 1973-82); inheritance of 
mental traits, craniofacial structure, disease susceptibility, behavioral genetics, 
quantitative genetics; American Society of Human Genetics; Behavioral Genetics 
Association; Psychometric Society; American Educational Research Association 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1982 

Komai, Taku; 

Member (Foreign) 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 

New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

Jyoto Imperial Univ., Kyoto, Japan 1932, 1938; National Institute of Genetics, 
Misima, Sizuoka-ken, Japan 1956; Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1970, i960 Advisory Board, Mankind Quarterly (see i960, v. 1, #1; 1970, v. 11, #1) 
1957 "Heredity Counseling in Japan: Recent Trends in Family Planning" 

Eugenics Quarterly, 4, 99-103 ("the need for family planning in Japan has been 




recognized since the last war..." from a review in Psychological Abstracts 1927-58 
p. 2123) 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954; ERA list 1938; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Kopp, Dr. Marie E.; 

Member 1938 
Personal: 

associate of R.L. Dickinson at Margaret Sanger Research Bureau approx 1934; 
helped conduct study paid by Bureau of Social Hygiene with Rockefeller money 
(see Chesler p. 285) which resulted in 1934 Birth Control in Practice: An Analysis 
of 10,000 Cases of the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau, w/ R.L. Dickinson; 
described the Nazi regime as eugenic 
Pubns: 

1936 "Legal and Medical Aspects of Eugenic Sterilization in Germany", American 
Sociological Review, vol. 1 #5, Oct. 1936, pp. 761-770; 1936 "The German 
Program of Marriage Promotion through State Loan", Eugenical News, vol. 21, #6, 
Nov/Dec. 1936, pp. 121-29; 1934 "Eugenic Sterilization Laws in Europe", read to 
New York Academy of Medicine, Sect on OB-GYN, Nov. 24, 1936, pub. American 
Journal OB-GYN, vol. 34, Sept., 1934, pp. 499-504 (see Foster Kennedy q.v.); 

1934 Birth Control in Practice: An Analysis of 10,000 Cases of the Birth Control 
Clinical Research Bureau 
Nazis and Eugenics: 

"Laws of eugenic importance have been very numerous since the National 
Socialist Labor Party came to power in 1933" from "A Eugenic Program in 
Operation" EN, 1938; Frederick Osborn was present when this statement was 
made. (Eugenical News) 

Source: AESM, May 1938 

Kountze, Herman D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Kozma, Louis G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Krauss, F. G.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Hawaii 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Krausse, Prof. Frederick H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Kresge, Sebastian Spring; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1867-1966; S.S. Kresge (founded 1912, Chmn. Bd 1925, 1961 introduced K-Mart) 
Source: Sanger list 1930; DAB 

Kress, Samuel Henry; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

1863-1955; S.H. Kress (founded 1916); Kress Foundation (founded 1929; funded 
medical research) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; DAB 

Kringlen, Einar; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Krishnan, P; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (Dept, of Sociology 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Kunkel, Prof. B.W.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania 1921; Pennsylvania 1930 




Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Kuntz, Prof. Albert; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

3826 DeTouty St., St. Louis, Missouri 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Kupinsky, Stanley; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Sociology, Wayne State Univ., Detroit, Michigan 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Kupperman, Dr. Herbert Spencer; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1915; MD Medical College of Georgia; licensed in New York 1949; assoc, prof. 
Medicine, College of Medicine, New York Univ. i953-(i979); Dir., Roche Clinical 
Labs, Raritan, New Jersey i975-(i979); 245 East 35th St., New York City, NY 
10016 

Publications: 

1969 Management of the Principal Symptoms in the Menopausal Patient: a 
discussion, Ayerst Laboratories; 1963 Human Endocrinology 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne List; AMA Directory; AMWS 1979 

Kuyper, Cornelius; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

La Fetra, Dr. Linnaeus E or L.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

580 Park Ave., New York City 
Source: 1925 list 

La Rue, Prof. Daniel Wolford; 




(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Eugenics Research 
Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1878-1969; PhD Harvard 1911; Cold Spring Harbor 1911; State Teachers College, 
East Stroudsburg, PA (Prof, of Psychology and Education, Head of Dept. 1911-49, 
acting President 1939); chief of psychological examiners, Camp Meade, MD 
(officer and training selection); Member: American Genetics Society, National 
Comm, for Mental Hygiene, Federal Union Inc. 

Publications: 

1955 Let's Have a Better World. 1955; 1943 prize for best statement of the 
principles of American democracy as the basis for world government, given by 
Federal Union Inc. 

Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; 
WWWIA; ERA list 1938 

Ladd, Mrs Walter (C. or G.); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ladd, William S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Laidlaw, Dr. Robert W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Park Avenue, New York City 1956; Human Betterment Association (Pres, of 
Bd. of Dirs., 1963) 

Pubns: 

1967 "Psychiatric Opinion Regarding Abortion: Preliminary Report of a Survey", 
American Journal of Psychiatry, v. 124, p. 146 ; according to Laidlaw 86% to 90 % 
of those who responded to the poll wanted liberalization, and about 25% wanted 
repeal; but if we analyze the figures we see that 40% replied so less than half the 
membership wanted liberalization but this was presented in a way that suggests 
that a majority was for liberalization (86 to 90 % of 40%, those who responded to 
the poll, wanted liberalization = 36 % which is not a majority); furthermore, 25% 
of 40% wanted repeal, or, in other words, only 10% were for repeal. 

Source: EQ 1956; Human Betterment Association Letterhead 1963 (R. Cook 
Collection Library of Congress 




Laidlaw, Rev. Walter; 



Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

b. Ontario, Canada 1861; d. May 20, 1936; PhD, New York Univ. 1897; 
Presbyterian minister 1886; Exec. Sec., Federation of Churches, New York 1895- 
1921; address 1925: 200 Fifth Ave., New York City 
— son: Robert Wordsworth Laidlaw; (??see above??) 

Pubns: 

Suggestions to the Clergy of the Entire Nation (had to do with Liberty Bonds, 
distributed by Treasury Dept.); ed., Statistical Sources for Demographic Studies 
of New York City 1910, 1920; Supervisor of tabulation of New York Census 1925 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list; WWWIA 

Laird, Mary F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lambert, Adrian V. S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lambert, Dr. Alexander; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

43 E. 72nd St., New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Lambert, Bengt; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Nordic School Public Health Medicine, Goteborg, S-413-46, Sweden 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Lambert, F. D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




Tufts College, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Lambert, W. V.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Dept. Genetics, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa 1925; Iowa 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Lamont, Thomas W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; 1932 wife on Board of Margaret Sanger Research Bureau which 
assumed financial responsibility for all operating deficits; wife, Director at Large, 
Birth Control Federation of America Inc. 1939 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 292-93; Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and Directors) 

Lamport, Prof. Dr. Harold; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1908-1975; MD Columbia 1934; Yale University School of Medicine 1942-67 
(Assoc. Prof of Physiology 1944-65); Mt. Sinai School of Medicine (Professor of 
Physiology and Biophysics 1967); developed an improved antigravity suit during 
WW II; developed a technique to fragment gallstones; Director: Consolidated Gas 
Utilities Corp., Oklahoma City 1940-60 (Chmn. Bd., 1942-60), Arkansas 
Louisiana Gas Co., Shreveport, LA 1960-75; Clinton's chief associates in the 
White House such as Mack McClarty are connected with this company; 
biographical information on deposit on National Library of Medicine 
Source: EQ 1956, Catline - National Library of Medicine 

Lane, Alfred C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lane, Rebecca A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 




Austin, Texas 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Lansing, Elizabeth; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Durham, North Carolina 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Larson, Carl A.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Institute of Genetics, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden 1956; Member, American 

Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1956 "Genetic-Hygienic Impairment Through Incestuous Matings", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 3, 2 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Larson, J. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lasher, Walter B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lasker, Mrs. Margaret; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Yonkers, New York 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Lattimore, Eleanor; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 




Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Laufer, Berthold; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1874-1934; PhD Leipzig 1897; American Museum of Natural History (1904-07); 
Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois (Asst. Curator, East Asiatic 1908-; Assoc. Curator 
Asiatic ethnology 1911-); Expeditions: Saghalin Island & Siberia 1898-99; J.H. 
Schiff expedition to China 1901-04 (see Otto Kahn q.v.); Blackstone expedition to 
Tibet & China 1908-10; Marshall Field expedition to China 1923 (see Marshall 
Field q.v.) 

Source: 1925 list; WWWIA (1) 

Laune, Ferris F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lawrence, C. S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Winston-Salem, North Carolina 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Lawrence, Dr. Joseph S.; 

Member 1930, 1938 
Personal: 

New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM, May 1938 

Lawrence, Bishop William; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1850-1941; Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts 1893-1937; father was an admirer 
of John Brown; Lawrence, Kansas named after father 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler p. 392 
?? Frederick Lawrence, Pres., Rutgers 1995?? 



Laws, Gertrude; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Leavitt, Robert G.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

808 Crown St., Morrisville, Pennsylvania 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Background: 

Mr. & Mrs. Chas. W. Leavitt; both members, Second International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1921: ??relatives?? 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress 
of Eugenics 1921 

LeBaron, Mrs. Harold F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lebel, Robert Roger; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Berkeley, California 1974; 1531 E. hampton Ave., Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin 53217 
Source: Osborne list 

Lederberg, Prof. Seymour; 

Member 1974, 1979 
Personal: 

Brown Univ., Providence, Rhode Island (Biology, asst, to assoc, prof 1958-66, 
Prof. 1966-(1979); Lect., Progress in Public Health, Boston Univ. i977-(i979) 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Lee, Joseph; 

(Subscriber, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1930 

Personal: 

101 Tremont St., Boston 1921; Massachusetts 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 




Leeburger, Gertrude C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

LeFetra, Linnaeus E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lehman, Philip; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lehrer, Edward D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lenz, Widukind; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1919; son of Fritz Lenz who was used by Hitler in Mein Kampf; MD Germany 
1943, Griefswald; taught at Gottingen, Kiel, Hamburg; Prof, of Human Genetics, 
Hamburg Univ. 1962-65; Director, Institute of Human Genetics, 44 Munster, 
Vesaliusweg, West Germany, i965-(i978); succeeded O. F. von Verschuer, Josef 
Mengele's co-researcher at Nazi Auschwitz, as Prof, of "Human Genetics" at the 
Munster address given above; Prof, of Human Genetics, Univ. of Munster 1965- 
(1972); discovered that thalidomide was the cause of birth defects 
Source: Osborne list; WSWISE 1972; The Genetics of Hand Malformations, 1978, 
V. McKusick q.v., p. 147 

Leon, Alberto P.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Laboratories de Bacteriologia e Inmunologia, Institute de Salubridad y 




Enfermedades Tropicales, Esq. Plan de San Luis y Carpio, Mexico City, Mexico 
1956 

Source: EQ 1956 

Leon, Mrs. Maurice; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Irvington-on Hudson 1925 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Lerner, I. M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics, Univ. California at Berkeley 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Lestrel, Peter; 

Member 1967, 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Case Western Reserve, Cleveland, Ohio 1974 
Source: AESC 1967; Osborne list 

Leuba, James H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list 

Levene, Prof. Howard; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Columbia University (instr. to assoc, prof, math statistics and biometry 1948-70, 
Prof. Math. Statistics and Biometry i970-(i979), Chmn. Dept, of Math Statistics 
1976 -( 1979 )) 

Publications: 

1940 "On a matching problem arising in genetics" Annals of Mathematical 
Statistics, 20, 91-94 (solves a problem in Mendelian inheritance) 

Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58; AMWS 14th ed. 



Levine, Albert J.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Levine, Dr. Lena; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; gynecologist with training in psychiatry; began at Margaret Sanger Research 
Bureau in Twenties, still there in 1940, took charge w/ Abraham Stone following 
death of Hannah Stone in 1941; initiated a fertility service, w/ artificial 
insemination after the war; Mother's Health Center, Brooklyn, NY 1943; initiated 
marriage counseling at the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau in 1953; told 
women that fatigue was rationalization for lack of interest in sex; did not really do 
marriage counseling but instead tried to achieve harmony by frank discussions of 
sex; these women revealed child abuse, oral and anal sex; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954; International Planned Parenthood Federation 
(Medical Committee 1961-62; Western Hemisphere Regional Council 1961-62 
Publications: 

1963 The Frigid Wife; "Sex and Marriage Problems" in The Fields of Group 
Therapy. S. R. Lawson (Levine's experiences at the Margaret Sanger Research 
Bureau) 

Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-56; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; Birth Control Review, January 1940 #3 
p. 43; ARTW, April 1953; Annual Report, International Planned Parenthood 
Federation 1959-61; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control 
Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 289, 307n, 415, 416 

Levine, Prof. Louis; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1973, 1983, 1984, 1988 MR 
1975 

Personal: 

Dept. Biology, City College of New York, New York 10031 (instruc. to assoc, prof. 
1955-67; Prof. Biology i968-(i979)) 

Publications: 

1988 book review of Pedigree Analysis in Human Genetics by Thompson in Social 
Biology, v. 35, 1-2; 1983 book review in Social Biology of Basic Population 
Genetics by Wallace 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Levitan, Prof. Max; 

Member 1956, 1974, 1989; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1983, 1988 
Personal: 

b. 1921 Lithuania; PhD (zoology) 1951 Colombia Univ.; Virginia Polytechnic, asst. 




prof, zoology 1949-55; Woman's Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
(assoc, prof, anatomy 1955-62, Prof, anatomy and medical genetics 1962-66); 
George Mason College, Prof. Biology and Chmn., Biology Dept. 1966-68; Mt. 

Sinai School of Medicine, New York City (assoc, prof. 1968-70, Prof. Anatomy 
i970-(i989). Member: American Assn. Anatomists, American Society Naturalists, 
American Society of Human Genetics, Genetics Society America, Society Study 
Evolution; population genetics of linked loci, medical genetics 
Publications: 

1988 Textbook of Human Genetics (3rd ed.), Oxford; 1988 book review of 
Genetics and Neurology by Bundey (ES) in Social Biology, v. 1-2; 1983 book 
review, Social Biology, v. 30, 4, of Banbury Report #10: Patenting of Life Forms; 
1963 "Multiple Anomalies in Congenitally Deaf Children", w/ Danish and Tillson, 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 10, no. 1 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 1989 

Levy, Dr. David; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Lewinsohn, Adolph; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; copper 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Our Crowd, Stephen Birmingham 1967 

Lewis, Burnham; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lewis, Prof. I. F.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. Virginia 1925; Virginia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Lewis, Warner H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ley, Harold A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Li, Prof. Ching Chun; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology R 1986; MR 1975, 1977 
Personal: 

Univ. Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pennsylvania (res. fellow to 
Prof. 1951-75, Prof. Biostatistics i975-(i979)); American Society of Human 
Genetics, Pres, i960 
Pubns: 

1986 "Effect of Father's Education on Child's Cognitive Ability", Social Biology, 
33, #3 - 45 1976 First Course in Population Genetics, Boxwood Press, California 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979; AJHG i960 

Lieber, Mrs. Richard; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Libman, E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Liggett, Louis K.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lillie, Prof. Frank R.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930, 1946; (Member, Third International 




Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938) 

Personal: 

Univ. of Chicago, Illinois (1921-; Prof, of Zoology and Embryology 1933, 1946; 
Dean of the division of biological sciences 1933); National Academy of Science 
(Council 1924-27, Pres. 1935-39); National Research Council Science Advisory 
Board 1933 (w/ Thomas Parran and Karl T. Compton) 

Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; Sanger list 1930; EN 1946 
December p. 51; history of the National Academy of Science; ERA list 1938; 
Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Lindblom, Lenor; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lindstrom, Prof. E. W.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa 1925; Iowa 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Linebach, Prof. Paul E.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

85 Copenhill Rd., Atlanta, Georgia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Linton, Edwin; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lipschutz, Dr. A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Av. Hamburgo 366, Santiago, Chile 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Liskey (or Lisker) Y., Ruben; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Chief, Dept, of Genetics, Institute Nacional de la Nutrition, Av. San Fernando y 
Viaducto Tlalpan, Mexico 22 D.F. 1974; see Carlos Gual q.v. 

Source: Osborne list 

Littell, William B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Background: 

Miss Elizabeth D. Littell, 228 E. 39th St., New York City 1921; Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Little, H.W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Little, Michael A.; 

Member 1974, 1976, 1979 
Personal: 

b. nr. Philadelphia 1937; PhD 1968 (anthrop.), Univ. Pennsylvania; SUNY at 
Binghamton, New York (assoc, prof, anthropology i973-(i979)); research, Nunoa, 
Peru 1968, 1972; Am. Assn. Physical Anthrop.; biocultural adaptations (heat, cold, 
high altitudes - ??Incas??); ecology of savannah pastoralists; circadian rhythm 
Pubns: 

1989 Human Population Biology: an interdisciplinary science, w/ Jere D. Haas, 
Research Monographs in Human Population Biology, Oxford 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976, 1979 

Livingston, Gerald E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Livingston, Goodhue; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lloyd, Prof. Francis Ernest; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 
Personal: 

1868-1947; b. Manchester, England; MA Princeton 1895; studied in Europe; 
taught in US; McGill Univ., Canada 1912-34, Emeritus; botanical expeditions for 
Carnegie Institute of Washington, New York Botanical Gardens; Pres., American 
Society of Plant Physiology 
Pubns: 

editor, Plant World 1905-08 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 395 

Lodholtz, Edward; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Loeber, Maud; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Louisiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Loetscher Jr., Mr. F. W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Biology Dept., Center College, Danville, Kentucky 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Long, H. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Long, Thomas A.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Longley, Prof. W. H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Goucher College, Baltimore, Maryland 1925; Maryland 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Lorge, Prof. Irving; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1905; PhD 1930 Columbia Teachers College; studied relation between 
intelligence and status, evaluated intelligence tests; Columbia Teachers College, 
Institute of Educational Research (Dept, of Psychology 1927-61, Prof, of 
Education 1946-; Executive Officer, Institute of Educational Research 1946-); 
consultant to Army; Member: American Psychology Assn., American Statistical 
Assn., Eastern Psychological Society, Psychometric (sic) Society (Pres., 1947-48), 
Population Society of America, Rural Sociological Society; Mason; opposed and 
condemned the use of IQ tests to "demonstrate" racial inferiority 
Publications: 

1962 Terminology and Concepts in Appraising the Mentally Retarded. 1962 based 
on contract # SAE-6460 with the US Office of Education; 1941 "Superior 
intellectual ability: its selection, education and implications." Eugenical News, 26, 
26-29 and Journal of Heredity 1941, 32, 203-208 (asserts that basically 
intelligence is genetically determined); 1941 "The Education of a Genius" School 
and Society, 54, 573-75 ("superior children... should be segregated and taught by 
superior teachers in well equipped schools in which abilities are challenged and 
obligations stressed..." from review in Psychological Abstracts 1927-58); 1939 
"The Thurstone attitude scales" Journal of Social Psychology, 10 (Thurstone was 
a Eugenics Society member); 1930 American Agricultural Villages; The Columbia 
Mental Maturity Scale 

Source: EQ 1956; Psychological Abstracts 1927-58, Catline abstract - US Library 
of Medicine 

Loring, Atherton; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Loring, Augustus P.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Loring, B. T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Louisville Free Public Library; 

Member 1925 
Louisville, Kentucky 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Lovejoy, C. O.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Kent State Univ., Kent, Ohio 1974 
Pubns: 

1990 "Scientific Racism: Reflections on Peer Review, Science and Ideology", 
Social Science and Medicine, v. 31, p. 891; 1981 "The Origin of Man", Science, 
211, p. 341 
Source: Osborne list 

Lovett, Miss; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lowsley, O. S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Lubs, Herbert A.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1979 
Personal: 




Dept. Pediatrics, Univ. Colorado Medical Center, Denver 1974 
Pubns: 

1979 Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: prospective studies on Children, Birth 
Defects Original Articles Series, March of Dimes; 1977 Genetic Counseling w/ 
Felix de la Cruz, NICHHD Monograph (XYY Karotype) 

Source: Osborne list 

Lucas, Dr. Alzamon Ira; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

342 W. 56th St., New York City 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Luckey, Bertha M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Board of Education, Cleveland, Ohio 1925; Ohio 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Ludwig, C. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Clemson College, South Carolina 1925; Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Ludwig, Ruth; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Gerber, 855 Avenue of the Americas, New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Lumry, Anne E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Center Behavior Genetics, Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Lush, Prof. Jay L.; 




Member 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

PhD 1922 (genetics), Univ. of Wisconsin; Iowa State College (Prof. Animal 
Breeding 1930-66, emeritus i966-(i979); Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1937 (in print 1994) Animal Breeding Plans, Ames, Iowa, Collegiate Press, (repr. 
Bks. Demand); 1922 "An Hereditary Notch in the Ear of Jersey Cattle" Journal of 
Heredity, 13, 8-14 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954; AMWS 1979; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Lykken, Prof. David; 

Member 1967; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1978 
Personal: 

University of Minnesota 1967 
Publications: 

1993 "Heritability of Interests: a twin study" w/ T. J. Bouchard q.v., Matthew 
McGue, Auke Tellegen, Journal of Applied Psychology, v. 78, August, p. 649; 

1992 "Emergenesis: Genetic traits that may not run in families", w/ M. McGue, A. 
Tellegen, T.J. Bouchard Jr. q.v., American Psychologist, vol. 47, pp. 1565-77 
(cited in Race, Evolution, and Behavior); 1990 "Sources of human psychological 
differences: the Minnesota study of twins reared apart", w/ T. J. Bouchard q. v., 
Matthew McGue, Nancy L. Segal and Auke Tellegen, Science, v. 250, Oct. 12, p. 
223; 1978 "Volunteer Bias in Twin Research: The Rule of Two Thirds", Social 
Biology, v. 25, 1 
Source: AESC 1967 

Lyle, Orcena E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Minneapolis, Minnesota 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Lynch, Rev. Frederick; 

Advisory Council 1923-26 
Source: Mehler, p. 309 

Lyon, Dr. E. P.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 




Medical School, Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis 1925, 1932; Minnesota 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 



Alphabetical List 
Last Names M-O 



MacArthur, Mrs. C. P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

MacArthur, Rev. Kenneth C.; 

Member 1930, 1938, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Sterling, Massachusetts 1932, 1956; Sec., New England Town and Country 
Church Commission Inc. 1937 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; AESM, Sept. 1937; AESM, May 1938; A 
Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

MacCurdy, George Grant; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Connecticut 1930; Old Lyme, Connecticut 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

MacCurdy, H. M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



MacEachern, J. M.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mackenzie, Dr. Robert A.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Asbury Park, New Jersey 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Macklin, Madge Thurlow; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

London, Ontario, Canada 1925; 37 Gerrard St., London, Ontario, Canada 1932; 
American Society of Human Genetics v.p. 1956; Important figure in Canadian 
eugenics society 
Pubns: 

i960 "A Study of Retinoblastoma in Ohio", AJHG, v. 12, March, p. 1 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; ERA list 1938; AJHG 1956; A Decade of 
Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Macleod, Patrick; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

MacMillan, Mr. H. G.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Greeley, Colorado 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Macy, V. Everit; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1930 

Personal: 

68 Broadway, New York City 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 




Macy, Mrs. Valentine; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Macy, Mrs. Noel; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Magalhaes, Prof. Hulda; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

instruc., Women's Medical College, Pennsylvania 1937-40; Bucknell University, 
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (asst. prof, physiology and hygiene, 1946-49, assoc, prof. 
1949-54, Prof. Zoology i954-(i979)); Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954; laboratory animals 
Publications: 

1974 Environmental Variables in Animal Experimentation., (Ed.), symposium 
sponsored by American Association for Laboratory Animals; The Golden 
Hamster: its biology and use in medical research. 1968 ed. w/ others), Iowa Univ. 
Press; Bibliography on the golden Syrian hamster. 1965 (Contract # PH43-64-90 
w/ the Dept, of Health, Education and Welfare) 

Source: EQ 1956; Catline abstract - US Library of Medicine; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1979 

Maines, W. R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Malone, Prof. Edward D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Medical College, Eden Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Mali, Mrs. Henry J.; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956; Chmn., Regional Organization Committee, Birth Control 
Federation of America 1939, 1940; American Birth Control League, Director at 
Large 1937, 1938, 1939 

Source: EQ 1956; BCR 1940 #3 p. 41; BCR Oct. 1937; BCR, May 1938; BCR 
Feb/March 1939 

Mallinckrodt (Mallingckrodt 1930), Edward; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

16 Westmoreland St., St Louis, Missouri 1925; Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Malone, Edward F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Malzberg, B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mange, Arthur P.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst (Dept. Zoology, asst. prof. 1964-70, assoc, prof, 
zoology 1970-(1979)) 

Publications: 

1990 Genetics: Human Aspects w/ Elaine Mange; 1981 (1965) "Measurement of 
Inbreeding from Frequency of Marriage Between Persons of the Same Surname" 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 12, 4 (one of the most cited articles from the Eugenics 
Quarterly; see Social Biology 1982, v. 29, #1- 2) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Manger, Julius; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mann, Albert Z.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mann, Rabbi Louis Leopold; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 
Personal: 

Congregation Mishkan Israel, New Haven, Connecticut 1914-23; Sinai Temple 
1923-62; Bd. Govs., Hebrew Union College; a founder B'nai B'rith Hillel 
Foundation; a founder American Birth Control League (evolved into Planned 
Parenthood) 

Pubns: 

ethics section, Universal Jewish Encyclopedia; 

Background: 

Despite the fact that in 1924 the American Eugenics Society had worked to 
exclude Jews (especially Polish Jews) from America by immigration restrictions, 
this Rabbi associated himself with the Society. The presence of his name 
undoubtedly lent credibility to the Society's actions. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929, Mehler p. 397-8 

Mann, Paul B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mansfield, Howard; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

25 Broadway, New York City 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Markert, Prof. Clement L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1917; PhD (biology) 1948 Johns Hopkins; University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 
(asst, to assoc, prof, zoology 1950-57; Johns Hopkins, Prof. Biology 1957-65; Yale 




Univ. (Prof. Biology I96s-(i979), Dir., Center Reproductive Biology i974-(i979); 
American Society of Naturalists (v.p. 1967; Pres.: American Society of Zoologists 
1967, Society of Developmental Biology 1963-64, American Institute of Biological 
Sciences 1966 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 1979 

Markle, M. S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Marrs, Wyatt; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Marsh, Harold T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Marsh, Mr. Millard C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Springville, Erie County, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Marshall, President B. T.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut 1925; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Marshall, Ruth; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 




Illinois 1930; Rockford College, Rockford, Illinois 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Marshall, William S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Martin Jr., Dr. Albert; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1956; Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Martin, Mrs. Alleyne C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Martin, Dr. Bertha E.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Lindenwood College, St. Charles, Missouri 1925; Georgia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Martin, George W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Martin, J. Holmes; 

Member 1930; (Official Delegate, Third International Congress of Eugenics 1932) 
Personal: 

Kentucky 1930; College Agriculture, Lexington, Kentucky 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Martin, Prof. John N.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

Iowa State College, Ames Iowa 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Mason, Dr. J. Alden; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

American Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C. 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Matalka, Edward; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Holden, Massachusetts 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Matsner, Dr. Eric M.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Beverly Hills, California 1956; American Birth Control League, Medical 
Director 1937, 1938; Birth Control Federation of America Inc., Medical Advisory 
Board (Advisory Council 1939); Consulting Editor, Birth Control Review, January 
1940 

Background: 

"We, too, recognize the problem of race building ... It is entirely fitting that 'Race 
Building in a Democracy' should have been chosen as the theme of the ANNUAL 
MEETING of the Birth Control Federation of America" from an editorial by 
Woodbridge Morris, Director, Birth Control Federation of America in the Birth 
Control Review, January 1940, vol. XXIV, #3 

Source: EQ 1956; BCR, Oct. 1937; BCR, May 1938; Birth Control Review, 
Feb/March 1939 

Matsunaga, Ei; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

National Institute of Genetics, Shizuoka-ken, Japan 1974 
Publications: 

1973 "Effect of Changing Parental Age Patterns on Chromosomal Aberrations and 
Mutations", Social Biology, v. 20, 1; 1962 "Selective Mechanisms Operating on 
ABO and MN Blood Groups with Special Reference to Prezygotic Selection", 




Eugenics Quarterly, v. 9, 1 (one of the most cited articles from Eugenics Quarterly; 
see Social Biology 1982) 

Source: Osborne list 

Matton, Maria; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

De Smet de Naeyerplein 5, Ghent, Belgium (9000) 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Matton- Van Leuven, Th.; 

Member 1967 
Personal: 

MD; Ghent, Belgium 1967 
Source: AESC 1967 

Mauer, Irving; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Head, Cytogenetics Group, Hoffman-LaRoche Inc., Dept. Experimental 
Pathology and Toxicology, Nutley, New Jersey 196777; Environmental Protection 
Agency (Geneticist, Office of Pesticide Programs, Hazard Evaluation Division 
1978 -( 1979 ) 

Background: 

Some chemicals cause chromosomal doubling such as that doubling which causes 
Downs Syndrome. The EPA is supposed to track this danger. We see that people 
can go from the chemical companies (Hoffman-LaRoche) to the watchdog agency. 
(EPA) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Mauro, Francisco; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Rome, Italy, Lab Radiobiol. Anim. - CSN Casaccia CNEN 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Maxwell, Jack D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Cincinnati, Ohio 1974 
Source: Osborne list 




Mayer, Mrs. B.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

41 East 72nd St., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Mayhall, Mrs. M. P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mayne, Dr. Bruce; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Court House, Rm. 17, Memphis, Tennessee 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Mazur, Dr. D. Peter; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Bellingham, Washington 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

McAlpin, Edward A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McBride, Dr. James H.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925 

Personal: 

Dodworth Bldg., Pasadena, California 1921; Pasadena, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

McCarthy, John; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McClintock, Mrs. Beatrice Harvey; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Glen Head, Long Island, New York 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

?? NARAL (Board and Foundation member); Planned Parenthood, New York City, 
Officer; Board: Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Zero Population 
Growth; Association for Voluntary Sterilization 

?? Mrs Harvey McClintock; Birth Control Federation of America Inc. (Director at 
Large 1939); Source: Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and 
Directors) 

McClung, Prof. Clarence E.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

National Research Council, Washington, DC 1921 

Source: Mehler p. 309; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

McConnell, F. J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McCormick, Mrs. Rockefeller; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McCready, Dr. E. B.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

905 Keenen Bid., Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



McCullough, John M.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1940; PhD 1972 (anthrop.) Illinois Univ.; Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 
(Dept. Anthropology, asst. prof. 1969-75, assoc, prof. i975-(i979), Chmn. Dept. 
1978-(1979)); Forensic anthropologist, Office of Medical Examiner, Utah State 
Board of Health i969-(i979); Am. Assn. Physical Anthrop.; Society Study Social 
Biology; ecological genetics and demography in Mexico and Yucatan (??Aztecs 
and Mayas) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976, 1979 

McDougall, W. B.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Curator of Botany, Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, Arizona i955-(i979) 
Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 1979 

McDougall FRS, Prof. William; 

Advisory Council 1923-30 (??35, Mehler shows 23-35 but also shows McDougall 
dead in 1930) 

Personal: 

1871-1930; b. Lancashire, England; BA Cambridge Univ., England; MB, BCh St. 
Thomas Hospital, London 1897; 1900 studied psychology w/ Muller, Gottingen; 
influenced by William James; FRS 1912; Taught Oxford Univ., England 1902-20; 
Harvard Univ. 1920-27; Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits; 
Borneo; studied parapsychology for thirty years (see S. Rhine q.v.), acquired 
charcteristics for seventeen years; influenced philosophers and theologians more 
than other psychologists; 5 children (?? other William McDougalls relatives??) 
Pubns: 

1905 Physiological Psychology; 1908 An Introduction to Social Psychology; 1912 
Psychology: The Study of Behavior; 1912 The Pagan Tribes of Borneo; 1920 The 
Group Mind; 1921 Is America Safe for Democracy? (Nordic superiority, based on 
Army IQ tests, called for eugenic program); 1923 Outline of Psychology; 1926 
Abnormal Psychology 

Source: 1925 list; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler p. 309, 399-400 

McDougall, William; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

University of Illinois at Urbana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



McDougall, William; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McEwen, Dr. Robert S.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

208 Forest St., Oberlin, Ohio 1925, 1932; Ohio 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

McFadden, J. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McFarland, Mr. Thomas O.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Falls Church, Virginia 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

McGee, Anita Newcomb; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

North Carolina 1930; Southern Pines, North Carolina 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

McGill, Joseph; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

McGregor, J. H.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McGurk, F. J. C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1970, i960 Villanova Univ., Pennsylvania; 1953 Lehigh University, Bethlehem, 

Pennsylvania; associated with Mankind Quarterly 

Publications: 

1982 The Testing of Negro Intelligence w/ R. Travis Osborne; 1970, i960 
Advisory Board, Mankind Quarterly ((see i960, v. 1, #1; 1970, v. 11, #1); 1952 
Comparison of the Performance of Negro and White high school seniors on 
cultural and non-cultural questions. PhD thesis, Catholic University, Washington ; 
"Comparative Test Scores of Negro and White School Children in Richmond, 
Virginia" Journal of Educational Psychology 1943, 34, 473-84 
Background: 

See also 1980 Twins: Black and White, R. T. Osborne, Foundation Human GA; 

1978 "Genetic and Behavioral Effects of non random mating" in Human Variation: 
Biogenetics of Age, Race and Sex Academic Press by C. E. Noble, R. T. Osborne, 
and N. Weyle (see also Jensen) 

Source: EQ 1956; Mankind Quarterly, v. 1, #1, i960 

Mcllwraith, Mr. T. F.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Institute of Psych., Kent Hall, New Haven 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Mcllwraith, T. F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mclndoo, Dr. N. E.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Bureau of Entomology, Washington, D.C. 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



McKay, Dr. Florence L.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

State Dept, of Health, Albany, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

McKenzie, Dr. R. Tait; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

McKinney, Mrs. Katharine B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McLester, James S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Alabama 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McMahan, Mrs. Ethel S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

McMarsh, Mrs. Robert; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 

McNeile, Lyle G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Mead, A. D.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mead, Mr. Charles G.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Mead, Harold T.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Tulane Univ., 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Meaney, F. J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Tucson, Arizona 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

??P.J. Meaney; Dept. Medical Genetics, Indiana Univ. School Medicine, 702 
North Barnhill Dr., Indianapolis, IN 46223 

Meier, Robert J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN 47405 (Dept, of Anthropology 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Mendlewicz, Dr. Julian; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Medical Genetics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, West 168th St., 
NYC 1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Menninger, C. F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Merbs, Prof. Charles F.; 

Member 1974, 1976 
Personal: 

b. 1936; PhD 1969 (anthrop., genetics) Univ. Wisconsin, Madison (see R.H. 
Osborne); Arizona State Univ., Tempe, Prof, of Anthropology i974-(i979), Chmn. 
Dept. i973-(i979)); Arctic Inst., North America, Fellow; Am. Assn. Physical 
Anthropol.; medical genetics; Artie populations in America and Siberia; SW USA 
and NE Africa populations 
Pubns: 

1985 Health and Disease in the Prehistoric Southwest, Univ. of Arizona Press; 

1980 Catalogue of the Hrdlicka Paleopathology Collection, w/ Rose A. Tyson, 
Elizabeth Alcauskas, see A. Hrdlicka q.v. 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976, 1979 

Mercer, Prof. William F.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Box 384, Athens, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Merrell, Prof. David John; 

Member 1956; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1977 
Personal: 

b. 1919; University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (instruc. to assoc, prof. 1948-64, 
Prof. Genetics and Ecology i964-(i979)); Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1981 Ecological Genetics. , Univ. of Minnesota Press; 1962 Evolution and 
Genetics: the modern theory of evolution., Holt; 1959 Genetics Laboratory 
Guide. , Minneapolis, Burgess 

Source: EQ 1956; Catline - US Library of Medicine; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Merrell, W. D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Merriam, Prof. John Campbell; 




(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-35 

Personal: 

1869-1945; PhD Munich, Germany 1893; Univ. California (1894, paleontology, 
histology; Prof. 1912-20); Carnegie Institute of Washington (Pres. 1920-35); 
Galton Society; Pres.: AAAS (Pacific Div. 1920), Geological Soc. 1920, Am. 
Paleontological Soc. 1917; Save the Redwoods League (1910 co-founder w/ Henry 
Fairfield Osborn Sr. q.v. and Madison Grant q.v.; Pres, for 25 years) 

Research Project: 

The ERO and the Carnegie Exp. Station at Cold Spring Harbor were or became 
branches of the Carnegie Institute Washington. They were consolidated under 
one department in the Twenties probably by Merriam and supported through out 
the Twenties and Thirties by him. Under Vannevar Bush they were ?? 
disconnected??. The Eugenical Research Association was under Davenport and 
Laughlin who were under Merriam. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 400-401; WWWIA under "Madison 
Grant"; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Merrill, Samuel; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Merritt, Emma L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Messenger, K. L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mestre, Dr. Aristides; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Univ. Havana, Havana, Cuba 1921; Cuba 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 




Metcalf, George P.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Metcalf, Prof. Maynard Mayo; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

1868-1940; PhD Johns Hopkins 1893; studied in Europe; Goucher College 1893- 
1906; Oberlin Univ. 1906-14; John Hopkins Univ. (Prof, zoology 1924-); Trustee, 
Woods Hole; Pres., American Society of Zoologists 1918; protozoa, tunicata, 
mollusca 

Source: Mehler, p. 309, 401-02; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Mettlin, Curt; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Sociology, SUNY at Amherst, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Metrakos, Julius D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Metress, J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Toledo, Ohio (Laboratory of Bioanthropology 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

??Seanus P. Metress; 4625 Paislay (sic) Rd., Toledo, Ohio 43615; Source: JHlist 

Meyer, Prof. Adolf; 

American Consultative Committee 1912-21; (General Cttee, Second International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory Council 1923-35; (Eugenics 
Research Association: Pres. 1916-17, Member 1938) 

Personal: 




1886-1950; MD, Zurich, Switzerland 1892; Prof, of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins 
1910-41; National Committee on Mental Hygiene (Pres., 1940-43); took part in 
discussion on contraceptives in 1921, urged doctors to experiment with whatever 
technique of contraception worked best for maximum sexual gratification of 
patients, see DeVilbiss q.v.; Board member, Margaret Sanger Research Bureau, 
involved with various reorganization plans 

Source: Mehler p. 37, note 3; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; ERA list 1938; 
Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America, 
Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 270, 280, 283, 285; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Meyer, Edwin F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Meyer, Monroe A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Meyers, Mr. H. Lee; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Baltimore, Maryland 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Middleton, Austin R.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930 (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

Univ. Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 1921, 1930, 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Milburn, John G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Mileti, Dennis S.; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Colorado, Boulder (Dept, of Sociology 1974) 

Publications: 

1972 "Nine Demographic Factors and Their Relationship to Attitudes Toward 
Abortion Legalization", Social Biology, v. 19, 1 
Source: Osborne list 

Millay, Dr. & Mrs. E. O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Miller, A. James; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Kentucky 1930; 101 West Chestmut St., Louisville, Kentucky 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Miller, Arthur L.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

316 Huntington Ave., Boston 17, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Miller, Prof. Lynn; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts 01002 (Prof. Biology igy4~(igyg), 
Dean, School of Natural Science 1977-78); human population genetics 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Miller, Prof. James Reginald; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada (asst. prof, to Prof. Pediatrics (1960- 
73); head, division of medical genetics 1967-78; Prof. Medical Genetics 1973- 
(1979)); developmental and population genetics in humans and other mammals 




Pubns: 

1990 X Linked Traits: A Catalogue of Loci in Non-Human Mammals, Cambridge 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Miller, Robert S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Miller Jr., Mr. Samuel C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Miller, Shirley P.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Dept. Anatomy, Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis 1925; Minnesota 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Mills, Mrs. Dudley H.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Glen Head, Long Island 1956; Human Betterment Association, Secretary 1963 
Source: EQ 1956; Letterhead 1963 

Minehan, Maude; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Miner, W. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Minnich, Prof. Dwight E.; 




Member 1925, 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

1890-1965; University of Minnesota (Dept, of Zoology 1919-58, Prof. 1929-58, 
Chmn. of Dept. 1930-); Dight Institute; for biography see "Appreciation of 
Dwight E. Minnich" by Sheldon Reed in Bulletin of the Dight Institute of the 
University of Minnesota 1966; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
1954 

Publications: 

1951 "Appreciation of Helen Bunn: Counseling in Human Genetics, Part II 1879- 
1951" by Dwight Minnich, Bulletin of the Dight Institute of the University of 
Minnesota. 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society 
of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Mitchell, Wesley C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; economist; Chmn., President's Research Committee on Social 
Trends (Pres., Herbert Hoover); he argued for well balanced population by class, 
region and economic sector to be achieved by the spread of birth control; cited by 
Margaret Sanger at House hearings 1934 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 343 

Mitra, S.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1978, 1979 BR 1986 
Personal: 

1974 Dept, of Sociology, Emory Univ., Atlanta, Georgia 30322 
Publications: 

1979, 1978, Social Biology manuscript referee; 1965 "The Changing Pattern of 
Population Concentration in Indian Cities" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 12, 3; 1966 
"Child Bearing Pattern of American Women" and "Occupation and Fertility in the 
United States", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 13, 2; 1966 "Education and Fertility in the 
United States" and "Income, Socioeconomic Status and Fertility in the United 
States", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 13, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Mohr, Dr. Jan; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Humangenetisk Lab., Oslo, Norway 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 



Moissett, Beatriz; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pharmacology, Dartmouth Medical School 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Monnelly, Edward P.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Boston, Massachusetts 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Monohan (sic), Dr. Thomas P.; 

Member 1967; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1955, 1958, i960, 1966 
Personal: 

Sociology Dept., Villanova Univ. 

? Thomas P. Monahan, same person? 

Publications: 

1966 "Interracial Marriage and Divorce in the State of Hawaii", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 13, 1; i960 "Premarital Pregnancy in the United States" , Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 7; 1958 "The Changing Nature and Instability of Remarriages", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 5, 2; 1955 "Statistical Aspects of Marriage and Divorce by 
Religious Denomination in Iowa", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, 3; 1951 The Age of 
Marriage Within the United States 
Source: AESC 6/69 

Monroe, William S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

??Dr. Will S. Monroe; State Normal School, Montclair, New Jersey 1921; General 
Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??Same 
person??; Source: Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Montalenti, Prof. Dr. G.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1904; MD; Director, Genetics Institute, Citta University of Rome 1972; Prof, of 
Genetics, Citta University of Rome 1960,1972; Istituto di Genetica, Universita di 
Napoli, Naples, Italy 1956; Member: American Society of Human Genetics 1954, 
Royal Academy of Science of Sweden 1967, Linnean Society 1967, American 
Society of Zoology 1967 




Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; WSWISE 1967; WSWISE 1972 

Montgomery, D. E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Montgomery, E. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Moore, Barrington; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

925 Park Ave., New York City; Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

??Barrington Moore; i883-(i977-i98i); 1908 Yale, Master of Forestry; US Forest 
Service 1909-14; AMNH 1917; AEF 1917-1918; National Research Council 1919-22 
New York Botanical Gardens (Board of Directors 1922-30); American 
Geographical Society; various clubs; Source: WWWIA 

Moore, Caroline S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

32 South University St., Redlands, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Moore, Mr. Edward F.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Morningside Drive, New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Moore, Lorna; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Colorado, Boulder (Dept, of Anthropology 1974); Univ. of Colorado, Denver 




1994 

Pubns: 

1980 The Biocultural Basis of Health: expanding views of medical anthropology 
Source: Osborne list 

Moore, Mary Jane; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

California State Univ., San Diego, CA 92182 (Dept. Anthropology 1974) 

Pubns: 

"Inbreeding and Reproductive Parameters Among Mennonites in Kansas", Social 
Biology, v. 34, 3-4 
Source: Osborne list 

Moore, Robert T.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1420 East Mountain St., Pasadena, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Moore, Ross; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Moore, William S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Morgan, Prof. Ann Haven; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1882-1966; PhD Cornell Univ. 1912; Mt. Holyoke College (1914-1947; Chinn, of a 
Dept. 1916-47); Woods Hole summers 1918, 19, 21, 23; American Social Hygiene 
Assn; conservationist 
Pubns: 

1939 Field Book of Animals in Winter 




Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler p. 309, 403; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Morgan, Prof. H. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 1925; Tennessee 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Morgan, Mrs. James L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Morgan, John Pierpont; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; 1932 wife on Board of directors of Margaret Sanger Research 
Bureau 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 292 

Morgan Jr., Junius S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Morgan, Kenneth; 

Member 1967, 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975, 1976, 1977 
Personal: 

$3000 from Population Council for PhD work; Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Canada 
(Genetics Dept. 1974) 

Publications: 

1970 "Gene Flow and Structure of the United States Negro Population", Social 
Biology, v. 17, 4; 1965 "Inbreeding in Small Human Populations", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 12, 4 

Source: AESC, June 8, 1967; AESC 1967; Osborne list 



Morgan, Meredith W.; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

Richmond, California 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Morganthau Jr., Henry; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Background: 

see Politics Among Nations, Hans J. Morganthau, 1954 (Parts 8, 9, 10 on the 
relation between population and war) 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Morison, Prof. Robert; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Rockefeller Foundation (asst, dir to assoc, dir of Medical Science 1944-51, 
Medicine and Public Health 1951-55, dir., Biological and Medical Research 1955- 
59, Medicine and Natural Science 1959-64): Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York 
(Prof. Biology and dir., division of biological science 1964-70, Prof, of Science and 
Society 1970-75, Emeritus i975-(i979); Visiting Prof., MIT i975-(i979); 
Peterborough, NH 03458 1979 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Moroni, Prof. Antonio; 

Member 1969; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology M 1979 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics, Univ. of Parma 
Pubns: 

1987 "Migration rates of human populations from surname distributions", Nature, 
Oct 22-28, v. 329 (6i4i):7i4-6 w/ LL Cavalli-Sforza and others 
Source: AESC 7/69 

Morris, Ella; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Morris, Dr. Frank; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Morris, Laura Newell; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1930, May 16, Whitehall, New York; Fels Res. Inst., ass't. 1959-60; Univ. 
Washington, Seattle (PhD 1966 (anthrop); instr. to asst. prof. 1964-72; assoc, 
prof, physical anthrop. i972-(i976)); NIH research award 1975; Am Assn. 
Physical Anthrop.; Int. Primatol. Soc., growth, lower primates, population as unit 
of study 
Pubns: 

1971 Human Populations, Genetic Variation and Evolution, Chandler 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 under "Laura Newell" 

?? relative of Alice Dodge Newell, F. Osborn's daughter?? 

Morrison, F. B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Morse, Albert P.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Peabody Museum, Salem, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Morse, Robert C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mosely Jr., Mrs. Frederick S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Moses, Horace A.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Moufang, A. N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mudd, Stewart; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930; immunologist; unsuccessfully worked on a spermicide with 
grants from Margaret Sanger; Board member, Margaret Sanger Research Bureau; 
see Emily Mudd, Directors list 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 284, 415 

Muir, John; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Muller, Mr. Henry M.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Sociology, Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Muller, Herman J.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Texas 1930 
Personal: 

Univ. Texas, Austin 1921, 1932; Muller had been a strong supporter of 
Communism who lived in Russia under Stalin (see quote below) but he broke 
with the Soviet Union after World War II over Lysenko. 




Pubns: 

1939 "The Geneticists Manifesto" J. of Heredity, vol. 30, #9, Sept. 1939, p. 371-73; 
1936 Out of the Night: A Biologists View of the Future; 1933 review of 
Baur/Fischer/Lenz's Human Heredity, trans. Eden and Cedar Paul, Birth Control 
Review, Jan. 1933 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Mumford, Mrs. Eben; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Mundorf, Raber; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Munn, Mrs. Kathleen; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Murdoch, J. M.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Minnesota 1930; Faribault, Minnesota 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Murlin, Prof. John R.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Murlin, Pres. Lemuel; 




Advisory Council 1923 
Personal: 

1861-1935; DD Cornell 1897; Pres., Boston Univ. 1911-25; Pres., DePauw 1925-28 
Methodist minister, Member, General Conference Methodist Churches 5 times 
between 1900-24; education policy 
Source: Mehler, p. 309, 405 

Myers, Garry C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Myers, George C.; 

Member 1968, 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Sociology, Duke University 1968 
Publications: 

1982 (1967) "The Duration of Residence Approach to a Dynamic Stochastic 
Model of Internal Migration: A Test of the Axiom of Cumulative Inertia" 1967 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 14, 2 (one of the most frequently cited articles from the 
Eugenics Quarterly; see Social Biology 1982); 1968 "A Technique for Measuring 
Preferential Family Size and Composition", Social Biology, v. 15, 3 
Source: AESC 12/68; Osborne list 

Myrianthopoulos, Ntinos; 

Member 1974, 1979, 1992 
Personal: 

b. Cyprus 1921; PhD (genetics) Univ. of Minnesota 1957; NIH, Bethesda, 

Maryland (National Institute of Neurology, Common Diseases and Stroke 
(geneticist 1957-63, head, section on epidemiology and genetics 1963-1992)); 
Graduate Program, instructor 1958-1992; George Washington University, assoc, 
prof, neurology 1958-1979; Director, Genetic Counseling Center 1958-1992; 
Member: American Society of Human Genetics 1979, 1992, New York Academy of 
Science 1979, Teratology Society 1979, 1992; human genetics 
Pubns: 

1975 Factors affecting risks of congenital malformations w/ C. S. Chung q.v. and 
Daniel Bergsma, Collaborative Perinatal Project (USA) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979, 1992-93 

Nabours, Prof. Robert K.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 
Personal: 




Dept, of Zoology, Kansas State Agricultural College, Manhattan 1938 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; ERA list 1938 

Naccarati, Prof. Sante; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925 

Personal: 

242 West 49th St., New York City 1921; 570 Park Ave., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Naccash, Dr. Edmund P.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Arlington Hosp., Arlington, Virginia (Chief, Dept, of Human Genetics) 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Nachtrieb, Prof. Henry F.; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1857-1942; zoology at Minnesota Univ. 1884-1925; founding member, Minnesota 
Eugenics Society, 1923 (secretary for many years); Member, Eugenics Research 
Association; California 1930 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 405-06 

Nachtsheim, Hans; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Max Planck Institute (former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), Berlin-Dahlem, 

Germany 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Publications: 

1954 "Frequency and Distribution of Pathologic Genes in Human Populations: 
The Effect of Mutation Rate and Mutagenic Factors, Selective Pressure and 
Counter-selection", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, no. 1; "Mutation und phenokopie 
bei saugetier und mensch: ihre theoretische und praktische bedeutung fur 
genetik und eugenik" Experientia 1957, 13(2): 57-68; "On the cause and 
prevention of congenital anomalies" Deut. Med. Wo. 1959, 84(41): 1845-51 
Background: 

Nachtsheim sought 5 year old children for Auschwitz experiments: 

"In 1943 geneticist Hans Nachtsheim asked the DFG [the German Research 
Foundation] to support the following research: 'Since there was a marked 
difference in our animal research on epilepsy between the behavior of older and 
younger specimens, we tested epileptic children under similar conditions in 
pressure chambers. Up till now only children between 11 and 13 were at our 




disposal. At a pressure corresponding to 4,000 to 6,000 meters no epileptic 
attacks occurred. In humans age 11 to 13 corresponds to 5 to 6 months of age in 
rabbits, an age at which the cramp threshold, as is also the case with rabbits, is 
not so low as to induce cramps with certain regularity under pressure chamber 
conditions. To have a basis of comparison, we would need to test epileptic 
children between 5 and 6 years of age." quoted in The Value of the Human Being: 
Medicine in Germany 1918-1945 1991, p. 38, catalogue of an exhibition by the 
Arztekammer Berlin shown in the United States at Walter Reed Hospital, 
November 14, 1992 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Nag, Dr. Moni; 

Member 1969, 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Columbia University 1969, 1974 
Pubns: 

1983 "Modernization Affects Fertility", Populi, v. 10 #1, p. 56; 1982 "Population 
Growth: Current Issues and Strategies", w/ Geoffrey McNicoll, Population and 
Development Review, v. 8, #1, p. 121; 1980 "How Modernization Can Also 
Increase Fertility", Current Anthropology, v. 21 #5, p. 571; 1968 Factors Affecting 
Fertility in Nonindustrial Societies: A Cross Cultural Study, Yale Univ. Pub. in 
Anthropology 

Source: AESC 10/69; Osborne list 

Naly, Olivia; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Nam, Charles B.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1978, 1979; M 1989 
Personal: 

Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL 32306 (Population and Manpower Research 
Center, Institute for Social Research 1974) 

Publications: 

1994 Understanding Population Change; 1992 Our Population: The Changing 
Face of America; 1990 International Handbook on Internal Migration, 

Greenwood Press; 1984 The Socioeconomic Approach to Status Measurement: 
with a guide to occupational and socioeconomic status scores; 1983 Population: A 
Basic Orientation; 1981 The Socioeconomic Status and Mobility of Selected 
European Nationality Groups in America; 1979 "The Progress of Demography as 
a Discipline: A Partial Account of the Development of the Field", Population and 




Development Review v. 8, #4 p. 651; 1978 "Causes of Death which Contribute to 
Mortality Crossover Effect", Social Biology, v. 25, 4; 1971 "Sex Predetermination: 
its impact on fertility", Social Biology, v. 18, 1 (one of the most frequently cited 
articles from Social Biology; see Social Biology 1982) 

Source: Osborne list 

Nassau, Eustage (sic); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Greece 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Naylor, Alfred F.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1927; PhD (zoology) Univ. of Chicago 1957; NIH, Geneticist, Federal Bid., Rm 
8C14, 7550 Wisconsin Ave., Bethesda, Maryland, National Institute of 
Neurological Disease and Stroke i964-(i992); American Society of Human 
Genetics 1992; population genetics, human genetics 
Publications: 

1979 "Physical Development of Interracial Children in the First Year", Social 
Biology, v. 26, 1; 1974 "Sequential Aspects of Spontaneous Abortion: Maternal 
Age, Parity, and Pregnancy Compensation Artifact", Social Biology, v. 21, 2 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979, 1992 

Naylor, Edwin; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Pediatrics, Bell Facility, SUNY at Buffalo, New York 1974 
Publications: 

1975 "Genetic Screening and Genetic Counseling: Knowledge, Attitudes and 
Practices in Two Groups of Family Planning Professionals", Social Biology, v. 22, 
4 

Source: Osborne list 

Nedrow, W. W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Arkansas State College, Jonesboro, AK 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 



Nei, Masatoshi; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1931, Japan; Chief, geneticist, National Institute of Radiological Science, Japan 
1965; Prof. Population Genetics, Center of Demography and Population Genetics, 
Univ. Texas, Houston (igj2-(igyg); genetic structure of populations 
Pubns: 

1993 "Evolutionary relationships of human populations on a global scale", w/ A.K. 
Roychoudhury, Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 10, pp. 927-43 (cited in 
Race, Evolution, and Behavior); 1991 chp. in Evolution of Life, (ed.) S. Osawa, T. 
Honjo, Springer-Verlag, Tokyo; 1990 chp. in Population Biology of Genes and 
Molecules, (ed.) N. Takahata and J. F. Crow q.v., Baifukan Press, Tokyo; 1989 
Molecular Evolutionary Genetics; 1989 "Genetic relationships of Europeans, 
Asians, Africans and the Origin of Modern Homo Sapiens", Human Heredity, vol. 
39, pp. 276-81 (cited in Race, Evolution, and Behavior); 1988 Human 
Polymorphic Genes: World Distribution, w/ Roychoudhury, Oxford; 1987 
Molecular Evolutionary Genetics 1983 Evolution of Genes and Proteins, Proc. of 
Conference, SUNY, 1982 (ed. w/ Richard C. Koehn); 1975 Molecular Population 
Genetics and Evolution 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Neilson, Pres. William A.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1869-1946; Pres., Smith College 1917-1939; Birth Control Federation of America 
Inc., Medical Advisory Board (Advisory Council 1939) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, p. 406; Birth Control Review, 
Feb/March 1939; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Nelson, Louise A.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Colsd Spring Harbor, New York 1921; Washington 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Nelson, N. C.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

American Museum of Natural History 1921, 1932; New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 




Eugenics 1921; 

A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Nettler, Gwynn; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (Dept. Sociology 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Nettleton, Charles H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Drawer E2, Derby, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Newburger, Peggy G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Newell, S. R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Newhall, Dr. Sidney M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Newkirk, Mrs. Walter M.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

Radnor, (Philadelphia), Pennsylvania 1921, 1932; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Newland, Evans; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Newman, Prof. H. H.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1875-1957; taught zoology and embryology, Univ. Chicago 1911-1940 
Publications: 

author of Twins: A Study on Heredity and Environment, Univ. of Chicago Press 
1937, a study of twins separated at birth; Newman said his sample was too small 
to draw conclusions from but others since then have ignored this warning; 
"Quintuplets, Quadruplets, Triplets, Twins", Scientific American, Jan. 1935; 
Evolution, Genetics and Eugenics 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 309, 407 

Newman, Louis I.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Nichols, M. Louise; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930; Haverford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Nichols, Paul L.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

NIH, PRB, National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke, Bethesda, 
Maryland 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

?? 1972 The effects of Heredity and Environment on Intelligence Test 
Performance in 4- and 7-year-old White and Negro Sibling Pairs, PhD 
dissertation, Univ. Minnesota (cited in Race, Evolution, and Behavior)?? 



Nightingale, John T.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Niswander, J. D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission 1958-60; Craniofacial Anomalies Program, 
NIH, (i976-(i979); Prof. Lect., School of Dentistry, Georgetown Univ. 1971- 
(1979); Gue Rd., Damascus, Maryland 1974 
Publications: 

1975 "Congenital Malformations in the American Indian", Social Biology, v. 22, 3; 
1968 "Health of the American Indian: Congenital Defects", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 
15,4 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Noble, Dr. Eugene A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

49 East 52nd St. New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Noel, Joseph R.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

406 Linden Ave., Oak Park, Illinois 1925, 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Noice, Frank; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, Concordia College, Moorhead, Minnesota 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Norbury, Frank P.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Illinois 1930; Jacksonville, Illinois 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Norris, Charles; 



(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

344 W. 72nd St., New York City 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Norris, Dr. Henry; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Rutherfordton, North Carolina 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Norsworthy, O. L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Norton III, Prof. Horace Wakeman; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

asst, lecturer eugenics, Univ. College, Univ. of London (1937-40); University of 
Illinois, Urbana, Illinois (Prof. Statistical Design and Analysis i950-(i979); 
Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954; AM WS 1979 

Noyes, Hilda H.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Kenwood, New York 1921; New York 1930; ??MD?? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Noyes, R. B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Nunez, Anselmo S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Mexico 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Oikawa, Hideo; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Iwate-Ken, Japan 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Okkelberg, Dr. Peter; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1116 Ferdon Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Ophrils, W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Opitz, Prof. John M.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975 
Personal: 

b. Germany 1935; Univ. Iowa (BA 1956; MD 1959; int/res. Univ. Iowa Hosp. 
1959-61); Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (i962-(i976); NSF fellow in medical 
genetics 1962-64; Dept, of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics, asst, to assoc, prof. 
1964-72, Prof. Pediatrics and Medical Genetics igy2-(igyg ), Dir., Wisconsin 
Clinical Genetics Center i972-(i979)); Shodair Childrens Hospital, *40 Helena 
Ave., MT 59604; ASHG; hereditary disease; genetic counseling; errors in sex 
determination/differentiation; clinical/ developmental genetics 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976, 1979 



Osborn, Fairfield; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1887; New York Zoological Society (Pres. 1940-); Founder, Conservation 
Foundation; New York City 1956; Jackson Hole Wildlife Park; cousin of Frederick 
Osborn; m. Marjorie Lamond; children: Mrs. Robert Cushman Murphy (AMNH), 
Mrs. Lemuel Ayers, Mrs. Matson Roth 
Publications: 

1983 (1962) Our Crowded Planet: essays on the pressures of population, 
sponsored by the Conservation Foundation; 1971(1944) The Limits of the Earth. 
(1944, repr. 1971 Greenwood Press); 1970 (1948) Our Plundered Planet (1st ed. 
1948) 

Source: EQ 1956; Current Biography 

Osborn, Mr. Frederick; 

see under officers 

Osborn, Mrs. Frederick; 

Member 1938, 1956 
Personal: 

563 Park Avenue, New York City 1956; Frederick Osborn's wife 
Source: AESM, May 1938; EQ 1956 

Osborn Jr., Mr. Frederick; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Merion Station, Pennsylvania 1956; Frederick Osborn's son 
Source: EQ 1956 

Osborn, Mr. John Jay; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

Marin County, California 1956; Frederick Osborn's grandson; 2960 Paradise Dr., 

Tiburon, California 94920 

Publications: 

1939 "The Vanishing Race of Princetonians" Princeton Alumni Weekly, v. 40, 45- 
48; "Fertility Differentials among Princeton Alumni" Journal of Heredity 1939, 
30, 565-567 and Eugenical News 1939, 24, 79-81 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list 

Osborn, Wilmoth; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Osborne, Dr. Caroline A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Hospital Cottages, Baldwinville, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Osgood, Dr. W. H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1155 E. 57th St., Chicago, Illinois 1925; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Otis, Walter J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Louisiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Otten, Prof. Charlotte Marie; 

Member 1974, 1979; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology 1983, 1989 
Personal: 

b. 1915; PhD 1962 (anthropology) University of Michigan; Univ. Wisconsin (asst, 
prof. 1960-67); Northern Illinois Univ. (assoc, prof 1967-69; Prof, anthropology 
1969-); 4113 Veith Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53704; Human Biology Council, 
research 1976-78; American Anthropology Assoc.; International Association 
Anthropobiologists; American Association of Physical Anthropologists; blood 
groups, natural selection, gender, aggression; biological anthropology 
Publications: 

1989 Book Review in Social Biology, v. 36, #1-2 of What is Art For? by 
Dissanayake; 1983 Book review in Social Biology, v. 30, 2 of On the Evolution of 
Human Behavior: The Argument from Animals to Men by Reynolds; 1976 
Anthropology and Art: Readings in Cross Cultural Aesthetics; 1973 Aggression 
and Evolution, Xerox College Publications, Lexington, MA 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Ottley, Miss Alice M.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925 

Personal: 




46 Dover Rd., Wellesley, Massachusetts 1921, 1925 

Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Owen, David R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 address: 20 Plaza- Apt. D-6, Brooklyn, New York 11238 ; "David Owen" was 
probably dead in 1974 and this is his widow; "Mrs." apparently doesn't fit on the 
mailing label, see "Ellsworth Huntington" 

Source: Osborne list 

Owen, George W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Owen, Hugh; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Sewanee, Tennessee 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Owen, Senator Robert Latham; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Personal: 

1856-1947; MA Washington and Lee 1877; really old stock, part Cherokee; moved 
to Oklahoma w/ Cherokee mother; responsible for 1901 Act of Congress giving 
citizenship to all Indians in Indian territory; acted as lawyer for several tribes 
winning them compensation for land grabs; Senator from Oklahoma 1907-25; 
"largely responsible for drafting the Federal Reserve Act of 1913" (Mehler, p. 411); 
supported League of Nations 
Source: Mehler, p. 309, 411 

Ozanne, Charles; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 




Alphabetical List 
Last Names P-S 



Packard, Mr. Charles E.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Randolph Macon College, Virginia 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Padeh, Benjamin; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat-Gan, Israel 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Page, Mrs. Donald Omesby; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

France 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Palmer, Samuel C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Palmer, W. Claude; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pang, Henry; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 




West Helena, Arkansas 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Pannain, Prof. Bruno; 

Member 1969 
Personal: 

Univ. di Napoli, Naples, Italy 1969 
Source: AESC 6/69 

Papanicolau, George N.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

622 W. 137th St., New York City 1921; New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Papez, James W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Park, Prof. J. B.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio 1925; Ohio 1930 
Source: 1925 list: Sanger list 1930 

Parker, Mr. G. A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Municipal Building, Hartford, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Parker, Prof. George H.; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; Sanger list 1930 



Parker, Ms. Harriet Hyman; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

Columbus, Ohio 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Parker, William B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Parrish Jr., Vestal W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Tulane Univ., School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Shreveport, 
Louisiana 1974; Mercer Univ. School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia 32107 
Source: Osborne list 

Parsons, Phillips A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pascasio, Flora M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of the Philippines, College of Medicine, Manila 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Paschal, Mrs. Dorothy; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Pasternak, J.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 




Dept of Biology, Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Patch, Miss Edith M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

College Rd., Orono, Maine 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Paton MD, Dr. Stewart; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member, Eugenics Research Association 1919-28, Pres. 
1919-20 
Personal: 

1865-1942; MD Columbia Univ. 1889; studied in Europe; Psychiatrist; Lect. 
Neurology, Princeton Univ. 1911-26; Greenlands, Princeton, New Jersey 1921 
Pubns: 

1905 Psychiatry: Textbook for Students and Physicians; 1921 Human Behavior; 
1922 Signs of Sanity and Principles of Mental Hygiene; 1933 Prohibiting Minds 
and the Present Social and Economic Crisis 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 412-13; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Patrick, Grace S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Patten, Prof. William; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Patterson, J. T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 




Patton, Prof. F. L.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

Clinton, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Patton, James; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Peabody, George F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pearce, Estella G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pearce, J. E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Teaxs 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pease, Charles G.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 101 West 72nd St., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Pendell, Elmer; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pendleton, Pres. Ellen; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Personal: 

Wellesley College (Dean & Assoc. Prof, of Mathematics 1910-11, Pres. 1911-36) 
Source: Mehler, p. 309, 413 

Penfound, William T.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1518 Washington, St., Cedar Falls, Iowa 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Penny, Charles M.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Newark, New Jersey 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Perkins, Mrs. H. F.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

3 Banks St., Chicago, Illinois 1925; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Perkins, Muriel E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dallas, Texas 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Perley, C. A.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Maine 1930; Winthrop, Maine 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Perrin, Prof. Edward B.; 




Member 1969, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1931; PhD (biostatistics) Stanford i960; Univ. Washington, School of Medicine, 
Seattle (div. of biostatistics 1965-72, Prof, biostatistics and Chmn. Dept., School 
of Public Health 1970-72; Prof., Dept of Health., School of Public Health, 1983- 
(1992)); NIH, National Center for Health Statistics, 5600 Fishers Lane, Bethesda, 
Maryland (Deputy Dir. 1973, Dir., 1973-75); Dir., Health Care Study Center, 
Battelle Memorial Institute i977-(i979); DHEW, Health Service Research Study, 
Chmn., 1976-69; Veterans Administration and Institute of Medicine health care 
studies 1987; Clin. Prof., Georgetown Univ. 1972-75; vis. prof., West China Univ. 
Medical School, Chengdu, Sichwan , China 
Pubns: 

1964 "Human Reproduction: A Stochastic Model", Biometrics, v. 20:28 ff 
Source: AESC 7/69; Osborne list; AMWS 1979, 1992 

Perzigian, Anthony J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Cincinnati, Ohio (Dept, of Anthropology 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Perskind, A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Peters, Iva L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Peters, W. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Peterson, Prof. Joseph; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 




Peabody College, Nashville, Tennessee 1925; Tennessee 1930 
Source: 1925 list 

Peterson, William; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1970, 1971 MR 1979 
Personal: 

1974 Columbus, Ohio 
Source: Osborne list 

Petry, Mr. E. J.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

625 12th Ave., Brookings, South Dakota 1925; Missouri 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Petty, Dr. A. Ray; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

55 Washington Square, New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Petty, Orville A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Phelps, Dryden W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Philbrick, Inez C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Nebraska 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Philippe, Pierre; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Preventive and Social Medicine, Cote Ste. Catharine, Montreal, Quebec, 

Canada 1974 

Publications: 

1981 "Twinning and the Changing Pattern of Breast Feeding", Social Biology v. 28, 
3-4; 1980 "Longevity: Some Familial Correlates", Social Biology, v. 27, 3 
Source: Osborne list 

Phillips, John C.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Member 1930; (Sustaining Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

5 Louisburg Sq., Boston 1921; Massachusetts 1930; Wenham, Massachusetts 
1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Phillips, Governor John C.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 
Personal: 

1870-1943; Governor, Arizona 1929-31 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 414 

Phipps, Mirs. Henry; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

1063 5th Ave., New York City 1921; New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 

Eugenics 1921 

Picciano, Dante; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

NIH, National Institute of Mental Health, Molecular Hematology Branch, 
Bethesda, Maryland 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Pierce, Dr. George J.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

Stanford Univ., California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Pike, Mrs. Mamie; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pilpel, E. Marion; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pinchot, Governor Gifford; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1927-35 

Personal: 

Conservationist; Governor of Pennsylvania 1923-27 & 1931-35; 1615 Rhose Island 
Ave., Washington, DC 1921 

— his relative, Gertrude Pinchot supported Margaret Sanger's children while she 
was in Europe; paid fines for birth control literature distribution by Fania 
Mindell; helped keep Birth Control Review going by donations; paid for 
translation of Family Limitation into Lithuanian and Polish; helped sponsor the 
Committee on Maternal Health (see R.L. Dickinson q.v.) 

Background: 

Mrs G. N. Pinchot, Hope Farm, Lake Ave., Greenwich, Connecticut 1921; Member, 
Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1921; ??relative??; ??Gertrude Pinchot, see directly above?? 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 415; Woman of Valor: Margaret 
Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 132, 
154, 156, 167, 168, 275; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Pitt, Thomas S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 




Planansky, Karel; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Veterans Hospital, Canandaigua, New York 
Source: Osborne list 

Plato, Chris C.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. Cyprus 1931; PhD (growth and development) Univ. of Michigan 1976; NIH 
(Human Geneticist, National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke 1962- 
67; Human Geneticist, National Institute of Child Health and Human 
Development 1967-72; National Institute on Aging, Gerontology Research Center, 
Baltimore City Hospitals, Baltimore, Maryland i972-(i992); Cons.: Center 
Human Growth and Development, Univ. Michigan i975-(i992), Center 
Demography and Population Genetics, Univ. of Texas, Houston i978-(i992); sr. 
scientist, biological anthropology, Pennsylvania State Univ. i985-(i992); 
American Dermatoglyphics Association (Pres. 1975-78); International Soc. Twin 
Studies; genetics of aging, population genetics 
Pubns: 

1991 Dermatoglyphics: Science in Transition, Birth Defects Original Articles 
Series #1903; 1979 Dermatoglyphics Fifty Years Later (ed.) w/ V. Wertelecki q.v., 
March of Dimes 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1974, 1992 

Plecker, Dr. W. A.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Virginia 1930; 708 State Office Bid., Richmond, Virginia 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Plitt, Charles C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Plitt, Prof. Charles C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




Univ. Maryland, Baltimore 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Plough, Prof. Harold H.; 

Member 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

Biological Lab, Amherst College, Massachusetts 1932, 1938, 1956; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954; ERA list 1938; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Poindexter, R. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pollard, Arthur G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Polyzoides, Adamantios Th.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 431 Riverside Dr., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Pomeroy, Fred E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Popenoe, Florence; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Porter, Mrs. Amy B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Porter, Mrs. John Addison; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Pomfret, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Post, Peter; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Dept. Anthropology 
Publications: 

1979 "Effect of Skin Color on Self Esteem", Social Biology, v. 26, 1 
Source: Osborne list 

Pottenger, F. M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pottenger, Mrs. Flora; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Warsaw, Indiana 
Source: EQ 1956 

Potter, Robert Gray; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1925; International Planned Parenthood Federation (Field Trials Sub- 
Committee 1961-62; Evaluation Sub-Committee 1962-64); Office of Population 
Research, Princeton University 1956; Dept. Sociology, Brown Univ., Providence, 




Rhode Island 02912 
Publications: 

1983 Fertility, Biology and Behavior: an analysis of proximate determinants., w/ 
John Bongaarts q.v. Academic Press, Studies in Population (see also work of J. P. 
Rushton on fertility and behavior); 1962 Statistical Evaluation of the rhythm 
method, w/ Christopher Tietze (ES) q.v. 1962, National Committee on Maternal 
Health, New York #15, reprinted from American Journal of Obstetrics and 
Gynecology, v. 84, Sept. 1, 1962 

Source: EQ 1956; Annual Report, International Planned Parenthood Federation 
1959-61, 1962-63, 1964 

Potter Jr., Robert G.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Brown Univ., Dept, of Sociology 
Source: Osborne list 

Powell, John; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1702 Hanover Ave., Richmond, Virginia 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Power, Mrs. Madeline D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pratt, Charles E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pratt, Prof. Dudley James; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

College Station, Texas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Pratt, Elsie Seelye; 




Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930; Denver, Colorado 1956 
Source: Sanger list; EQ 1956 

Pratt, Mrs. Fredrick L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pratt, Prof. James B.; 

Member 1925, 1930 

Williamstown, Massachusetts 1925; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Pratt, Mr. O. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Box 761, Calexico, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Prescott, Prof. Samuel C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Price, Mr. and Mrs. Bronson: 

Members 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1905; United States Children's Bureau 1956; Member, American Society of 

Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1957 School Health Services: a selective review of evaluative studies., Washington, 
DC; 1950 References to Twin Studies.; "Primary biases in twin studies" American 
Journal of Human Genetics, v. 2, 293-352; 1944 A twin controlled experiment in 
the learning of auxiliary languages., The Journal Press, Provincetown, 
Massachusetts, from "Genetic psychology monographs", v. 29., 2nd half, May 
1944 

Source: EQ 1956, Catline - US Library of Medicine; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 




Prickett, Lee C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Proebsting, Mr. E. L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Davis, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Pruzansky, Prof. Samuel; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, Abraham Lincoln School of Medicine (Dir., Center for 
Craniofacial Anomalies i968-(i979); Prof. Dentistry); Pres., American Cleft 
Palate Association 196061 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Pulitzer, Ralph; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pulling, Prof. H. E.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

201 Weston Rd, Wellesley, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Purinton, Edward Earle; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Putnam, Eden; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Background: 

Dr. Eben Putnam, Wellesley Farms, Massachusetts 1921; Member, Second 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921; ??relative or same person?? 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Putnam, Edward K.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Putnam, Dr. Helen C.; 

Member 1930, 1946; (Supporting Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930; Providence, Rhode Island 1946 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EN 1946 December p. 51; ERA list 1938; A Decade of 
Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Pyle, Charles McAlpin; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 25 West 54th St., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Pyle, Mrs. Charles McAlpin; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930; see Edward A. McAlpin q.v. 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Pyle, David; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Quackenbos, Dr. John D.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

823 West End Ave., New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Quintard, Edward; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rader, William; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

3100 College Ave., Berkeley, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Radosavlievich, Paul R.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

25 Stuyvesant Ave., Brooklyn, New York 1921; New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Rainer, John D.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1970 (2), 1971 (2), 1973 (2), 
1981 

Personal: 

1974 Eastchester, New York; Dept. Psychiatry, Columbia Univ. New York City 
10032 

Publications: 

1989 Genetic Disease: the Unwanted Inheritance; 1971, 1970 Book reviews in 
Social Biology; 1959 "Mating and Fertility Patterns in Families with Early Total 
Deafness", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 6, no. 2 
Source: Osborne list; SB 1970, 1971 

Rainey, Frank L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Kentucky 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ramaley, Francis; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ramos, Dr. D.; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

MD; Cuban; Founder, Pan American Association of Eugenics and Homiculture; 
Member International Committee of Eugenics 1912; Calle 11, Vedado, Havana, 
Cuba 1932 

Source: Mehler, p. 309, 417; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Ramsperger, H. G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Randolph, E. F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Randolph, Mr. L. F.; 

Member 1925; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Ithaca, New York 1925; Plant Science Bid., Ithaca, New York 1932 
Source: 1925 list; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Rankin, Prof. Walter M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




5 Evelyn Place, Princeton, New Jersey 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Rankin, Dr. Watson S.; 

Advisory Council 1923-35 
Personal: 

1879-1970; MD; Trustee, Duke Endowment 1925-65 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 417-18 

Ranney, Leo; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ranson, S. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Raymond, Mr. Douglas E.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Niles, Illinois 
Source: EQ 1956 

Rayner, Sture; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Vipeholm Hosp., S-221 01, Lund, Sweden 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Rebelsky, Freda; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Boston, Massachusetts 
Source: Osborne list 



Redmond, John A.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Reed, Prof. Lowell Jacob; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1886-1966; Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health (1918-53, Prof, 
of Biostatistics 1925-53, Emeritus 1953); Johns Hopkins v.p. 1946-53, Pres., 
1953-56); Member: American Public Health Assn. (Pres.), American Statistical 
Assn. (Pres.), International Union for Scientific Investigation of Population 
Problems, Population Assn, of America 
Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA 

Reed, Stephen W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

? The Making of Modern New Guinea. 1943, Philadelphia, American 
Philosophical Society 

Reese, Prof. Albert M.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia University 1925; West Virginia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Regan, Agnes G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Reid, D. B. W.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Connaught Medical Laboratories, University of Toronto 1954; School of Hygiene, 
University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada 1956; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 




Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 



Reid, Russell M.; 

Member 1974, 1976 
Personal: 

b. 1941; PhD 1971 (anthrop) Univ. Illinois; Univ. Texas, Austin (asst. prof, 
anthropology i969-(i976); NSF Univ. Sci. Dev. Program grant through Univ. 
Texas for field research in Ceylon 1969-73; Dept. Anthropology, Univ. Louisville, 
Belknap Campus, Louisville, Kentucky 40292; AAPA; Soc Study Human Biology; 
population genetics, espec. role of social organization on genetic structure (e.g. 
inbreeding) 

Pubns: 

1975 Communication: "Observations on A Re-examination of the Heritability of 
Fertility in the British Peerage' ", Social Biology, v. 22 #3 
Source: Osborne list, AMWS 1976 

Reitman, Ben L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930; Emma Goldman's lover and manager; Emma Goldman adopted the 
part of socialism which said that a woman's control over reproduction was as 
important as control of employment; Goldman advocated a "birth strike" to 
liberate women and withhold the labor supply. Emma Goldman went to jail for 
distributing birth control literature which was covered in Mother Earth News by 
Ben Reitman who reminded people that Emma taught Margaret all she knew 
(approx April 1916). Margaret got more publicity.; Reitman was arrested in 1916 
in Cleveland for distributing birth control fliers 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 86-87, 142, 22 9 

Rejall, Prof. Alfred E.; 

Member 1925, 1930, 1938, 1956 
Personal: 

1925 address: 54 Tompkins PL, Brooklyn, NY; 1956 Brooklyn, New York 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; AESM, May 1938; EQ 1956 

Renich, Prof. Mary E.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

355 Jefferson St., Galesburg, Ohio 1925; Kansas 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 




Resseguie, Laurence; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1976 
Personal: 

Alameda, California 1974 
Publications: 

1973 "Changes in Stillbirth Ratios Resulting from Changing Fashions in Age of 
Childbearing", Social Biology, v. 20, 2 

Source: Osborne list 

Revell, Prof. D. G.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Canada 1925; Canada 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Reynolds, Jos. Weston; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rhine, Stanley; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of New Mexico, Dept, of Anthropology; Albuquerque 
Source: Osborne list 

Rhodes, Robert C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rhodius, H. E. R.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Aerdenhout, The Netherlands 
Source: EQ 1956 



Rice, Edward L.; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio-Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 1925, Ohio 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Rice, Prof. Stuart; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309 

Rice, Thurman B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rice, Mr. Victor A.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Raleigh, North Carolina 
Source: EQ 1956 

Rice Jr., W. G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Richards, Prof. Aute; 

Member 1925; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Univ. Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 1925, 1932 

Source: 1925 list; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Richardson, Mark W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Ricker, Maurice; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

16 7th St. SW, Washington D.C. 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Rife, Mr. David C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Institute of Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; Member, 

American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1970 Advisory Board, Mankind Quarterly, v. 11, #1; 1956 "Associations Between 
Weight Discrimination and Hand Prints" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, 4; 1954 "The 
Myth of the Melting Pot: Genetic Variability and Racial Intermixture", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 1, #4; 1937 "Twins", Scientific American, Aug. 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Riley, Prof. William A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Dept. Animal Biology, Univ. Minnesota 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Ritchie, John W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rivinius, Hedelise; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Brookline, Massachusetts; 1984 address: 49 Harrison St., Brookline, MA; 
aka Heidelise Als, PhD 
Source: Osborne list; 1984 list 

Rizk, Hanna; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

attended United Nations World Population Conference 1954; Division of 




Extension, American University at Cairo, Cairo, Egypt 1956 
Source: EQ 1956; ARTW, May 1954 

Roback, Prof. A. A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Emerson Hall, Harvard Univ. 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Robbins, Mr. Samuel D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

40 Centre Ave., Belmont, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Roberts, Mr. Charles D.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Stillwater, Oklahoma 
Source: EQ 1956 

Roberts, Elmer; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

Univ. Illinois, Urbana 1921; Illinois 1930; College Agriculture, Urbana, Illinois 
1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Roberts, Helen H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Roberts, G. W. E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Roberts, Dr. J. A. Fraser; 



Member (Foreign) 1956; Member Eugenics Society 
Personal: 

MD; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England 1956; 

see Eugenics Society, England list 

Publications: 

1944 "Population problems in the light of differential fertility" Eugenics Review, v. 
36, 9-16; 1940 "Surnames, intelligence and fertility" Nature, 145 (Tested view 
that Welsh immigrants to cities were of lower average intelligence, see 
Psychological Abstracts 1927-58); 1939 "Intelligence and Family Size" Eugenics 
Review, v. 30, 237-47; 1937 and 1935 "Studies on a child population" (series of 
articles on the Bath City Study) Annals of Eugenics: 1935, 6; and 1937, 8; and 
1938, 8 

Source: EQ 1956 

Roberts, Dr. John M.; 

Member 1969, 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. Pennsylvania, Dept. Anthropology; 1969 Dept. Anthropology, Cornell 
University 

Source: AESC 1/69; Osborne list 

Roberts, Thomas; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Robertson, Albert Duncan; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Robertson, Dr. W. R. B.; 

Member 1925; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

1505 Rosemary Lane, Columbia, Missouri 1925; Dept. Anatomy, Univ. Iowa, Iowa 
City, Iowa 1932 

Source: 1925 list; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Robinson, B. F.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kentucky 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Robinson, Dr. Daisy M. O.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

US Public Health Service (USPHS), Washington, DC 1921; Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Robinson, J. M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Alabama 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Robinson, Mrs. Louis N.; 

Member 1930, 1938 
Pennsylvania 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM, May 1938 

?? — Mrs. Caroline Robinson; 411 College Ave., Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 1932; 
(Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); ?? relative 
or same?? Source: A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934?? 

??— Alice Robinson, 411 College Ave., Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 1932; (Member, 
Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); ??relative?? Source: 

A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934?? 

Robinson, Millard L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Robinson MD, William J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; popular writer on health, editor of "The Critic and the Guise" 




who advocated birth control in 1916; suggested to Margaret Sanger that her clinic 
would not be prosecuted if it had a licensed doctor; also suggested that she 
challenge the Comstock law by saying the condoms were to prevent the spread of 
disease as this was exempted under the Comstock laws; Sanger was prosecuted 
for distributing contraceptives at the Brownsville clinic in 1917 but on appeal 
Judge Crane offered the opinion that a doctor could have done so legally. This 
clarified the situation for doctors. 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth 
Control Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 147, 148-49, 151, 160, 181 

Robison, Dr. Sophia M.; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 

Rockefeller, John D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rockefeller Jr., John D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Patron ($1,000 dues) 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rockefeller, Percy A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Roden, Janies; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rogers, D. C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rogers, E. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Los Gatos, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Rogers, Mr. Hopewell L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

The Chicago Daily News, Chicago, Illinois 1925; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Rokala, Dwight; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Winnipeg, Canada 
Publications: 

1973 "Demographic and Genetic Structures of Reservation Populations. 1. The 
Greater Leech Lake (Ojibwa) Reservation, Social Biology, v. 20, 4 
Source: Osborne list 

Rolfs, P. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Canada 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rollins, Caroline L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Root, William W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Rorer, Leonard G.; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon; Dept. Psychology, Benton Hall, 
Miami Univ., Oxford, Ohio 45056 
Source: Osborne list 

Rosanoff MD, Dr. Aaron Joshua; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1878-1943; b. Pinsk, Russia; MD Cornell 1900; Physician/psychiatrist, Kins Pari 
Hospital 1901-22; Psychiatrist, Los Angeles Diagnostic Clinic 1922-42; 2007 
Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, California 1932; California State Director of 
Institutions and State Commissioner of Lunacy 1933 
Pubns: 

1920 Manual of Psychiatry; ed. bd., American Journal of Psychiatry; ?? Buck v. 
Bell?? 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list; Mehler, p 309, 419-20; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Rosenberg, Max L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rosenberg, Nelson; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rosenfeld, Mrs. J. R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ross, Prof. Edward Alsworth; 




(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1927-30; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1866-1961; Prof, of economics, Univ. Wisconsin 1906-37; invented term "race 
suicide"; 1936 Seventy Years of It (autobiography); 1927 Standing Room Only? 

("a popular diatribe against the unchecked reproduction of undesirables", Chesler 
p. 217); told Margaret Sanger that posterity would ask if her work saved the world 
" ' from hordes of defectives'" quoted in Chesler, p. 217 
Pubns: 

1923 Outlines of Sociology; 1920 Principles of Sociology; 1914 The Old World in 
the New; 1907 "Western Civilization and the Birth Rate", American Economic 
Assn. Publications series 3, vol. 6. pp, 76-112; 1907 Sin and Society: an analysis of 
latter day iniquity; 1905 Foundations of Sociology (5th ed. 1919) 

Quotes: 

One Eugenicist Who Admitted He Was Wrong 
— On Race and Immigration 

"In an article I published in The Independent for November 1904, 'The Value 
Rank of the American People', I characterized some of our immigrants from 
Eastern Europe as 'the beaten members of beaten breeds'. I rue this sneer. 
Difference of race means far less to me now than it once did. Starting ... with the 
naive feeling that only my own race is right, all other races are more or less 
'queer', I gained insight and sympathy until my heart overleapt the barriers of 
race. 

Far behind me in the ditch lies the Nordic Myth, which had some fascination for 
me forty years ago" from Seventy Years of It, Ross's autobiography published in 
1936 quoted in The Protestant Establishment, H. Digby Baltzell 1968 p. 275 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 420; Sanger list 1930; Woman of 
Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America, Ellen 
Chesler, 1992 p. 217; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921 

Ross, Prof. L. S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1308 27th St., Des Moines, Iowa 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Ross Jr. W. G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Wisconsin 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Roth, Bernard; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York State Psychiatric Institute 1956 
Publications: 

1956 "Genetic Aspects of pre adolescent schizophrenia" American Journal of 
Psychology 1956, 112, 599-606 
Source: EQ 1956 

Rotkin, Prof. Isadore D.; 

Member 1974; 1979 
Personal: 

b. 1921; PhD (genetics) Univ. California at Berkeley 1954; Kaiser Foundation 
Research Institute, Director of cancer research 1959-68; University of Illinois 
College of Medicine (assoc, prof. 1970-73; Prof. Preventive Medicine and 
Community Health 1973-1979); cons., WHO; NIH, member cttee, Comprehensive 
Cancer Center, National Cancer Institute 1974-1979; American Society of Human 
Genetics; Genetics Society of America; epidemiology, cancer 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Rowe, Dr. E. C.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1925, 1930 

Personal: 

514 South Main St., Mount Pleasant, Michigan 1921; Mount Pleasant, Michigan 
1925; Michigan 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Rubin, H. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ruckmick, Prof. C. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Rucknagel, Donald L.; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 




1974 Univ. of Michigan Medical School, Dept, of Human Genetics 
Source: Osborne list 



Rugh, Roberts; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Rumsey, Mrs. C. C. Harriman; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, 
New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Averill Harriman's sister; College, studied sociology; married sculptor, Charles 
Cary Rumsey; Glen Head, Long Island, New York 1921; 136 East 79th St. New 
York City 1932; died in riding accident in Thirties 
Background: 

— Averill Harriman's money came from the Union Pacific Railroad which was 
originally funded by extinguishing the Indian land titles, a practice justified by 
Social Darwinism (19th century eugenics) 

— Averill Harriman's mother funded the Eugenics Record office (see Mary 
Harriman q.v.) 

— The wife of Averill Harriman, Pamela Digby Churchill Harriman, has 
controlled the purse strings of an important Democratic funding group. 

— Democrats and Eugenicists: 

1. C.C. Rumsey was Republican till 1928, then voted for Al Smith, then FDR; 
during the Roosevelt era, shared house in Washington with Frances Perkins, the 
Secretary of Labor (Frances Perkins later made the decision not to let the ship, 
the Franz Joseph, land in America. Arno Motulsky q.v. was on that ship.) 

2. "Although Averill Harriman had been one of the original organizers of the 
Business Advisory Council (still [in 1964] the government's liaison with the top 
echelons of the business community) as well as an administrator of the NRA, his 
friends say that his later development of an ardent identification with the 
Democratic party, as well as his liberal convictions, was rooted in the memory of 
his older sister whom he greatly admired The Protestant Establishment, E. Digby 
Baltzell, p. 238 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Rushmore, Stephen; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Russell, B. F. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Russell, Charles A.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Connecticut 1930; (entered in 1930 twice under "Contributing Members", 
Connecticut; Haddam, Connecticut 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Russell, Mrs. Evelyn H.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Amherst, Massachusetts; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Russell Jr., James F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Russiano, Thomas B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Ryan, John A.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 




Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sackett, Walter L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sacks, Maxwell L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sadler, Dr. William K.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Chicago, Illinois 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Sadler, William S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sagen, Mr. Oswald K.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Springfield, Illinois 
Source: EQ 1956 

Salter, William M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Silver Lake, New Hampshire 
Source: 1925 list 



Sanders, Mr. Joseph; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Washington, D.C. 

Source: EQ 1956 

Sanford, Martha L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sanger, Grant; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930; Margaret Sanger's son 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sanger, Margaret Higgins (Slee); 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

editor, Birth Control Review 1918; 17 West 16th St., New York City 1932; Birth 
Control Federation of America (Public Information Dept., Chmn. 1939; Honorary 
Chairman 1939, 1940; Planned Parenthood of America; International Planned 
Parenthood Federation (Founder, 1953; President Emeritus 1961-62; Governing 
Body 1961-62; Medical Committee 1961-62); (see Margaret Sanger. Elsah 
Droghin; Grand Illusions. George Grant) 

Quotes: A Doctor in 1932 According to Members List 3rd Int. Eug Congress 1932 
"263. Dr. Margaret Sanger, 17 West 16th St., New York, N.Y. 1932" A Decade of 
Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934, Appendix, p. 518 
Eugenicist by 1919 

"Eugenics without Birth Control ... cannot stand against the furious winds of 
economic pressure ... Before eugeni cists and others who are laboring for racial 
betterment can succeed, they must first clear the way for birth control. Like the 
advocates for birth control, the eugenicists, for instance, are seeking to assist the 
race toward the elimination of the unfit. Both are seeking a single end but they 
lay emphasis upon different methods ... eugenicists imply or insist that a 
woman's first duty is to the state; we contend that her duty to herself is her first 
duty to the state." Margaret Sanger in "Birth Control and Racial Betterment" 

Birth Control Review Feb. 1919 p. 11 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Birth Control Review 1918; Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939; Annual Report, International Planned Parenthood 
Federation 1959-61 




Sanghvi, L. D.; 



editor 1963, 1968 
Publications: 

1982 "Inbreeding in India", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1982 issue of 
Social Biology as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1968, 
1963 Consulting editor, Eugenics Quarterly; 1954 "Genetic Diversity of the People 
of Western India", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, no. 4 
Source: EQ 1963, 1968 

Saposnekow, Jacob; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sargent, H. E.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

222 Arroyo Terrace, Pasadena, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Sargent, Mr. Homer; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Pasadena, California 
Source: EQ 1956 

Sarto, Gloria E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of Wisconsin Medical School, Dept. OB-GYN, Madison 
Source: Osborne list 

Sathiapa (1?) an, Dr. R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Drexel Dr., Binghamton, New York 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Satterth waite, Adeline P.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Population Council, 245 Park Ave., New York 1974; spent years in Puerto Rico 
delivering babies, then sterilizing mothers; ran pill trials for Clarence Gamble in 
Humacao; her work represented one fourth of the case histories presented to the 
FDA; 509 Station Ave., Langhorne, Pennsylvania 19047 
Source: Osborne list; Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control 
Movement in America, Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 444 

Sauer, Dr. L. W.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

800 Davis St., Evanston, Illinois 1925; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Saul, Frank P.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1930; PhD 1972 Harvard; Harvard (Hutterite morphology 1959, teaching 
fellow 1959-62); Pennsylvania State Univ. 1962-67, Eastern Pennsylvania 
Archaeology Project 1967-69; Medical College of Ohio, Dept, of Anatomy, Toledo 
1971- (1979); origin and evolution of the Maya; paloepathology; biological 
anthropology 
Pubns: 

1972 The Human Skeletal Remains of Altarde Sacrifices: An Osteobiographic 
Analysis, Peabody Museum Papers, v. 63, #2 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 14th ed. 

Saunders, D. A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Texas 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sawyer, Mrs. A. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Sawyer, Brig. Gen Charles; 




Advisory Council 1923-24 
Personal: 

MD, Homeopathic Hospital College, Cleveland, Ohio 1881; Friend of Pres. 
Harding who made him a Brigadier General in the Medical Reserve Corps of the 
US Army in 1921 
Source: Mehler, p. 309 

Sawyer, Miss Louise M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Norembega Hall, Wellesley College, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Sayler, Mrs. Mary D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Scala, Michael E.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Providence, Rhode Island 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Schaefer, Dr. M. C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

705 North Pine St., San Antonio, Texas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Schear, Prof. E. W. E.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

107 West Park, Westerville, Ohio; Ohio 1930; Otterbein College, Westerville, 
Ohio 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 



Scheinfeld, Amram; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

New York City 1974 
Pubns: 

1965 Your Heredity and Your Environment ("No single book ,it is estimated, has 
communicated to more students and non specialist adults the essential facts of 
human embryology, genetics, heredity and eugenics, than the author's New You 
and Heredity (1939, 1950) which this completely rewritten and enlarged text 
replaces" from The AAAS Science Book List, 1970, 3rd ed.); 1958 "The Mortality 
of Men and Women", Scientific American, Feb. 1958; 1958 "Changing Attitudes 
Toward Human Genetics and Eugenics", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 5, # 3; 1950 (1939) 
New You and Heredity 
Source: Osborne list 

Schenck, Mrs. Harry; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Schiller, Mr. F. C. S. DSc, MA; 

Member 1930 

Eugenics Society V.P. 1909 Council 1910-11, 1916, 1936 
Consultative Council 1936 

First International Eugenics Congress 1912, General Committee 
Pubns: 

Eugenics and Politics. 1926; Social Decay and Eugenical Reform. 1932; "The Ruin 
of Rome and Its Lessons for Us", Galton Lecture 1925 

Source: ER 1909 -11, 1916; Men Behind Hitler p. 87; Articles of Association, 1926; 
ER 1936 p. 58; Problems in Eugenics 1912 (repr.); Sanger list 1930 

Schlaginhaufen, Otto; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Switzerland 1930; Institute of Race Biology, Platenstr. 9, Zurich, Switzerland 
1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Schmidt, Otto L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Schmitt, Dr. Clara; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Board of Education, Chicago, Illinois 
Source: 1925 list 

Schmitter, Major Ferdinand; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

24 Elk St., Albany, New York 
Source: 1925 list 

Schonmuller, Judith M.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Bloomfield, New Jersey 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Schrabisch, Max; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

309 Van Houren St., Patterson New Jersey 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Schroeder, Louis C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Schuckit, Dr. Marc A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

De Mar, California 1974 
Source: Osborne list 



Schull, Prof. William J.; 




Member 1974, 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1922; Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Japan, (Head Dept. Genetics 1949- 
51); University of Michigan Medical School (asst. prof, to Prof, of human genetics 
1956-72; Prof, of anthropology 1969-72); University of Texas Graduate School of 
Biomedical Science, Houston 77025 (Prof, of Human Genetics 1972-); American 
Society of Human Genetics, Secretary i960 
Pubns: 

1991 The Children of Atomic Bomb Survivors: a genetic study; 1990 Song Among 
the Ruins; 1990 The Aymara: strategies of adaptation to a rigorous environment, 
National Research Council Staff; 1990 " Malignant tumors during the first 2 
decades of life in the offspring of atomic bomb survivors", AJHG, Jun, v. 46, #6, 
p. 1041; 1990 "Perinatal loss and neurological abnormalities among children of 
the atomic bomb, Nagasaki and Hiroshima revisited, 1949 to 1989", JAMA, 
August 1, v. 264, #5, p. 622; 1979 Human Genetics: A Selection of Insights w/ 
Ranajit Chakraborty; 1965 The Effects of Inbreeding on Japanese Children, w/ 
J.V. Neel and Arthur L. Drew (cited in Race, Evolution, and Behavior); 1963 
Genetic Selection in Man, (ed.), Third Macy Conference on Genetics, 1961, 
Princeton, New Jersey, Josiah Macy Foundation; 1962 Conference on Genetics, 
(mutations), (ed.), Second Macy Conference on Genetics, i960 Princeton, New 
Jersey, Josiah Macy Foundation; 1956 The effect of exposure to the atomic 
bombs on pregnancy termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, National Research 
Council; 1954 Human Heredity w/ J.V. Neel 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992; AJHG i960 

Schulte, H. vonW.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Nebraska 1930; 406 South 40th St., Omaha, Nebraska 1932; deceased in 1934 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Schut MD, Dr. John W.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Anoka, Minnesota 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Schutz, J. C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

South Dakota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Schwartz, Dr. Richard A.; 

Member 1969 
Personal: 

Cleveland, Ohio 1969 
Source: AESC 8/69 

Schweitzer, Dr. Ada E.; 

Member 1925.1930 
Personal: 

330 State House, Indianapolis, Indiana 1925; Indiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Schwesinger, Dr. Gladys; 

Member 1938 
Pubns: 

1933 Heredity and environment: studies in the genesis of psychological 
characteristics, w/ Fred. Osborn q.v. 

Source: AESM, May 1938 

Scott, Eugenie C.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of Missouri, Dept, of Anthropology, Columbia 
Source: Osborne list 

Scott, Prof. John W.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Dept. Zoology, Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 1925, 1932; Wyoming 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 

1934 

Scott, Ruth J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Scripps, Miss E. B.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

La Jolla, California 1925; see George Harvey q.v.; Francis B. Sumner q.v. 

Source: 1925 list 

Seager, Henry R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sears, Charles H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sears, Heber (sic) J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Utah 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sears, Henry D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Seashore, Prof. Carl Emil; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1866-1949; Swedish; psychology; Univ. Iowa 1897-1937 (Dean, Graduate College 
1908- 36) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 309, 423; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Seerley, Dr. F. N.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 




180 Westford Ave., Springfield, Massachusetts 
Source: 1925 list 

Seldon, Mrs. Henry R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Seligman, Edwin R. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Edwin Robert Anderson Seligman; son of Joseph Seligman of J.W. Seligman and 
Co. (founder and president, Ethical Culture Society); studied in Heidelberg, 
Germany; taught political economy at Columbia Univ.; Address: 423 W. 86th St., 
New York City 1925; New York 1930; 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; Our Crowd, Stephen Birmingham 1967 

Sellon, Mrs. John; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Portchester, New York 
Source: EQ 1956 

Senior, Mr. Clarence; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

International Planned Parenthood Federation (Western Hemisphere Regional 
Council 1961-62); New York City 1956; attended United Nations World 
Population Conference 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; ARTW, May 1954; Annual report, International Planned 
Parenthood Federation 1959-61 

Sewall, Dr. Henry; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1360 Vine St., Denver, Colorado 
Source: 1925 list 



Seymour, Arthur Bliss; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Shamer MD, Dr. Maurice E.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Baltimore, Maryland 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Sharp, Prof. F. C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

659 Mendota Ct., Madison, Wisconsin; Wisconsin 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Shaw, Margery W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1923; MD Univ. Michigan 1957; Univ. of Texas, Anderson Hospital and Tumor 
Institute (1967-75, Prof. Biology 1969-75; Medical Genetics Center (Director 
1971-88, Prof, of Genetics 1971-88, Emeritus i988-(i992) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1992 

Shaw, Richard; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept of Epidemiology, Univ. of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada 
Source: Osborne list 

Shear, Mr. Cornelius Lott; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1865-1956; PhD 1906 George Washington Univ., Washington, DC; studied plant 
pathology in Europe: Munich, Berlin, Leiden, London; Bureau Plant Industry, 
Washington, DC/Beltsville, MD (prin. path, in charge of mycology and disease 
survey 1925-36) 

Pubns: 

Key to Genera of Fungi 
Source: 1925 list; WWWIA 




Sherbon MD, Dr. Florence Brown; 

Member 1929; Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1869-1944; Superintendent State Hospital, Iowa City 1900; Superintendent, 
Victoria Sanatorium 1904-15; Prof. Child Care, Univ. Kansas 1921; Lawrence, 
Kansas 1932 

Source: AESM, Feb. 1929; Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 309, 
423-24; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Shideler, Prof. W. H.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

1886-1958; PhD Cornell 1910; Miami Univ., Ohio (Dept, of Geology 1910-57, Prof. 
1920-57); Member: Paleontol. Society, AAAS; Presbyterian; Mason 32 degree 
(Shriner) 

Source: EQ 1956; WWWIA 

Shimer, Prof. H. W.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 
Source: 1925 list 

Shine, Ian; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Thomas Hunt Morgan Institute of Genetics, Lexington, Kentucky 
Pubns: 

1976 Thomas Hunt Morgan: Pioneer of Genetics, w/ Sylvia WrobelF 
Source: Osborne list 

Shinn, Millicent W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Shipler, Rev. Guy Emery; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New Jersey 1930; Birth Control Federation of America Inc., Medical Advisory 
Board (Advisory Council 1939) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 

Shirk, Claude; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Nebraska 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Short, Glen B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Ellensburg, Washington 
Source: Osborne list 

Shull, Prof. A. Franklin; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1925, 1930; Advisory Council 1927-35; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor 1921; 520 Linden St., Ann Arbor, Michigan 1925; 
Michigan 1930; 431 Highland Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 1932 
Source: 1925 list; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 309; Report of 
The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Shull, George H.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New Jersey 1930; 60 Jfferson Rd., Princeton, New Jersey 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Siegel, Paul B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Virginia Polytechnic Univ., Poultry Science Dept., Blacksburg 
Source: Osborne list 



Sigerfoos, Charles P.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sills, David L.; 

see under Directors 

Silveria, Fernando Rodrigues da; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Simmons, Edward A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Simonds, Frederic W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Simpson, Joe Leigh; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1943; MD Duke Univ. 1968; New York Hospital-Cornell Univ. Medical Center, 
intern/res. 1968-71, Laboratory of Human Genetics of the New York Blood 
Center; Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas 1974 
Pubns: 

1994 Chmn., 7th International Congress on Early Prenatal Diagnosis, Jerusalem, 
Israel; 1993 Essentials of Prenatal Diagnosis w/ Sherman Elias; 1993 "Fetal Cells 
in Maternal Blood: Prospects for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis", w/ Sherman 
Elias New York Academy of Science, Sept 27-28; 1992 Maternal Serum Screening 
for Fetal Genetic Disorders w/ Sherman Elias; 1992 Genetics in Obstetrics and 
Gynecology, w/ Mitchell Golbus; 1991 (1988) Normal and problem pregnancies 
(1st ed. Study Guide for Obstetrics - Normal and Problem Pregnancies), Churchill 
and Livingston (Examination questions); 1982 Genetics in Obstetrics and 




Gynecology; 1981 Antenatal Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders; 1981 Genetic Disease 
in Pregnancy: maternal effects and fetal outcome; 1976 Disorders of Sexual 
Differentiation w/ J.E. Jirisak; 1972 Genetics for the Obstetrician-Gynecologist 
(guest editor w/ others) 

Source: Osborne list 

Singh, Baljit; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Dept, of Economics and Sociology, Lucknow University, Lucknow, India 
Source: EQ 1956 

Sinnock, Pomeroy; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of Maine, Dept, of Zoology 
Source: Osborne list 

Sinnott, E. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Skeel Jr., Mrs. Roswell; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Skinner, Joseph A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Slater, James R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Sloane, George; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Slye, Maud; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Small, Clare; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Carolyn S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Miss Christiana; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Mt. Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Smith, F. Drexel; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Colorado 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Frank; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Fred; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Kansas 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Dr. G. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Central Islip, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Smith, George D.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine 
Source: EQ 1956 

Smith, Harrison Bowne (sic); 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Herbert E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, J. N.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oregon 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Smith, Percy K.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Smith, Dr. T. L.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 423 West 118th St, New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Smith, Mrs. Van Sanford; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Snell, George D.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1903; Nobel prize for medicine and physiology in 1980; histocompatibility; 
DSc (Genetics) Harvard Univ. 1930; studied under H. J. Muller q.v. at Univ. of 
Texas 1930-31; Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine 
1935-1969 
Publications: 

1941 Biology of the Laboratory Mouse., (ed.) w/ staff of Jackson Laboratory) 
Source: EQ 1956 

Snellings, Minnie; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

South Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Snipes, James J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Nebraska 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Sobrero, Aquilo J.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 100 E. Bellevue Pi., Chicago, Illinois 60611 
Pubns: 

1988 book review of Developments in Human Reproduction and Their Eugenic, 
Ethical Implications: Proc. of the Nineteenth Annual Symposium of the Eugenic 
Society, London, edited by Carter in Social Biology, v. 35, 1-2; 1970 A Marriage 
Manual: a Practical Guide Book to Sex and Marriage Abraham Stone q.v. and 
Hannah Stone (rev. ed. by A. Sobrero and Gloria Stone Aitken and Hilary Hill, 
London) 

Source: Osborne list 

Sockman, Ralph W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Solish, Dr. George; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 
Source: Osborne list; Doctors of Death 

Solomon, Erwin S.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Statistical Research Section, American Cancer Society Inc. 

Publications: 

1956 "Social Characteristics and Fertility: A Study of Two Religious Groups in 
Metropolitan New York" 1956 Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, 2 
Source: EQ 1956 

Sorenson, James R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Boston Univ. School of Medicine, Massachusetts (Dept, of Socio Medical Sciences 
1974) 

Source: Osborne list 



Spangler, Mr. R.C.; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

729 Naomi St., Morgantown, West Virginia 1925; West Virginia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Spaulding, Edna A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Spaulding, Irving A.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

University of Rhode Island, Kingston RI 1956 
Publications: 

1967 Household Water Use and Social Status; 1967 Occupational and Free-time 
activities: euphoria-tension levels and selected influencing factors.; 1950 The 
Distribution of Population and selected health services in Rhode Island. (Dept, of 
Rural Sociology, Univ. of Rhode Island) 

Source: EQ 1956 

Speck, Prof. Frank G.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Univ. Pennsylvania 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Spengler, Joseph J.; 

(Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); Member 

1956 

Personal: 

b. 1902; Duke Univ., Durham, North Carolina 1932; Duke Station, Durham, 

North Carolina 
Publications: 

1979 France faces depopulation., Duke Univ. Press, Studies in social and 
economic demography; 1978 Facing Zero Population Growth: Reactions and 
Interpretations, Past and Present; 1973 Population Problems in the Victorian Age 
debates on the issue from 19th century critical journals., Gregg, Farnborough, 
England; 1972 Population Economics: selected essays, (ed.) w/ others); 1971 
Declining Population Growth Revisited.; 1966 Social Aspects of Aging.; i960 
"Population and World Economic Development" in World Population and 
International Relations, i960 w/ A. F. K. Organski and PM Hauser q.v., 




Washington, D.C., National Institute of Social and Behavioral Science; 1959 
"Aspects of the Economics of Population -Part II", Southern Economic Journal, 
January; 1951 "Economic Factors in the Development of Densely Populated 
Areas", Proc. American Philosophical Society, vol. 95, #1 
Source: EQ 1956 

Spielman, Richard; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Dept, of Human Genetics 
Source: Osborne list 

Spinden, Herbert J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Spingarn, Mrs. Amy R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Spofford, Janice B.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of Chicago, Dept, of Biology; Illinois 
Source: Osborne list 

Sprague, Dean Robert J.; 

Advisory Council 1927-28 
Personal: 

Dean, Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida; Chmn., Florida Eugenics Committee 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 426 

St. John, Dr. Harold; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Botany Dept., State College of Washington, Pullman, Washington 1925; Hawaii 




1930 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Stabenau, James R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

MD; 1974 Univ. of Connecticut Health Center, Dept, of Psychiatry, Farmington, 
CT 06085; aka "Stabenall; 

Publications: 

1985 "Basic Research on Heredity and Alcohol: Implications for Clinical 
Application", Social Biology, v. 32, 3-4 
Source: Osborne list 

Stackpool, William; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stafford, A. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Florida 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Standish, O. C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Florida 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stanley, Mr. Alfred T.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

New York 1930; New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Stanton, Mrs. L. Lee; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stapp, Hugh J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Minneapolis, Minnesota 
Source: Osborne list 

Starbuck, Edwin D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stares, Mr. Peter; 

Member 1956, 1966 
Personal: 

New York City 1956; 9 Sherman Ave., New York, New York 
Source: EQ 1956; AESC 1966 

Stark, Dr. H. H.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

4515 Cumberland Circle, El Paso, Texas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Stecher, Dr. Robert M.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; City Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio 1956; Member, American Society of Human 

Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1954 "Heredity of Joint Disease", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, 1 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 

1954 

Steegman, Jr., A. T.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept. Anthropology, SUNY at Buffalo, Amherst, New York, 14261; biological 




anthropology 

Pubns: 

1983 Boreal Forest Adaptations: the Northern Algonkians 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1979 

Steele, Wesley; 

Member 1930 
Personal 
Delaware 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stefansson, Mr. Vilhj aimer; 

Member 1925 
Personal; 

American Geographical Society, New York City 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Stegner, Robert W.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Univ. of Delaware, College of Education, Population Study Center; see 
Gottfredson, L. 

Source: Osborne list 

Steigerwalt, Salama; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stein, Prof. Kathryn Forney; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1902; PhD (Zoology), Univ. of Chicago 1931; Mt. Holyoke College (Dept, of 
Zoology 1924-, Prof. 1946-48 (sic), Emeritus 1968); NIH grants 1954-69; 
Member: Teratology Society, American Assn. Anat., American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954; human and developmental genetics, endocrine 
Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Stein, Mrs. Ruth S.; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

Life Sciences Dept., Los Angeles City College, Los Angeles, California 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Steinberg, Prof. Arthur G.; 

Member 1956; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1971 
Personal: 

b. 1912; PhD (Zoology) Columbia Univ. 1941; Antioch College 1946-48; Mayo 
Clinic, Medical Statistics 1948-52; Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, Ohio 
(Dept, of Biology, Prof. 1956-72, Herrick Prof. 1972-; Dept, of Reproductive 
Biology, Prof, of Human Genetics 1970-; Dept of Preventive Medicine 1956-70, 
assoc, prof. 1967-70); Consultant: Permanent Committee for International 
Human Genetics, NIH 1966-71*****, WHO; National Genetics Foundation 
(Chmn., Advisory Board 1968-); American Society of Human Genetics (Pres., 
1964), Genetics Society of America, American Society of Naturalists, American 
Genetic Assn. 

Publications: 

Editor, Journal of Human Genetics; 1974 Senior editor, Progress in Medical 
Genetics (see "The XYY Chromosome Male - Or Syndrome?" 1974, D. S. 
Borgaonkar in Progress in Medical Genetics (ed.) A. G. Steinberg and A. G. 
Bearn); 1954 "Heredity and Diabetes", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, no. 1 
Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed 

Steinfeld, Helen McDonald; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stephens, Thomas C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stephenson, Lyle; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Stern, Alfred K.; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stern, Prof. Curt; 

Member 1956, 1974 

Personal: Holocaust Betrayer 

b. 1902, Hamburg, Germany; d. 1981 

German Career: Investigator, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute 1922-33; Univ. of 
California, Berkeley (Dept, of Zoology, Prof. 1947-81, Prof, of Genetics 1958-81); 
Privat Docent (private lecturer), Univ. of Berlin 1932-33 
American Career: Came to US 1933; Fellow, Rockefeller Foundation 1932-33; 
Univ. of Rochester (Dept of Zoology 1933-47, Prof, and Dept. Chmn. 194147); 
American Society of Human Genetics (Pres., 1957); American Genetics Society 
(Pres. 1950) 

Publications: 

1973, i960, 1949 Principles of Human Genetics; 1968 Genetic Mosaics and other 
essays.; 1966 The Origin of Genetics: A Mendel Source Book (ed.); 1956 "Genetics 
in the Atomic Age", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, no. 3; 1954 "The Biology of the 
Negro", Scientific American, Oct.; 1952 "Man's Genetic Future", Scientific 
American, Feb.; 1933 Factorenkoppelung und faktorenaustausch, Berlin; 1930 
Multiple Allelie. Berlin 
Background: 

— On Mengele: 

Curt Stern, was one of the people who should have warned the world that Otto v. 
Verschuer had been Josef Mengele's mentor. Instead we find them both in the 
American Eugenics Society in 1956. Stern was aware that von Verschuer was 
writing since they both wrote for the Swiss medical genetics journal which 
published the results of the First International Congress in Human Genetics. 

— On Race: 

"The geneticist, Curt Stern, defined a race as a group more or less isolated 
geographically or culturally who share a common gene pool and who, statistically, 
are somewhat different at some loci from other populations." ("Genetics and 
Heredity" Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th edition, vol. 19 p. 724) 

Race having been sanitized as a concept by his definition, the question then arises 
whether some races have (or are alleged to have) a defect at their differentiating 
loci. For example, J. P. Rushton is alleging that blacks are more "r" than "K", that 
is at some loci are more likely to have genes which result in small heads, low 
intelligence, large penises, and a tendency to crime, rape, child abuse, 
promiscuity, ill health and early death. 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; WWWIA 



Stern, Samuel E.; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Georgia State Univ., Dept of Sociology, Atlanta 
Source: Osborne list 

Stetson Jr., John B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stevens, G. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stevens, Henry A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Office of the Attorney General, c/o Oakalla Hosp., 5700 Royal Oak, Burnaby, B.C., 
Canada 1974 

Source: Osborne list 1974 

Stewart, A. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Oklahoma 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stewart, Prof. Colin C.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Hanover, New Hampshire 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Stewart, George; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Stifel, Richard E.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stiles, Rare A.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Dept, of Zoology, Michigan State College, East Lansing, Michigan; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Stini, Prof. William Arthur; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1969, 1980 MR 1975 
Personal: 

b. 1930; PhD 1969 (human biology), Univ. Wisconsin (see R.H. Osborne); Cornell 
Univ. 1968-73; Univ. Kansas (assoc, prof, anthropology i973-(i976)); Dept. 
Anthropology, Univ. Arizona, Tucson, AZ 87521; Am. Assn. Physical Anthrop.; 
Society Study Social Biology; human development; stress as an evolutionary force 
Pubns: 

1979 Psychological and Morphological Adaptation and Evolution; Nature, Culture 
and Human History: a bio-cultural introduction to anthropology 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 

Stockard, Prof. Charles R.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1879-1939; taught zoology at Columbia Univ. 1905-11; student of T.H. Morgan; 
New York 1930; developed method of timing ovulation by cell examination 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 426-27; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Stoddard, G. D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stoddard, (Theodore) Lothrop; 




(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1923-35; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

"He was one of the most outspoken advocates of Nordic supremacy and an 
admirer of Adolf Hitler." (Mehler, p. 428); Second International Congress on 
Eugenics (in charge of publicity 1921); 1768 Beacon St., Brookline (Boston), 
Massachusetts 1921 
Publications: 

1940 Into the Darkness; (Nazi Germany) 1924 Racial Realities in Europe; 1922 
The Revolt Against Civilization: the Menace of the Under-Man; 1920 (repr. 1984) 
The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy, Revisionist Press 
(cited in Race, Evolution, and Behavior); 1982 (repr.) The French Revolution in 
San Domingo, Haiti, Revisionist Press; 1982 (repr.) A Gallery of Jewish Types, 
Revisionist Press; Stakes of War 1918; Present Day Europe 1917 
Background: 

In The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy, Stoddard explains 
that whites have political control over most of the world but are only 6% of the 
population They are stretched too thin so he proposes that the whites get out of 
Asia where they are totally outnumbered, restrict immigration into Canada, 
Australia, the United States and Europe mainly to whites, and maintain control of 
the resources of Africa and South America; A research project would be to 
investigate to what extent these ideas have been implemented. 

For example, the Johnson Act (see Hon. Albert Johnson q.v., Harry Laughlin q.v.) 
restricted immigration into the United States in a way that favored Northern 
European whites. And National Security Study Memorandum # 200, December 
10, 1974 said that the United States should support population control programs 
in other countries, partly so that their resources would be available to the United 
States. In the present, 1993, the ideas of the environmental movement lead 
toward situations in which the resources of Africa and South America (e.g. in 
Brazil, the Amazon and the rain forest) are to be controlled by international 
groups. These groups are not elected. 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; ERA list 1938 

Stokes, Anson P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stone, Dr. Abraham; 

Member 1930, 1938, 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1890, Russia; MD; Margaret Sanger Research Bureau 1925- (Director); 

Planned Parenthood Federation of America 1925- (Birth Control Federation of 
America: Director at Large 1939; in charge of Medical Publication 1939, 1940; v.p. 




1943"); " Stone, the WHO expert on planned parenthood" did studies in India 
(ARTW, Oct. 1952); sent by WHO and the UN Population Division to consult in 
Ceylon on population 1951 (reported in ARTW, Nov. 1954); International 
Planned Parenthood Federation 1953- (v.p. 1953-); attended World Population 
Conference 1954; Founder, American Assn, of Marriage Counselors; editor, 
Journal of Human Fertility 1936-49; Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954 

— wife, Hannah Stone; Birth Control Federation of America Inc. (Director at 
Large 1939) 

Pubns: 

1954 "Heredity Counseling: Eugenic Aspects of the Premarital Consultation", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, no. 1 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM, May 1938; EQ 1956; WWWIA; The SIECUS 
Circle; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; BCR, 
January 1940 p. 51; ARTW, May 1954; Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 
(list of Officers and Directors, Etc.) 

Stone, Ellen A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Rhode Island 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stork, H. E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Minnesota 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stout, Gilbert L.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Lockland, Ohio 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Straley 3rd, H. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

West Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Strandskov, Herluf A.; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Dept, of Zoology, University of Chicago; Life member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 (Sec./Treas. 1948-1951; editor, American Journal of 
Human Genetics 1952-54) 

Publications: 

1955 "Some Aspects of the Genetics and Evolution of Man's Behavioral 
Characteristics"., Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, 3 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Journal of Human Genetics 1954; 
AJHG, 1952, v. 4, #4 (Historical note) 

Strater, Charles G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stratton, P.R.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 
Source: Osborne list 

Stratton, Prof. Robert; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

520 Hester St., Stillwater, Oklahoma 1925; Oklahoma 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Straus, Mrs. Hugh Grant; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Strickberger, Prof. Monroe Wolf; 

Member 1974; 1989 
Personal: 

b. 1925; PhD (genetics) Columbia 1962; St Louis University (asst, to assoc, prof., 
biology 1963-66); University of Missouri, St. Louis (assoc, prof. 1968-71, Prof., 
biology 1971); NIH grant 1963-69; AAAS; Genetic Society of America; American 
Genetic Assoc.; American Society of Naturalists; Society for the Study of 




Evolution 

Pubns: 

1990 Evolution (rev. by Joel Cracraft, 1992 Bioscience, v. 42, p. 67); 1985 
Genetics (3rd ed., 1st ed. 1968) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1989 

Stromsten, Frank A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Strong, Gordon; 

(Subscriber, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Member 1930 

Personal: 

200 S. State St., Chicago, Illinois 1921; Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Strong, Dr. Leonell C.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Annandale-on-Hudson, New York 1925; Maine 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

??Leonell Clarence Strong; did not live in New York in 1925, wrong address for 
above member, in 1925 was Harvard researcher, ?relative?, father's name was 
Clarence A. Strong; 1894- 198X; Mason; Genetics Society; cancer specialist; 
Source: WWWIAv. 10?? 

Strong, Louis L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Stuart, Robert D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Stuck, Florence; 




Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

South Carolina 1930; 531 West 122nd St., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Sturgis, F. K.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Sublett, A. J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1937; PhD 1966 (anthrop.) SUNY, Buffalo; NSF Fellow 1966-67; Atlantic Univ., 
Boca Ratan (assoc, prof, anthrop. i973-(i976)); Am. Assn. Physical Anthrop.; 
microevolutionary changes, osteology 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 

Suessenguth, Mrs. Hazel; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 Main Laboratory, Mt. Sinai Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio; Chief, Serology 
division, Mt. Sinai Hosp., Cleveland, Ohio 1954; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Sullivan, J. M.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology BR 1971 MR 1979, 1980 
Personal: 

1974 research associate, Population Council, New York. 

Source: Osborne list 

Sumner, Prof. Francis Bertody; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1874-1945; PhD Columbia 1901; Mem: Am. Genetics Soc., Euthanasia Soc. 
America, Save the Redwoods League, Am. Birth Control League; opposed open 
immigration; City College, New York (zoology 1899-1906), summers at Woods 




Hole, Mass.; Woods Hole Lab (Dir. 1903-1911); Scripps Institute of 
Oceanography, La Jolla, California 1913-; Univ. California, La Jolla (taught 1913- 
1944) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309, 429; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Sussman, Dr. Leon N.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; New York City 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Sutter, Jean; 

Consulting editor, Eugenics Quarterly 1963, 1968 
Personal: 

French 

Publications: 

1958 "The Relation of Human Genetics to Demography", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 5, 
#3; 1954 "The Breakup of Isolates: Its Genetic Consequences in Two French 
Departments" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #; 1950 L'Eugenique: problemes, 
methodes 

Source: EQ 1963, 1968 

Sutton, Gordon F.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Amherst, Massachusetts 
Source: Osborne list 

Swingle, Dr. Wilbur W.; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309 

Symon, W. M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Missouri 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Szathmary, Emoke J. E.; 




Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept. Anthropology, Trent Univ., Peterborough, Ontario, Canada 
Source: Osborne list 

Sze, Paul Y.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Yale University School of Medicine, Dept, of Genetics 
Source: Osborne list 



Alphabetical List 
Last Names T-Z 



Taber, Kenneth W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Taeuber, Irene B.; 

(Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); Member 

1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975 

Personal: 

Mt. Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts 1932; Hyattsville, Maryland 
1974; a "Conrad Taeuber" was in the Census Bureau. He participated in the 1939 
Population Association of America symposium at the American Philosophical 
Society with Warren Thompson, Notestein and others. 

Pubns: 

1956 "Population Policies in Communist China", Population Index, v. 22, #4 Oct.; 
1955 "Some Recent Research on Fertility in Africa and Asia", Population Index, 
April; 1952 "The Control of Fertility in Japan" w/ Marshall Balfour q.v., in 
Approaches to Problems of High Fertility in Agrarian Societies, Milbank 
Memorial Fund; 1945 "The Demographic Heritage of the Japanese Empire", w/ 
Edwin Beal, Annals American Academy of Political Science, v. 237, Jan.; 1944 
The Future Population of Europe and the Soviet Union, w/ F. Notestein, D. Kirk, 
A.J. Coale, (all of the AES) and Louise B. Kiser (?? related to Clyde Kiser (AES)??), 
League of Nations 
Source: Osborne list 



Taeuber, Dr. Karl E.; 




Member 1969 
Personal: 

Center for Demography and Ecology, 1180 University Dr., Univ. Wisconsin, 
Madison 

Source: AESC 7/69 

Taft, Horace D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tagenkemp, Dr. T. R.; 

Member 1969 
Personal: 

1969 assoc, prof., Life Sciences, Otterbein College, Westonville, Ohio 
Source: AESC 10/69 

Tait, Prof. William D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Tanton, John; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Petoskey, Michigan 
Source: Osborne list 

Tassell, R. R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tavares, Armando S.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Faculty of Medicine, Dept, of General Pathology, Oporto, Portugal 
Source: Osborne list 




Taylor, Carl C.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

North Carolina 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Taylor, David K.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Tucson, Arizona 
Source: Osborne list 

Taylor, Mrs. Henry C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

1956 New York City; Birth Control Federation of America 1940 (Director at Large 
1939); on committee which made arrangements for annual meeting at which 
"Race Building in a Democracy was the topic 1940; American Birth Control 
League, Director at large 1938 

Source: EQ 1956; BCR, 1939 Dec. p. 26; BCR, 1940 #3 p. 43; BCR, May 1938; 
Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and Directors) 

Taylor Jr., Dr. Howard C.; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

MD; New York City 1956; 200 E. 66th St. NYC 1974; Pres., American Association 

of Planned Parenthood Physicians 1967 

Publications: 

1967 editor in chief, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; ARTW, July 1967 

Taylor, Vernon; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Taylor, Warren C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Tefft, Mrs. Evangeline G.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Telfer, Mary A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Media, Pennsylvania 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Tello, Julio; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Peru 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tennent, Prof. David H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania 1925; Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Terman, Prof. Lewis Madison; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938) 

Personal: 

b. 1877, Indiana; d. 1956, California; developed the Stanford-Binet intelligence 
test; IQ; Stanford faculty 1910 (Prof, of Education 1916; Prof, of Psychology 1922- 
42); 1921 launched comprehensive long term study of the gifted (Genetic Studies 
of Genius) which by the time of his death in 1956, showed "definitive evidence 
that gifted children tend to be healthier and more stable than the average" EB p. 
645; see also Terman and the Gifted, by M. Seagoe 1975 (biog.) 

Publications: 

1929-59 Genetic Studies of Genius: vol. 1 Mental and Physical Traits of a 
Thousand Gifted Children (ed.) (cited in Race, Evolution and Behavior); 1955 
"Are Scientists Different?", Scientific American, Jan.; 1954 Scientists and non- 
scientists in a group of 800 gifted men.., Psychological monographs, vol. 68 #7, 
American Psychological Association; 1938 Psychological Factors in Marital 
Happiness.; 1937 Measuring Intelligence: A guide to the administration of the 




new revised Stanford-Binet tests of intelligence w/ Maud A. Merrill; 1936 Sex 
differences in variational tendency., from the Dept, of Psychology, Stanford Univ., 
Genetic Psychology monographs, vol. 18 #1 Clark Univ., Worcester, 

Massachusetts; 1936 Sex and Personality: studies in masculinity and femininity., 
(sponsored by grants from National Research Council Committee on problems of 
sex); 1935 "Personality Factors in Marital Compatibility" Part I, II, Journal of 
Social Psychology, vol. 6 pp. 143-71 & pp. 267-89 (cited in Race, Evolution and 
Behavior); 1923 Intelligence Tests and School Reorganization; 1920 Condensed 
guide for the Stanford revision of the Binet-Simon intelligence tests., (3rd rev. 
1961); 1919 The Intelligence of School Children; 1918 Surveys in mental deviation 
in prisons, public schools, and orphanages in California., California State Board 
of Charities and Corrections; 1916 The Measurement of intelligence: Binet-Simon 
intelligence scale.; 1914 Health Work in the Schools.; 1914 The Hygiene of the 
School Child. 

Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; "Lewis 
Terman" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition 1987 vol. 11 p. 645; ERA list 1938 

Terpenning, Walter A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Terry, Prof. Robert J.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1929; Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

Washington Univ. Medical School, St. Louis, Missouri 1921; 5148 Westminster 
Ave., St. Louis, Missouri 1932; Dept, of Anatomy, School of Medicine, 

Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 1956 

Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Report of The Second 
International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, 
Baltimore 1934 

Thacher, Sherman D.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Thaxter, Roland; 




Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thayer, Harry B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thelberg, Elizabeth B.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York 1921; New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Therkelsen, A. J.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Univ. of Aarhus, Institute of Human Genetics, Denmark 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Thieberg, Solomon; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thom, DeCourcy W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thomas, Charles; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 




Harvard Medical School (Dept, of Biological Chemistry 1974) 

Source: Osborne list 

Thomas, Dr. Sydney F.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Palo Alto, California 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Thompson, Havelock; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

West Virginia Univ., Dept, of Pediatrics, Morgantown 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Thompson, Mrs. J. Walcott; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

527 East 1st South St., Salt Lake City, Utah 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Thompson, M. W.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Hospital for Sick Children, Dept, of Genetics, Toronto, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Thompson, Nils R.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thompson, Prof. W. P.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Biology Dept., Univ Saskatoon, Canada 1925 
Source: 1925 list 




Thompson, W. P.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thompson, W. R.; 

Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

Queens Univ., Dept of Psychology, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Thorek, Max; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thorkelson MD, Rep. Jacob; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

b. 1876, Norway; MD 1911 Univ. Maryland; Surgeon, Montana; Congressman 
1939-41; 20 West Granite St., Butte, Montana 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Thorndike, Prof. Edward Lee; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938) 

Personal: 

1874-1949; old stock; Columbia Univ. (Psychology, IQ testing; 1899-1940, 
Emeritus); Montrose, New York 1932; Pres.: AAAS (1934), American 
Psychological Assn. (1912); AES (cttee Psychometry, Formal Education); Galton 
Society; National Research Council (Cttee on Family Records, working to include 
race on Census) 

Pubns: 

1940 Human Nature and the Social Order, MacMillan, New York 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 309; Sanger list 1930; ERA list 1938; 
Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 




Thorne, Landon K.; 



Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thorne, Mr. Samuel; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

27 Cedar St., New York, NY 1925; New Yok 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Thum, John A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Thum, William; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

i86i-(i96i-i968); Mayor of Pasadena 1911-13 
Pubns: 

A Forward Step for the Democracy of Tomorrow 1910; Untaxing the Consumer 
1918 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA 

Tidd, A. C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tietze, Christopher; 

Member 1974; English Eugenics Society 1956; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology 
MR 1975 

Personal: Holocaust Betrayer 

b. Dec. 11, 1908, Vienna Austria; d. 1984; married Sarah Lewit; sister, Mrs. 
Walburg Rusch (Vienna); brother, Andreas Tietze (Vienna) 

Austrian career: MD Univ. Vienna Medical School 1932; House Physician, 
Municipal Hospital 1932-36; private practice, Austria 1936-38 




American career: research associate, Johns Hopkins 1938-43 (Mental Hygiene 
Study); National Committee Maternal Health (1943-49, Director of Research 
i958-66)(this was founded by R.L. Dickinson q.v. with whom Tietze worked and 
from whom he took over on Dickinson's death; "During the early sixties several 
million dollars would be channelled through Tietze [by the Population Council] 
for the refinement, testing and evaluation of various intrauterine devices. And 
[the Population Council] would reserve to itself the international marketing 
rights for a loop shaped apparatus developed by the Buffalo physician Jack 
Lippes, that gained the highest rate of acceptance and caused the fewest side 
effects. By 1967 ... the Population Council would incorporate this research and 
technical assistance capacity as its own Bio-Medical division where further 
testing and refinement of various IUDs, injectable contraceptives, and other 
experimental medications have continued [see Sheldon Reed q.v.] IUDs were 
widely distributed in the 1970's and 1980's, but their use has declined 
substantially in recent years ... IUDs have been associated with an increased risk 
of pelvic inflammatory disease, which, if left untreated, can cause sterility." 
(Chesler, p. 446-47); US Dept, of State 1949-55 (population and labor staff, 
division of functional intelligence (1949-57; 1952 Social Science specialist; 
intelligence research specialist, (demographer) 1954; chief 1955-57;)); Population 
Council (assoc, dir., biomedical division 1967-73; sr. cons., Technical Assistance 
Div. 1974-76; sr. cons., Center for Policy Studies 1978-84); Columbia Univ. (Lect. 
OB-GYN 1959-75); WHO 1965-67; Cons., National Center Health Statistics 1966- 
(1968); (Nelson Rockefeller) Governor's Commission to Study Abortion in New 
York State, Member 1968; UN Technical Assistance Administration, statistician 
for family planning, Barbados, W. 1 . 1956, 1958; delegate, Conference of 
Demographic Problems of Area Served by Caribbean Commission, Trinidad 1957; 
advisor to US delegate, UN Population Commission 1955, 1957; WHO Task Force 
on Sequelae and Complications of Induced Abortion Chmn., Steering Cttee, 1973- 
(79); WHO Scientific Group on Induced Abortion (Chmn. 1977; Member: 
Population Association, Soc. Study Sex, Fertility Society, International Union 
Scientific Study Population, Eugenics Society, England 1957 
Background: 

State Dept. 

1. 1952 Dr. C. Tietze, Social Science Specialist. Div. of Functional Intelligence to 
study population, vital statistics and demography in Paris, Bombay, Karachi, and 
New Delhi 

2. letter from E.W. Doughtery July 30, 1954 saying that C. Tietze, Intelligence 
Research Specialist (demographer), Division of Functional Intelligence, 
Population and Labor Staff, will attend World Population Conference in Rome 
Aug. 30-Sept. 10, 1954; He will stop in Paris to visit the National Institute of 
Statistics and of Demographic Studies w/ his wife [Sarah Lewitt, ed. note]. 
Request all possible assistance, signed E.W. Doughtery (John Foster Dulles) 
Example of significance of demography: 

The Census of Uruguay done with the help of the Statistics and Census advisor 
USOM was published without bias due to politics but could become embarrassing 
because of a discrepancy between voter registration the Census. (FOI, 919, June 
1957, Ed. Hurwitz, Hurtha Wegener) 




Source: Personal communication from E. Sobo based on FOI papers received 
from State Dept. 

Publications: 

1987 Fertility Regulation and Public Health: Selected Papers of Christopher 
Tietze (ed.) Sarah Lewitt Tietze and R. Lincoln; 1986 Induced Abortion: A World 
Review, Guttmacher Institute; 1983 Induced Abortion: A World Review, 
Population Council; 1981 Induced Abortion: A World Review; 1977 "Legal 
Abortion", Scientific American, Jan. 1977; 1969 "Abortion", Scientific American, 
Jan.; 1962 Statistical Evaluation of the Rhythm Method, w/ R. G. Potter q.v.; 

1955 "Differential Fertility by Duration of Marriage", Eugenics Quarterly v. 4, 1 
w/ Wilson Grabill q.v.; 1954 "Recent Changes in the Fertility of Congregational 
Ministers", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #2 

Source: Osborne list; The Dismal Scientists; AMWS 1968, 1979, Obit NYT 4/5/84; 
Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America, 
Ellen Chesler, 1992 p. 446-447 

Tietze, Mr. Felix Ferdinand MD, LLD; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 

1932); Eugenics Society Consultative Council 1957 

25 Castellain Rd., London W.9 

Holocaust Betrayer 

Personal: 

Austrian Career: 

LLD Vienna 1907; MD Vienna 1919; Medical Jurist; IX/2 Wahringer-Strasse 507, 
Vienna, Austria 1932 

— m. Hertha Tietze (Hertha Tietze; MD Vienna 1918; ex Assistant Medical Officer 
(MO) City of Plymouth; Surgical Officer, Newcastle 1957) 

1934 Austrian rep to the International Federation of Eugenic Organizations 
(IFEO); defendant in Graz Sterilization Trials, found guilty 1934 
English Career: 

in England in 1939 (see "Eugenic Measures in the Third Reich" ER 1939); MRCS, 
LRCP 1942; ex Assistant Medical Officer (MO) Plymouth Mental Hospital 1957; 
Medical Officer of Health and School Medical Officer of Health, Jarrow 1957; (see 
Ursula Philip) 

Pubns: 

"The Graz Sterilization Trial" ER Oct. 1934 p. 213; "Eugenic Measures in the 
Third Reich" ER 1939 (asserted that Hitler does not represent international 
eugenics therefore it is all right, even for Jews, to continue to support eugenics 
despite the obvious social disaster which was the German regime. Maintained 
this position even after the war.) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; ER 1957, Medical Directory 1957; A Decade of Progress 
in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Tiffany, Mrs. Charles L.; 




(General Cttee & Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 

1921); Member 1925 

Personal: 

43 Park St., New York, NY 1921, 1925; Laurelton, Long Island, New York 1921 
Source: 1925 list; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 
??Tiffany's was founded by Charles Louis Tiffany (1812-); Louis DeB. Moore (?? 
relative of Mrs. Louis deB Moore, AES director??) was the 4th president of 
Tiffany's, retiring in 1955, he was a relative of Moore, an original owner of the 
firm; he was followed by William T. Lusk, (??relative of Frank Lusk Babbott, AES 
Advisory Council??), a great grandson of C.L. Tiffany; the firm sold to J.P. 
Morgan (AES) 

Tiffany, Louis; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Timme, Walter; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

?? Mrs. Walter Timme; 112 Central Park South, New York City 1932; Member, 
Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932; Birth Control 
Federation of America Inc. (Director at Large 1939); Source: Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and Directors); A Decade of Progress in 
Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Tinker, Martin B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tinsman, Prof. James; 

Member 1974, 1989 
Personal: 

b. 1930 Philadelphia; PhD (anthrop.), Univ. Colorado (check date); Kutztown 
State College, Pennsylvania 19530 (i959-(i989), instr. to assoc, prof, in politics 
and economy, Prof, of anthropology I97i-(i989); Chmn., Dept. Social Science 
1 974-( 1 976)); coeditor, Newsletter, Pennsylvania Anthropologist 1976; ASHG; 
Am. Assn. Physical Anthrop.; "Contemporary human variation, anthropometric, 




anthroscopic, and serological, as relates to human genetics, population structure 
and, ultimately, human evolution" (AMWS 1976, p. 4506) 

Pubns: 

1989 co-editor, Newsletter of Pennsylvania Anthropologists 
Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976, 1989 

Tittman, Harold; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Washington D.C. 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Titus, Anna S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Titus, Dr. E. G.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1228 Bryan Ave., Salt Lake City, Utah 1925; Utah 1930; 1080 Fifth East, Salt Lake 
City, Utah 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Tockle, Mrs. Harper F.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Box 439, Student Exchange, College Station, Texas 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Toll, Prof. Charles H.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 

1930 

Personal: 

12 Snell St., Amherst, Massachusetts 1921; Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 



Toll, Mr. Henry W.; 




Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

Lawyer; Colorado 1930; Equitable Bldg., Denver, Colorado 1956 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956 

Toops, Prof. Herbert A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio 1925; Ohio 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Torrey, Prof. Harry Beal; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Univ. Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 1925; California 1930; Stanford Univ., California 
1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Touraine, Mrs. H. Muller; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Englewood, New Jersey 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Tower, Ellen M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Town, Dr. Clara Harrison; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

262 1/2 Summer St., Buffalo, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Townsend, J. Ives; 



Member 1974, 1989 
Personal: 




Medical College of Virginia, Dept, of Biology and Genetics, Richmond (genetics 
then human genetics, 1960(1989) 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1989 

Trabue, Prof. M. R.; 

Member 1925, 1930 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 1925; North Carolina 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Trankell, Arne; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

IMFO-gruppne- Stockholm Univ., Sweden 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Treadwell, Prof. Aaron Lewis; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Official Delegate, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York 1921, 1932; New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Treanor, John; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Trickey, Mary Jane; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

North Cohocton, New York 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Trivers, Robert L.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Univ., Boston, Massachusetts 1974 
Pubns: 




1985 Social Evolution (cited in Race, Evolution and Behavior) 

Source: Osborne list 

Trotter, F. E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Hawaii 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tumpeer, Harrison; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Turner, Prof. Clair E.; 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

b. 1890, Maine; MA Harvard Univ. 1913; DPH from MIT 1928; MIT (1914; 
biology and research 1915-1928; Prof, of Biology and Public Health 1928-42; Prof, 
of Public Health and Dept. Head 1942-44, Emeritus 1944-); Director, Malden 
Studies in Health Education and Growth 1921-41; Institute of Inter- American 
Affairs (Chief Health Officer, 1944-45); National Foundation for Infantile 
Paralysis-March of Dimes, Assistant to the President 1946-58; WHO (1949-, 

Chief of Health Education 1962-64); World Federation of Educ. Assns. (Chmn., 
health section 1927-40); Fellow, American Public Health Assn.; Member: 
American School Health Assn. (Pres.), Philippine Public Health Assn.; fresh 
water hygiene, sanitation, general hygiene 
Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; AMWS 12th Ed.; ERA list 1938 

Turner, C. L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Turner, Ralph E.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Silliman College, Yale University 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 




Turner, Prof. Thomas W.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia 1925; Virginia 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Turner, Vasco M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Utah 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Turpin, Raymond; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Paris, France 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Turrell, Roger J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Twersky, A. B.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Festus, Missouri 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Twinning, Herbert H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tyler, Charles H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 




Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Tyler, Patrick A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Indiana Univ. of Northwest, Dept, of Psychology, Gary 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Tyndale, Mrs. Elsie H.; 

Member 1938 
Source: AESM, May 1938 

Tynes, Harriet L.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Children's Home Society of North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Tyson, Stuart L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Uchida, Irene Ayako; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada 1956; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Ulrey, Prof. Albert B.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1435 West 23rd St., Los Angeles, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 



Umstead, J. W.; 




Member 1956 
Personal: 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Underhill, William P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Urban, A. H.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Vail, Mrs. Helen H.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Valaoras, Vasilios; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Athens, Greece 1974 
Publications: 

1971 "Corporal Development of School Children and Other Children in Greece", 
Social Biology, v. 18, 4 
Source: Osborne list 

Valleau, Prof. W. D.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Kentucky Experimental Station, Lexington, Kentucky 1925; Kentucky 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Vale, JackR.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 




Dept, of Psychology, Univ. of California at Berkeley 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Vails, Arturo; 

Member 1967 
Source: AESC 1967 

van Abeelen, 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Genetics Lab, Univ. Nijmegan, The Netherlands 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

VanBergen, E. F.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Van Den Brink, T.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Vereniging Voor Demografia, 's Gravenhage, The Netherlands 1956 
Pubns: 

1954 "Leveling of Differential Fertility Trends in the Netherlands", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 1, 4 
Source: EQ 1956 

Van Den Dale; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Columbia University, New York City 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Van Der Heyden, Ph. M.; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1956 
Publications: 

1953 "Een betere wag voor selectie van candidataan voor middel en hogere 




functies" (Better screening of job applicants) Psychol. Achtergr., 5, 174-92 
Source: EQ 1956 

VanDusen, A. P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Van Epps, C.; 

Member 1930 
Iowa 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Van Nort, Leighton; 

Consulting editor, Eugenics Quarterly 1963 
Personal: 

b. 1930; MA Princeton 1954; Milbank Memorial Foundation Fellow; US Dept, of 
State (sr. demographer 1961-62, sr. demographer and sociologist 1962-63, officer 
in charge of FAO and Population Affairs 1963-65, chief division UN Economic 
Affairs 1965-68); Lect., Johns Hopkins School of International Studies 1968-; US 
delegate, Asian Population Conference 1963; US delegate, UN Economic 
Commission Asia and the Far East 1966, Economic Commission on Latin 
America 1967; Population Association, International Union. Scientific Study 
Population; sociological and demographic factors in economic development 
Publications: 

1956 "Biology, Rationality and Fertility: A Footnote to Transition Theory", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, 3; 1955 "Demographic Transition Reexamined", 
American Soc. Review, vol. 20, #1; "Values in Population Theory", Milbank 
Quarterly 
Source: EQ 1963; 

Van Pelt, E. B.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Virginia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Van Vleck, Joseph; 

Member 1967, 1974 
Personal: 




Montclair, New Jersey 1974 
Source: AESC 1967; Osborne list 

Vanderlip, Frank; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; Bank President 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Vasti, Assunta; 

Member 1930 
Maryland 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Vaughn, James; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Tyler, Texas 1974; 2235 Brentwood, Houston, TX 77019 
Source: Osborne list 

Vaughn, Dean Victor C.; 

Advisory Council 1923-29 
Personal: 

Dean, Dept, of Medicine and Surgery, Univ. of Michigan 1891-1921; bacteriologist 
Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310, 433-34 

Vaughn III, Victor C.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Temple Univ., Philadelphia 1974; 125 
West Walnut Lane, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19144 
Source: Osborne list 

Vial, Mr. Frederick A.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Huntsville, Alabama 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 



Villacorta, O. L.; 




Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Manila, Philippines 1956; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 
Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 

1954 

Vincent, M. J.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

1616 North Mariposa Lane, Los Angeles, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Vincent, Dr. Stella B.; 

Member 1925 

1355 E. 57th st. Chicago, Illinois 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Virkus, Frederick Adams; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Illinois 1930; 440 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Visher, Stephen Sargent; 

Advisory Council 1930-35; Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

1887-1967; Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 1919-58; associate of 

Ellsworth Huntington 

Publications: 

1955 "Sources of Great Men", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, no. 2; 1951 Indiana 
Scientists.; 1948 "Environmental background of leading American scientists", 
American Sociology Review, 13, 65-72 (background of scientists starred in 
American Men and Women of Science, including parents and racial stock, 
according to Psychological Abstracts 1927-58); 1947 Scientists Starred. 1903- 
1943, Johns Hopkins Press; 1924 Climatic Laws: Ninety Generalizations with 
Numerous Corollaries as to the geographic distribution of temperature, wind, 
moisture etc. (in print 1994, AMS Press) 

Background: 

James McKeen Cattell: 

American Men of Science was founded, edited and published by James McKeen 
Cattell from 1906-38. Cattell (1860-1944) was administrative head of psychology 
at Columbia University from 1891 until 1917 when he was dismissed for opposing 




the draft in World War I. He lived in Garrison-on-the Hudson, New York which is 
where Frederick Osborn lived. 

He studied in Germany under Lotze and Wundt in 1881; at Johns Hopkins in 
1882-83; and became Wundt's assistant at Leipzig in 1884. He received his PhD 
there in 1886 and then studied under Francis Galton in London. He became a 
Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia in 1888. 
There and at Columbia he devoted himself to improving and advancing mental 
testing. 

He co-founded the Psychological Review in 1894 and bought and edited the 
weekly journal, Science. (1894-1944). In 1900 he founded and edited Popular 
Science Monthly which became Scientific Monthly. (1900-1943). He also edited 
The American Naturalist (1907-44) and School and Society (1915-39). He 
founded the Psychological Corporation which made psychological research 
available to business (i.e. market research, advertising, propaganda). His son 
founded the Jacques Cattell Press in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the town where 
Prof. Cattell died. (Jacques Cattell; Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932; Source: A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 ) 

In evaluating Stephen Visher's work, we must consider what bias was introduced 
into the selection procedure by the Germanophile, Cattell. 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; Mehler, p. 310; Psychological Abstracts 1927- 
58; "James McKeen Cattell" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition 

Voelker, Paul P.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Vogel, Dr. Peter; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; New York City 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Vogt, William; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1902; m. Johanna von Goeckingk; editor, Birdlore Magazine 1935-39; Curator, 
Jones Beach Bird Sanctuary 1935-39; ecologist, Peruvian Guano Administration 
! 939 ~ 4 2 ; studied climate in Peru; Pan American Union (Chief of conservation 
section 1943-50); Planned Parenthood Federation of America (National Director 
and executive vice president 1951-61); International Planned Parenthood 
Federation (Western Hemisphere Regional Council 1961-62); Conservation 




Foundation (Secretary 1961-1967); Trustee, National Health Council; Ecol. 
Society; Population Association; Linnean Society; International Society General 
Semantics; bird behavior; ecology; conservation of natural resources 
Publications: 

i960 People: Challenge to Survival, ("a jeremiad inveighing against the breeding 
habits and reckless prodigality of the human race ... Exempted from this general 
condemnation are the Scandinavian people.") from a review in Around the World 
News of Population and Birth Control, the IPPF newsletter January 1961 p. 4; 
1948 Road to Survival 
Background: 

1924 "The Most Valuable Bird in the World", Robert Cushman Murphy, National 
Geographic, Sept, (relative of A.G. Bell who worked for American Museum of 
Natural History (Osborn fiefdom; an important naturalist); discusses the 
importance of guano, the Peruvian National Guano Administration and the 
preservation of the guano industry - the issues with which Vogt's early career was 
concerned; Eugenics Watch research project: Whose wealth came from guano? 
Quotes: 

People Are for the Birds: 

1945 "bird behavior and ecology are first cousins of human behavior and 
ecology ... our population dynamics are not dissimilar" (quoted in Obit, NYT, July 
12, 1968) 

Source: EQ 1956; AMWS 9th Ed.; Annual Report, International Planned 
Parenthood Federation; Obit, NYT, July 12, 1968 

Vollmer, August; 

Advisory Council 1927-35 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310 

von Verschuer, Prof. Dr. Otmar Freiherr 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Josef Mengele's co-researcher in Nazi human experimentation at Auschwitz 
1943-44 

Josef Mengele's mentor; twin researcher; escaped prosecution as a Nazi 
researcher and lived to influence another generation from the Institute of Human 
Genetics, Munster, Germany (Widukind Lenz succeeded von Verschuer as 
director of the Institute of Human Genetics (WSWISE 1984)); Luigi Gedda said 
he was "master and example"; died in Munster, Germany 1969; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 (with Leo Alexander) 
b. 1896; MD; PhD; Marburg, Hamburg, Freiburg; Director, Division of Human 
Heredity, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Berlin-Dahlem 1934; in 1934 taught "the 
entire field of anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics" with E. Fischer and 
"General and specific Heredo-pathology"; In 1935 Von Verschuer said that he was 
"responsible for ensuring that the care of genes and race, which Germany is 
leading worldwide, has such a strong base that it will withstand any attacks from 




outside" (The Last Nazi p. 12); Director, Third Reich Institute for Heredity, 
Biology and Racial Purity 1937; reported on studies in color blindness, night 
blindness to Eugenical News, 1937; linked tuberculosis and heredity; 1967 Prof. 
Emeritus, Institute of Human Genetics, University of Munster (Institut fur 
Humangenetik, Universitat Munster, 44 Munster, Vesaliusweg 12-14, Munster 
Germany); he was succeeded in this position by Widukund Lenz, son of Fritz 
Lenz; Hitler used Fritz Lenz's work in Mein Kampf 
Publications: 

1970, 1966 Advisory Board, Mankind Quarterly, v. 8, #1 and v. 11, #1; 1944, 1941 
Zwillingstuberculose or Twin Study and Hereditary Predisposition to 
Tuberculosis, (see also F. J. Kallmann q.v.); 1944, 1941 Leitfaden der 
Rassenhygiene; 1939 "Twin research from the time of Francis Galton to the 
present day." Proc. of the Royal Society, England, B128, 6281 June 8, 1939; 1938 
"Frequency of inherited defects", Eugenical News, 23, 6-8 from International 
Population Congress, Paris, Aug. 11, 1937 
Background: 

— A War Criminal Who Escaped Prosecution 

Von Verschuer escaped prosecution even though he planned Mengele's 
experiments and even though he was well known. 

— Well Known 

Eugenicists in America were well aware of von Verschuer since two stories about 
him appeared in English in the Eugenical News in the 1930's. 

The first was a review of Verschuer's book Erbpathologie 1934 which appeared in 
the Eugenical News, January/ February 1936 issue p. 21-22. This review said that 
"our country [the United States] adopted sanitary measures and eugenic 
sterilization laws. Race culture, the selection of proposed cases for sterilization or 
marriage advice are impossible without the earnest collaboration of the entire 
medical profession ... we need sound knowledge ... To this end German scientists 
have recognized the need for handy inexpensive textbooks for the practical use of 
physicians. The idea was first suggested by Prof. Dr. O. von Verschuer ... We have 
just received volume XVIII of this series ... by Prof. Dr. Otmar von Verschuer ... 

In this book the author clearly outlines the duties of the physician to the nation. 
The word 'nation' no longer means a number of citizens living within certain 
boundaries, but a biological entity. This point of view also changes the obligation 
of the physician ... All defects known to be hereditary are listed (in this book) ... 
100,000 feebleminded ... schizophrenics ... epileptics ... Huntington's chorea ... 
Blindness ... Deaf- mutism ... bodily deformities ... Physicians will doubtless often 
turn to this book for advice. Dr. von Verschuer has successfully bridged the gap 
between medical practice and theoretic scientific research." 

The second article appeared in the Eugenical News May/June 1936. This article 
specifically mentions that Von Verschuer intended to apply the race doctrine of 
Count Gobineau to twin studies, the twins to be from as many countries as 
possible. This is what was done at Auschwitz so that this article clearly pointed 
towards von Verschuer as possibly involved in the atrocities committed by 
Mengele, his protege. Nevertheless von Verschuer's involvement was not proved 
until he was dead. There must have been a cover up. 

"Professor Dr. Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer ... director of the Universitat 




Institute fur Erbbiologie und Rassenhygiene, writes us that ... the Institute, is 
now ready for work.... According to Dr. Verschuer he is now ready to begin his 
work which has the aim to utilize, first, the science of anthropology and the race 
doctrine of Count Gobineau; a second trail that has led to Verschuer's door is 
Gabon's Eugenics, and the race hygiene of Ploetz; the third is the doctrine of 
constitution as found in medicine; and the fourth is experimental heredity.... The 
special tasks of the new Institute fall into three groups, investigation, instruction 
and practical work. ... The rich results of genetics form the foundation for the race 
politic of national socialistic state and for the practice of race hygiene. Dr. 
Verschuer states that the object of his investigation is mankind, not the 
individual man, but families and twins; and in this work there will not be 
investigated alone interesting twins, but all twins and families of definite 
geographical origin must be considered. It is desirable to determine what traits of 
bodily and mental sort, what diseases and anomalies in mankind are hereditary" 
(Eugenical News May/June 1936) 

— Kaiser Wilhelm 

It has been asserted by leading eugenicists, such as C. P. Blacker, that German 
scientists "of weight and repute" held aloof from Nazi activity. But more recent 
research by Benno Muller Hill has shown that the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft 
(KWG or Kaiser Wilhelm Society), one of the most respected scientific groups in 
Germany, was deeply involved in the camp experiments and in anti Semitism. 

Von Verschuer, for example, was a leading scientist at the KWG. "The conduct of 
the general administration, the Senate and the directors of the KWG shows to 
how great an extent the type of thinking which the anthropologists applied to the 
segregation (used in the sense of apartheid in South Africa) of the Jews - that is to 
say, the vulgar anti Semitism of the National Socialists - had become accepted by 
a significant proportion of the members of the scientific establishment. The KWG 
was in no minor provincial university. In anthropology and in psychiatry and in 
most other fields it was at the forefront of scientific endeavor." (Murderous 
Science B. Muller Hill p. 24) 

— Von Verschuer and Mengele 

Von Verschuer was associated with Mengele's atrocities at Auschwitz both 
because he taught Mengele and because he sponsored the research program 
Mengele carried out. These facts have emerged as a result of very recent research 
carried out by Benno Muller-Hill, by Gerald Finer, author of The Last Nazi and by 
the author of Children of Flame. 

However, these authors have not integrated von Verschuer with what is known of 
American and English eugenics. In 1954 von Verschuer was a member of the 
American Society of Human Genetics, as was Leo Alexander, the chief American 
medical expert at the Nuremberg trials. In 1956, von Verschuer was a member of 
the American Eugenics Society. 

Von Verschuer was Mengele's teacher: 

Von Verschuer thought that Hitler was "the first statesman to recognize 
hereditary biological and race hygiene." (The Last Nazi p. 11); "Mengele became 
(Von Verschuer's) favorite student; the two men developed a strong mutual 
respect ... later as wartime director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for 
Anthropology, Human Hereditary Teaching and Genetics in Berlin, he [von 




Verschuer] secured funds for Mengele's experiments at Auschwitz. (This was the 
Institute where Mengele sent the results of his barbaric and largely worthless 
research.)" (The Last Nazi p. 12); "the obsession with twins that Mengele would 
later exhibit at Auschwitz was also a direct result of his association with 
Verschuer" (Children of the Flame p. 46); In 1937 or 1938 "... Mengele and von 
Verschuer were working together, writing judicial reports for specially convened 
courts which sat in judgment over Jews caught cohabiting with German 
Aryans ..." (The Last Nazi. p. 12); "Certainly Professor Von Verschuer thought 
highly of Mengele; he soon appointed him as one of his assistant physicians ... 
even though he (Mengele) had yet to receive his degree ... It was against this 
background at the Frankfurt Institute that Mengele first embraced the idea that 
through appropriate selection, the heritage of the race could be 'improved'. 

Before long the concept was applied in a much starker way, on the ramps at 
Auschwitz where SS doctors, Mengele especially, selected able bodied inmates for 
work and the frailer ones for death." (The Last Nazi p. 13) 

Experiments at Auschwitz were carried out for Von Verschuer and the KWG: 

In 1942 Von Verschuer said: "my assistant Mengele has been transferred to a post 
in Berlin so that in his free time he can work at the Institute." (The Last Nazi. p. 
18) 

In May of 1943 Mengele was posted to Auschwitz; in August of 1943 funds for 
Mengele's "research" were authorized by German Research Council thanks to 
Von Verschuer. Von Verschuer wrote a progress report to the Council: "My co- 
researcher in this research is my assistant the anthropologist and physician 
Mengele. He is serving as Hauptsturmfuhrer and camp doctor in the 
concentration camp Auschwitz ... With the permission of the Reichsfuhrer SS 
Himmler (q.v.), anthropological research is being undertaken on the various 
racial groups in the concentration camps and blood samples will be sent to my 
laboratory for investigation" (Last Nazi, pp. 33-37 

(At Auschwitz) "Twin research attracted Mengele ... (he) prowled the railroad 
siding during initial selection seeking twins"; he killed two year old boy twins to 
get data on simultaneous death; he had an acid bath in which he put bodies of 
twins so the flesh would fall off and he could examine the skeletons (The Last 
Nazi p. 93 - too) 

At Auschwitz 3 sets of twins who had one blue and one brown eye were killed and 
the data sent to Von Verschuer in Berlin; heads of Auschwitz 'patients' with the 
noma removed were sent to Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (The Last Nazi) 

"Verschuer even helped Mengele win grants to undertake two research projects at 
(Auschwitz)... to begin in April 1943" (Children of Flame p. 52); Verschuer... was 
closely involved in his protege's research... Mengele periodically dispatched to his 
mentor not only reports about his research but also laboratory samples from his 
experiments." (Children of Flame p. 59; on arrival at Mengele's experimental 
station twins filled out "a detailed questionnaire from the Kaiser Wilhelm 
Institute" (Children of Flame p. 59); "The tests, questionnaires and many of the 
experiments themselves appear to have been the brainchild of Verschuer" 
(Children of Flame p. 69); from these young children there were daily 
withdrawals of blood for Verschuer's "specific protein" research; needles were 
injected in their eyes for Karen Magnussen's KWI work on eye color; there were 




experimental blood transfusions; small children were placed in isolation in cage 
like rooms and their reactions studied; small children were exposed to stimuli 
and their reactions noted; organs and limbs were removed, sometimes without 
anesthetics; sex changes were attempted; females were sterilized; males were 
castrated; one woman developed a man's beard, which suggests the presence of 
steroids; then many twins were killed; they were autopsied at the pathology lab 
next to the crematory, which had been built with funds von Verschuer obtained; 
various organs and limbs were sent to Verschuer at the Kaiser Wilhelm. (Children 
of Flame p. 71, 117) 

— Von Verschuer contacted eugenicists following WW II: 

In 1946 Von Verschuer wrote to the Bureau of Human Heredity in London: "I 
hope that the scientific equipment of my former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in 
Dahlem which I brought ... to Frankfort will enable me to continue or rather 
restart my research work ... tuberculosis research ... I don’t give up hope that 
there will be people in England and America who will help me continue my 
scientific research" (The Last Nazi p. 142); became a professor of human genetics 
at Munster 

— The eugenicists did not expose Von Verschuer: 

He attempted to get his old job at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute when it was 
reconstituted in Frankfurt in 1951. An article in Neue Zeitung exposed his 
connection with Mengele (Children of Flame p. 118-129, 161). But nevertheless 
the 1956 issue of the Italian eugenic magazine, Acta Genet, Med. Gem., edited by 
Luigi Gedda q.v. had a special supplement honoring Verschuer ("master and 
teacher"). Gedda was also a member of the American Eugenics Society. 

— Verschuer influenced another generation: 

Verschuer founded the largest genetics Institute in Munster, West Germany. 
(Children of Flame p. 161); he retired in 1968 and died in 1969; Widukind Lenz, 
son of Fritz Lenz, who was cited ny Hitler in Mein Kampf, took over from von 
Verschuer. W. Lenz was a member of the American Eugenics Societn 1974 

— Bureau of Human Heredity: 

The Bureau of Human Heredity, which received the letter from von Verschuer 
mentioning that he had the results of Auschwitz "research", moved to 
Copenhagen in 1947. The Director of the Danish Institute which received the 
Bureau was Tage Kemp, a member of the American Eugenics Society in 1956, 
along with von Verschuer. The building in Copenhagen was built with Rockefeller 
money. The first International Congress in Human Genetics following World War 
II was held at Kemp's Institute in Denmark in 1956. 

Source: "Eugenics in Germany" in EN 1934; EN 1937; EQ 1956; Murderous 
Science. Muller- Hill; The Last Nazi.; Children of Flame.; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; WSWISE 1967 

Voorhees, John J.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Ann Arbor, Michigan 1974 
Source: Osborne list 




Wachter, W. L.; 



Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Pennsylvania 1930; Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Wade, William D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. Manitoba 1974 
Source: Osborne list 1974 

Wadsworth, Mrs. A. B.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Walden, Mrs. P. T.; 

Member 1930 
Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Walker, Frank N.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

Canada 1930; 1854 Gerrard St East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Walker, Norma Ford; 

Member (Foreign) 1956 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada 1956; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954 

Wallace, Anna; 

Member 1926 
Personal: 




in charge of New York office of Society in 1926 
Source: Mehler, p. 82 

Wallace, Augustus C.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Waller, Dr. A. E.; 

Member 1925 

233 South 17th St., Columbus, Ohio 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Waller, Jerome H.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975-1977, 1979 BR 1977, 
1978 

Personal: 

Univ. of Pittsburgh, (Dept, of Biostatistics 1974), Pennsylvania; Berea College, 

Berea, Kentucky 40404 

Publications: 

1976 "Sex of Children and Ultimate Family Size by Time and Class", Social 
Biology, v. 23, 3; 1973 "Heterogeneity of Childless Families", Social Biology, v. 20, 
2; 1971 "Differential Reproduction: Its Relation to IQ Test Score", Social Biology, 
v. 18, 2; 1971 "Achievement and Social Mobility: Relationships Among IQ Score, 
Education and Occupation in Two Generations", Social Biology, v. 18, 3 (Race, 
Evolution and Behavior) (these two articles are among the most frequently cited 
articles from Social Biology, see Social Biology 1982); Social Biology manuscript 
referee 1975-77, !979 
Source: Osborne list 

Wallerstein, Dr. Harry; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1906; MD George Washington School of Medicine 1930; licensed in New York 
1930; Jewish Memorial Hospital (1934-, assoc, hematologist 1937-50; Director, 
Marcia Slater Leukemia Research Lab 1950; Director, Blood Bank 1938); Queens 
General Hospital, Pathology 1942-55; Director, Blood Bank, Bronx Municipal 
Hospital Center 1956-; Member: American Society of Human Genetics, 
International Society Blood Transfusion; blood substitution to treat 
erythroblastosis fetalis, leukemia 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed 



Wallin, Prof. Ivan E.; 




Member 1925 

4200 E. 9th Ave., Denver, Colorado 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Walling, Willoughby; 

Member 1930 
Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wallis, Dr. Wilson D.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

11 Folwell Hall, Minneapolis, Minnesota 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Walter, Prof. Herbert Eugene; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 
Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of 
Eugenics, New York 1932) 

Personal: 

1867-1945; studied Woods Hole summers 1892-1905; Europe 1894; PhD Harvard 
1906; Brown Univ., Rhode Island (Comparative Anatomy 1906-37; Genetics; 
evening course on eugenics incl. Weeding the Human Garden and Racial Poisons 
1929-37; Eugenics 1935-37); Cold Spring Harbor (inst. field zoology 1906-17, asst, 
director 1917-26); Member: Eugenics Research Assn, American Genetics Assn., 
American Museum of Natural History 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 310, 435-36; Report of 
The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Walters, Roscoe A.; 

Member 1930 
Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Walton, Audrey; 

Member 1930 
California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Ward, Prof. Robert deCourcy; 




Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930; co-founder, Immigration Restriction League 
Pubns: 

The Crisis in Our Immigration Policy 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 310; The Protestant 
Establishment, H. Digby Baltzell 1968 

Ward, Dr. Roger; 

Member (Foreign) 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1980 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada 1974 
Publications: 

1980 "Genetic Epidemiology: Promise or Compromise", Social Biology, v. 27, 2 
Source: Osborne list 

Warden, C. J.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wardlaw, Mr. George M.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Forest Hills, New York 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

?? G.M. Wardlaw; 116-16 St. Ann's Ave., Kew Gardens, New York 1932; Member, 
Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932; ??same or relative?? 
Source: A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Wardlaw, James A.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Fort Worth, Texas 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Warne, Clara Taylor; 

Member 1930 
California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Warner, Edward P.; 




Member 1930 
Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Warren, Fiske; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Warren, Mortimer; 

Member 1930 
Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Waterhouse, Lynn; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

W. Trenton, New Jersey 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Watson, Frances; 

Member 1930 
Utah 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Watson, Goodwin B.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Watts, Mrs Mary T.; 

Member 1926 
Personal: 

AES Cttee on Popular Education (Chmn.); this cttee worked to organize Fitter 
Families contests at State Fairs 
Source: Mehler, p. 82 



Waugh, Karl T.; 




Member 1930 
California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

?? Dean Karl T. Waugh; Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932; Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 1932; ?? same?? Source: A 
Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Way, Harry A.; 

Member 1930 
Vermont 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wayland, Sloan R.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Teachers College, Columbia Univ. 1956 
Publications: 

1951 Social Patterns of Farming., Seminar on Rural Life, Columbia University 
Source: EQ 1956 

Weatherly, U. G.; 

Member 1930; (Official Delegate, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Indiana 1930; Indiana Univ. 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Webb, Mrs. Harry C.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Minneapolis, Minnesota 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Webber, Dr. Herbert J.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

College of Agriculture, Berkeley, California 1925 
Source: 1925 list 



Webster, R. L.; 




Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Washington State 1925; Washington 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Weigle, Prof. Luther A.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1157 Yale Station, New Haven, Connecticut 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Weir, Mrs. William H.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

International Planned Parenthood Federation (Western Hemisphere Regional 
Council 1961-62); Cleveland, Ohio 1956 

Source: EQ 1956; Annual Report, International Planned Parenthood Federation 
1959-61 

Weiss, Mark L.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept. Anthropology, Wayne State Univ., Detroit, Michigan 48202 
Source: Osborne list 

Welch, J. Philip; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Sir Charles Tupper Medical Bid., Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Welch, Quinton; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, Univ. of Missouri, Kansas City 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Welch MD, Dr. William H.; 



(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-30 

Personal: 




807 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Maryland 1921 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Weller MD, Prof. Carl V.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

1887-1956; MD Univ. Michigan 1913; MSc Univ. Michigan 1916; Univ. Michigan 
(1911-56; Prof, pathology 1924-56; Dir., Pathology Labs 1931-37; Chmn., Dept of 
Pathology 1938-56; Mem: FASEB; 1130 Fair Oaks, Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Pubns: 

editor, American Journal of Pathology 1941- 56 
Source: 1925 list; WWWIA (3) 

Weller, Robert H.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Sociology, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee 1974; Center for the Study of 
Population, Institute Social Research, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL 32306 
Publications: 

1981 Population: Demography and Policy, w/ Leon Bouvier, New York, St. 
Martins Press; 1974 "Excess and Deficit Fertility in the United States, 1965", 
Social Biology, v. 21, 1 
Source: Osborne list 

Wells, Prof. B. W.; 

Member 1925 

State College, Raleigh, North Carolina 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Wells, J. E.; 

Member 1930 
Kentucky 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wells, Ruth; 

Member 1930 
Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Wells, Wesley R.; 




Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wendt, Henry W.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wentworth, Prof. Edward N.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Armours' Livestock Bureau, U.S. Yards, Chicago, Illinois 1925, 1932; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Wertelecki, Vladimir; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Pediatrics, Medical Univ. of South Carolina, Charleston 1974 
Pubns: 

1979 Dermatoglyphics Fifty Years Later (ed.) w/ Chris Plato q.v., March of Dimes 
Source: Osborne list 

West, Bina; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

West, Luther; 

Member 1930 
Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wetmore, Maude; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Wheeler, Dr. George C.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Wheeler, Prof. William M.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory 

Council 1923-35 

Personal: 

1865-1937; Bussey Institute, Harvard Univ. (Dean 1915-29); Prof., Economic 
Entomology, Harvard 1908-34; American Museum Natural History (Curator 
1903-08, Research Assoc. 1909-37) 

Pubns: 

Emergent Evolution and the Development of Societies 1928 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310, 438-39; Report of The Second 

International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

White, E. Grace; 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930; Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 1932; 
Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 1956 Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; A Decade 
of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

White, Mr. Eliot; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Arlington, Massachusetts 
Source: EQ 1956 

White, George L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

White, Orland E.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 




Personal: 

Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Brooklyn, New York 1925; Virginia 1930; Biological 
Bid., Univ. Virginia 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Whiteford, A. W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whiting, Gertrude; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; 1 West 72nd St., New York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Whiting, W. A.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Birmingham-Southern College, Birmingham, Alabama 1925; Alabama 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Whitley, Miss Mary T.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Teachers College, Columbia University 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Whitney, Prof. David D.; 

Member 1946 
Personal: 

University of Nebraska 1946 
Source: EN 1946 December p. 51 

Whitney, E. A.; 

Member 1925 
Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Whitney, Joseph F.; 



Member 1930 
Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whitney, Mrs. L. A.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whitney, Mrs. Louis M.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whitney, Mr. & Mrs. R. A.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Ohio 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whittaker, A. L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Maine 1930 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whittaker, Elizabeth L.; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal: 

New York 1930; Elmira College, Elmira, New York 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Whittemore, Mrs. Elizabeth L.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Whittemore, Mrs. Justine; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whitten Jr., William M.; 

Member 1930 
Delaware 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whitt et, Janet T.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Whittinghill, Maurice; 

Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

1956 Dept, of Zoology, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514; Member, 

American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1965 Human Genetics and Its Foundations. 

Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 

Wicker sham, George W.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; see Marshall Cavan q.v. 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilbur, Pres. Ray Lyman; 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; (Member, Eugenics Research 
Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1875-1949; Stanford Univ. 1916-1943 (Dean, School of Medicine 1911-16; 
President 1916-43 (see David Starr Jordan q.v.); Chancellor 1943-49); Secretary 
of the Interior under Herbert Hoover (reorganized Bureau of Indian Affairs; 
Federal Oil Conservation Board); Trustee, Rockefeller Foundation 1923-40; 




Chmn., White House Conference on Child Care and Protection 1929-31; Pres., 
American Social Hygiene Assn. 1936-48 (the AES had its headquarters in the 
offices of the American Social Hygiene Assn, during and for a period after World 
War II) 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; ERA list 1938; Mehler, p. 441-42 

Wilcox, Alice Wilson; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilder, Prof. Harris; 

Advisory Council 1923 
Pubns: 

A Laboratory Manual of Anthropometry, 1920; The Pedigree of the Human Race, 
1926 

Source: Mehler, p. 310 

Wilder, Mrs. Inez Whipple; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

27 Belmont, Northampton, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Wile, Ira S.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930; MD; Birth Control Federation of America Inc. (Director at Large 
1939) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Birth Control Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers 
and Directors) 

Willcox, Prof. Walter Francis; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 

Personal: 

LLB 1887, PhD 1891 Columbia Univ.; Cornell Univ. (Prof. Economics and 
Statistics 1891-1931; Dean, College Arts and Sciences 1902-07); US census (chief 
statistician 12th Census; special agent 1902-31); 

Source: Eugenics Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 310; Report of The 
Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 




Willerman, Lee; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Dept, of Psychology, Univ. of Texas at Austin 78712 
Publications: 

1991 "In vivo Brain Size and Intelligence", Intelligence, vol. 15, p. 223-28 (Race, 
Evolution and Behavior); 1990 Psychopathology; 1979 "Physical Development of 
Interracial Children in the First Year", Social Biology, v. 26, 1; 1979 The 
Psychology of Individual and Group Differences (Race, Evolution and Behavior), 
W. H. Freeman 
Source: Osborne list 

Williams, "Bobby Joe" (sic AMWS 1976); 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1977 
Personal: 

b. 1930, Idabel, Oklahoma; Univ. Oklahoma 1953- 57; PhD 1965 (anthrop., 
human genetics) Univ. Michigan; Univ. Wisconsin, Milwaukee 1963-65; Univ. 
California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024 (i96s-(i979); assoc prof, anthrop. 
1972- (1976)); Am. Assn. Physical Anthrop.; population genetics; evolution; 
population processes in simple societies 
Publications: 

1974 "A Re-examination of the Heritability of Fertility in the British Peerage", 

Social Biology, v. 21, 3 

Source: Osborne list; AMWS 1976 

Williams, Beatrice M.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

California 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Williams, Catherine C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Williams, Mr. Donald G.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Chino, California 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 




Williams, Frankwood; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Williams, Mr. Henry F.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Fox River Grove, Illinois 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Williams, Dr. R. D.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

260 E. 7th St., Claremont, California 1925; California 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Williams, Dr. and Mrs. S. Clay; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Winston-Salem, North Carolina 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Williamson, Mr. W. Rulon; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Washington, D.C. 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Willis, Fred; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilmer, Dr. W. H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 




1610 I. St, Washington, D.C., 1925; Maryland 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Wilson, M. E.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Michigan 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilson, Marion; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Jersey 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilson, Mrs. P. C.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New Hampshire 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilson. Mrs. T. O.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Florida 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wilson, Dr. W. P.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

The Philadelphia Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Winchester, Prof. A. M.; 

Member 1956, 1974, 1989 
Personal: 

Stetson University, Deland, Florida 1956 (Head, Dept of Biology, Prof, of 
Genetics); Dept of Biology, Univ. of Northern Colorado, Greeley (Prof, of Biology 
1962-78, Emeritus i978-(i989); Biological Sciences Curriculum Study Committee 
1961-1962) 

Pubns: 




1988 Biology Lab Manual (7th ed.); 1986 Human Genetics (4th ed.) Harper 
College editions; 1981 Living Things; 1979 Laboratory Manual of Genetics (3rd 
ed.); 1966 Genetics: A Survey of the Principles of Heredity (3rd ed.); 1956 
Heredity and Your Life; Biology and Its Relation to Mankind; Zoology, The 
Science of Animal Life 
Quotes: 

1956 "The latter part of the book especially, should be of value to ministers, social 
workers, and others who are called upon to give counsel on problems of heredity 
and environment (p. 14) ... tuberculosis ... the prevalence of this disease in certain 
families leaves little doubt about its being influenced by heredity (p. 260) ... 
poliomyelitis ... heredity influences the amount of vitamin that is required to 
ward off rickets (p. 264) ... stomach ulcers ... cancer ... studies by Madge Macklin 
at Ohio State University indicate that ... the tendency to develop cancer is 
inherited (p. 269) ... Surgery saves many defective genes (p. 293) ... public 
assistance ... [defectives need welfare so] these genes are perpetuated by our 
kindliness ... Problems of Eugenics ... [in cattle breeding] The best bulls have 
hundreds of offspring, while those of poor quality go to the slaughter house 
before they have an opportunity to breed. Such techniques are, of course, out of 
the question at present (bolded by editor) for human beings ... (p. 298) ... 
negative eugenics [means] reducing the rate of reproduction among the less 
desirable members of our race" (p. 302) "there is still the probability that the 
average gene complex for those in the higher groups is more desirable than would 
be found among those at the bottom of the social scale" (p. 304); all quotes from 
Heredity and Your Life, A.M. Winchester, 1956 
Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; AMWS 1989 

Winsor, Mary; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Winthrop, Dorothy; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wise, Mrs. W. G.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Georgia 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Wiser, Wilmer C.; 



Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Pediatrics, Univ. of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Wissler, Clark; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Member 1925, 1930; Advisory Council 1923-35; Member, Third International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932; (Member, Eugenics Research Association 
1938 ) 

Personal: 

1870-1947; PhD Columbia Univ. 1901; American Museum of Natural History 
(curator of anthropology 1905-1947; Frederick Osborn studied under him as a 
research assoc, in late Twenties/early Thirties); Yale University (Prof, of 
Anthropology, Institute for Human Relations; studied race crossing); Galton 
Society; Eugenics Research Assn. (Exec. Cttee, Nominating Cttee); 1925 traveled 
to Australia and Hawaii to study anthropological potential as race crossing labs; 
Second and Third International Congress of Eugenics (Exhibits Cttee; Section 3, 
Racial Differences, Secretary); National Research Council (Cttee on Family 
Records "consisted entirely of AES Advisory Council members" (Mehler, p. 445)); 
Pres.: American Anthropological Assn. 1919-21, New York Academy of Sciences 
1930-31, American Ethnological Society 1915-16 
Pubns: 

1967 (repr., orig. ed 1940) Indians of the United States: Four Centuries of Their 
History; The Relation of Nature to Man in Aboriginal America 1926; Adventures 
in the Wilderness, 1925; The American Indian; Societies of the Plains Indians 
1916; The Indians of Greater New York and the Lower Hudson 1909 (all these 
titles are in print in 1994) 

Source: AESM 1925; Sanger list 1930; Mehler, p. 310, 445-46; Eugenics, Feb. 
1929; ERA list 1938; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 
1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Witt, Kristina S.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Columbus, Ohio 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Wolanski, Napoleon; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Warsaw, Poland 1974 




Publications: 

1970 "Heterosis in Man: Growth in Offspring and Distance Between Parent's 
Birthplaces", Social Biology, v. 17, 1 
Source: Osborne list 

Wolbarst MD, Dr. Abraham L.; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 

792 Lexington Ave., New York City 1921; New York 1930; 114 East 61st St., New 
York City 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Wolfe, Prof. H. S.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

Dept. Botany, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 1925; Illinois 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Wolfenson, Prof. L. B.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

160 Canterbury St., Dorchester, Massachusetts 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Wood, Mrs. Cornelius A.; 

Member 1930 
Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wood Jr., Mr. H. Curtis; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania 1956; Human Betterment Association (Pres, of Bd. of 
Dirs. i960) 

Source: EQ 1956; Letterhead Sept 15, i960 letter to R.C. Cook from R.C. Cook 
Collection, Library of Congress 



Wood, Francis C.; 




Member 1930 
Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wood, Dr. Thomas D.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 

525 W. 120th St., New York, New York 1925; New York 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Wood, Mrs. Willis D.; 

Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

Park Avenue, New York City 1956; Birth Control Federation of America Inc. 
(Director at Large 1939); American Birth Control League, Director at large 1937, 
1938 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; BCR Oct. 1937; BCR, May 1938; Birth Control 
Review, Feb/March 1939 (list of Officers and Directors) 

Woodbridge, Prof. S. Homer; 

Member 1925 

Washington Cathedral, Washington, D.C. 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Woodruff, Regina; 

Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

Personal: 

California 1930; Los Angeles Junior College, Los Angeles, California 1932; Kansas 
City, Missouri 1956 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 

Woods MD, Dr. Frederick Adams; 

American Consultative Committee 1912-21; (General Cttee, Second International 
Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930 
Personal: 

1873-1939; MIT (Biology 1903-23); Told First Eugenical Congress that "universal 
use of birth control would replace death control as an evolutionary process" 
(Mehler's words, Mehler, p. 447); 569 West End Ave., New York City 1921 
Source: Mehler, p. 37, note 3; Eugenics Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310, 447; Sanger 
list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 




Woodward, Dr. Alvalyn E.; 



Member 1925 

North Carolina College for Women, Greensboro, North Carolina 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Woodward, Dr. Robert S.; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 

Advisory Council 1923 

Personal: 

Carnegie Institute of Washington (Pres. 1904- 20); during this period C.B. 
Davenport's Carnegie Experimental Evolution Station at Cold Spring Harbor was 
part of the Carnegie Institute 

Source: Mehler, p. 310, 447; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921 

Woodward Jr., S. B.; 

Member 1930 
Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Woodward, Val; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept, of Genetics and Cell Biology, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul 1974 
Pubns: 

1992 Human Heredity and Society 
Source: Osborne list 

Woodworth, Prof. R. S.; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Columbia University, North Carolina 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Woolley, Mrs. Helen T.; 

Member 1925, 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New 
York 1932) 

71 Ferry Ave., East, Detroit, Michigan 1925; New York 1930; 525 West 125th St., 
New York City 1932 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 
1934 




Wooton, Dr. E. O.; 



Member 1925 
Personal: 

4113 Third St. NW, Washington D.C. 

Source: 1925 list 

Woolf, Prof. Charles M.; see under directors 
Workman, P. L.; 

Member 1974; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Univ. Massachusetts 1974; 

Member, English Eugenics Society 
Pubns: 

1973 Methods and Theories of Anthropological Genetics (ed.) w/ M.H. Crawford 
Source: Osborne list 

Wright, Dr. Jonathan; 

Member 1925 
Personal: 

Windy Rock, Pleasantville, New York 1925 
Source: 1925 list 

Wright, Ross Pier; 

Member 1930 
Pennsylvania 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Wright, Prof. Sewall; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930, 1956; (Member, Eugenics Research 
Association 1938) 

Personal: 

b. 1889; a founder of population genetics; "genetic drift" or the "Sewall Wright 
effect"; DSc Zoology, Harvard Univ. 1915; Senior Animal Husbandman, US Dept, 
of Agriculture 1915-25; Univ. of Chicago (Dept, of Zoology 1926-, Prof. 1930-37, 
Burton Prof. 1938-54, Emeritus 1955); Univ. of Wisconsin, Dept, of Genetics 
1955-60; International Congress of Genetics, Montreal (Pres., 1958); Pres: 
American Society of Naturalists 1952, Genetics Society of America 1934, 
American Society of Zoologists 1944 (and v.p. 1935), Society Study Evolution 
1955 (and v.p. 1948); Vice President: American Genetics Assn. 1945-49, 
American Statistical Assn. 1931; Member: American Society of Human Genetics, 




Biometric Society, British Genetical Society; population genetics theory, guinea 
pig studies, theory of evolution 

— Mrs Sewall Wright, 205 Ainsworth Pi. SW, Washington, DC 1921; Member, 

Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921 

Publications: 

1986 Evolution: Selected Papers (ed.) by William Provine; 1984 (repr.) Evolution 
and the Genetics of Populations: v. 1 Genetic and Biometric Foundations 1968, v. 

2 Theory of Gene Frequencies 1969, v. 3 Experimental Results and Evolutionary 
Deductions 1977; v. 4 Variability Within and Among Natural Populations 1978 
Background: 

Genetic Drift: 

Wright studied the breeding and cross breeding in guinea pigs through studies of 
coat color, (see also C. Keeler q.v.) Then he developed a mathematics of evolution 
which consisted of the formulas for evaluating mating and inbreeding in stock 
breeding. In Darwin's original work stock breeding was the example of ongoing 
evolution. 

R. A. Fisher opposed Sewall Wright. 

Wright said that among individuals natural selection works on separate average 
gene effects. He suggested that natural selection works by diffusion from those 
populations that have developed superior overall genetic systems. 

Genetic drift means that species may disappear because the few individuals 
carrying rare genes may not transmit them. This would result in the 
disappearance of a species without natural selection. 

Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 310; Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956; WWWIA; 
"Sewall Wright" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition, 1987, vol. 12, p. 774; ERA 
list 1938; Report of The Second International Congress of Eugenics 1921 

Wynekoop, Lindsay; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Illinois 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Yamanouchi, Shigeo; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Illinois 1930; Dept. Botany, Univ. Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 1932 
Source: Sanger list 1930; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Yarnell, Sidney; 

Member 1930 
Massachusetts 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 




Yerkes, Prof. Robert Means; 

(General Cttee, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); 
Member 1925, 1930; Advisory Council 1925-35; Member 1946; (Member, Third 
International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932); (Member, Eugenics 
Research Association 1938) 

Personal: 

1876-1956; USPHS, Office of the Surgeon General (Chief, division of psychology, 
1917), organized IQ testing of 1.727 million US Army recruits in 1919 which led to 
the book Psychological Examining in the United States Army (1921); National 
Research Council (Chmn., Cttee on Psychology 1917); Yale University 1924-1946); 
333 Cedar St., New Haven, Connecticut 1932; helped organize Science Service 
(see Watson Davis q.v.); organized Laboratory of Primate Biology, Orange Park, 
Florida in 1929; American Psychological Assoc. (Pres. 1916); Am. Soc. of 
Naturalists (Pres. 1938); Member: AES Cttee on Psychometry, Galton Society, 
Eugenics Record Office (ERO; ERO Cttee on the Genetic Basis of Human 
Behavior) 

Publications: 

1979 (repr.) Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes; 1943 Chimpanzees; 1941 "Man 
Power and Military Effectiveness: the case for human engineering", Journal of 
Consulting Psychology, v. 5, p. 205 ff; The Dancing Mouse Bd with the Mind of a 
Gorilla 1926 (in print 1994); 1921 Psychological Examining in the United States 
Army. (Ed.), Washington, D.C.; 1920 Mental Tests in the American Army w/ C.S. 
Yoakum q.v.; 1911 An Introduction to Psychology 
Background: 

IQ Testing 

Psychological Examining in the United States Army (1921) gave a social 
interpretation to the results of IQ tests administered in the Army during World 
War I. These "results" were and are the basis for a great deal of discussion and 
action among eugenicists. 

"Yerkes Army testing work was used as a major source of proof that Southern and 
Eastern Europeans were intellectually inferior to Northwestern Europeans" 
(Mehler, p. 448) This was used in turn to pass the Johnson Act limiting 
immigration from these countries. The work is important as a source for the 
current contention by Jensen q.v., Gordon q.v. and other Pioneer Fund 
beneficiaries that "science" has always shown that African-Americans are 
genetically defective in intelligence. 

Furthermore, it was used by eugenicists such as Frederick Osborn who spoke of 
using "psychology" as well as genetics. Osborn himself conducted a similar survey 
during World War II as Head of the Morale Branch of the Army. 

Source: AESM 1925; Mehler, p. 310; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; EN 
1946 December p. 51; ERA list 1938; Report of The Second International 
Congress of Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 



Yoakum, Dr. C. S.; 




Member 1925 
Personal: 

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 1925 
Pubns: 

Mental Tests in the American Army 1920 w/ R.M. Yerkes q.v. 

Source: 1925 list 

Yoder, Leonore I.; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

Washington, D.C. 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Yollick, Dr. Bernard; 

Member 1956 
Personal: 

MD; Houston, Texas 1956 
Source: EQ 1956 

Yorger, Ernest J.; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Indiana 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Young, C. V. P.; 

Member 1930 
New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Young, Evangeline; 

Member 1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 
1932) 

Personal; 

Massachusetts 1930; North Meadows, Central St., Framingham, Massachusetts 
1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930 

Young, Dr. Herman H.; 

Member 1925, 1930 
Personal: 




Indiana Univ., Bloomington, Indiana 1925; Indiana 1930 
Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930 

Young, S. Robert; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Wm. S. Hall Psychiatric Institute, Genetics Laboratory, Columbia, South Carolina 
1974 

Source: Osborne list 

Zang, Klaus D.; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Dept of Medical Genetics, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry (former Kaiser 
Wilhelm Institute), Munich, Germany 1974; Fachrichtung Humangenetik, 
Universitat des Saarlandes, 6650 Homburg/Saar, FDR Germany 
Source: Osborne list 

Zegura, Stephan Luke; 

Member 1989; Eugenics Quarterly/Social Biology MR 1975, 1976 BR 1988 
Personal: 

PhD (human biology) 1969 Univ. Wisconsin; Univ. Arizona (anthropology and 
genetics, asst. prof. 1972-77, assoc, prof. i977-(i989)); Member: AAAS, American 
Assn. Physical Anthropologists, Classification Society, American Anthropology 
Assn.; population structure, multivariate statistics, biological distance, Eskimos 
and Adriatic 
Publications: 

1988 book review of Culture and the Evolutionary Process, Boyd and Richardson 
in Social Biology, v. 1-2; manuscript referee for Social Biology 1975, 1976; 
geneticist who works with Greenberg 
Source: AMWS 1989 

Zeiger, Mrs. Dorothy Remington; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

Connecticut 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 

Zeleny, Charles; 

(Member, Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1921); Member 
1930; (Member, Third International Congress of Eugenics, New York 1932) 
Personal: 




Univ. Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 1921; Illinois 1930; 103 Vivariun Bid., Cahmpaign, 
Illinois 1932 

Source: Sanger list 1930; Report of The Second International Congress of 
Eugenics 1921; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics, Baltimore 1934 

Zerbin-Rudin, Dr. Edith; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

1974 Max- Planck Institute of Psychiatry (former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), 
Munich, Germany, D8 Munich 80, Krapelinstr. 2, FR Germany ; daughter of 
Ernst Rudin, the architect of Hitler's Nazi race laws (see Kallmann); see Eliot 
Slater in The Dismal Scientists; Zerbin-Rudin's work was presented through 
Slater 

Source: Osborne list; Murderous Science, Benno Muller-Hill 

Zonta, Laura; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

Istituto di Genetica, Univ. di Pavia, Italy 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Zubin, Joseph; 

Member 1974 
Personal: 

New York State Psychiatric Institute, Dept, of Bio Research, New York City 1974; 
Veterans Administration Hospital, Highland Dr., Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 15206 
Pubns: 

1973 Contemporary Sexual Behavior: critical issues in the seventies, w/ John 
Money (see A. Ehrhardt q.v.), American Psychopathology Association; 1961 
Comparative Epidemiology of the Mental Disorders ed. w/ P. Hock (sic in biblio) 
1959 Discussion leader on "Differentiating Effect of Intelligence and Social 
Status", at symposium, Eugenics Quarterly, v. 6, no. 2; 

Source: Osborne list 

Zuckerman, Samuel; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Zuelzer, Wolf; 




Member 1974 
Personal: 

Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit 1974 
Source: Osborne list 

Zukor, Adolph; 

Member 1930 
Personal: 

New York 1930 
Source: Sanger list 1930 



Officers 



Source of names: names of officers and directors were listed in the Eugeni cal 
News (EN + date), Eugenics Quarterly (EQ + date) and Social Biology (SB + date) 
for the years from 1939-1994 and in "Brief History of the American Eugenics 
Society", Eugenical News, December 1946, vol. 31 #4, p. 49 ff for the years from 
1922-1940 (EN 1946, December) and in Minutes of the American Eugenics 
Society 1925-39 deposited in the American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania (AESM + date); a list of members as of 1925 is deposited in the 
American Philosophical Library in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1925 list); a list of 
members of the Advisory Council appeared in Eugenics, Feb., 1929 (Eugenics, 
Feb. 1929); a list of members appeared in the Eugenics Quarterly 1956 (EQ 1956); 
Frederick Osborn wrote to congratulate new members as they joined, the Society 
and these letters, with other letters to and from members, are deposited in the 
American Philosophical Society Library's American Eugenics Society collection 
(AESC + date); Richard Osborne, editor of Social Biology, prepared a list of 
members for the officers and directors of the Society in 1974 (Osborne list); Barry 
Mehler compiled a table of the terms served by members of the Advisory Council 
and the Board of Directors from 1923 to 1940 which he published in his PhD 
thesis. A History of the American Eugenics Society 1921-1940 . UMI Dissertation 
Services, 1988 (Mehler + page number); other sources as specified 



Allen, Dr. Gordon - Director 1954-75, 1980-85; v.p. 1972-75; Member 1986 
Personal: 



b. 1919; d. between 1986-1989; MD Columbia 1951; National Institute of Health 
(National Institute of Mental Health, research geneticist 1952-76; medical 





statistician 1976; division of grants for intramural research 1952-); New York 
State Psychiatric Institute; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954, 
1986; AAAS; International Society Twin Studies (Pres. 1977-80) 

Publications: 

1981 (1965) "Random and non random inbreeding" Eugenics Quarterly 12: 181- 
198 & Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as one 
of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1977 Twin Research. Proc. 
of Second International Congress on twin studies, Washington, DC (associate 
editor), 3 Vol. (New York, Liss); 1961 "Statement of the eugenic position", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 8: 181-84; 1955 "Frequency and types of mental 
retardation" w/ F. J. Kallmann q.v., American Journal of Human Genetics, 7, 15- 
20; 1955 "Perspectives in Population Eugenics", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, #2; 
biology of twins 

Source: EQ 1954-68; SB 1969-75, 1980-85; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; Osborne list; AMWS 1986 



Armstrong, Lillian - Corresponding Secretary 1926, 1928, 1929 
Source: Mehler, p. 82; AESM 1928; Eugenics, Feb., 1929 



Andrews, George Reid - Exec. Secretary 1935 
Source: AESM 1935 



Bajema, Carl Jay - Secretary 1969-72; Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1937; Grand Valley State College, Michigan 1969-76; Senior Population 
Council Research Fellow in Demography and Population Genetics 1966-67; 
Population Research and Training Center, University of Chicago 1967; Harvard 
Center for Population Studies 1967; biological anthropology 

Publications: 

1991 "Garrett J. Hardin (q.v.): Ecologist, educator, ethicist, and environmentalist 
- a biographical note" Pop. Environ. I2(3):i93-212; 1991 article on Garrett Hardin 
in Buzzworm, Jan. /Feb; 1984 Evolution by Sexual Selection Theory: prior to 
1900. (Ed.) New York; 1983 Natural Selection Theory: from the Greeks to the 
quantitative measurements of the biometricians. 1983 (Ed.) Stroudsburg, PA, 
Hutchinson Ross; Eugenics: then and now. 1976 (Ed.) Stroudsburg, PA, 




Hutchinson Ross; Natural Selection in Human Populations: the measurement of 
ongoing genetic evolution in contemporary societies. 1971 New York, Wiley; 1967 
"Human Population Genetics and Demography: a selected bibliography", 
Eugenics Quarterly p. 205; "Relation of fertility to educational attainment in a 
Kalamazoo public school population" 1966 Eugenics Quarterly 13:306-15; 
"Estimation of the direction and intensity of natural selection in relation to 
human intelligence by means of the intrinsic rate of natural increase" 1963 
Eugenics Quarterly 10:175-87; used by Jensen 

Background: 

In 1969 Arthur Jensen published an article which argued that African-Americans 
have a genetically based intelligence deficiency which makes it useless to attempt 
to improve their average academic achievement to white levels. ("How much can 
we boost IQ and scholastic achievement" 1969, Harvard Educational Review , vol. 
39, pp. 1-123) Controversy has raged ever since, (see The Mismeasurement of 
Man, by Stephen Gould and Not In Our Genes, by Richard Lewontin) 

From the point of view of this list, the interesting thing is that Jensen relied on 
eugenicists at all key points in his argument. And, furthermore, he was most 
effectively attacked and refuted by other eugenicists - namely, Richard Lewontin 
q.v. and L. S. Hearnshaw q.v. of the English Eugenics Society (Cyril Burt: 
psychologist . 1979). Thus, much of the debate was, and still is, framed by the 
eugenic societies. Jensen continues to advance his point of view in the racist, 
eugenicist magazine, Mankind Quarterly. His later work uses articles published 
by C. J. Bajema. (see W. P. Draper) 

Source: EQ 1967 p. 205; SB 1969-76; Jensen's bibliographies; Osborne list; 
AMWS, 14th ed. 



Belknap, Chauncey - Director 1937-41; Secretary 1942-45; Treasurer 1946; 
Secretary/ Treasurer 1947-51; Treasurer 1952-59; Director 1960-61; Member, 
1974 

Personal: 

b. 1891; Legal secretary to Oliver Wendell Holmes 1915-16; Member, Patterson, 
Belknap, Webb and Tyler 1920-1980; Frederick Osborn's personal lawyer; 
Member: American Law Institute, NY (Pres., i960), Bar Association, NYC (Pres. 
1957) 



Source: AESM, April 1936; EN 1940-53; EQ 1954-61; WWWIA; Osborne list; 
Mehler, p. 313 




Bertheau, Rudolf C. - Secretary 1936-41; Editorial Committee, Eugenical News 
1939-41 

Source: AESM 1936-39; EN 1939-41 



Bigelow, Prof. Maurice A.- Member 1925, 1930; Pres., 1940-45; Director 1946; 
Acting Executive Secretary 1948-51; Secretary 1952; Hon. Secretary 1953 

Personal: 

b. 1872, Milford Ohio; d. Jan. 6, 1955; Teachers College, Columbia University 
1899-1955 (instructor in biology 1899-1903, adj. prof. 1903-07, Prof. 1907-39, 
Prof. Emeritus 1939-); Ohio Wesleyan, BS 1894; lived Croton on the Hudson; 
Fellow, AAAS; Founder and Exec., American Nature Study Society 1908-10; 
American Social Hygiene Assn. (Chmn. of Exec. Cttee 1925-39, Chmn., National 
Education Cttee 1940-41 and 1943-45, Secretary 1942); educational consultant, 
US Public Health Service 1939-45; Editorial Cttee, Eugenical News 1940-52 
(managing editor 1944-45) 

Publications: 

1937 Love and Marriage: Foundations of Social Health, (ed.) w/ H. Judy Bond 
q.v.), Thomas Walton Galloway, National Health Series; Adolescence: 
educational and hygienic problems. 1924 National Health Series; Health for 
Everyday. 1924 w/ Jean Broadhurst, New York; Sex Education: A Series of 
Lectures concerning knowledge of sex in its relation to everyday life. 1916; 
Introduction to Biology. 1913; Applied Biology 1911; Teaching of Zoology in 
Secondary Schools. 1904 

Quote: 

1917 Sex Education and Eugenics: 

"Some of the chief facts of eugenics should be a part of every well organized 
scheme of sex instruction, and taught through biology" from "The Educational 
Attack on the Problems of Social Hygiene", EN 1917 

Source: 1925 list; Sanger list 1930; WWWIA; EN 1917, 1940-53; EQ 1954 



Blizard, David - Secretary/ Treasurer 1982-83 
Source: SB 1982-83 



Burch, Guy Irving - Sec. 1931-34; Director 1931-32, 1935-46; Member 1930 




Personal: 



Washington, DC; Founder/Director, Population Reference Bureau 1946 (see R. 
Cook); charter member, Population Association of America; Mem: Coalition of 
Patriotic Societies till 1942 when it was indicted for pro-Nazi sedition in DC 
Federal Court; lobbyist for National Committee on Federal Legislation for Birth 
Control; Lasker award in planned parenthood 1952 (ARTW, Jan. 1952); The 
United Nations, the Washington Post and other organizations and papers use the 
Population Reference Bureau as an impartial source on population matters. 
There is a picture of Guy Irving Burch in the PRB in Washington, D.C. 

Publications: 

1945 Population Roads to Peace or War. 1945, reissued as Human Breeding and 
Survival. 1947 (foreword by Prof. Walter B. Pitkin of Columbia University); "The 
Past and Future Growth of World Population — A Long Range View" from the 
Population Bulletin #1 of the Population Reference Bureau, published by United 
Nations, Department of Social Affairs, Population Division; editor, Population 
Bulletin from Population Reference Bureau 

Quotes: 

— Racism: 

Burch supported Margaret Sanger and birth control because "I have long 
worked .... to prevent the American people from being replaced by alien or Negro 
stock, whether it be by immigration or by overly high birth rates among others in 
this country" (quoted in Chase p. 367) 

— Eugenics and National Security: 

"... if we are willing to keep the focus on undesirable parentage ... then 
sterilization can play a rather large part in the attainment of the peace goals" 
(from Human Breeding and Survival. 1947 quoted in Chase p. 369) 

— Peace Through (White) Trash Disposal : 

"What are the social bases on which sterilization might be indicated in the 
program to attain peace goals ... Looking toward a possibly economic test, are 
persons who are on relief to be encouraged to reproduce while they are on relief 
as they have been? ... Are their children more likely to be social burdens than are 
the children of those who are in better control of their own environment? ... Is it 
reasonable to ask other citizens to pay more in order that relief recipients may 
reproduce? Is it reasonable to impose the heavier tax burden when that 
additional pressure on many tax payers will be just enough to prevent their own 
reproduction?" (from Human Breeding and Survival, p. 97 quoted in Chase p. 




369) According to Chase, Burch means that the whites who lost their jobs in the 
Great Depression should be sterilized. Will Clinton make similar proposals? 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM 1931, 1932; EN 1940-46; Chase; personal 
communication from E. Sobo; Mehler, p. 317 



Campbell, C. G. - Pres. 1931; Member 1930; (Member, Eugenics Research 
Association 1938) 

Personal: 

resigned as President of AES March 1931 when Society decided to move to New 
York; President, Eugenics Research Association 1935 

Pubns: 

"The German Racial Policy", Eugenical News, v. 21, 2 March-April 1936 
Quotes: 

— Support for Nazi Policies as Eugenics: 

1935 "Adolf Hitler ... guided by the nation's anthropologists, eugenists and social 
philosophers, has been able to construct a comprehensive racial policy of 
population development and improvement ... it sets a pattern ... these ideas have 
met stout opposition in the Rousseauian social philosophy ... which bases ... its 
whole social and political theory upon the patent fallacy of human equality ... 
racial consanguinity occurs only through endogamous mating or interbreeding 
within racial stock ... conditions under which racial groups of distinctly superior 
hereditary qualities ... have emerged" (The New York Times, August 29, 1935) 

— Aryans and Jews: 

"the German Press quoted Dr. Campbell by the yard. Abroad excited Jewish 
editors tried to dig up something against him ... Socialite Campbell’s boldest dicta: 
'The difference between the Jew and the Aryan is as unsurmountable as that 
between black and white’" (Time, Sept. 9, 1935, v. 26, #11, p. 21) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM 1931; ERA list 1938; The New York Times, 

August 29, 1935; Mehler, p. 453 



Crampton, Prof. Henry E. - Secretary/Treas. 1922-25; co-incorporator, American 
Eugenics Society 1926; Director 1926-27; Advisory Council 1926-35; Member 
1930 




Personal: 



zoologist, experimental biologist; Barnard Univ. 1900-1941 
Source: AESM 1926; Mehler p. 327; Sanger list 1930 



Davenport, C. B. - American Consultative Committee 1912-21; founding cttee, 
1921; Vice Chairman, Eugenics Cttee of the United States 1923-26; v.p. 1926; 
Director 1923-35; Member 1930; Advisory Council 1931-35 

Personal: 

editorial cttee, Eugenical News 1921-38; Carnegie Institute: (Director: Station for 
Experimental Evolution, Cold Spring Harbor 1904-34; Director: Eugenics Record 
Office 1910-34); AAAS, v.p.; American Zoological Society (Pres. 1902, 1920-30); 
Eugenics Research Association (Hon. Pres. 1937); Galton Society (Pres. 1918- 
1930); International Federation of Eugenical Organizations (Pres. 1927-32); 

Third International Congress of Eugenics (Pres.) 

Davenport is a very significant figure in eugenics. But he mainly worked through 
the Eugenics Research Association, The Eugenics Record Office and the IFEO. 
This history is well covered in most eugenics histories. The point I am trying to 
make is that the kinds of things Davenport did in the Thirties continue to be done 
by the American Eugenics Society. Histories that cover Davenport include In the 
Name of Eugenics , Kevles; The Legacy of Malthus, Chase, Not In Our Genes . 
Lewontin; The Mismeasiirement of Man , Gould; The Nazi Connection . Kuhl) 

Pubns: 

Eugenical News, Editorial Cttee (1921-1938); 1928 "Crime, heredity and 
environment", Journal of Heredity, v. 19, p. 307; 1911 Heredity in Relation to 
Eugenics , Holt, New York 

Source: AESM 1926; Sanger list 1930; Mehler p. 329-30 



Dobzhansky, Theodosius - Director 1964-73; Chairman of the Board 1969-75 
Personal: 

b. 1900 Russia; d. 1975 California; Lect., Univ. Leningrad 1925-27; Int. Education 
Board, Rockefeller Fndn. Fellow at Columbia Univ. 1927-29; California Inst. 
Technology, asst. prof. 1929-36, Prof, genetics 1936-40); Columbia Univ. (Prof, 
zoology 1940-62; adjunct prof. 1962-75); Rockefeller Univ. (Prof. 1962-70, 
Emeritus 1970-75); Dept, of Genetics, University of California at Davis (adjunct 
prof genetics 1971-75); Visiting Prof. Univ. Sao Paulo, Brazil 1943, 1948-49, 1952, 




1953 (city where Mengele died); Pres.: Genetics Soc. America 1941, Am. Soc. 
Naturalists 1950, American Teilhard de Chardin Association 1973, Behavioral 
Genetics Assn. 1973; Member: American Society of Human Genetics 1954, Nat. 
Acad. Sci Cttee, Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation, Genetics Panel 1953-60 

Publications: 

1983 Human Culture: a moment in evolution : 1977 Humankind: a product of 
evolutionary transcendence, w/ F. J. Ayala, Johannesburg, Witwatersrand 
University Press for Institute for the Study of Man in Africa (1977 Raymond Dart 
Lecture); 1977 Evolution w/ F. J. Ayala, L. Stebbins, J. Valentine; 1976 Man and 
the Biological Revolution. (Toronto, York University); Studies in the Philosophy 
of Biology. 1974 w/ F. J. Ayala, Berkeley, Univ. of California Press; Genetic 
Diversity and Human Equality. 1973 New York, Basic Books; Genetics of the 
Evolutionary Process 1970 New York, Columbia University Press; The Genetic 
Effects of Radiation. 1968 w/ Isaac Asimov, US Atomic Energy Commission; The 
Biology of Ultimate Concern 1967 New York, New American Library; 

Evolutionary Biology. 1967; Heredity and the Nature of Man. 1964 New York, 
Harcourt Brace; "Evolutionary and population genetics" 1963 Science, vol. 142: 
1121-1135; 1963 "Genetics of race equality", Eugenics Quarterly; Hereditie, Race 
and Societe par L. C. Dunn and Th. Dobzhansky, Bruxelles 1964; Mankind 
Evolving. 1962 New Haven, Yale Univ. Press; "Genetics and Equality" 1962 
Science, vol. 137:112-15; "The Present Evolution of Man", Scientific American, 
Sept, i960; "Human Nature as a Product of Evolution", 1959 in New Knowledge 
in Human Values. Abraham Maslow, Harper; Radiation. Genes and Man. 1959 
w/ Bruce Wallace, New York, Holt; The Biological Basis of Human Freedom. New 
York, Columbia Univ. Press 1956; "On Methods of Evolutionary Biology and 
Anthropology", 1957 American Scientist, v. 45; "What is an adaptive trait" 1956 
American Naturalist vol. 90: 337-47; Evolution. Genetics, and Man. 1955 New 
York, Wiley; "A review of some fundamental concepts and problems of 
population genetics" 1955 in Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative 
Biology. 20: 1-15; "Strangler Trees", Scientific American, Jan. 1954; "Genetics", 
Scientific American, Sept. 1950; "The Genetic Basis of Evolution", Scientific 
American, Jan. 1950; Heredity, Race and Society. 1947 w/ L.C. Dunn, New York, 
Penguin; Genetics and the Origin of Species. 1937 (2nd edition rev. 1941, 3rd 
edition 1951) New York, Columbia; Chto i kak nasleduetsia u zhivykh 
sushchestv ?. 1925 

Graduate Students: 

Bruce Wallace q.v., Richard C. Lewinton q.v., F.J. Ayala, Lee Ehrman q.v., Wyatt 
W. Anderson q.v., Louis Levine q.v. 

Source: SB 1969-72, 1974-75; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; Osborne list 




Duncan, Otis Dudley - Director 1967-72; v.p. 1969-72; Member 1974 
Personal: 



b. 1921; Dept, of Sociology, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson 1974; Dept, of Sociology, 
University of Michigan 1967-72; used by Jensen and in The Bell Curve 

Publications: 

1981 "Ability and Achievement", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 
issue of Social Biology as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social 
Biology); 1967 The American Occupational Structure ; 1965 "Marital Fertility and 
size of family of origin", Demography, vol. 2:24-49; 1965 "Farm background and 
differential fertility", Demography, vol. 2:240-49; 1965 (1961) Occupations and 
Social Status : 1964 "Residential Areas and Differential Fertility", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 11, #2 

Source: EQ 1967-68; SB 1969-72 (March); Osborne list 



Eckland, Bruce K. - Pres. 1972-75; Director 1968-82 
Personal: 

1982-1968 Dept, of Sociology, University of North Carolina 
Publications: 

1981 "Theories of Mate Selection", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 
as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1967 "Genetics and 
Sociology: a reconsideration", American Sociological Review, vol. 32:173-94; 1965 
"Academic ability, higher education and occupational mobility", American 
Sociological Review, vol. 30:735-46; used by Jensen 

Source: EQ 1968; SB 1969-82; Osborne list 



Erlenmeyer-Kimling, Prof. L. - Director 1971-72; Secretary 1972-73; Director 
1973-75; Pres. 1976-78; Director 1979-84, 1992-1994 

Personal: 

1992 New York State Psychiatric Institute (1960-11992) Director, Division of 
Developmental Behavioral Studies 1978- (1990)); an associate of Kallmann q.v. 
(which shows that Kallmann's influence continues in the '70's and 8o's); 
Columbia University, Prof, of Psychiatry and Genetics 1978-11990) 




Publications: 



1979 Life Span Research on the Prediction of Psychopathology. , (ed.) w/ Nancy 
Miller, Proc. of a conference in New York sponsored by the Society for the Study 
of Social Biology, Society for Life History Research in Psychopathology, and 
Center for Studies of Mental Health in Aging at NIH; Differential Reproduction 
in Individuals with Mental and Physical Disorders. 1971 (ed. w/ Irving Gottesman 
q.v.) Proc. of a conference sponsored by the American Eugenics Society and the 
Bio Medical Division of the Population Council held at Rockefeller University 
1970, published for the American Eugenics Society by University of Chicago Press 
Genetics and Mental Disorders. 1971 (ed.) International Arts and Sciences Press, 
White Plains, NY; "Genetics and intelligence: a review" 1963 w/ L. Jarvik, Science 
142:1477-79 (see also Science 146:80); "Selection and schizophrenia" 1966 
American Naturalist 100:651-66; "Mating and Fertility Trends in Schizophrenia" 
in Expanding Goals of Genetics in Psychiatry. 1962 by F. J. Kallmann q.v. 

Source: SB 1971, 1972 (December), 1973-84, 1992-1994; Osborne list; AMWS 
1989-90 



Fairchild, Prof. Henry Pratt - Advisory Council 1923-27; sec./treas. 1926-28; v. p. 
1926-28; Pres., 1929-31; Director 1926-51 

Personal: 

b. 1880; d. 1956; PhD; Yale (sociology 1910-12; Science of Society 1912-18); assoc, 
director, personnel department, War Camp. Comm. Service 1918-19; New York 
University (Bureau of Community Service and Research, director 1919-24; Prof, 
of Sociology 1924-51; Chmn., Dept, of Sociology in graduate school 1938-45); 
National Research Council and special investigator on immigration for the Dept, 
of Labor 1923; Population Association of America (First Pres. 1921-25); Town 
Hall Club (Pres. 1934-40); American Sociol. Society (Pres. 1936); Planned 
Parenthood of America Federation (a.k.a. Birth Control Federation of America till 
1942; Bd. Dirs. 1932, v.p. 1939-48, after Fairchild joined the BCFA they formed a 
Committee (1935) on Birth Control and Eugenics; Fairchild asked the Eugenic 
Society for permission to join the BCFA); American-Soviet Friendship Club 
(National Council) 

Publications: 

1947 Race and Nationality as Factors in American Life; Immigration. 1913; The 
Melting Pot Mistake 1926; The Alien in Our Midst. 1930 (contrib. w/ Madison 
Grant, Lothrop Stoddard, Harry H. Laughlin, Charles Davenport, Paul Popenoe, 
Henry Fairfield Osborn, all of the American Eugenics Society); General Sociology. 
1934; Birth Control Review, Consulting Editor 1939; People: The Quantity and 
Quality of Population. 1939; gave keynote speech on "Race Building in a 
Democracy" to Birth Control Federation of America (BCFA) and the National 




Committee on Planned Parenthood during 1940 annual meeting of BCFA; 
Economics for the Millions. 1940 (from the Book Review Digest . 1940 p. 291 
quoting Books. March 17, 1940 p. 19); 

Background: 

— Immigration: 

The Alien in Our Midst supported the Johnson Act, the act which, for the first 
time in American history, set immigration quotas. 

"The Johnson Act quotas were kept inviolate until Pearl Harbor Day, 1941. At 
least nine million human beings of what Galton and Pearson called degenerate 
stock, two thirds of them the Jews Dr. Stoddard had malignantly mislabeled as 
Central Asiatics posing as Semitic Hebrews, continued to be denied sanctuary at 
our gates. They were all ultimately herded into Nordic Rassenhygiene camps, 
where the race biologists in charge made certain that they ceased to multiply. 

And ceased to be." (Chase p. 360, commenting on The Alien in Our Midst) 

"The whole Darwinist teaching of the struggle for existence is simply a 
transference from society to living nature of Hobbes' doctrine of helium omnium 
contra omnes and of the bourgeois doctrine of competition together with 
Malthus' theory of population. When this conjurer's trick has been performed ... 
the same theories are transferred back again from organic nature into history and 
it is now claimed that their validity as eternal laws of human society has been 
proved. The puerility of this proceeding is so obvious that not a word need be said 
about it" letter to P. L. Lavrov, 12-17 November 1875 cited in Not In Our Genes: 
Biology, Ideology and Human Nature. 1984 by R. C. Lewontin, Steven Rose, and 
Leon Kamin, New York, Pantheon, p. 309 

— Planned Parenthood and Race Building in 1940: 

"The Annual Meeting [1940] 

"The ANNUAL MEETING of the Birth Control Federation of America ... will be in 
effect a three day forum on Race Building in a Democracy. It will also mark the 
opening of the 1940 campaign of the Federation under the auspices of a National 
Committee for Planned Parenthood. ... The program includes the presentation of 
papers showing the relationship of birth control to other efforts to improve the 
quality of people in the United States.... 

"RACE BUILDING IN A DEMOCRACY: A SYMPOSIUM 

"Seven vital phases of this subject, each of major importance, will be presented 
on Tuesday afternoon, January 23rd. Professor Henry Pratt Fairchild ... will 
preside. Mrs. Louis deB. Moore is in charge of arrangements for this part of the 
meeting... 




LUNCHEON AND OPENING OF CAMPAIGN 



The luncheon on Wednesday, January 24th, will be an outstanding event of the 
ANNUAL MEETING. ... [at this luncheon] Professor Henry Pratt Fairchild will 
discuss further the subject of "Race Building in a Democracy" and Dr. 
Woodbridge E. Morris will speak on the subject of "A National Program for the 
United States" The meeting will mark the opening of the Federation's 1940 
financial campaign... 

"Professor Fairchild, summarizing the addresses of the Symposium presented 
January 23rd, will evaluate the significance of a birth control program in relation 
to other important social efforts to improve the general welfare. 

"Dr. Morris, speaking on the national program, will discuss how the Federation is 
prepared to assist in the application of the principles of planned parenthood to 
the broad program of Race Building.... 

"CAMPAIGN NEWS 

"... A new development of the [Birth Control Federation of America] campaign 
this year ... is the effort now under way to enlarge the Citizens Committee into a 
National Committee for Planned Parenthood. ... everything promises an 
auspicious public launching of the effort [to enlarge the Citizens Committee into 
a National Committee for Planned Parenthood] at the annual luncheon to be held 
at the Hotel Roosevelt, Wednesday, January 24th " [the luncheon where 
Professor Fairchild and Dr. Morris were to speak on race building and planned 
parenthood] (Birth Control Review, January 1940, pp. 39-40) 

Source: Mehler, p. 307, 3439-40; AESM 1926, 1927, 1929, 1935; Eugenics, Feb., 
1929; EN 1939-51; F. O. Hist; Chase; Birth Control Review 1940 #3; BCR, Nov. 
1939 



Fisher, Prof. Irving - Society Founder 1922; Pres., 1922-26; v.p. 1929; Director 
1923-40; Member 1930, 1946 

Personal: 

1867-1947; Economist who worked on capital and monetary theory; Yale 
University (BA 1888, PhD 1891, taught mathematics 1892-95, taught political 
economy and economics 1895-1935) ; 1910 card file system made him rich; 
developed idea of 'commodity dollar' 1912-35; Chmn., Board of Scientific 
Directors of Eugenics Record Office; Pres, of Eugenics Research Assn. 1920; 
representative to International Federation of Eugenic Organizations (elected 
1922 Brussels); League of Nations; co-founder, Remington Rand 1926 



Publications: 




1932 Booms and Depressions ; The Theory of Interest. 1930; Mathematical 
Investigations in the Theory of Value and Prices : The Nature of Capital and 
Income. 1906; The Purchasing Power of Money. 1911; The Making of Index 
Numbers. 1922 

Background: 

1924 When the American Eugenics Society began it was called the Committee on 
Eugenics of the United States. Irving Fisher wrote to Katherine Davis q.v. that the 
purpose of the Committee was to "stem the tide of threatened race degeneracy" 
and to protect the United States against "indiscriminate immigration, criminal 
degenerates, and race suicide" (quoted in Mehler, Sources in the Study of 
Eugenics, Mendel Newsletter, Nov., 1978) 

Source: AESM 1926, 1928, 1929, 1932; Sanger list 1930; EN 1920, 1934, 1940; F. 
O. Hist.; EN 1946 December p. 50, 51; Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition 1987 
"Irving Fisher" 



Fedoroff, Vassa; General Secretary 1926 
Source: Mehler, p. 82 



Folsom, Prof. Joseph K. - Director 1937-54; v. P- 1947-49; Member 1956 
Personal: 

b. 1893; Professor of Sociology, Vassar College 1939-45, 1954 
Publications: 

Plan for Marriage: an intelligent approach to marriage and parenthood, proposed 
by members of the staff of Vassar College. An extracurricular series of lectures, all 
the authors are associates of Vassar either as regular faculty or the summer 
Institute of Euthenics (see chapter by J. K. Folsom "Finding a mate in modern 
society") 

Source: Mehler, p. 307; EN 1940-1953; EQ 1954, 1956 



Fuller, John Langworthy - Member 1974; Director 1978-80; Pres., 1982-83 
Personal: 



b. 1910; State University of New York, Binghamton 1974, 1978-1980 




Publications: 



1987 book review of Progress or Catastrophe: The Nature of Biological Science 
and Its Impact on Human Society by Glass, Social Biology, v. 34, 1-2; 1986 
Perspectives in Behavior Genetics. (Ed.) w/ Edward Simmel) L. Erlbaum Assoc.; 
1985 "The Genetics of Alcohol Consumption in Animals", Social Biology, v. 32, 3- 
4; 1983 Behavior Genetics: principles and applications, (ed. w/ Edward Simmel) 
L. Erlbaum Assoc.; 1983 "Message from the President of the Society for the Study 
of Social Biology - Social Biology: Whence and Whither, Social Biology, v. 30, #1; 
1983 Book review in Social Biology, v. 30, 3 of Biology and the Social Sciences: 

An Emerging Evolution by Wiegele; 1978 Foundations of Behavior Genetics, w/ 
Robert Thompson, Mosby; 1974 article in Journal of Heredity, 65, 33; 1965 
Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog, w/ John Paul Scott q.v. Univ. of 
Chicago Press; 1965 "Suggestions from Animal Studies for Human behavior" in 
Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, (ed. Vandenberg); 1962 
Motivation: a biological perspective. . Random House; i960 Behavior Genetics. 
w/ Robert Thompson, Wiley; 1956 "The Path Between Genes and Behavior 
Characteristics", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, #4; 1954 Nature and Nurture: a 
modern synthesis. Doubleday; 1954 "Heredity and Learning in Infrahuman 
Mammals" Eugenics Quarterly 1 (1) 

Source: SB 1978-83; Osborne list; SCI 



Goodsell, Willystine - Director 1931, 1932, 1935-46; v.p. 1937 
Personal: 

t 939 - 4 t assoc, prof, of education, Teachers College, Columbia University, New 
York, NY; (retired 1942) 

Source: AESM 1931, 1932, 1937; Mehler, p. 308; EN 1939-46 



Gottesman, Prof. Irving I. - 1969-75; v.p. 1976-81 
Personal: 

b. 1930; PhD Univ. Minnesota i960; Institute of Psychiatry, London 1963-64; 
Univ. of North Carolina (assoc, prof, of psychiatric genetics 1964-66); University 
of Minnesota (Prof. Dept, of Psychology 1966-80); Washington University, St. 
Louis (Prof., Dept, of Psychiatry 1980-85); Univ. of Virginia (Prof, of Psychology 
1985-); NIMH (Cons. 1975-79, 1992; NIMH National Plan for Schizophrenia 
1988-89); Commission on Huntington's Disease (Pres., 1977); Fellow, Center for 
Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences 1987-88; Minnesota Human Genetics 
League (v.p. 1967-71); Behavioral Genetics Association (Pres. 1976-77); American 
Society of Human Genetics, (editorial board 1967-72); Society for Research in 




Psychopathology (Pres. 1992); 1992 "Divided Selves", Discover, v. 13, p. 38, Sept, 
(about Gottesman) 

Publications: 

1991 Schizophrenia Genesis: the origins of madness, w/ Dorothea Wolfgram, 

New York, Freeman ("For anyone who has ever had an interest in understanding 
schizophrenia {this} is the definitive book" from publisher's blurb by fellow 
eugenics society member, L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling, in Scientific American, August 
1991, p. 12, reviewed by Philip Morrison, Scientific American, v. 264, March, 1991, 
p. 122); 1989 Demography and Schizophrenia. ; "Premorbid psychometric 
indicators of the gene for Huntington's disease", J. Consult. Clin. Psychiatry 
45:1011-22; 1982 Schizophrenia: the epigenetic puzzle, w/ James Shields (ES), 
Cambridge University Press ("what behavioral genetics tells us about the origins 
of schizophrenia" from review in Social Biology 1983 p. 341); 1972 Schizophrenia 
and genetics: a twin study vantage point, w/ James Shields (ES) New York, 
Academic Press; 1971 Man, Mind and Heredity: selected papers of Eliot Slater 
(ES) on psychiatry and genetics. (Ed w/ James Shields (ES)) Johns Hopkins 
Press; 1970 Differential Reproduction in individuals with mental and physical 
disorders. (Ed w/ L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling q.v.) from Conference sponsored by 
American Eugenics Society and Bio Medical Division of the Population Council 
held at Rockefeller University 1970, pub. by the Univ. of Chicago Press for the 
American Eugenics Society; 1966 "Schizophrenia in twins: 16 years consecutive 
admissions to a psychiatric clinic.", Diseases of the Nervous System (Supplement) 
27(7):ii-i9 w/ James Shields (ES); 1965 "Personality and Natural Selection", in 
Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics. (Ed Vandenberg); 1963 
"Heritability of Personality: a demonstration", Psychological Monographs 
77(9):i-20; 1962 "Differential Inheritance of Psychoneuroses", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 9, #4 

Source: SB 1969-81; Osborne list 



Grant, Madison - Director 1923-33; co-incorporator, American Eugenics Society 
Inc., 1926; Director 1929; Member 1930 

Personal: 

1865-May 30, 1937; BA 1887 Yale; law degree Columbia 1890; New York 
Zoological Society (1895 co-founder with Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Fairfield 
Osborn Sr. q.v., Elihu Root, G. Grant LaFarge; Secretary 1895-1924; Chmn., Exec. 
Cttee (1908-36; Pres. 1925-37); see Julian Huxley, Pres, of London Zoological 
Society and London Zoo at same time; Bronx Zoo (Pres, after H. F. Osborn q.v., 
succeeded by H. F. Osborn Jr.); American Bison Society 1905, co-founder; Bronx 
Parkway Comm. (Pres., 1907-25), 1st parkway, built to reach the Bronx Zoo: Save 
the Redwoods League, 1910 co-founder w/ Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. q.v. and 
John Merriam q.v.; Treasurer: Second (1921) and Third (1932) Eugenics 




Congress; Immigration Restriction League (Pres. 1922-37); Pres: Eugenics 
Research Assn.; Immigration Restriction League; Charter Fellow, Galton Society; 
no children; dressy, tenacious; obit. NY Times May 31 1937 

Publications: 

1936 Eugenical News, Advisory Board; 1933 The Conquest of a Continent ; wrote 
preface to The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy. : 
contributed to The Alien in Our Midst, or "Selling Our Birthright for a Mess of 
Pottage" 1930 w/ others, pub. by Galton Publishing Co. Inc. (see H. P. Fairchild 
q.v.); 1916 The Passing of the Great Race, (preface by H. F. Osborn q.v., ideas of 
Count Gobineau on Aryan supremacy) 

Background: 

Johnson Immigration Act 

"in 1924 he helped to frame the Johnson Act", Dictionary of American Biography, 
Supp. 2, p. 256, article by Fairfield Osborn 

C. Grant Lafarge: 

— designed St. Matthews Cathedral, Washington and Buildings of NY Zoological 
Park 

— father of John Lafarge S.J. 

— Oliver LaFarge, wrote on Indians 
Quotes from The Passing of the Great Race 

— Race and Immigration: 

"... the New England manufacturer imported the Irish ... the immigrant laborers 
are now breeding out their masters and killing by filth and crowding as effectively 
as the sword ... Associated with this advance of democracy and the transfer of 
power from the higher to the lower races, we find the spread of socialism and the 
recrudescence of obsolete religious forms" (from The Passing of the Great Race. 
quoted in Chase p. 167) 

— Religion, Philanthropy and Eugenics: 

"... Indiscriminate efforts to preserve babies among the lower classes often results 
in serious injury to the race ... Mistaken regard for what are believed to be divine 
laws and sentimental belief in the sanctity of human life tend to prevent both the 
elimination of defective infants and the sterilization of such adults as are 




themselves of no value to the community" (from The Passing of the Great Race. 
quoted in Chase p. 171) 

— Eugenics and the Jews: 

"... the Polish Jew, whose dwarf stature, peculiar mentality and ruthless 
concentration on self interest are being engrafted upon the stock of the nation." 
(from The Passing of the Great Race, quoted in Chase p. 172) 

— The real goals of sterilization: 

sterilization could "... be applied to an ever widening circle of social discards, 
beginning always with the criminal, the diseased and the insane, and extending 
gradually to types which may be called weaklings rather than defectives, and 
perhaps ultimately to worthless race types" (from The Passing of the Great Race. 
quoted in Chase p. 172) 

Source: AESM 1926, 1930; Mehler, p. 308; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; 
WWWIA; The Legacy of Malthus. Chase; F. O. Hist.; EN, May/June 1936; 

WWWIA 



Guttmacher, Dr. Alan F. - Director 1955; v.p. 1956-63; Director 1964-66 
Personal: Holocaust betrayer 

MD; d. March 18, 1974; President, Planned Parenthood Federation of America 
1962-1974; Mount Sinai New York 1952-66 (Director of Obstetrics 1952-62; 
Director Emeritus 1962-); Association for the Study of Abortion; Chmn., Lasker 
Committee 1961; Founder, American Association of Planned Parenthood 
Physicians 1963; International Planned Parenthood Federation (Management 
and Planning Committee (1962-63, 1964); Medical Committee, (1961-62, Chmn., 
1964-68); Regional representative, Western Hemisphere (1962-63, 1964); 

Council 1961-62; consultant, IPPF medical publications and IPPF newsletter 
when Dorothy Brush was editor 1952-56; Western Hemisphere Regional Council 
1955); in 1968 IPPF was assigned to assist the government of Botswana in 
developing family planning following visits by A. Guttmacher according to ARTW, 
Dec. 1968 

Publications: 

1973 Pregnancy, Birth and Family Planning ; 1970 Understanding Sex; 1969 Birth 
Control and Love : 1967 The Case for Legalized Abortion. Diablo Press, Berkeley; 
Babies by Choice or by Chance? 1956 w/ E. Mears (ES); 1954 "Heredity 
Counseling. Diabetes, Pregnancy and Modern Medicine: A Genetic 
Misadventure" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #4 (Compare with arguments in The 
Sanctity of Life and the Criminal Law. 1957 G. Williams (ES)) 




Quotes: 



"My feeling is that the fetus, particularly during its early intrauterine life, is 
merely a group of specialized cells that do not differ materially from other cells" 
1968 Symposium: Law, Morality and Abortion , 22 Rutgers Law Review, 436, 
quoted in Abortion , Krason 



Source: EQ 1956-66; Annual Report, IPPF 1959-61, 1962-62, 1964, 1974 
??Background: 

Descendants: 

--?? Alan Guttmacher, head of New England Region ??Genetic Register?? 

— Neil Holtzman; genetic counseling and registers; 1986 "Assessment of Risk by 
Pregnant Women: Implications for Genetic Counseling", Social Biology, v. 33, # 
1-2 Mid Atlantic 



Haber, Sonja B. - Secretary 1978; Secretary/ Treasurer 1979-81; Member 1989 
Personal: 

1989- 1976 Brookhaven National Laboratory (i976-(i989), research assoc, in 
population genetics 1976-78, asst, scientist to Scientist 1978-84, Scientist 1984- 
(1989)) 

Source: SB 1978-81; SCI 1980-85; AMWS 1989 



Hamburg, Beatrix A. - Director 1983; v.p. 1984-90 
Personal: 

1992 Pres., W. T. Grant Foundation (see D. Jenness); Harvard Medical School 
1983 

Publications: 

1989 "Research on child and adolescent mental disorders", Science, v. 246, Nov. 
10, 1989, p. 738; 1986 School-age pregnancy and parenthood: biosocial 
dimensions, (ed., w/ Jane B. Lancaster q.v.), sponsored by the Social Science 
Research Council (see Kenneth Prewitt, Lonnie Sherrod q.v.), New York, Aldine 
De Gruyter; 1984 "Adolescent pregnancy: biobehavioral determinants of 
outcome", Journal of Pediatrics, Dec., v. 105 (6), p. 857; 1980 Behavioral and 




psychosocial issues in diabetes , Proc. of national conference in Madison, 
Wisconsin sponsored by National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism and Digestive 
Diseases, DHHS, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health No. 80 
1993 

Source: SB 1983-90 



Hammons, Helen; Exec. Sec. 1951-60; editor, Eugenical News and Eugenics 
Quarterly 1951-60; Director 1959-67; managing editor 1959-62 and contributing 
editor 1963-64, Eugenics Quarterly 

Personal: 

1967-51 New York City. 

Publications: 

i960 "Evolution and the Phenomenon of Man", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 7, no. 2; 
1960-1951, editor, Eugenical News and Eugenics Quarterly; 1959 Heredity 
Counseling. (Ed.), Symposium held at New York Academy of Medicine; 1957 
"Eugenic Trends at Mid-Century: A Note on Eugenics and Current Census Data", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 4, #4; 1956 Heredity Counseling: its services and centers. 
(for doctors, nurses, public health workers, social workers, family life counselors, 
parents.) American Eugenics Society; 1956 "Perspectives: The First International 
Congress of Human Genetics", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, #4 

Source: EQ 1956, 1959-67 



Herndon, Dr. C. Nash - Director 1950-52; President 1953-55; Director 1956-72; 
Member 1974 

Personal: 

MD; Geneticist, Bowman Gray School of Medicine 1953-72; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1955 "Clinical Implications of Genetic Susceptibility to Diabetes Mellitus", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, #1; 1954 "Intelligence in Family Groups in the Blue 
Ridge Mountains", Eugenics Quarterly, p. 53 ff 



Source: EN 1953; EQ 1954-68; SB 1969-72; Membership list, American Society of 
Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; Osborne list 




Heston MD, Leonard - Member 1974, 1989; v.p. 1982-83 
Personal: 

b. 1930; MD 1961 Univ. of Oregon; MRC, Psychiatric Genetics Research Unit, 
London, England (see English Eugenics Society); Univ. of Minnesota (1970- 
(1989), Prof, of Psychiatry I974~(i989)); Alzheimer and Related Disease Assn. 
(National Council) 

Publications: 

The Vanishing Mind w/ June White; 1976 "Genetic Counseling and the Presenile 
Dementias", Social Biology, v. 23, 2 

Source: 1982-83; Osborne list; AMWS 1989 

Holmes, Prof. Samuel J. - Advisory Council 1923-40; Member 1930; Pres., 1938- 
40 

Personal: 

Professor of Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1936 Eugenical News, Advisory Board; Studies in Evolution and Eugenics. 1932; 

A Bibliography of Eugenics. 1924; The Trend of the Race. 1921 

Quote: 

— Race, Immigration and Nordics: 

rather than Nordics "who made up the bulk of our immigration before 1880, we 
have been receiving hordes of Poles, Southern Italians, Greeks, Russians, 
especially Russian Jews, Hungarians, Slovaks, and other southern Europeans - 
stocks less closely related to us by blood than the Northern Europeans and less 
readily imbued with the spirit of our institutions" Studies in Evolution and 
Eugenics, quoted in Chase p. 605 

(Compare with Eva Hubback of the English Eugenics Society in her post war 
book, The Population of Great Britain. (1947, Penguin). 

"In order to ensure that those who come [immigrate to Great Britain] will make 
desirable citizens ... great care must be taken in the future to see that only those 
are admitted who are physically and mentally sound and free from any criminal 
record. The most desirable type will be ... from countries the background of which 




will make it comparatively easy for them to be assimilated ... Undoubtedly, the 
types of immigrant who could be most easily assimilated would be those from the 
countries of Northern Europe. But ... The bulk of any possible immigrants from 
Europe are ... likely to be drawn from Italy and the Eastern European states ... 
More difficult problems will be aroused by ... immigration from ... India or 
China ... Even though their nationals may not actually be excluded - particularly 
Indians who are fellow citizens of the Empire - still, it is unlikely that they will be 
positively encouraged, at least so long as there are strains nearer home from 
which to draw." ( The Population of Great Britain, pp. 245, 246) 

Background: 

Index Catalog of the Surgeon General's Office, United States Army: Authors and 
Subjects. 1880-1961 (eugenic literature cataloged here) 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; EN 1940; EN 1946 December p. 51; Chase; Membership 
list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; EN, May /June 1936 



Huntington, Ellsworth - Advisory Council 1923-35; Member 1930; Treas. 1933-34; 
Pres., 1934-38; Director 1935-46 

Personal: 

b. 1876, Illinois; d. 1947; PhD; geographer; studied climate and civilization; 
taught Euphrates College, Turkey 1897-1901; traveled through Central Asia 1903- 
06; taught at Yale University 1907-17; led Yale expedition to Palestine 1909; 
research associate of the Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C. 1910-13 (climate 
studies in United States, Mexico and Central America (climate and land forms, 
history, and civilization); Research Associate in Geography, Yale University 1940- 
46; Citizens Committee for Planned Parenthood 1939 

Publications: 

1945 Mainsprings of Civilization. ; Editorial Committee, Eugenical News 1942-45; 
Advisory Board, Eugenical News 1936; Birth Control Review, Consulting Editor 
1939; The Human Habitat. 1927; Civilization and Climate. 1915 (rev Ed 1924); 
Palestine and Its Transformations. 1911; The Pulse of Asia. 1907 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EN 1940-46, EN 1946 December p. 51; Mehler, p. 376; 
"Ellsworth Huntington" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition 1987; BCR, April 
and November 1939; EN, May /June 1936 

Jenness, David - Secretary 1976, 1977, 1992; Member 1974 

Background: 



The Society's address has in the past been that of the Secretary. In 1991 the 
Society's address was 515 Madison Ave., New York, Y, NY 10022-5403; Society 
income was $45,764; Employee Insurance # was 131661611; however by 1993 the 
Society was not listed on the building directory at 515 Madison Ave. The W. T. 
Grant Foundation, whose president, Beatrix Hamburg, has been a Society officer, 
is at this address; Planned Parenthood-World Population has used this address. 

Source: SB 1976, 1977; National Directory of Non Profit Organizations. Vol. 2, 
Pub. Taft Group, Rockville, MD. 1992; Osborne list 



Johnson, Roswell H. - Advisory Council 1923-35; Pres., 1926-27; Director 1926- 
32; Sec. 1928-31; Treas. 1928; Member 1956 

Personal: 

Hollywood California, 1956 
Pubns: 

1918 Applied Eugenics w/ Paul Popenoe q.v. 

Source: Mehler, p. 308; AESM 1926, 1928, 1929, 1931; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; EN 
1946 December p. 51; EQ 1956 



Judy-Bond, Prof. Helen - Secretary 1946; Director 1947-57 
Personal: 

Professor of Home Economics, Columbia University 1947-57 
Source: EN 1947-53; EQ 1954-57 



Kidd, Prof. Kenneth K. - Director 1978-80, 1983-85; v.p. 1991-1993 
Personal: 

b. 1941, California; Yale University School of Medicine (1973-; assoc, prof of 
human genetics 1978-81, assoc, prof, of human genetics and psychiatry 1981-86; 
Professor of human genetics, psychiatry, and biology 1986-); PhD (Genetics) 
Univ. of Wisconsin 1969; editorial board, Journal of Genetics 1986- and Journal 
Genomic 1987-; Member: Genetics Society of America, Society for the Study of 
Evolution, American Society of Human Genetics, American Association of 
Physical Anthropologists, Behavioral Genetics Association 




Publications: 



1992 "Forensic DNA typing" w/ R. Lewontin q.v. et al, Science, v. 255, Feb. 28, p. 
1050; 1991 "The utility of DNA typing in forensic work", w/ Ranajit Chakraborty, 
Science, v. 254, Dec. 20, p. 1735; "Mapping the Human Genome: current status", 
Science, Oct. 12, v. 250, p. 237; 1981 "An Analysis of the Genetics of 
Schizophrenia", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social 
Biology as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1980 "The 
Effects of Variable Age of Onset and Diagnostic Criteria on the Estimates of 
Linkage: An Example Using Manic Depressive Illness and Color Blindness", 
Social Biology, v. 27, 1 

Background: 

1987 "Gene link found for two major mental disorders (Manic depression and 
Alzheimers' ) " by Rebecca Rawls, Chemical and Engineering News, v. 65, March 
9, P - 15 



Source: SB 1978-80, 1983-85, 1991, 1992, 1993; AMWS 1992 



Kirk, Dudley - Pres. 1969-72; Director 1956-75; Treasurer 1974 (Winter)-1978 
Personal: 

b. 1913; MA Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy 1935; PhD (sociology) 

Harvard 1946; Office of Population Research, Princeton 1939-47; US Dept, of 
State (demographer, office of intelligence research 1947-50; sociology advisor 
1950-52; chief, division of research for Near East, South Asia, Africa 1952; chief 
planning officer, research and intelligence 1953-54; Demographic Director, The 
Population Council 1954-68 (followed by W. P. Mauldin q.v.); Stanford 
University (Food Research Institute 1969-75); Population Association (Pres, i960) 

Publications: 

1990 book review of World Population Trends and Their Impact on Economic 
Development by D. Salvatore in Economic Development and Cultural Change, v. 
39, Oct. 1990, p. 205; 1968 "Selective Mating, Assortative Mating, and Inbreeding: 
Definitions and Implications", w/ R. Lewontin q.v. and J. Crow q.v., Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 15:141 (Background explanation: "assortative mating does not 
change gene frequency, whereas selective mating does" from H. C. Spencer, 

Social Biology 1992, v. 39, p. 310); 1967 Europe's Population in the Interwar 
Years. , (1st edition 1946), New York, Gordon and Breach; 1966 "Demographic 
Factors Affecting the Opportunity for Natural Selection in the US", Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 13, 3; 1966 "Notes at the conclusion of the Second Princeton 
Conference", Eugenics Quarterly 13:147-51; 1957 "The fertility of a gifted group: A 
study of the number of children reported by men in Who's Who ", in The Nature 




and Transmission of the Genetic and Cultural Characteristics of Human 
Populations. Milbank Memorial Fund; 1955 "Dynamics of Human Populations", 
Eugenics Quarterly; 1944 Principles of Political Geography; ; 1944 The Future 
Population of Europe and the Soviet Union: population projections. 1 Q 40 - 70 . . w/ 
F. Notestein q.v., Ansley Coale q.v., Irene Taeuber q.v. and Louise Kiser (Geneva, 
League of Nations); 1944 "Problems of Policy in Relation to Areas of Heavy 
Population Pressure", Demographic Studies of Selected Areas of Rapid Growth , 
Milbank Memorial Fund study 

Source: EQ 1956-68; SB 1969-72, 1974-1978; Osborne list; AMWS 11th ed. 1967 



Kiser, Clyde V. - Director 1958-63; Pres., 1964-68; Director 1969-71; Member 

1974 

Personal: 

Milbank Memorial Fund 1958-63, 1969-71; during this period the Milbank was 
financing the Tuskegee syphilis project 

Publications: 

1975 The Milbank Memorial Fund: Its Leaders and Its Work 1905 - 74 . New York, 
The Fund; "Forty Years of Research in Human Fertility - Retrospect and 
Prospect" New York 1971 Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, v. 49, no. 4, pt. 2; 
Demographic Aspects of the Black Community. (Ed.) 1970, 43rd Conference of 
the Milbank Memorial Fund held at Carnegie Endowment International Center, 
(Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, v. 48, no. 2, pt. 2); Trends and Variations in 
Fertility in the United States. 1968 w/ Wilson Grabill and Arthur Campbell, 
Harvard University Press; "Types of demographic data of possible relevance to 
population genetics" 1965 Eugenics Quarterly 12:72-84; Research in Family 
Planning. 1962 (Ed.), Princeton University Press; "Differential Fertility in the 
United States" i960 in Demographic and Economic Change in Developed 
Countries. Princeton Univ. Press; "Current Mating and Fertility Patterns and 
their demographic significance" 1959 Eugenics Quarterly 6:65-82; Social and 
Psychological Factors Affecting Fertility. Ed w/ P. K. Whelpton q.v.) New York, 
Milbank Memorial Fund, 1946-58, (reprinted from Milbank Memorial Fund 
Quarterly v. 21, no. 3 - v. 36, no. 3, July 1943-July 1958); The Fertility of 
American Women. 1958 w/ P. K. Whelpton q.v.; "Exploration of possibilities for 
new studies of factors affecting the size of the family" 1953 Milbank Memorial 
Foundation Quarterly 31, 436-480; "The Indianapolis Fertility Study - an 
example of planned observational research" 1953-54 Public Opinion Quarterly 17, 
496-510 ("the aims, scope and methods of the study of Social and Psychological 
Factors Affecting Fertility which was conducted in Indianapolis under the 
sponsorship of the Milbank..." Review from Psychol. Abstracts 1927-58 p. 2082; 
see use made of this study by Frederick Osborn q.v.); "Methodological Lessons of 
the Indianapolis Fertility Study" 1956 Eugenics Quarterly 3, 152-56; "Number of 




children in relation to fertility planning and socioeconomic status" 1949 
Eugenical News 34, 33-43; Group Differences in Urban Fertility. 1942 ( USPHS 
survey using WPA money) 

Source: EQ 1964-68; SB 1971, F. O. Hist; Osborne list 



Krech, Mrs. Shephard - Director 1936; v. p. 1939-46; Director 1947-58 
Personal: 

Maternity Center Association, NY (Pres., 1946-51; Treasurer 1952-58; Birth 
Control Federation of America, Advisory Council 1939; Citizens Committee for 
Planned Parenthood 1939 

Source: AESM, April 1936; EN 1939-53; EQ 1955-58; BCR, April 1939; BCR, 
Feb. /March 1939 



Laughlin, Harry Hamilton - Pres., 1927-28; Director 1923-39 
Personal: 

b. 1880 Iowa; d. Jan 26, 1943; Eugenics Record Office (Founder 1910, Supt. 1910- 
21, in charge 1921-40); Expert Eugenic Agent for Cttee on Immigration House of 
Reps 1921-31 (Committee responsible for the Johnson Act by means of which the 
Jews attempting to flee Hitler were excluded, including Arno Motulsky q.v.); 
Second International Congress on Eugenics (in charge of exhibits 1921); in charge 
of research on genetics of thoroughbred horse since 1923 (see Margaret Sanger's 
slogan "breeding a race of thoroughbreds"); worked on Buck v. Bell decision; 
Pres., Pioneer Fund from its inception to 1941; educ. Princeton ScD 1917; 
epileptic; childless by choice; Representative to International Federation of 
Eugenics Organizations (IFEO) for Eugenics Research Association (elected at 
New York Congress, 1921); Mem: Permanent Emigration Comm, of International 
Labor Office (ILO), League of Nations 1925; eugenics associate, Psychopathic 
Laboratory, Municipal Court, Chicago, 1921-30 (see Olsen q.v. and "Eugenical 
Sterilization in the United States, Municipal Court Chicago" 1922); Member: 
Galton Society, Eugenics Research Assn. (Sec. Treas., 1917-39), International 
Comm. Eugenics since 1921; Secretary, Third International Congress Eugenics 
1932; Citizens Committee for Planned Parenthood 1939 

Publications: 

1916-39, Assoc, editor, Eugenical News; 1919 State Institutions for the Defective, 
Dependent and Delinquent Classes. Bureau of the Census The General formula of 
Heredity. 1933; A Decade of Progress in Eugenics. 1934 (ed.); Racing Capacity in 
the Thoroughbred Horse. 1934; Conquest by Immigration. 1939; Current Studies 




on Race Conditions in the United States. ; Model Eugenical Sterilization Law 
(copied by Hitler; how ironic that its principle was approved by Brandeis ) 

Background: 

Sterilization for the "white trash": 

In 1924 Laughlin wrote a "Scientific Analysis" of Carrie Buck's heredity for the 
Virginia State Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded, which was run by Supt. 
Bell. The analysis said that Carrie Buck and her mother "... belong to the shiftless, 
ignorant and worthless class of anti-social whites of the South ... the evidence 
points strongly toward the feeblemindedness and moral delinquency of Carrie 
Buck being due, primarily to inheritance ... 'a potential parent of socially 
inadequate offspring'". As a result, the coercive sterilization of Carrie Buck was 
approved by a Supreme Court which included W. H. Taft, Oliver Wendell Holmes 
Jr. and Louis Brandeis. Justice Holmes received a letter from H. Laski, a protege 
of Francis Galton, which, in referring to this decision, said: "Sterilize all the unfit, 
among whom I include all fundamentalists" (quoted in Chase, p. 316.) 

The Buck v. Bell decision was cited in Roe. v. Wade. Consequently, at present 
anyone who is a potential parent of socially worthless offspring, especially "white 
trash", can be coerced to undergo sterilization or abortion aborted if the state 
wishes. Various decisions by the Court over the years from 1973 to 1993 have 
been carefully crafted to retain this right for the State while seeming to uphold 
freedom of choice. 

Background on International Labor Organization (ILO): 

"this organization is primarily interested in the influence of changes of 
populations on the standard of living generally ... employment ... and ... 
migration" ARTW, Nov. 1953 

Quote: 

Orphans are "socially inadequate": 

"The socially inadequate classes ... [from 1 to 9] ... and (10) Dependent (including 
orphans..." quoted in Chase p. 134 

Source: AESM 1926, 1930; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Mehler, p. 308; WWWIA; EN 
1934; F. O. Hist.; Chase; BCR, April 1939 



Lindzey, Prof. Gardner - Director 1966-1971 (March), 1972 (December 19721-1973, 
1976-1978; Pres., 1979-81; Director 1985-87 



Personal: 




Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences 197678, 1984-87; Harvard 
University 1973-74; University of Texas 1966-71 (Professor of Psychology, 1966- 
68 ) 

Publications: 

1989 A History of Psychology in Autobiography Vol. 8, (reviewed in 1989 Science, 
July 14, p. 202); 1988 (1973, 1957) Theories of Personality, 1957 w/ Calvin S. Hall 
(2nd edition 1970, repr. 1988) Psychology, 1985; The Handbook of Social 
Psychology. , 5 Vol., 2nd edition 1968-69 (3rd. edition 1985), ed. w/ Elliot 
Aronson, Addison Wesley; An Assessment of Research Doctorate Programs in the 
United States. 1982 National Academy Press; Projective Techniques in Cross 
Cultural Research , 1976; Race Differences in Intelligence 1975 w/ J. C. Loehlin 
q.v., J. N. Spuhler q.v. (San Francisco, Freeman) Under the auspices of the Social 
Sciences Research Council's Committee on Biological Basis of Social Behavior; 
Study of Values 1970 w/ G. W. Allport, P. E. Vernon 1970; Contributions to 
Behavior Genetic Analysis: the mouse as prototype. 1969 w/ Delbert Theissen. 
New York, Appleton Century Crofts (Century Psychology Series); "Behavioral and 
morphological variation" 1967 in Genetic Diversity and Human Behavior. (Ed., J. 
Spuhler q.v.); Assessment of Human Motives 1958 (repr., in print 1994) 

Background: 

Other publications by Delbert Theissen: 1980 "Human Assortative Mating and 
Genetic Equilibrium: an evolutionary perspective" 1980 Ethology and 
Sociobiology, v. 1:111 ff 

Source: EQ 1966-68; SB 1969-71 (June 1971), 1972 December, 1973-74, 1976-81, 
1984-87; Osborne list 



Little, C. C. - Pres. 1928-29; Director 1923-1935; Member 1930 
Personal: 

DSc; University of Michigan (Pres.); Maine address 1930; American Society for 
the Control of Cancer, New York, NY 1939; American Birth Control League, (Pres. 
1937); Citizens Committee for Planned Parenthood 1939 

Publications: 

Birth Control Review, Consulting Editor 1939; Birth Control Federation of 
America (v.p., 1939, 1940); 1935 "A New Deal for Mice" Scientific American, Jan. 



Source: AESM 1926, 1928; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Sanger list 1930; EN 1939; BCR 
Oct. 1937; BCR, April and November and December 1939; BCR, Feb/ March 1939 




and Jan. 1940; Mehler, p. 309 



Loomis, Robin U. - Secretary/ Treasurer 1991-1993 
Personal: 

East-West Population Institute, East West Center, 1777 East West Rd., Honolulu, 
HI 96848; (see R. Retherford q.v.) 

Background: 

The East West Institute was founded and funded by Congress through AID. 
Researchers, such as A. Coale, working there produce evidence in favor of China's 
coercive population policy. Does this mean that support of China's coercive 
population policy is US policy? (see also Retherford, the Society president in 1991) 

Source: SB 1991, 1992 1993; a guide to institutes; US Budget 1992; National 
Catholic Register 



Lorimer, Prof. Frank - Member 1930; offered post on Executive Cttee 1936 but 
declined because of "government activities"; Director 1937-65, 1969-72; v.p. 
1966-68 

Personal: 

b. 1894; BA Yale 1916; BD Union Theological Seminary 1923; PhD (under John 
Dewey), Columbia 1929; New York 1930; Research Fellow, Eugenics Research 
Association 1930-34 (note that Dynamics of Population was published with 
Frederick Osborn in 1934; Professor of Population Studies, American University, 
Washington DC 1938-65 (in Graduate Dept, of Sociology); Population 
Association America: Sec. 1934-39, Pres. 1946-47; Deep River, Connecticut 1969- 
72; New Zealand 

Pubns: 

1970 (1954) Culture and Human Fertility: a study of the relations of cultural 
conditions to fertility in non industrial and transitional societies. , w/ a 
contribution by Meyer Fortes, New York, Greenwood Press (first published by 
UNESCO, Paris, 1954, repr. 1970 Greenwood Press); "Trends in capacity for 
intelligence" Eugenical News, 1952, 37, 17-24 ("evidence indicates alow negative 
association between a genetic capacity for intelligence and fertility" review from 
Psych. Abstracts 1927-58 p. 2389); The Population of the Soviet Union: History 
and Prospects. (1946 League of Nations, repr. AMS Press, in print 1994); 
Foundations of American Population Policy, w/ E. Wilson, C. Kiser q.v., 1940; 
Dynamics of Population: social and biological significance of changing birth rates 




in the United States . 1934 w/ Frederick Osborn q.v. (origin of soft genocide); 
differential fertility 



Source: AESM Oct. 1936; EN 1939-53; EQ 1954-68; SB 1969-72 (March 1972); 
Mehler, p. 309 



Osborn, Major General Frederick - Advisory Council 1928-81; Member 1930; 
Director 1935; sec. 1936; Sec./Treas. 1936-45 (1940 Treas. only); Pres., 1946-52; 
Secretary 1954-59; Secretary/ Treasurer 1960-68; Treasurer 1969-73; Director 
1969-72; Member 1974 

Significance: 

The most significant figure in the Society from 1938 until his death in 1973 was a 
secret racist; developed the "eugenic hypothesis" "voluntary unconscious 
selection" and "Crypto-eugenics" and "reform eugenics" which were the most 
significant post war policies of the Society; was President of the Pioneer Fund 
from 1947 to 1956; sympathized with idea of deporting the African Americans to 
Africa but did not consider it a practical possibility 

Personal: 

b. 1889; nephew of H. F. Osborn Sr. q.v.; relative of Osborn of the railroads; 
connected through his family with many of the significant eugenic families such 
as the Dodges of Phelps Dodge; Princeton 1910; father was on the Board of 
Trustees of Princeton and helped found the Office of Population Research at 
Princeton; Trinity College, Cambridge, England 1911; chief of the domino 
warehouses during World War I, i.e., Red Cross Field Officer; worked in finance; 
financed Third Eugenical Congress (i.e., advanced seed money, paid debts at end; 
see Chase p. 326); 1937 helped found Pioneer Fund, a racist group; 1939 Citizens 
Committee for Planned Parenthood, another racist group; 1940 Research 
Associate in anthropology, American Museum of Natural History which was 
founded by his uncle; 1940 took part in Birth Control Federation of America's 
symposium on "Race Building in a Democracy", where he spoke on eugenics; 
Chmn., Advisory Committee on Selective Service during World War II (see P. E. 
Vernon (ES), A. D. Buchanan Smith (ES), D. W. LaRue q.v. and John Flanagan to 
form an idea of the extent of eugenic influence over officer and cook selection); 
Major General in Charge of Morale, World War II (this became Information and 
Education); Morale is propaganda on the home front, so it is here that he 
developed propaganda skills used in propaganda strategies, such as that set forth 
in "Galton and Mid Century Eugenics; Destroyed unit cohesion in the US Army 
by introducing system of individual rather than unit return; The American 
Soldier ; US representative on Atomic Energy Commission (see W. J. Schull, H. 
Newcombe); Pioneer Fund (Pres. 1947-56); American Eugenics Society (Pres. 
1946-52); "reformed" eugenics by developing crypto-eugenics; co-founder with 
John D. Rockefeller III of the Population Council 1953 (Staff 1969-72); 'furthered 




the establishment of UN Demographic training centers" (Obit); Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954; Population Assn, of America 1940-45 
Eugenical News, Advisory Board 1936 

Publications: 

1974 "History of the American Eugenics Society", Social Biology, v. 21, 2; 1968 
The Future of Human Heredity: an Introduction to Eugenics in Modern Society. : 
1965 "Biological Aspects of Social Problems", Eugenics Review, v. 57, p. 182; 1963 
"Excess and Unwanted Fertility", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 10, 2; 1963 "Eugenics 
and the Races of Man", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 10, p. 103 i960 "A return to the 
principles of natural selection", Eugenics Quarterly 10:103-09; 1956 "Galton and 
Mid Century Eugenics", (Galton Lecture, Eugenics Review; 1955 "The Makeup of 
the Healthy Family", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, # 2; 1955 "Education for Personal 
and Family Living", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, # 1; 1954 "World Population 
Conference in Rome sec. B-10, (abstract), Organizer, Frederick Osborn, Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 1, # 2; 1954 "Effect of Birth Control on the Intelligence and 
Character of Succeeding Generations", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, # 2 1954 "Origin 
and Evolution of Man" (Cold Spring Harbor Symposium), Eugenics Quarterly, v. 

1, #1; 1952 "The Eugenic Hypothesis: (i) "Positive Eugenics" Eugenics Review, 
April, p. 31 (ii) Negative Eugenics" Eugenics Review, 1952-53; 1940 Preface to 
Eugenics, (rev. ed 1951); 1937 "Implications of the new studies in population and 
psychology for the development of eugenic philosophy" Eugenical News, 22, 62- 
63; 1936 "Measures of Quality in the Study of Population", Annals of the 
American Academy of Political Science, 188, 194-204; 1934 Dynamics of 
Population, w/ Frank Lorimer q.v. (based on data from Yerkes q.v. according to 
the bibliography in The Future of Human Heredity. Frederick Osborn 1968, p. 
124); 1934 "Eugenics and Social Economic Goals for America", w/ M. A. Bigelow 
q.v. Eugenical News 19, 71-75; 1933 Heredity and Environment: studies in the 
genesis of psychological characteristics w/ G. Schwesinger q.v., MacMillan (also 
publish ed as Studies in social eugenics, monograph no. 7 of the Eugenics 
Research Association); Editorial Committee, Eugenical News 1940-52 

Background: 

Frederick Osborn "reformed" eugenics by proposing that eugeni cists conceal 
their true goal, which was, and is, to control human evolution by limiting 
marriage and parenthood to the superior stocks. He believed that less than ten 
percent of the population were worthy to have children. But he proposed that 
eugenicists never mention their conviction that most children should never have 
been born. Eugenicists were to assert instead a hypocritical concern for the 
welfare of the children of the inferior. This is the origin of Planned Parenthood's 
oft repeated slogan "Every child a wanted child". In reality, the eugenicists hope 
to manipulate the social and economic climate so that children unwanted by the 
eugenicists will be miserable and their miserable parents will "spontaneously" 
cease to want them. Ceasing to have children due to manipulation by eugenicists 
is called "voluntary unconscious selection" or, in other words, "CHOICE". 




This project is laid out in the Galton lecture, "Galton and Mid Century Eugenics 
which Osborn delivered in 1956 (Appendix A). 



In addition, Osborn was deeply involved with the Pioneer Fund. In 1939 the 
Pioneer Fund generously offered to guarantee a college education to the child 
born to any Air Force officer in 1940 if the officer had three children already. But 
memos from the Pioneer Fund show that a pre study by John C. Flanagan had 
proved that such an offer would, in the majority of cases, benefit white people 
whose ancestors were in America before the Constitution was signed. Otherwise 
the offer would not have been made. 

This is a model for the racism of Frederick Osborn. He made universal offers 
which pre studies had shown would benefit white people the most. 

In discussing "reform eugenics" he generally says that Madison Grant did not 
have a scientific basis for his theories, which were the Aryan racism of Count 
Gobineau. And he condemns the "propagandists eugenics" of the Thirties. 

But he does not mean that he opposes racism. He means that a scientific basis 
should be provided for the assertion that white "stock" is better. He means that 
until the scientific basis has been provided, the propaganda should not begin. In 
1969 Arthur Jensen and others thought that the work of Cyril Burt had provided 
such a basis. But Burt was shown to be a fraud. 

In 1992 J. P. Rushton, Linda Gottfredson (SSSB), H. J. Eysenck (ES), F. J. C. 
McGurk (AES), and others from the Mankind Quarterly- Aryan-supremacy axis 
are trying again. Races which did not struggle with the glaciers in the Ice Age did 
not develop large brains ( Zegura ). These "r" people have small heads (Hooton 
and Howell), large sex organs, low IQ's (Univ. of Minnesota eugenic crowd), and 
criminal tendencies. (J. P. Rushton, Federal Violence Initiative). They should be 
detected early and given preventative treatment such as female hormones for the 
boys, male hormones and for the girls (J. Richard Udry, Planned Parenthood, B. 
Hamburg, D. Hamburger). 

The American Eugenics Society had two goals: research and propaganda. In the 
Thirties, the Eugenics Research Association did the research and the American 
Eugenics Society did the propaganda. "Reform eugenics" simply means that the 
American Eugenics Society is to do no propaganda until its research is complete. 

Even then the propaganda is not to be of the kind common in the Thirties. No one 
is to be told that they are second rate. 

Osborn or someone else had noticed that the left supported eugenics too. Ever 
since John Stuart Mill the left had said that the work force should be reduced in 
order to make the bosses pay more in wages while the right had said that those on 
welfare should be reduced in order to lower taxes. Really each side was talking 
about a different group. 




But Osborn decided to adopt the language of the left in speaking of the welfare 
group. As a result the left would support his proposals. If he said that the number 
of babies should be reduced in order that the others have more, the left could not 
argue with him. Or if he said that the number of poor babies should be reduced in 
order to improve the environment of the others, they couldn't argue. 

In fact, pre studies had shown that this argument means "reduce the number of 
African-Americans". Instead of combating the results of racism, get rid of the 
"results of racism" i.e. the African-Americans. So Mr. Pioneer Fund liked it. And 
it does not require a direct confrontation; public relations tricks, the eugenic 
strategy can come into play. 

That is why Osborn was in the Pioneer Fund while appearing to oppose racism in 
the American Eugenics Society without qualms of conscience. 

There is no doubt he was a racist. He told Wickliffe Draper that he sympathized 
with his wish to deport the African Americans. He was President of the Pioneer 
Fund. He proposed a that the Pioneer Fund pay for a study of the Puerto Ricans: 



"l. A research program in differential fertility, public information and family 
limitation in Puerto Rico, using Puerto Rico as an ideal set up and testing ground. 
Most of the population is of very low quality* and increasing rapidly in numbers. 
A study on how to control such a population would have wide repercussions." 



* "quality" is crossed out and "economic" is added and "level" is substituted (see 
facing page) so that it is quite plain that "low quality" and "low economic level" 
were synonyms for Osborn. In any case, he wanted to encourage "good stock" so 
that when he talks of "how to control such a population" it is clear that he thinks 
of the people of Puerto Rico as "bad stock". They are, of course, Catholic. 

Quotes: 

To Wickliffe Draper: 

"I still think our ultimate aims are very similar but I recognize that we go about 
them in such different ways that it is very hard to find a common ground." (on 
the occasion of resigning as President of the Pioneer Fund, Jan. 14, 1956) 

from Osborn's 1968 book, The Future of Human Heredity : 

On Eugenics: 

— "An even more serious threat to the genetic equilibrium is the saving of life 
through new medical techniques and improved public health measures" Future of 
Human Heredity , p. 81 




— under Hitler "Eugenic proposals had been enacted into law without the 
scientific evidence to support them" Future of Human Heredity , p. 86; "The old 
proposals had no solid scientific basis; the newer eugenic policies are based on 
recent large-scale studies of population trends in this country and on the recent 
findings of geneticists, sociologists, and psychologists ... The new eugenic policies 
do not give offense ... Everyone wants children to be wanted children ... Future of 
Human Heredity , p. 105 

— "Heredity clinics are the first eugenic proposals that have been adopted in a 
practical form and accepted by the public. ... The word eugenics is not associated 
with them." Future of Human Heredity, p. 91 

— "... at a level somewhat above that of the mentally deficient, there are a 
substantial number of families among whom employment is irregular, who are 
constantly on and off relief ... their birth rate is high ... probably as many as half 
their children result from pregnancies that are not wanted at the time, or ever, by 
one or both parents ... A reduction in the number of their unwanted children 
would further both the social and biological improvement of the population" 
Future of Human Heredity , p. 93-94 

— "People ... won't accept the idea that they are in general, second rate. We must 
rely on other motivation ... a system of voluntary unconscious selection ... Let's 
base our proposals on the desirability of having children born in homes where 
they will get affectionate and responsible care ... (so that eugenics) ... will move at 
last towards the high goal which Galton set for it." (from Galton lecture by 
Frederick Osborn ER 1956-57, p. 21-22; also quoted in Obit, by his son in Bulletin 
of the Eugenic Society, 1981 p. 47...) 

— "Eugenic goals are most likely to be attained under a name other than 
eugenics" Future of Human Heredity p. 104 

— "The most important eugenic policy at this time is to see that birth control is 
made equally available to all individuals in every class of society" (1968) Future of 
Human Heredity p. 98 

— He saw "fluctuations of birth rates and gene pools not as competition between 
super races subject to emotional value judgments, but as the results of natural 
events, and as subject to study and verification as any other natural process" (his 
son on Osborn quoted in Obit. Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1981 p. 47) 

—"environmental pressures... there is certainly a possibility that these pressures 
can be given a better direction and can be brought to bear on a majority of the 
population instead of a minority" (from "The Eugenic Hypothesis (i) Positive 
Eugenics") 




... "social and psychological pressures brought to bear on young people and 
parents" (from "The Eugenic Hypothesis (ii) Negative Eugenics" p. 97) 



Purpose of the Eugenics Society: 

"...to seek out the genetically valuable individuals ... with the attempt to reduce 
births among the less valuable" 

Means: 

1. Manipulate the Environment 

"... environmental pressures ... there is certainly a possibility that these pressures 
can be given a better direction and can be brought to bear on a majority of the 
population instead of a minority" "... social and psychological pressures brought 
to bear on young people and parents" "... if we can succeed in giving direction to 
social forces which will effect this kind of environmental selection" "selection 
based on early success in responding to the environment" 

2. Manipulate Attitudes 

"the new methods for gathering objective data on individual and group attitudes 
and motivations and their statistical analysis ... (are) ... tools for working on some 
of the possible applications of science to human affairs" "... the proposal ... would 
be put forward on the ground that more children would grow up in the best home 
environments, with no public argument made for eugenics." (Source: "The 
Eugenic Hypothesis" (1) Positive Eugenics (2) Negative Eugenics ER April & July 
1952; "Galton and Mid Century Eugenics" Gabon Lecture 1956) 

3. Supply Contraceptives and Abortion 

"... there are means of selection which do not require that we humiliate ... when 
family planning has spread to all members of the population and means of 
effective contraception are readily available ..." then, he thought, on average, 
couples will have children in relation to their income, that is, in relation to their 
socially valuable qualities. 

The Eugenic Hypothesis: 

This holds that social situations can be so manipulated that the wrong sort of 
people will "choose" not to have the children. For example, Robert Moses refused 
to put any money into parks in Harlem as Robert Caro has shown in his 
biography of Moses, Robert Moses and the Fall of New York . 



Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM 1935; EN, May/June 1936; EN 1940-52; F. O. 
Hist of AES; EQ 1954-68; SB 1969-72; Chase; Birth Control Review 1940 #3 




Annual Meeting Program; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, 
AJHG 1954; BCR, April 1939; Osborne list; Mehler; ER 1957; Current Biography; 
Obit, in Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1981 p. 47 



Perkins, Prof. Henry F. - Member 1925, 1930; v.p. 1931; Pres., 1931-34; Director 
1931-45 

Personal: 

Prof, of Zoology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT. 1940-45; son of 
distinguished University of Vermont zoologist; Eugenical News, Advisory Board 
1936 

Source: AESM 1931; EN, May /June 1936; Mehler, p. 309; EN 1939-45; WWWIA; 
EN 1946 December p. 51 



**Potts, David Malcolm (Eugenic Society Ltd. U.K. Council Member who has 
been working in America since 1978) 

Personal: 

b. 1935; MB Univ College Hosp., London, England 1962; Intern, Middlesex 
Hosp., London 1962-64; PhD, Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge Univ. 1964-67; 
International Planned Parenthood Federation, Medical Director 1968-78 (at 
this time Potts had had two years of clinical experience. It would be interesting 
to find his PhD thesis); Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, 
North Carolina 1978-1991; Bixby Prof. Family Planning and Population, 
Universiyt of California, Berkeley lggifiggs); Director: Population Services 
International, Alan Guttmacher q.v. Institute 

— m. Caroline Mervla Deys (a Eugenics Society Ltd. Member) (div. 1979) 

— m. Marcia Jaffe 1983 
Publications: 

1995 editorial bd., Journal of Biosocial Science which is curently the journal of 
the Galton Institute (the English eugenic society); 1984 Textbook of 
Contraceptive Practice: 1983 Childbirth in Developing Countries: 1979 Society 
and Fetility: 1977 Abortion 



Source: ES list; CH; WSWIA 1995. 




Retherford, Robert D. - Pres. 1991-1993; Director 1989, 1990, 1994; M 1988 
Personal: 

East West Population Institute 1989-90; The East-West Institute was founded 
and is funded by Congress. It is an agency of the US Information Agency with a 
budget of $23,000,000. (see US Budget) 

Publications: 

1991 "Birth Order and Intelligence - further tests of the confluence model", 
American Society Review 56(2): 141-158 w/ W. H. Sewell q.v. (see J. L. Rodgers); 
1988 "Intelligence and Family Size Reconsidered" w/ W. H. Sewell q.v., Social 
Biology, v. 35, 1-2; 1986 Recent Fertility Trends in the Pacific Islands ; 1985 
Comparison of Fertility Trends Estimated Alternatively from Birth Histories and 
Own Children ; 1975 The Changing Sex Differential in Mortality 

Source: SB 1989-92, 1994; US Budget 



Rodgers, Jacci L. - Sec./Treas. 1994 
Personal: 

Dept, of Accounting, Meinders School of Business, Oklahoma City Univ. 1994 
Source: SB 1994 



Rodgers, Joseph Lee - Pres. 1994; M 1988, 1989 
Personal: 

Dept, of Psychology, Univ. Oklahoma 1994 
Pubns: 

1994 "Beyond nature and nurture: DF analysis of non shared influences on 
problem behaviors", Dev. Psychol., v. 30, p. 374 ff, May; 1989; 1993 "Social 
contagion and adolescent sexual behavior: a developmental EMOSA model", w/ 
D.C. Rowe q.v., Psychol. Review, v. 100, p. 479 ff, July; 1992 "Seasonality of First 
Coitus in the United States", Social Biology, v. 39, p. 1, Spring/Summer; 1992 
"Sibling differences in adolescent sexual behavior inferring process models from 
family composition patterns", J. Marriage Family, v. 54, p. 142, Feb.; 1991 
"Adolescent smoking and drinking: are they 'epidemics' ", w/ D.C. Rowe q.v., J. 
Stud. Alcohol, v. 152, p. 110 March; 1990 "Adolescent sexual activity and mildly 
deviant behavior: sibling and friendship effects", w/ D.C. Rowe q.v., J. Family 





Issues, v. 11, p. 274, Sept, [special issue on adolescent sexuality, contraception, 
and child bearing]; 1989 "An 'Epidemic' Model of Sexual Intercourse Prevalences 
for Black and White Adolescents", Social Biology, v. 36, #3-4 w/ D.C. Rowe q.v.; 
1988 "The Season of Birth Paradox", Social Biology, v. 35, 3-4 w/ J. Richard Udry 
q.v.; 1988 "Birth order, SAT and confluence: spurious correlations and no 
causality", Am. Psychol., v. 43, p. 476, June (see R. Retherford q.v.); 1988 
"Influence of siblings on adolescent sexual behavior", w/ D.C. Rowe, Dev. 

Psychol., v. 24, p. 722, Sept.; 1988 "Structural models of the American 
Psychological Association in 1986 - a taxonomy for organization", Am. Psychol., v. 
43, P- 372, May; 1988 "Thirteen Ways to look at the correlation coefficient", w/ W. 
Alan Nicewander, Am. Stat., v. 42, p. 59, Feb.; 1985 "Does contiguity breed 
similarity? a within family analysis of non shared sources of IQ differences 
between siblings", Dev. Psychol., v. 21, p. 743, Sept.; 1985 "Inferring a majority 
from a sample: the saw toothed function phenomenon", Behav. Sci., v. 30, p. 127, 
July; 1984 "A model of friendship similarity in mildly deviant behaviors", Jl. Appl. 
Soc. Psychol., v. 14, p. 413, Sept/Oct; 1984 "Linearly independent, orthogonal and 
uncorrelated variables", Am. Stat., v. 38, p. 133, May; 1982 "Rescission of 
behaviors: inconsistent responses in adolescent sexuality data", Soc. Sci. Res., v. 

11, p. 280, Sept. 

Source: SB 1994 



Scott, John Paul - Member 1956, 1974; Director 1959-63; v.p. 1964-65; 1966-71 
(June) 

Personal: 

Bowling Green State University 1966-71 (Dept, of Psychology 1966-68); Roscoe B. 
Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Division of Behavioral Studies 1959-65; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Pubns: 

1987 review essay "On Genetics and Criminal Behavior" ( Crime and Human 
Nature, by Wilson and Herrnstein ) in Social Biology, v. 34, 3-4; 1971 Social 
Control and Social Change (ed.), Chicago; 1969 "Biological basis of human 
warfare", in Interdisciplinary Relationships in the Social Sciences Chicago; 1972 
Animal Behavior (rev. ed. 1972; 1st ed. 1958); 1968 Early Experience and the 
Organization of Behavior ; 1965 Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog , 
Chicago; 1954 "Heredity and Learning Ability in Infrahuman Mammals", 
Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #1 

Quotes: 

"Those who control the flow of energy control the basic power by which the 
behavior of other individuals can be directed. In our society access to energy is 




primarily regulated through money ... money ... is ... one of the most efficient 
agents of social control ever devised" Social Control and Social Change , J. P. 
Scott, p. 224 

Source: EQ 1956, 1959-68; SB 1969-71; Osborne list; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Shapiro, Harry L. - Director 1947-52; v.p. 1953; Pres. 1956-63; Director 1964-73; 
Member 1974 

Personal: 

b. 1902; 1990 obit, in Current Biography , v. 51, March, p. 61; PhD (anthropology) 
Harvard 1926 (see Hooton q.v.); American Museum of Natural History 1926-73 
(asst. . curator to Curator of anthropology 1926-42; Curator of Anthropology 
1942-68, following Clark Wissler q.v. of the AES Advisory Council, who trained 
Frederick Osborn q.v.; Shapiro is one of the people Osborn would have talked to 
about the Pioneer Fund sponsored Hall Of Human Biology and Evolution); Univ. 
of Hawaii, Prof., Physical anthropology (1930-35); Columbia Univ., Prof., 
anthropology 1943- ; Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; 
Eugenics Research Association; biological anthropology 

Publications: 

1976 Peking Man. ; 1971 "Strange Unfinished Saga of Peking Man" , Nature Hist. 
80:8-10, 71; 1971 Man, Culture and Society ., London; i960 The Jewish People: a 
biological history. , UNESCO; i960 The Race Question in Modern Science. ; 1959 
"Eugenics and Future Society", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 6, # 1; 1939 Migration and 
Environment: a study of the physical characteristics of the Japanese immigrants 
to Hawaii and the effects of environment on their descendants. , w/ F. S. Hulse 
q.v., Oxford Univ. Press; 1933 The Physical Characteristics of the Ortong 
Javanese. 1933 

Quotes: 

1933 "... it is conceivable, even inevitable, in the future society of which man will 
be a part that the population will be mated as carefully as the animal breeder now 
controls his stock" (from Natural History, Nov-Dee. 1933 quoted in Current 
Biography IQ52 "Harry Shapiro" 

Source: EN 1947-53; EQ 1956-68; SB 1969-73; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; Osborne list; AMWS 14th ed. 



Sherrod, Lonnie R. - Treasurer 1984-90 





Personal: 



Social Science Research Council, 605 Third Ave., NY, NY 10158 
Publications: 

1986 Human Development and the Life Course: multidisciplinary perspectives. 
sponsored by the Social Sciences Research Council w/ Aage B. Sorensen and 
Franz Weiner, pub. L. Erlbaum Associates; 1981 Infant Social Cognition: 
Empirical Theoretical Considerations 

Source: SB 1984-90 



Slade, Valeda - Secretary 1989, 1990 
Personal: 

1990 Population Council, One Dag Hammarskold Place, NY, NY 10017; 1986 
Membership Chairman of SSSB 

Pubns: 

1986 editor, Studies in Family Planning 

Source: SB 1989, 1990; Population Council Annual Report p. 57 



Snyder, Prof. Laurence H. - Director 1947-49; v.p. 1950-52; Director 1953 
Personal; 

b. 1901; Dean of the Graduate College, Univ. of Oklahoma 1947-53; American 
Society of Human Genetics v.p. 1948, 1949, Pres. 1950) 

Pubns: 

Blood Groups. 1973 Minneapolis, Burgess (Basic Concepts in Anthropology); 
Computer Applications in Genetics: proceedings of a Congress dedicated to L. H. 
Snyder. 1969 sponsored by University of Hawaii and NIH Division of Research 
grants, Genetics Study Section, published by the Univ. of Hawaii Press; The 
Principles of Heredity. 1957 5th Ed (1st Ed 1935); Genetics, Medicine and Man. 
1947 by H. J. Muller w/ L. H. Snyder (Messenger Lectures on the Evolution of 
Civilization, Cornell University 1945); Medical Genetics: a series of lectures 
presented to the medical schools of Duke University, Wake Forest College, and 
the University of North Carolina. 1941 Duke University Press; "Strange 
Sensations", Scientific American, July 1936; "Whose Baby", Scientific American, 






April 1934; Blood Groupings in Relation to Clinical and Legal Medicine. 1929 
Williams and Wilkins 

Source: EN 1947-53; AJHG, 1952, v. 4, #4 (Historical note) 



Teitelbaum, Michael S. - Director 1972-79, 1981-83; Pres. 1985-90; Director 
1992-1994 

Personal: 

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation 1992-1994; Carnegie Endowment for International 
Peace 1981-83; Ford Foundation 1970-1982 (University of Oxford 1976-79; Ford 
Foundation 1973-75; Princeton University 1972-73); headed undisclosed, 
undebated US population policy development in the US Congress, according to 
his own account in The International Encyclopedia of Population. "United States" 
while at the Ford Foundation, see also Limiting Population Growth and the Ford 
Foundation. John Caldwell, 1986, p. 78-80 

Pubns: 

1994 Member, Jordan Commission which recommended that all Americans carry 
an ID card, (see "A minicomputer tells if workers are in the country", PI, 3/6/95 
for implications); 1992 "The population threat: international aspects of 
overpopulation", Foreign Affairs, v. 71, #5, Winter 1992-93 (article "draws on 
contributions by members of the Council on Foreign Relations Study Group on 
Population and US Policy", p. 63, 1992-93, Foreign Affairs, v. 71, #5); 1990 "New 
polemics on immigration" (open door policy questioned), Journal of Commerce 
and Commercial, v. 386, Oct. 18, p. 14A; 1989 Population , Resources and the 
Environment: The Interplay of Science Ideology and Intellectual Traditions . 
Cambridge; 1985 The Fear of Population Decline w/ Jay M. Winter; 1984 The 
British Fertility Decline: demographic transition in the crucible of the industrial 
revolution. Princeton Univ. Press; 1976 Sex Differences: social and biological 
perspectives, (ed.) Anchor Press; 1975 "Relevance of Demographic Transition 
Theory for Developing Countries", Science, 188:4187, 420-25; 1972 "Factors 
associated with the sex ratio in human populations" in The Structure of Human 
Populations 1972 (eds.) G. A. Harrison (ES, q.v.) and A. J. Boyce (ES) 

Source: SB 1972-79, 1981-83, 1985-90, 1992-1994 



Whitney, Leon Fradley - Executive Secretary 1924-1934; Member 1930; Director 
1932 



Personal: 




1894-April 11, 1973; BS Massachusetts Agricultural College 1916; Yale Univ. 
(School of Medicine, clin. instr. pathology (1946-60); Leon F. Whitney Collection 
of Dogs, Peabody Museum at Yale); Member: American Genetics Assn., Eugenics 
Research Assn., American Psychological Assn., American Veterinary Medicine 
Assn. 

Pubns: 

1968 The Basis of Breeding Racing Pigeons : i960 Breed Your Dog : i960 Birth 
Control Today : 1952 All About Guppies : 1952 The Coon Hunters Handbook : 1937 
How to Breed Dogs ; 1934 The Case for Sterilization ; 1933 Sex and Birth Control ; 
1928 The Basis of Breeding ; The Builders of America w/ Ellsworth Huntington 
q.v. 

Source: AESM 1925-32; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; WWWIAv.6 



Wood, James - Director 1993; v. p. 1994 
Personal: 

Penn State 1993 
Publications: 

1993 "How does variation in fetal loss affect the distribution of waiting times to 
conception?" w/ Maxine Weinstein q.v., Daniel D. Greenfield, Social Biology, v. 
40, 1-2; 1992 "Hazards model for human population biology", Am. J. Phys. 
Anthrop., Suppl. 15, p. 43; 1990 "Birth Spacing Patterns in Human and Apes", w/ 
Birute M. F. Galdikas, Am. J. Phys. Anthrop., v. 83, p. 185, October; 1991 
"Heterogeneity in fecundability" in J. Adams et al, Convergent Issues in Genetics 
and Demography . Oxford Univ. Press, New York; 1989 "Fertility in Traditional 
Societies" in Natural Human Fertility: social and biological mechanisms . Sue 
Teper (ES) and P. Diggory, London; 1989 "Fecundity and Natural Fertility in 
Humans" in Oxford Reviews of Reproductive Biology , v. 11, Oxford; 1988 "A 
Model of age-specific fecundability", w/ M. Weinstein q.v., Pop. Studies, v. 42:85 
ff ; 1986 " Convergences of genetic distances in a migration matrix model", Am. J. 
Phys. Anthropol., v. 71, p. 209, Oct. 



Source: SB 1993, 1994 




Directors A-L 



Source of names: names of officers and directors were listed in the Eugeni cal 
News (EN + date), Eugenics Quarterly (EQ + date) and Social Biology (SB + date) 
for the years from 1939-1994 and in "Brief History of the American Eugenics 
Society", Eugenical News, December 1946, vol. 31 #4, p. 49 ff for the years from 
1922-1940 (EN 1946, December) and in Minutes of the American Eugenics 
Society 1925-39 deposited in the American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania (AESM + date); a list of members as of 1925 is deposited in the 
American Philosophical Library in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1925 list); a list of 
members of the Advisory Council appeared in Eugenics, Feb., 1929 (Eugenics, 
Feb. 1929); a list of members appeared in the Eugenics Quarterly 1956 (EQ 1956); 
Frederick Osborn wrote to congratulate new members as they joined, the Society 
and these letters, with other letters to and from members, are deposited in the 
American Philosophical Society Library's American Eugenics Society collection 
(AESC + date); Richard Osborne, editor of Social Biology, prepared a list of 
members for the officers and directors of the Society in 1974 (Osborne list); Barry 
Mehler compiled a table of the terms served by members of the Advisory Council 
and the Board of Directors from 1923 to 1940 which he published in his PhD 
thesis. A History of the American Eugenics Society 1921-1940 . UMI Dissertation 
Services, 1988 (Mehler + page number); other sources as specified 



Allen, Dr. Gordon - see under officers 

Anderson, Loyd L. - 1931 
Source: AESM 1931 

Bajema, Carl Jay - see under officers 

Belknap, Chauncey - see under officers 

Bentley, Gillian R. - 1994 
Personal: 



Northwestern Univ. 1994 




Pubns: 



"Is the fertility of agriculturalists higher than that of non agriculturalists", Curr. 
Anthropol., v. 34, p. 778 ff, Dec. 

Source: SB 1994 



Bigelow, Maurice - see under officers 



Bodmer, Prof. Walter F. - Director 1971; Member (Foreign) 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1936; Director, Human Genome Project in England, 1992; Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund, England; Stanford University 1971; member Eugenics Society, 
England (see entry in Eugenics Society list) 

Publications: 

1992 "Genome Research in Europe", Science, v. 256, April 24, p. 480; "Molecular 
analysis of APC mutations in familial adenomatous polyposis and sporadic colon 
carcinomas" w/ others, The Lancet, v. 340, Sept. 12, p. 626; 1987 "Localisation of 
the Gene for Adenomatous Polyposis on Chromosome 5:, Nature 328:614-16; 
Mathematical Genetics, (ed. w/ J. F. C. Kingman ), Proc. of the Royal Society, 
Biological Sciences, v. 219 #1216; Oncogenes: their role in normal and malignant 
growth. 1984 Proc. of Royal Society w/ R. Weiss and J. Wyke, Series B. v. 226 
(#1242); Inheritance of Susceptibility to Cancer in Man. 1982 (Ed.) published for 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund by Oxford Press; Genetics of the Cell Surface. 
(Ed.) Proc. of the Royal Society Series B. v. 202 (#1146); 1979 "Evolution of a 
Sickle Variant Gene", Lancet, IL923; Genetics, Evolution and Man. 1976 w/ Luigi 
L. Cavalli-Sforza, San Francisco, Freeman; Our Future Inheritance: chance or 
choice? 1974 (a study by a British Association for the Advancement of Science 
working party) w/ Alun Jones. Oxford Univ. Press; The Genetics of Human 
Populations. 1971 w/ Luigi L. Cavalli-Sforza, San Francisco, Freeman; 
"Intelligence and Race", w/ L. L. Cavalli-Sforza q.v., Scientific American, Oct. 
1970; Genetic Organization: a comprehensive treatise. 1969 Ed by Ernst Caspari 
and Arnold Ravin w/ contrib. by W. F. Bodmer ) New York, Academic Press; 
"Perspectives in Genetic Demography" 1967 w/ L. Cavalli-Sforza in Proceedings 
of the World Population Conference, 196F;. Vol. 2, United Nations; "A program 
for genetic demography based on data from large scale social surveys" Eugenics 
Quarterly 12:85-89 



Source: SB 1971 (June), ES list 




Bongaarts, John - 1988-93 
Personal: 



1993-1988 Population Council (v.p. 1992; Director, Research Division 1992; 
Medical Abortifacients Advisory Committee 1992) 

Publications: 

1994 "Can the Growing Human Population Feed Itself', Scientific American, 
March; 1991 Family Demography: Methods and Their Application : 1990 "The 
Measurement of Wanted Fertility", Population Council Working Paper #10; 1983 
Fertility, Biology and Behavior: analysis of the proximate determinants, w/ 
Robert G. Potter q.v. Academic Press; The proximate determinants of natural 
marriage fertility 1982 New York, Population Council Working Papers, Center for 
Policy Studies; 1978 "A framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of 
fertility", Pop. Dev. Rev., v. 4, #1, p. 105 ff 

Background: 

In 1990 in "The Measurement of Wanted Fertility", Population Council Working 
Paper #10, Bongaarts developed a new method of measuring "wanted fertility". 
He applied this method to 48 surveys from developing countries and concluded 
that 26% of fertility is unwanted. (Population Council Index, v. 56, #2, F.4.4.). 
This piece of "data" is the basis for many statements about the need for 
contraception and abortion world wide. Analyzing Bongaarts' method is an area 
where research is needed. 

Source: SB 1988-1993; Population Council Annual Report 1992 



Borg, Sidney - 1938 
Personal: 

American Eugenics Society meeting told that Mr. Borg was a leader among the 
Jewish people in New York City (Minutes, May 1938) 

Source: AESM, May 1938 



Bouchard Jr., Thomas J. - 1993-94 
Personal: 

b. 1937; PhD, Univ. California, Berkeley 1966; Univ., Minnesota, Minneapolis, 
1969-1994 (Prof. i973-(i994), Chmn., Dept, of Psychology, 1985-91, Dir., 




Minnesota Center Twin and Adoption Research 1980(1994); Minnesota Twin 
Study supported by the Pioneer Fund (see W. P. Draper)) 

Publications: 

1993 "Heritability of Interests: a twin study" w/ David T. Lykken, Matthew 
McGue, Auke Tellegen, Journal of Applied Psychology, v. 78, August, p. 649; 

1993 Grief intensity following the loss of a twin and other relatives: test of kinship 
genetic hypothesis", Human Biology, February, v. 65, p. 87 with correction in 
Human Biology April 1993, v. 65, p. 337; 1992 "Work Values: Genetic and 
Environmental Influences" w/ L. Keller, Nancy L. Segal et al, Journal of Applied 
Psychology, v. 77, Feb., p. 79; 1990 "Sources of human psychological differences: 
the Minnesota study of twins reared apart," w/ David T. Lykken, Matthew McGue, 
Nancy L. Segal and Auke Tellegen, Science, v. 250, Oct. 12, p. 223; "Sex 
Differences in Human Spatial Ability: Not an X-linked Recessive Gene Effect", 
Social Biology, v. 24, 4 

Background: 

The Minnesota Twin Study claimed to demonstrate a high heritability for IQ. 
Daniel Seligman explains the implications to the readers of Fortune. "... high 
heritabilities make it harder to relate [status] to privileged environments. Such 
figures are also bad news for social engineers with schemes to equalize IQ's, e.g. 
via early intervention in the lives of children with low scoring parents. The higher 
the heritability, the harder it to believe that the kids can be turned into middle 
class professionals. ... the liberal media keep looking for environmental 
explanations of IQ ... [which] is a stunning howler, deserving to be cataloged with 
flat earth views about our planet ... the Bouchard data look threatening only to 
egalitarian doctrinaires." Daniel Seligman, "Keeping Up", Fortune, Nov. 19, 1990. 
(see also "Genes on the Job", in Fortune, "Keeping Up", Jan. 13, 1992; 1992 
"Work Values: Genetic and Environmental Influences" T. J. Bouchard, L. Keller, 
Nancy L. Segal et al, Journal of Applied Psychology, v. 77, Feb., p. 79) 

Source: SB 1993-94; WSWIA 1995 



Brace, C. Loring - 1974, 1985-87, 1989 
Personal: 

b. 1930, New Hampshire; PhD 1962 (anthrop) Harvard; Museum of 
Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (assoc, prof. 1967-71; Prof. 
Anthropology 1971- (1976); Museum of Physical Anthropology (i967-(i987); 
Curator, ig67-(igy6)); AAAS; Am. Assn. Physical Anthropologists; history of 
biology and anthropology 




Source: Osborne list; SB 1985-87; AMWS 1976, 1989 



Bresler, Jack B. - 1971 (Sept.), 1972 (March); Member 1974, 1976, 1986 
Personal: 

Veterans Administration, Central Office, senior researcher 1980-health planning 

b. 1923 NYC; PhD 1957 (biology) Univ. of Illinois; Tufts University, assoc, prof, 
and director of research 1966-76; NIH, cons., Collaborative Study Human 
Reproduction 1957-62; Columbia Univ. seminar 1957-62 (see R.H. Osborne); 
National Science Foundation, application review 1974-76; AAAS; Behavioral 
Genetics Society; "genetic and social consequences of inter ethnic matings" 
(AMWS 1976) 

Publications: 

1981 "Outcrossings in Caucasians and Fetal Loss", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 
(reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as one of the most frequently cited 
articles of Social Biology); 1973 Genetics and Society. 1973 (AW series in the life 
sciences), Reading, Massachusetts, Addison Wesley (A W); 1968 Environments of 
Man. (A W series in the life sciences) Addison Wesley; 1966 Human Ecology: 
collected readings. (AW series in the life sciences) Addison Wesley; 1962 "The 
relationship between the fertility patterns of the Fi generation and the number of 
counties of birth represented in the Pi generation" American Journal of Physical 
Anthropology 20:509; 1961 "The relation of population fertility levels to ethnic 
group backgrounds," Eugenics Quarterly 8:12-22; 1961 "The Human Biology of 
Academic Potential: A Proposed Investigation", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 8, #1; 
genetic and social consequences of inter ethnic mating; manuscript reviewer for 
Social Biology I96s-(i972) 

Source: SB 1971 (Sept.), 1972 (March); Osborne list; AMWS 1976, 1986, AMWS 
12th ed 



Bruell, Jan - 1974, 1985-1987 
Personal: 

University of Texas 1985-87 
Source: Osborne list; SB 1985-87 



Brush, Mrs. Dorothy H. - 1956-63 




Personal: 



1917 Smith College; worked with Margaret Sanger 1930's; International Planned 
Parenthood Federation, (Honorary Advisory for Field Work Services 1959); 

Editor, Around the World News of Population and Birth Control 1952-56 (the 
International Planned Parenthood Federation's newsletter); Chmn., Brush 
Foundation for Race Betterment 1957-63; associate of Margaret Sanger 

Background: 

friend of Margaret Sanger; read Plato's Republic in college; married into the 
family of Charles Francis Brush (Charles Francis Brush 1849-1929; invented arc 
lamp used for street lighting in Cleveland; founded Brush Electric Company; 
became rich); founded Maternal Health Association of Cleveland; Charles Francis 
Brush Jr. died; Married Alexander Dick, divorced; married Dr. Lewis C. 

Walmsley, a former missionary; three planned children (Charles F. Brush, Mrs. 
Sylvia Dick Karas); Charles Francis Brush founded Brush Foundation for Race 
Betterment in son's honor; National Committee on Federal Legislation, Secretary; 
"birth control missionary" with Margaret Sanger in 1937; Steering committee 
which founded Planned Parenthood Federation of America 1939; International 
Planned Parenthood Committee, Secretary 1946; IPPF observer to United 
Nations Population Conference in Rome 1954; lecture tour in Japan with 
Abraham Stone and Margaret Sanger 1952 

— Jewish Emigration under Hitler 

Dorothy Brush was an aunt of Juliet Rublee, who was an owner of the Birth 
Control Review 1919; Juliet Rublee's husband, George Rublee, was charged by the 
League of Nations with the task of attempting to extricate 650,000 Jews and 
75,000 German Catholics from Hitler's Germany in 1938. An impossible job - but 
was he the best man? After all, Margaret Sanger's Birth Control Review allowed 
Professor Ernst Rudin to publish an article on sterilization in 1932. Rudin went 
on to help write Hitler's race laws, the laws leading to the desire of the Jews to get 
out of Germany. 

— RCAR and the Brush Foundation: 

after Mrs. Brush's death, the Brush Foundation for Race Betterment gave money 
to the Religious Coalition for Abortion Rights (RCAR) 

— Brush Foundation, IPPF and Racial Hygiene: 

"To those of us who have reason to be grateful to the Brush Foundation for Race 
Betterment (USA) - not least among them the readers of this News [the IPPF 
newsletter, Around the World News of Population and Birth Control] - the 
publication of a brochure marking the thirtieth anniversary of the Brush 
Foundation will be of interest... $500,000, the income of which only can be used, 




was placed in the hands of the Cleveland (Ohio) Trust Company. Mr. Brush's 
grandson, Mr. Maurice Perkins, gave $250,000 with no restriction on the use of 
capital ... it is from this fund that the Brush Foundation has recently allocated to 
the IPPF $25,000 for each of two years for pioneer projects... In 1948 .... the 
Foundation provided the bulk of the funds necessary to establish an international 
planned parenthood office, which is now the IPPF Headquarters office. A subsidy, 
which in 1955 was increased to $5,000, has been made annually for its operating 
expenses. The Foundation contributed to the organizational expenses of both the 
Bombay and Tokyo Conferences under IPPF auspices in 1952 and 1955. It also 
underwrites this bulletin to the extent of $10,000 a year. The total amount to 
June 30, 1957, expended by the Brush Foundation in support of the IPPF was 
approximately $106,000 (33,855 British pounds). The Brush Foundation has 
recently joined with the Watumull Foundation of Hawaii in an effort to raise 
further funds for the IPPF.... among the research projects [other than the IPPF] 
listed in the brochure are an enquiry into the growth and development of the 
well-born child ($266,000), virus research ($250,000), assistance to the 
Maternal Health Association of Cleveland ($97,000) and research in human 
reproduction including assistance to the Cleveland Infertility Clinic. ($136,000)" 
(ARTW, Dec. 1957) 

A "Review of Third Annual Report of the IPPF" in the IPPF newsletter (ARTW) 
included the following statements:"... the generous increase in the grant made by 
the Brush Foundation from $3,000 to $5,000 a year as from May 1955 for the 
maintenance of Headquarters ... A well-merited tribute is paid to the punctilious - 
and always punctual - work done by Mrs. Dorothy Brush as editor of the News 
from 1952 to 1956 ... reports from three of its member organizations ... Australia: 
The Racial Hygiene Association of Australia, affiliated to the American Social 
Hygiene Association ... family planning, premarital counseling, marriage 
guidance, sex education and the promotion of eugenics ... Ceylon: ... only those 
contraceptive methods approved by the IPPF are recommended by the [Family 
Planning Association of Ceylon]... Financial aid has also been made available by 
Dr. Clarence Gamble through the National Committee on Maternal Health (New 
York) ... Pakistan:... In 1955 Mr. Justice Muhammad Munir, Chief Justice of 
Pakistan, honored the [Family Planning Association of Pakistan] by becoming its 
president." ARTW, Dec. 1957 

Source: SB 1962-63; Margaret Sanger. : WWWIA; Brush Foundation Annual 
Reports; Nazi histories; Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition "Charles Francis 
Brush; ARTW Dec. 1957 (IPPF Meetings); ARTW, Jan 1957 ("Feathers in My 
Cap", a short memoir by Dorothy Brush) 



Burch, Guy Irving - see under officers 

Burden, William A. M. - Director 1950-61; Member 1974 



Personal: 




Council on Foreign Relations (director 1945); Business Administration, New York 
City 1950-59; United States ambassador to Belgium 1960-61 

Source: EN 1950-53; EQ 1954-61; Osborne list; WWWIA 



Burgess, Prof. Earnest W.- 1946-58 
Personal: 

1886-1966; b. Canada; BA 1908 Kingfisher College, Oklahoma; PhD 1913 
University of Chicago; University of Chicago 1916-66 (Prof, of Sociology 1946-52, 
Emeritus 1953-66; Behavioral Research Fund of Chicago (acting director 1930-31, 
director 1931-39); acting director, Family Study Center 1956-57); studied nature 
of family, possibility of predicting success in marriage 

Publications: 

On Community, Family and Delinquency: Selected Writings of Earnest Burgess. 
1973 Ed by L. Cottrell, Albert Hunter and James Short) Univ. of Chicago Press; 
Successful Marriage: a modern guide to love, sex and family life. Ed w/ Morris 
Fishbein), rev. Ed 1963 (1957 edition has title Modern Marriage and Family 
Living.) ; Retirement Preparation: Chicago Plan. 1961; Aging in Western Societies. 
i960 Univ. of Chicago Press (studied retirement and efficacy of government 
programs); 1949 Successful Marriage: an authoritative guide to problems related 
to marriage from the beginning of sexual attraction to matrimony and the 
successful rearing of a family, (ed w/ Fishbein); "The Sociological Theory of 
Psychosexual behavior" in Psychosexual Developments in Health and Disease. P. 
Hoch q.v.; 1945 The Family: from institution to companionship. ; 1939 Predicting 
Success (cited by F. J. Kallmann AJHG 1952, 4, 209); Introduction to the Science 
of Sociology. 1924 w/ R. Park, Univ. of Chicago Press (reprinted 1929). One of 
Burgess's most important works, a classic, set new directions in sociology. It was 
used with a type of psychology based on the work of William James and 
developed by John Dewey and George Mead. This saw the self as formed by 
interaction with others. Burgess saw collective behavior as a "circular reaction" in 
which each self reacts by mirroring the action or sentiments of another which 
intensifies the first person's reaction. So propaganda, psychological warfare, 
social marketing and advertising are simply four ways to mold this plasticity in a 
good direction. Ed note); 1916 The function of socialization in social evolution ; 
Editor: Marriage and Family Living 1939-50; American Journal of Sociology 
1936-40; 

Source: EN 1946-53; EQ 1954-58; Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition "Earnest 
Burgess", and vol. 27:382 and vol. 16:616; WWWIA 



Burks, Barbara S. - Member 1930, Director 1942 





Personal: 



English; California 1930; Dept, of Psychology, Columbia University 1942 
Publications: 

worked with L. Terman q.v. on Genetic Studies of Genius : "The Relative Influence 
of Nature and Nurture upon Mental Development: A Comparative Study of 
Foster- Foster Child Resemblance and True Parent True Child Resemblance" 
1928, Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education . Vol. 27 pp. 
219-316 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EN 1942 



Buxton, Prof. Dr. C. Lee - Member 1956; Director 1958-66 
Personal: 

MD; Prof, of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Yale University 1958-66; 
while chairman of the department of obstetrics at Yale, he, with Mrs. Griswold of 
Planned Parenthood of Connecticut, appealed a case on contraception to the US 
Supreme Court (Griswold v. Connecticut); four of his patients appealed as well 

Background: 

"In June 1961 the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut decided to 
challenge their state anti birth control law in the Supreme Court, which declined 
to give a ruling ... The Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut therefore went 
ahead and opened a clinic, which they operated for ten days ... it was closed by 
the police ... The Executive Director of the League and its Medical Adviser, who is 
Chief of Obstetrics and Surgery at Yale University was arrested; on 2nd January 
1962, Dr. Buxton and Mrs. Griswold were found guilty ... An appeal has been filed 
to the Higher State Courts. The issues involved in the case are of world 
importance to the family planning movement" from Annual Report, International 
Planned Parenthood Federation 1959-61 p. 13 (Griswold v. Connecticut) 

Source: EQ 1956, 1958-66; Doctors. Patients and Health Insurance. 1961 p. 219 



Callahan, Daniel - 1987-92 
Personal: 



b. 1930; Assoc, editor, Commonweal 1962-69, has not believed in the Catholic 
Church for years but is still used by Commonweal as a spokesman for 




"Commonweal", i.e., dissenting Catholics; should be used a spokesman for 
apostates; Population Council 1969; Founder/Director, Hastings Center 1969-94 

Publications: 

1992 "The Euthanasia Debate: a problem with self determination", Current, 
(Washington, DC), v. 346, p. 15, Oct.; 1990 What Kind of Life: the limits of 
medical progress. . Simon and Schuster; Case Studies in Ethics and Medical 
Rehabilitation. 1988 (ed. w/ Janet Haas, Arthur L. Caplan), Hastings Center; 
1988 Biomedical ethics: an anglo-american dialogue. , w/ Gordon Reginald 
Dunstan. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Dunstan was chaplain to 
QE II. Many Royal physicians and chaplains have been involved with eugenics. 
King George V was euthanised by his physician, Lord Dawson of Penn.); Setting 
Limits: medical goals in an aging society. 1987 Simon and Schuster; Abortion: 
Understanding Differences. 1984 w/ Sidney Cornelia Callahan, Hastings Center 
Series in Ethics; Limited Health Care Resources: ethical implications of our 
choices. 1983 address to Health Planning Council for Greater Boston; Science. 
Ethics and Medicine. 1976 ed. w/ Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.) Hastings Center; 
"Abortion: Thinking and Experiencing" in Christianity and Crisis, April 6, 1973, 
295 ff; "Living with the New Biology" Center Magazine, v. 5, 1972, p. 4 ff; 
Abortion: Law, Choice and Morality. 1970 Macmillan; The Catholic Case for 
Contraception. 1969 London, Arlington Books 

Background: 

How Dissent Forwarded the Eugenic Agenda: 

"The appearance of the pill had another quite dramatic effect on the population 
debate in that its nature and the possibility of its acceptance as a licit method so 
divided the Catholic Church that there was never again to be a politically 
important Catholic opposition to the use of technical aid funds to support either 
biomedical research into human reproduction or Third World family planning 
programs. Later in 1964 the Vatican Commission began its inquiry into oral 
contraception that was to last two years" Limiting Population Growth and the 
Ford Foundation . John Caldwell (q.v.). 1986, p. 78 

Source: SB 1987-92; WSW 1992-93; Hastings Center Report, March/ April 1994 



Cobb MD, Prof. Dr. W. Montague - 1958-66 
Personal: 

b. 1904, Washington, DC; PhD Case Western Reserve, Cleveland 1932; Fellow, 
Case Western Reserve 1933-44; Howard University (MD 1929, Asst. prof, to prof, 
anatomy 1932-69, head, Dept, of Anatomy, 1947-69, Distinguished Prof. 1969-73, 
Emeritus 1973-, Exec, cttee of Medical School 1945-69); NAACP (Chmn., 




National Medical Committee 1944-77; Pres. 1977-82); editor, Journal Nat. Med. 
Assn. 1949-77; American Association of Physical Anthropologists (assoc, editor of 
Journal 1949-) 

Source: EQ 1958-66; AMWS 1982 



Cohen, Prof. Joel E. - 1988-92 
Personal: 

Professor of Population, Rockefeller University 1975- ; b. 1944; PhD (Applied 
Math) Harvard 1970, MPH 1970, PHD (public health) 1970; "Road to Ruin", by T. 
A. Bass, Discover, May 1992, v. 13, p. 56 (discusses Prof. Cohen's career) 

Publications: 

1992 "How many people can earth hold", Discover, Nov., v. 13, p. 114; 1978 Food 
Webs and Niche Space . Monographs in Population Biology # 11, Princeton Press; 
1971 "Legal Abortions, socioeconomic status and measured intelligence in the 
US" Social Biology 

Quotes: 

Prof. Cohen Becomes Humorous: 

"You might think that life would be dull without sex but not so. Sex is only one of 
nature's several ways of shuffling genes so that there's plenty of variability among 
organisms. ... For example, cows and termites carry microorganisms ... As long as 
natural selection is at work, life would still be fun" from "What Would Life Be 
Like Without Sex", Discover, June 1992 

Source: SB 1988-1992 



Conklin, Prof. Edwin G. - Director 1923-30; Advisory Council 1923-26 
Pubns: 

1943 Man Real and Ideal: Observations and Reflections on Man's Nature 
Development and Destiny Scribners; "The Future of America: a Biological 
Forecast", Harpers, v. 156, April 1928; "Some Recent Criticisms of Eugenics", 
paper read at Galton Society, reprinted in Eugenical News, v. 8, #5, May 1928; 
Heredity and Environment 1925; "Some Biological Aspects of Immigration", 
Scribners, v. 69, March 1921; Heredity and Environment in the Development of 
Man . 1915, Princeton Univ. Press 




Source: AESM 1925, 1928; Eugenics, Feb., 1929; Mehler p. 323-4 



Cook, Robert Carter - Director 1939-63 
Personal: 

b. 1898 Washington D.C.; d. 1991; son of botanist, Orator Fuller Cook; attended 
Sidwell Friends; became editor of Journal of Heredity (1922-62) at urging of 
Alexander Graham Bell; Population Reference Bureau (Director, then president 
1952-68); consultant on population and genetics, National Parks Association 
1968; Lect., George Washington University 1944-63; American Genetic 
Association, Washington DC 1940-57; Member, American Society of Human 
Genetics 1954; Lasker Award 1955 

Publications: 

1968 People: An introduction to the study of population.. Population Reference 
Bureau, Washington; 1962 "How many people have ever lived on earth", 
Population Bulletin 28 (1): 1-17; Journal of Heredity, editor 1922-62 (journal of 
American Genetic Association); 1962 Population and Food Supply., United 
Nations, Office of Public Information, FFHC Basic Study No. 7; 1951 Human 
Fertility: the modern dilemma . 1951, London (chps. two and three originally 
published in the Atlantic Monthly under the title "Puerto Rico: An Explosion of 
People"); 1946 How heredity builds our lives: an introduction to human genetics 
and eugenics ., w/ Barbara S. Burks q.v., Washington, American Genetic Assn. 
1939-45; t939 Editorial Cttee, Eugenical News; 1939 Birth Control Review, 
Consulting editor; 1939 "Bootleg Birth Control", Colliers; "A Year of German 
Sterilization", J. of Heredity, v. 26, #12, Dec. 1935 

Quotes: 

— 1939 In "Better Birth Control" he called for "more births among the "groups of 
higher intelligence" and fewer from the "least intelligent, least trained and least 
capable groups", a concept that fell into disfavor after the brutal excesses of the 
Nazis in Germany" (quoted in Washington Post obit, Jan. 9, 1991) 

— 1951 "Next to the atom bomb, the most ominous force in the world today is 
uncontrolled fertility", (from Human Fertility: the modern dilemma quoted in 
Washington Post obit, Jan. 9, 1991) 

Source: EN 1939-53; EQ 1954-63; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; BCR, Nov. 1939; WWWIA; Obit. Washington Post, Jan. 9, 
1991, B-4); Mehler p. 325 



Cornblatt, Barbara A. - Director 1987-92 




Personal: 



Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, NYC 1991; New York State Psychiatric Institute 
1987-90 

Source: SB 1987-92 



Crow, Prof. James Franklin - Director 1971-74, 1979-81 
Personal: 

b. 1916; PhD 1941 (genetics), Univ. of Texas; Dartmouth 1941-48; Dept, of 
Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison (i948-(i992), Prof, of Medical 
Genetics 1958-86, Emeritus i986-(i992); Genetics Society America (Pres., i960); 
American Society of Human Genetics (Member 1954, Pres. 1963); NIH (Chmn., 
genetics study sect. 1965-68); NAS (cttee genetic effects radiation 1960-63 & 
1970-72; Chmn., cttee effects envir. mutagens 1980); cited by Jensen 

Pubns: 

1991 "Wright's Shifting Balance Theory: an experimental study", W. J. Wade, w/ 
reply by J. F. Crow, Science, v. 253, p. 973 Aug. 30; 1989 Population Biology of 
Genes and Molecules , w/ N. Takahata; 1986 Basic Concepts in Population. 
Quantitative and Evolutionary Genetics ; 1981 "Measurement of Inbreeding from 
the Frequency of Marriage Between Persons of the Same Name", Social Biology, v. 
29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as one of the most frequently 
cited articles of Social Biology); 1981 "The Effect of Assortative Mating on the 
Genetic Composition of a Population, Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 
1981 as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1979 "Genes 
That Violate Mendel's Rules", Scientific American, Feb.; 1968 "Selective Mating, 
Assortative Mating, and Inbreeding: Definitions and Implications", w/ D. Kirk 
q.v., and R. Lewontin q.v., Eugenics Quarterly, v. 15:141 (Background explanation: 
"assortative mating does not change gene frequency, whereas selective mating 
does" from H. C. Spencer, Social Biology 1992, v. 39, p. 310); 1959 "Ionizing 
Radiation and Evolution", Scientific American, Sept.; 1957 "Possible 
Consequences of an Increased Mutation Rate", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 4, #2 

Quotes: 

1972 [Artificial insemination] "could ... produce in a single generation quite 
drastic changes in height, intelligence, or any other quantitative trait with a high 
heritability if it were widely applied ... [does a parent] have an inalienable right to 
produce a child that is uneducable?... The right to reproduce at will is regarded as 
a basic human right. I cannot see this remaining true much longer ... world wide 
control of birthrates is an absolute necessity ... If this is achieved with wide public 
acceptance, then some concern over differential reproduction is also in order. 




The means of eugenics are becoming acceptable. Abortion ... Artificial 
insemination ... birth control ... There is no unanimity now as to what constitutes 
positive eugenic goals ... We would surely agree that variety is to be preferred to 
uniformity ... as a hedge against unforeseen contingencies in the future ... 
Negative aims ... for the genes causing muscular dystrophy, hemophilia, Tay- 
Sachs disease and the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome to become extinct ... the question 
is one of means ... We have Nazi Germany as a horrible example of how badly 
such a program can go wrong ... I want to see the subject [of negative eugenics] 
discussed. If eugenics is a dirty word we can find something else that means the 
same thing" from "Conclusion" by Crow in Proc. of a symposium, Advances in 
Human Genetics and Their Impact on Society . Birth Defects Original Articles 
Series, v. 8, #4, July, 1972 

Source: SB 1971 (Sept.)-1974, 1979-81; Osborne list; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; AMWS 1976; WSW 1986, 1992 



Davenport, Charles B. - 1929 
Source: Eugenics, Feb., 1929 



Davis, Prof. Kingsley - 1952-55; Member 1956, 1974 
Personal: 

b. Texas 1908; sociology, demography, social science (applied); Univ. of 
California at Berkeley (Prof, of Sociology 1955-70; Dept, of Sociology and Social 
Institutions 1956-; Chmn., International Population and Urban Research, Univ. 
California at Berkeley 1956-77; Chmn., Dept, of Sociology 1961-63; Ford Prof. 
1970-77); University of Southern California (Distinguished Professor of Sociology 
1977-); MA Sociology 1933 Harvard Univ.; Smith College 1934-36; Clark 
University, Worcester, Massachusetts 1936-37; Pennsylvania State University 
(Assoc. Prof., then Chmn. of the Sociology Department 1937-42); research assoc.. 
Office of Population Research. Princeton Univ. 1042-44: Princeton Univ. (assoc. 
prof, of public affairs 1044 - 45 , assoc, prof, of anthropology and sociology 1945-48 : 
the Department of Public Affairs supported the Office of Population Research): 
Columbia Univ., Director and Prof, of Sociology at the Bureau of Applied Social 
Research 1948-55; US representative to the Population Commission, United 
Nations 1954-61; Carnegie Corp. traveling fellow 1952; led a social science team 
sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation to ten countries; emphasized that social 
communication varies from society to society (propaganda must be appropriate); 
Center Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, fellow 1956-57, 1980-81; 

American Sociology Assn. (Pres., 1959); Sociol. Research Assn. (Pres., i960); 
Population Assn, of America (Pres., 1962-63); International Union for the 
Scientific Study of Population (Chmn., 1967-68); American Philosophical Society; 
Mem: Adv. Council, NASA 1977-82 




Publications: 



1988 Below Replacement Fertility in Industrial Societies: Causes, Consequences 
and Policies : 1986 Contemporary Marriage: Comparative Perspectives on a 
Changing Institution , Russell Sage, and Basic Books; 1974 "The Migrations of 
Human Populations", Scientific American, Special Population Issue, Sept.; 1972 
World Urbanization 1050-70 : 1965 "The Urbanization of the Human Population", 
Scientific American, Sept.; 1963 "Population", Scientific American, Sept.; i960 
Population and Welfare in Industrial Societies, 4th Annual Dorothy B. 

Nyswander lecture; 1958 "A Crowding Hemisphere: Population Change in the 
Americas" Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 
(March); 1954 "Institutional Patterns Favoring High Fertility in Underdeveloped 
Areas", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 2, # 1; 1954 "The Demographic Foundations of 
National Power" in Berger et al Freedom and Control in Modern Society., New 
York, Van Nostrand; 1951 The Population of India and Pakistan. 1951; 

"Population and the Further Spread of Industrial Society", Proc. American 
Philosophical Society Vol. 95, #1; 1949 Human Society. 1949 (his key work 
according to conventional wisdom); 1945 World Population in Transition. (Ed.), 
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, January 1945 

Source: EN 1952-53; EQ 1954-55, 1956; Osborne list; WSWIA1990; "Kingsley 
Davis" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition; Population and World Power. 
Organski and Organski, 1961, Alfred Knopf and Co. 



Davis, Watson - 1936, 1939-66 
Personal: 

b. 1896, Washington DC; civil engineering, George Washington Univ. 1918; d. 
June 27, 1967; Science editor, Washington Herald 1920-22; (Ed.) Things of 
Science 1940-; CBS radio program 193959; Director, Science Clubs of America 
1941-; Director, Westinghouse Science Talent Search 1942-; Exec. Bd., National 
Child Research Center; Trustee, George Washington U. 1949-61; Population 
Society of America; Director, Science Service (managing editor 1921-), 
Washington DC, 1719 N. St. NWTel. # 202 7852255; Cosmos Club 

Publications: 

The Century of Science. 1963; Editorial Cttee, Eugenical News 1942-45; The 
Advance of Science. 1934 (Ed.) New York; Science News Letter April 2 1921- Mar 
51966 

Source: WWWIA; AESM, May 1936; EN 1939-53; EQ 1954-66 



Denny, George V. - 1939 




Personal: 



Pres., Town Hall Inc., New York, NY 1939 
Source: EN 1939 



Dice, Lee R. - 1952-71; Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1887; University of Michigan (1952-71; Institute of Human Biology 1952-58 
(Director (1952-55); Laboratory of Vertebrate Biology 1959); American Society of 
Human Genetics (Pres. 1951, Member 1954) 

Publications: 

Natural Communities. 1968 Ann Arbor; The Biotic Provinces of North America. 
1943 Ann Arbor 

Source: EN 1952-53; EQ 1954-68; SB 1969-71 (1971 June); Osborne list; 
Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1951, 1954 



Dobzhansky, Theodosius - see under officers 



Duncan, Otis Dudley - see under officers 
Dyke, Bennett - Member 1974; 1975-77 
Personal: 

Dept. Anthropology, Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park 1974-77; 
biological anthropology 

Publications: 

1971 "Potential Mates in a Small Human Population", Social Biology, v. 18, 1; 

1976 "On the Minimum Size of Endogamous Populations", Social Biology, v. 23, 1 
(this article is asking the question: If people marry within their own social group, 
what is the minimum size which that group must maintain to avoid extinction?); 
1980 "Assortative Mate Choice and Mating Opportunity on Sanday, Orkney 
Islands", Social Biology, v. 27, 3 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1975-77; AMWS 14th ed. 




Eckland, Bruce K.- see under officers 
Ehrhardt, Anke A. - 1986-88 
Personal: 

New York State Psychiatric Institute 1986-88 
Publications: 

1985 The Clinical Guide to Child Psychiatry, ed. w/ David D. Shaffer, Laurence L. 
Greenhill) New York, London, Free Press; Psychosomatic Obstetrics and 
Gynecology. 1980 w/ David Young, New York, Appleton Century; Man & Woman. 
Bov & Girl: the differentiation and dimorphism of gender identity from 
conception to maturity. 1972 w/ John Money, John Hopkins Univ. Press; 1966 
"Defective figure drawing, geometric and human in Turner's syndrome", w/ J. S. 
Money, J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., v. 142:161 ff 

Background: 

Man and Woman. Bov and Girl, is "a well known study of girls who had been 
'masculinized' by exposure in utero to androgenic steroids administered to their 
mothers..." according to Not in Our Genes, bv R. Lewontin q.v. and others p. 136 

Background: 

— John Money: MD; Prof, of Medical Psych, and Prof, of Pediatrics, Johns 
Hopkins Univ.; Founder, Psychohormonal Research Unit (SB, 1992, p. 323) 

— Other writings by John Money: 

1993 "Parable, Principle and the Military Ban", Society, November 1993, p. 22 
( "one might wonder about the fitness of avowed heterosexuals to be defenders of 
the nation if they are not able to secure one small appendage at the end of their 
bellies against the intrusive gaze, or even solicitation, of a fellow human being" 
(from "Parable, Principle and the Military Ban", Society, November 1993, p. 22; 
this same article suggests that those wishing to evade the draft in future wars 
might engage in homosexual acts down at the Washington Monument if the 
military ban stays in place.); 1992 The Kaspar Hauser Syndrome of 'Psychosocial 
Dwarfism': Deficient Statural, Intellectual and Social Growth Induced bv Child 
Abuse 1992, Prometheus Press, New York; 1991 The Breathless Orgasm: A 
Lovemap Biography of Asphyxiophilia . Prometheus; 1989 Vandalized Lovemaps: 
Paraphilic Outcomes of Seven Cases in Pediatric Sexology . Prometheus; 1986 
Venuses Penuses , Prometheus; 1985 The Destroying Angel: Sex, Fitness and 
Food in the Legacy of Degeneracy Theory, Graham Crackers. Kelloggs' Corn 
Flakes and American Health History , Prometheus; Gay, Straight and In Between ; 






Biographies of Gender and Hermaphrodites ; Lovemaps ; Handbook of Forensic 
Sexology : 

— Violence Initiative and Contraceptives 

1993 Understanding and Preventing Violence National Research Council Report , 
Vol. 2 Biobehavioral Perspectives of Violence , Discussed in "The Biology of 
Violence, BioScience, May 1994. This report discusses work done at the Institute 
of Behavior Genetics in Colorado, which is headed by John C. Defries. The 
Institute says that genes contribute to alcohol and drug abuse in individuals with 
an anti-social personality disorder. The Report also discusses fetal exposure to 
testosterone. According to the BioScience article the Report says that "girls who 
were accidentally exposed to androgenic steroids in utero showed an increased 
tendency to be more aggressive than their peers whereas boys who were 
accidentally exposed to anti androgenic steroids were not as aggressive as their 
peers" ("The Biology of Violence, BioScience, May 1994) 

Source: SB 1986-88 



Ehrman, Lee - Member 1974; Director 1976-1978, 1986-88, 1993-94 
Personal: 

b. 1935; PhD (genetics) Columbia 1959; USPHS fellowship in genetics, Columbia 
1959-62; Rockefeller Univ. (research assoc, in genetics i964-(i973)); State 
University of New York (SUNY), Purchase, NY (Prof., Division of Natural 
Sciences i972-(i994); NIH, National Institute of Child Health and Human 
Development, research career development award i964-(i973); NSF grants 1979- 
84; NIMH 1979-80; seminar on Population biology, Columbia Univ. I98i-(i994); 
NIH grant i987-(i994); Member: AES 1973, Society Study Evolution, Genetics 
Society America, Animal Behavior Soc., American Society Zoologists, American 
Society Naturalists (Pres. 1990), Behavior Genetics Soc. (Pres. 1978); studied 
reproductive isolating mechanisms 

Pubns: 

1981 Behavior Genetics and Evolution : Co-editor, Behavior Genetics 1994 
Source: Osborne list; SB 1976-78, 1986-88, 1993-94; AMWS 1973; WSWIA 1995 



Ellis, Lee - 1993-94 
Personal: 



Minot State Univ. 1993-94 




Source: SB 1993-94 



Erlenmeyer-Kimling, L. - see under officers 



Evans, S. Wayne - 1931 
Source: AESM 1931 



Fairchild, Prof. Henry Pratt - see under officers 

Ferguson, Mrs. Robert - 1958-62 
Personal: 

New York City 1958-62 
Source: EQ 1958-62 



Fisher, Irving - see under officers 



Folsom, Joseph K.; see under officers 



Fraser, Dr. F. Clarke - (Foreign) Member 1956; Director 1966-74; Member 1974 
Personal: 

MD; b. 1920; McGill University, Montreal (1954-74; Human Genetics sector, 
1966-69); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1989 Medical Genetics: Principles and Practice, w/ James J. Nora (3rd ed., rev. 
1989 NEJM, v. 320, May 25, 1989, p. 1432; 1987 Genetics of Man w. James J. 
Nora (rev. Joe Leigh Simpson q.v., 1987 JAMA, v. 257, April 3, 1987, p. 1815); 
1956 "Heredity Counseling: the darker side" Eugenics Quarterly, 3, 45-51 

Source: EQ 1956, 1966-68; SB 1969-74; Osborne list; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 




Freymann, Moye - Director 1971-72; Member 1974 
Personal: 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Carolina Population Center 1971-72, 
1974 

Source: SB 1971-72; Osborne list 



Frisch, Rose - Member 1974; Director 1976-1978; M 1987 
Personal: 

Harvard University, Center on Population 1974, 1976-1978 
Pubns: 

1990 Adipose Tissue and Reproduction, Progress in Reproductive Biology and 
Medicine; 1988 "Fatness and Fertility", Scientific American, March; 1987 
Comment on "Female Reproductive Development: A Hazards Model Analysis" in 
Social Biology, v. 34, 3-4; 1978 "Population, Intake and Fertlity", Science, 
199:4324, 22-30; 1975 "Demographic Implications of the Biological 
Determinants of Female Fecundity", Social Biology, v. 22, #1, p. 17 (reprinted in 
1981 issue of Social Biology as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social 
Biology) 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1976-1978 



Fuller, John L. - see under officers 



Glass, Prof. H. Bentley - Member 1956; Director 1958-71; Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. China 1906; Academic Vice President, State University of New York, Stoney 
Brook, NY (Prof, of biology 1965-76; Academic v. p. 1965-71; Emeritus 1976- 
(1992)); Johns Hopkins (Dept, of Biology 1948-, Prof. 1952-65); Fellow in 
Genetics, National Research Council (Univ. of Oslo, KAISER WILHELM 
INSTITUTE, Univ. of Missouri; Institute of Biological Science (1951-, Pres., 1954- 
56, Chmn., Biological Science curriculum study 1959); National Academy of 
Science, Cttee genetic effects of radiation; 1955-64; Maryland Civil Liberties 
Union (Pres.); American Society of Naturalists (Pres., 1965); Genetics Society of 
America (v.p.); Phi Beta Kappa (Pres. 1967); American Society of Human 




Genetics (Member 1954; Pres. 1967); AAAS (Pres. 1969); American Philosophical 
Society (Director, History and Genetics Project 1978-86) 

Publications: 

1985 Progress or Catastrophe: The Nature of Biological Science and Its Impact on 
Human Society , Greenwood; Forerunners of Darwin 1745-1859 , Johns Hopkins; 
Editor: Quarterly Review of Biology 1958- (1967); Houghton Mifflin (Biology 
editor, 1946-), Survey of Biological Progress, editor, 1954-62; " Maupertius: a 
forgotten genius", Scientific American, Oct. 1955; "The Genetics of the Dunkers", 
Scientific American, Aug. 1953; suggested that science had ended in his lifetime 

Background: 

Judith Blake 

married to H.B. Glass 

Pubns: 

1986 "Number of Siblings, Family Background, and the Process of Educational 
Attainment", Social Biology, v. 33, #1-2 

Source: EQ 1956, 1958-68; SB 1969-71 (June 1971); Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed. 
AMWS 1992-93; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
t954; "Phi Beta Kappa Head", NYT 8/31/67, p. 24 



Goodman, Prof. Harold O. - Member 1956, 1974; Director 1983-85 
Personal: 

b. 1924; Michigan State College (Dept, of Zoology 1954-58); Bowman Gray 
Medical School (Preventive Medicine and Genetics i960-, Prof. 1970-); Member, 
Eugenics Society (London); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EQ 1956; SB 1983-85; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed.; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Goodsell, Prof. Willystine - see under officers 



Gottesman, Irving I. - see under officers 



Gottfredson, Linda S. - 1991-93 




Personal: 



University of Delaware 1991-92; involved in controversy over accepting money 
from the Pioneer Fund (see Harry Laughlin q.v.); race-norming; political 
correctness; her associate, R. A. Gordon (q.v.), at Johns Hopkins believes that 
African Americans are on average genetically inferior in intelligence (see 
"Egalitarian Fiction, Collective Fraud", Society, v. 31, no. 3, April 1994 and The 
Battle to Establish a Sociology of Intelligence: A Case Study in the Sociology of 
Politicized Disciplines by R. Gordon, Johns Hopkins 1993) 

Pubns: 

1994 "Egalitarian Fiction, Collective Fraud", Society, v. 31, no. 3, April (see also 
"Race Norming", Society and Science, March/ April 1990 which "first gave 
prominence" to race norming ace. to Society and Science, Oct. 1994, p. 3) 

Quotes: 

1994 The IQ Debate; 

"a general falsehood ... undergirds much current social policy ... this 'egalitarian 
fiction’ holds that racial-ethnic groups never differ in average developed 
intelligence [or]... g ... (from "Egalitarian Fiction, Collective Fraud", Society, v. 31, 
no. 3, April 1994) 

Source: SB 1991-93; Delaware papers 1991-92 



Grant, Madison - see under officers 



Greenbaum, Edward S. - 1938 
Personal: 

lawyer; Greenbaum, Wolff and Ernst 

(Minutes, May 1938); Ernst of this firm represented Margaret Sanger in the case 
One Package v. US in 1938 (he was on the board of directors of the Birth Control 
Federation of America). Morgan was deeply involved with British finance. 

Source: AESM, May 1938 



Gurnee, Belle - 1939-44 



Personal: 




Hull's Cove, Maine 1943-44; Washington, DC 1939-42 
Publications: 

Eugenical News, Advisory Board 1936 
Source: EN, May/ June 1936; EN 1939-44 

Guttmacher, Alan F. - see under officers 



Hamburg, Beatrix A. - see under officers 



Hamburg, Prof. Dr. David A. - Member 1974; Director 1989-1991 
Personal: 

President, Carnegie Corp., NY 1983-; b. 1925; Indiana Univ. 1947 MD; 
Psychiatrist; Chief, adult psychiatry branch, National Institute of Mental Health 
(NIMH) 1958-61; Stanford University School of Medicine (Prof, of Psychiatry 
1961-76, Chmn., Dept, of Psychiatry 1969-76); Reed Hodgson Prof, of Human 
Biology 197276); National Academy of Science, Institute of Medicine (President, 
1975-80); J. D. MacArthur Professor of health policy and director, division of 
health policy research 1980-82, Harvard; Consultant, UNESCO 1969-70; Chmn., 
various cttees, NIMH, HEW, WHO, National Academy of Science; awards APHA, 
WHO; American Academy of Science (AAAS), President 1984-85; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics; Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the 
Behavioral Sciences 1957-58; National Academy of Science, Institute of Medicine 
(Pres. 1975-80); WHO, Advisory Comm, on Medical Research 1975-86; 
Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease (Pres. 1967-68) 

Pubns: 

1994 Carnegie Commission Report on Children; 1993 "The American Family 
Transformed", Society, v. 30, p. 60 January; 1992 Today's Children: Creating a 
Future for a Generation in Crisis : 1992 "Losing the Next Generation", by A. 
Toufaxis, Time, v. 139, p. 59, March 23; 1989 Psychosocial Perspectives on 
Health: Implications for Research and Developing Services. Cambridge; Health 
and Behavior: Frontiers of Research in Bio-behavioral Sciences , Institute of 
Medicine Press 



Source: SB 1989-1991; AMWS 1992; Directory of Medical Specialists , vol. 2, 25th 
edition, 1991-92 




Hammons, Helen G. - see under officers 



Hankins, Prof. Frank H.- 1939-57 
Personal: 

Professor of Sociology, Smith College (1939-52; Emeritus 1953-57); University of 
Pennsylvania, Visiting Professor of Sociology 1947; Birth Control Federation of 
America, Advisory Council 1939; Consulting Editor, Birth Control Review 1939; 
Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Pubns: 

1908 Adolphe Quetelet as a Statistician, (reprinted, Columbia University) 

Source: EN 1939-52; EQ 1953-57; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954; BCR, Nov. 1939; BCR, Feb. /March 1939 



Hardin, Prof. Garrett - Member 1956; Director 1971-74 
Personal: 

b. 1915; University of California at Santa Barbara 1971-74; Member, American 
Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1994 Living Within Limits. Oxford; "Interview", Omni, v. 14, p. 55, June; 1974 
Mandatory Motherhood, Boston; Stalking the Wild Taboo. 1973 (about abortion); 
Birth Control. 1970 (Biological Sciences Curriculum Study book) New York, 
Pegasus; Science and Controversy: population, a case study. 1969 (Intended to 
accompany Population, Evolution and Birth Control) San Francisco, W. H. 
Freeman; Population. Evolution and Birth Control: a collage of controversial 
readings. 1969 2nd Ed (1st Ed 1964) San Francisco, Freeman; "The Tragedy of 
the Commons" Science CLXII 1968 1243-48; 39 Steps to Biology; readings from 
the Scientific American. 1968 San Francisco, Freeman; Biology: its principles and 
implications. 1961 San Francisco, Freeman; Nature and Man's Fate. 1959 New 
York, Rinehart; Biology: its human implications. 2nd Ed 1952. San Francisco, 
Freeman (cited Human Breeding and Survival, by Guy Irving Burch q.v. for 
further reading) 

Quote: 

— Eugenics, democracy and social reform: 




"in other animals, [that is, other than man, Ed note] where experimentation is 
possible, it has been clearly shown that there are inheritable factors that 
determine the limits of intellectual ability ... In all cases ... studies indicate that as 
long as our present social organization [i.e. democracy, Ed note] continues there 
will be a slow but continuous downward trend in the average intelligence ... Every 
time a philanthropist sets up a foundation to look for a cure for a certain disease 
he thereby threatens humanity eugenically ... Again consider the matter of charity. 
When one saves a starving man, one may thereby help him breed more children ... 
It is not possible to avoid eugenic action; every time we support a charity, endow 
a research institute, or promulgate a new taxation scheme, our actions whether 
good or bad, have eugenic consequences, however unconscious we may be of 
them." from chapter "Man: Evolution in the Future" in Biology: its human 
implications, quoted in Chase p. 372 , 374 

— Eugenics and coercion: 

"Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all ... to couple the concept of freedom to 
breed with the belief that everyone has a born equal right to the commons is to 
lock the world into a tragic course of action" (from "Tragedy of the Commons" 
quoted in Chase p. 393) In actual fact, the theft of the commons by the British 
elite enriched them and ruined the peasant class of England. 

Source: EQ 1956; SB 1971-72 (Sept. 1971), 1973, 1974; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Herndon, Dr. C. Nash - see under officers 



Howe, Mrs. Lucien - 1931 
Source: AESM 1931 



Howells, Prof. William White - Member 1956; Director 1966-71; Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1908; physical anthropologist who specialized in showing population 
relationships through measurements; pioneered cranial measurements in world 
population studies; developed anthropology curricula; wrote popular books; PhD 
Harvard 1934; then worked with Ernest Hooton of the American Eugenics 
Society Advisory Council in 1929; Univ. Wisconsin (asst. prof, to Prof, 
anthropology 1939-54) & American Museum of Natural History, New York City; 
Harvard Univ. (offered a chair of anthropology at Harvard following Hooton's 
death in 1954; Prof. Anthropology 1954-74, Emeritus i974-(i995)); Peabody 
Museum of American Ethn. Harvard 1956); Member, American Society of 




Human Genetics 1954; Viking Fund Medal 1954 (Wenner Gren Foundation); 
American Anthropology Assn. (Pres. 1951); American Assn. Physical 
Anthropologists (Charles Darwin Lifetime Achievement Award 1992) 

Publications: 

1993 Getting Here: The Story of Human Evolution ; 1989 Skull Shapes and the 
Map : Craniometric Analysis in the Dispersion of Modern Homo : 1987 The. 
Solomon Islands Project: a long term study of health, human biology and cultural 
change, ed. by J. Friedlander w/ W. Howells, Oxford Univ. Press; 1973 Evolution 
of the Genus Homo. Reading, Massachusetts; 1979 "The Neanderthals", Scientific 
American, Dec.; 1973 Cranial Variation in Man: a study by multivariate analysis 
of patterns of difference among recent human populations. Cambridge 
("authoritative" Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition 1987 vol. 6 p. 93); 1973 The 
Pacific Islanders ; 1970 Hutterite Age Differences in Body Measurements, w/ 
Herman Bleibtreu, Cambridge, MA, Peabody Museum; i960 (rev. ed. 1967) 
Mankind in the Making: the story of human evolution. ; 1966 "Homo Erectus", 
Scientific American, Nov. 1966; 1966 Craniometry and multivariate analysis: the 
Jomon population of Japan. Cambridge; 1962 Ideas on Human Evolution (ed.); 
i960 "The Distribution of Man", Scientific American, Sept.; 1959 (rev. ed. 1967) 
Mankind in the Making : 1954 Back of History : 1949 Early Man in the Far East. 
Philadelphia, American Association of Physical Anthropologists; 1948 The 
Heathens: primitive man and his religion. 1948 Garden City, NY; 1944 Mankind 
So Far. Garden City, NY; 1933 Anthropometry and Blood Types in Fiji and 
Solomon Islands: based upon data of Wm. L. Moss. Anthropological Papers of the 
American Museum of Natural History 

Source: EQ 1966-68, SB 1969-71 (June 1971); Osborne list; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; "William W. Howells" 
Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition 1987 vol. 6; WSWIA 1995 



Hulse, Frederick - 1971-74 
Personal: 

b. 1906; University of Arizona (Dept, of Anthropology 1971-74), Tucson 
Pubns: 

1964 "The Paragon of Animals", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 11, no. 1; 1963 The Human 
Species: an introduction to physical anthropology : 1961 "Welfare, Demography 
and Genetics", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 8, no. 4;. 1939 Migration and Environment: 
a study of the physical characteristics of the Japanese immigrants to Hawaii and 
the effects of environment on their descendants., w/ H. L. Shapiro q.v., Oxford 
Univ. Press 




Source: SB (Sept.) 1971-1974; Osborne list 



Huntington, Ellsworth - see under officers 



Judy-Bond, Helen - see under officers 



Johnson, Roswell H. - see under officers 
Kallmann, Prof. Dr. Franz J.- 1952, 1954-65 
Personal: Holocaust Betrayer 

Founder of medical genetics in the United States; trained in Germany under the 
Rudin, who helped write the race laws 

German Career: 

b. 1897 Neumarket, Germany; d. May 12, 1965; MD Breslau 1919; Ass't. 
psychiatric univ. clinics Breslau-Berlin 1919-27; Director, neuropathology lab, 
Berlin Herzeberge and Berlin-Wuhlgarten, also research fellow Max Planck 
(Kaiser Wilhelm) Institute of Psychiatry, Munich 1928-35; believed that 
schizophrenia and tuberculosis were genetically based. 

(Max Planck = Kaiser Wilhelm because the Kaiser Wilhelm Society was renamed 
the Max Planck Society after World War II. Thus, Prof. Kallmann was working at 
the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute with Rudin, the architect of Hitler's laws, before the 
war. But if you want to trace Rudin or Kallmann you must look for "Max Planck" 
as well as "Kaiser Wilhelm". The Kaiser Wilhelm/ Max Planck Society has a very 
distinguished record in physics and other "hard" sciences. The 
biological/anthropological section was connected with experiments at Auschwitz 
but seems to be sheltered by its connection with the other institutes.) 

Kallmann was half Jewish so lost his position under later Nazi laws 

American Career: 

came to USA 1936; New York State Psychiatric Institute (Geneticist 1936-51, chief 
of psychiatric research 1952-65); Columbia University (Prof, of Psychiatry 1955- 
63, Emeritus 196365); Fellow: American Gerontological Assn., AAAS; Member: 
American Society of Human Genetics (Founder 1948; Pres., 1951-52; Member 
1954), American Psychopathological Assn. (Pres. 1964-65, see Paul Hoch q.v.), 
Eastern Psychiatric Research Assn. (Pres., 1963-64) 




Publications: 



1962 Expanding Goals of Genetics in Psychiatry., Grune and Stratton (genetic 
counseling); 1956 "Genetic and Eugenic Aspects of Early Total Deafness" w/ 

Diane Sank, Eugenics Quarterly, v. 3, #2; 1953 Heredity in Health and Mental 
Disorder: principles of psychiatric genetics in the light of comparative twin 
studies . New York; 1943 "Percentage Frequency of Tuberculosis in the Families of 
308 Tubercular Twins", American Review of Tuberculosis, v. 47; 1938 The 
Genetics of Schizophrenia: a study of Heredity and Reproduction in the families 
of 1087 schizophrenics, NY . (The first edition of The Genetics of Schizophrenia 
was printed in Germany and New York. One year later a full scale plan of mental 
health exterminations was under way in Germany because it had been "proved" 
that mental disease was hereditary. Kallmann's work was part of this "proof". The 
personnel trained in these exterminations went on to the Holocaust camps in the 
1940's.) 

Background: 

Friendly Comment: 

"Dr. Franz J. Kallmann, who was formerly associated with Dr. Ernst Rudin, 
investigating in genetic psychiatry, is now attached to the Psychiatric Institute 
and Hospital, New York, where he is doing research work in the same field." EN 
1938 p. 34 

Hostile Comment: 

"The picture of Kallmann as a bleeding heart protector of schizophrenics, 
adjusting his scientific theories to mirror his compassion, is grotesquely false. 

The first Kallmann publication on schizophrenia is in a German volume edited by 
Harmsen and Lohse that contains the proceedings of the frankly Nazi 
International Congress for Population Science. There, in Berlin, Kallmann argued 
vigorously for the sterilization of the apparently healthy relatives of 
schizophrenics, as well as of schizophrenics themselves. ... The eugenicist views 
of Kallmann were not confined to obscure Nazi publications but were also made 
widely available in English after his arrival in the United States in 1936. In 1938 
he wrote of schizophrenics as a 'source of maladjusted crooks, asocial eccentrics, 
and the lowest type of criminal offenders. Even the faithful believer in ... liberty 
would be much happier without those ... I am reluctant to admit the necessity of 
different eugenic programs for democratic and fascistic communities ... there are 
neither biological nor sociological differences between a democratic and a 
totalitarian schizophrenic.' The extremity of Kallmann's totalitarian passion for 
eugenic sterilization was clearly indicated in his major 1938 text. Precisely 
because of the recessivity of the illness, it was above all necessary to prevent the 
reproduction of the apparently healthy children and siblings of schizophrenics.... 
These views of the future President of the American Society of Human Genetics 
are so bloodcurdling that one can sympathize with the efforts of present day 




geneticists to misrepresent or suppress them." from Not in Our Genes. , 1984, 
Richard Lewontin and others, pp. 208-9. 

Significance 

To understand the significance of Kallmann, look in the Index under the entry 
American Society of Human Genetics. Note the number of American Eugenics 
Society members who were members of the American Society of Human Genetics. 
Reflect on the fact that Leo Alexander, Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, Hans 
Nachtsheim, Fritz Lenz and Hans Gunther were all members in 1954 of 
Kallmann's Society. Realize that this same Society dominates the Human 
Genome Project. Become aware that this Society has developed hundreds of 
prenatal tests but does not look for cures though every test is hyped in the 
newspapers as a potential lead towards a cure. 



Finally, be prepared. 



This Society has gained complete control of the field of medical genetics (negative 
eugenics) which field the American Medical Society has recently recognized as a 
specialty. Authoritative "Board certified" American voices could soon be saying 
what Hitler, with Kallmann's help, said once before. 

"Hitler's arithmetic", which was another name for containing health care costs 
through health care reform, could circulate among us again. Someone might 
explain that they wish to be good to the (productive) American people. 

Source: EN 1938; WWWIA; Encyclopedia Britannica article on Max Planck; EN 
1952; The Men Behind Hitler. : EQ 1954-65; Membership list, American Society of 
Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Kaplan, Arnold R. - Member 1956; Director Sept. 1971-1972 
Personal: 

Cleveland Psychiatric Institute 1971-72 
Pubns: 

1965 "On the Genetics of 'Schizophrenia' ", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 12, no. 3; 1958 
"Biochemical Studies in Schizophrenia", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 5, no. 2 



Source: EQ 1956; SB 1971 (Sept.), 1972 (March) 




Kety, Seymour - 1981-1986 
Personal: 

b. 1915 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; MD Univ. Penn 1940; Univ Penn Sch Med 
(instr to asst prof, pharmacology 1943-48, Prof. Clinical Physiology 1948-51); 

NIH (National Institutes of Mental Health, Neurological Disease and Blindness 
(Dir. 1951-56; NIMH (1956-67; sr. scientist i983-(i995)); Harvard Univ. Med. 
Sch. (1967-80; Prof. Neuroscience 1980-83, Emeritus); now at NIMH; 

Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease (Pres. 1967, 1980); 
American Psychopathic Assn. (Pres. 1965); Paul Hoch (AES) Award 1973; 

Edward Mapother (ES) Lecture 1974; Henry Maudsley (ES) Lecture 1978; 

Trustee, Rockefeller Univ. 1976-85 

Pubns: 

editor in chief, Journal of Psychiatric Research 1959-83; 1983 Genetics of 
Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders , Association for Research in Nervous and 
Mental Diseases 

Background: 

Eugenics in the Nineties: 

1. Prof. Kety did the first quantitative study of oxygen use and blood flow in the 
brain which he developed into techniques to measure total and regional cerebral 
blood flow which provided a basis for measurement and visualization of brain 
activity; 

2. He worked on the importance of genetic factors in schizophrenia: 1988 " 'For 
many years, genetics was in disrepute in psychiatry because you could not do 
anything about it', says Seymour Kety ... [of NIMH] .... That has changed and now 
psychiatrists agree that many mental illnesses, including manic depression, 
schizophrenia and perhaps anxiety disorders, may have a hereditary component. 

' But the genetic patterns in these disorders are not likely to be clear cut' Kety 
cautions." Science, Nov. 18, 1988, v. 242, p. 1014 

3. All this will be tied in with Dr. Hamburg's work to show (with pictures) that 
criminals have strange blood flows and need strange adrenocortical drugs. And 
that crime can be prevented by giving "adrenocortical" drugs to little boys who 
are aggressive. Rodgers' q.v. and Udry's q.v. work will show that violence is an 
epidemic running in families and related to early high testosterone. The drugs, as 
shown by A. Ehrhardt q.v., will feminize the boys though this will not be 
mentioned. 4. Work on grouse by Darlington has shown that high testosterone in 
animals enables them to survive being marginal in their society. 




Source: SB 1981-1986; WSWIA 1995 



Keyfitz, Prof. Nathan - Member 1974, Director 1982-87, 1989-91 
Personal: 

b. 1913 Canada; PhD Univ. Chicago 1952 (note missing years, may have been 
working for foundations since he lists "technical assistance assignments" for 
some of those years. In the Fifties the issue of qualifications may have been 
raised.); "technical assistance assignments": Burma 1951, Colombo Plan, Sri 
Lanka, Dir., 1956-57 (eugenicists commented at the time that the Colombo Plan 
was favorable to family planning), Argentina i960, Chile 1963, Moscow 1977, 

1985 (does not say who assigned him but Ford Fndn. sent him to Indonesia at 
least once, see below); ; taught sociology and demography at Toronto, Montreal, 
Chicago, Ohio (Lazarus Prof.), Berkeley, Harvard (Andelot Prof.) 1959-82; 
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria 1984-93; 
Ford Foundation sent Keyfitz to Indonesia where he "became a close advisor to 
President Suharto", [East Timor genocide] Limiting Population Growth and the 
Ford Foundation , John Caldwell 1986, p. 117, went to Indonesia, sent by Ford 
Foundation or others: 1952-53, 1964, 1979, 1985-89 

Publications: 

1994 Advisory Editor, Social Science and Modern Society, a journal which is 
participating in the attempted rehabilitation of Cyril Burt of the English Eugenics 
Society; 1989 "The Growing Human Population", Scientific American, Sept.; 1990 
World Population Growth and Aging : 1984 "The Population of China", Scientific 
American, Feb.; 1982 Population Change and Social Policy ; 1980 "Petersen on 
Malthus", (book review in Contemporary Sociology, v. 9 #2, p. 465; 1977 Applied 
Mathematical Demography. ; 1976 "World Resources and the World Middle 
Class", Scientific American, July; 1972 "Population theory and doctrine: a 
historical survey" in Readings in Population, (ed. with Wm. Patterson) (reviews 
say that this article shows that population theory is based on Malthus); 1972 
Causes of Death : Life tables for national populations, w/ Nathan Keyfitz q.v. and 
Robert Schoen, New York, Seminar Press; 1968 An Introduction to the 
Mathematics of Population. 

Quotes: 

1989 Position of the Advisor to Suharto: 

"National Leaders ... want to add as few more people as possible ... one birth 
prevented is one unemployed person fewer in 2010 ... [the unemployed person 
may be] a high school or college graduate and therefore especially dangerous to 
political stability" 





Source: Osborne list; SB 1982-87, 1989-91; WSWIA 1995 



Kidd, Kenneth K. - see under officers 

King, Mary Claire - 1992-1994 
Personal: 

Univ. of California at Berkeley 1992-4 
Source: SB 1992-1994 
Kirk, Dudley - see under officers 
Kiser, Clyde V. - see under officers 

Knach, S. - 1936 
Source: AESM, May 1936 

Krech, Mrs. Shephard - see under officers 



Lancaster, Jane Beckman - 1986-91 
Personal: 

b. 1935; University of New Mexico 1986-90 
Publications: 

1989 "Measuring Sterility from Incomplete Birth Histories" 1989 Demography, v. 
26:185 ff; 1987 "Demographic foundations of family change", American Sociol. 
Rev., June p. 346 ff; 1987 Parenting Across the Life Span: biosocial dimensions. , 
(Ed.) New York, A. De Gruyter, sponsored by the Social Science Research Council; 
1987 Child Abuse and Neglect: biosocial dimensions. , (Ed.) w/ Richard Gelles, 

New York, A. de Gruyter, sponsored by the Social Sciences Research Council, 
Committee on biosocial perspectives of Parent Behavior and Offspring 
Development; 1986 School Age Pregnancy and Parenthood. , (see B. Hamburg 
q.v.); 1976 Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech.. Proc. of Conference 
"Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech" Ed. w/ Steven R. Harnad and 




Horst Steklis) New York Academy of Sciences; 1975 Primate Behavior and the 
Emergence of Human Culture. , (New York, Holt Rinehart and Winston) 

Source: SB 1986-91 



Laughlin, Harry H. - see under officers 



Lewontin, Dean Richard C.- 1966-77 
Personal: 

b. 1929; Harvard Univ. 1972-77; PhD (zoology) 1954 Columbia; biometrics, 
Columbia 1953-54; asst. prof, biology, Univ. Rochester 1958-64; Univ. Chicago 
(Prof. Biology 1964-73, assoc, dean, Biological Sciences 1966-68); Harvard Univ., 
Prof. Biology i973-(i989), Museum of Comparative Zoology, 1990 (see E. Mayr 
q.v.); NSF fellow, Fulbright fellow; Member: AAAS, Genetic Society America, 
Society Study Evolution (Pres.) 1970; Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 
(see E. Mayr q.v.). 

Publications: 

1992 "Forensic DNA typing", letters from Lewontin, K. K. Kidd q.v. et al 1992 
Science, v. 255, Feb. 28, p. 1050; 1991 "Population Genetics in Forensic DNA 
Typing", Science, v. 254, p. 1745, Dec. 20; The Dialectical Biologist. 1987; 
Education and Class: the irrelevance of IQ genetic studies. 1986 w/ Michel Schiff, 
Oxford University Press; An Introduction to Genetic Analysis, w/ David T. Suzuki, 
Anthony J. F. Griffiths; The Dialectical Biologist 1985; Not In Our Genes: Biology . 
Ideology and Human Nature. 1984 by R. C. Lewontin, Steven Rose, and Leon 
Kamin, New York, Pantheon; Dobzhansky's Genetics of Natural Populations. 

1981 (papers published between 1937-75), Columbia University Press; Human 
Diversity 1982; The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change 1974; Symposium on 
Population Biology. 1968 (Ed.), Syracuse Univ. Press; 1968 "Selective Mating, 
Assortative Mating, and Inbreeding: Definitions and Implications", w/ D. Kirk 
q.v. and J. Crow q.v., Eugenics Quarterly, v. 15:141 (Background explanation: 
"assortative mating does not change gene frequency, whereas selective mating 
does" from H. C. Spencer, Social Biology 1992, v. 39, p. 310); co-editor American 
Naturalist 1965 (journal of American Society of Naturalists); 1959 "The goodness- 
of-fit test for detecting natural selection in random mating populations", 

Evolution, v. 13:561 

Background: 

— Marxism and Eugenics: 




Engels said: "The whole Darwinist teaching of the struggle for existence is simply 
a transference from society to living nature of Hobbes' doctrine of helium 
omnium contra omnes and of the bourgeois doctrine of competition together 
with Malthus's theory of population. When this conjurer's trick has been 
performed ... the same theories are transferred back again from organic nature 
into history and it is now claimed that their validity as eternal laws of human 
society has been proved. The puerility of this procedure is so obvious that not a 
word need be said about it." letter to P. L. Lavrov, 12-17 November 1875 cited in 
Not In Our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature. 1984 by R. C. Lewontin, 
Steven Rose, and Leon Kamin, New York, Pantheon, p. 309 

This quotation neatly sums up a problem in the history of eugenics. On the one 
hand there have been Marxist eugenicists. They are chiefly responsible for 
exposing Cyril Burt's fraud, though it was L. S. Hearnshaw's book that put the 
matter beyond doubt. On the other hand, it would seem that, in the nature vs. 
nurture controversy, Marxism is the classic example of a "nurture" theory while 
eugenics is a "nature" theory. How then are we to account for the existence of 
Marxist eugenicists such as J. B. S. Haldane, Theodosius Dobzhansky, and 
Richard Lewontin? Why are they members of a society dedicated to the theories 
of Adam Smith as filtered through Darwin? Engels himself pointed out that 
Darwin's theories were those of Adam Smith, (see above quotation supplied by 
Lewontin) 

Lewontin, for example, argues for a "dialectical explanation" (i.e. leftist) of man 
and biology as opposed to a "reductionist" (i.e. rightist) sociobiology. 

And so we cannot expect Lewontin and others to adopt a "right to life" point of 
view. Instead we will find them artfully demolishing right wing eugenics while 
swallowing, ignoring and denying that of the left. Should they come to power they 
will bring in eugenics just as quickly as the right. In fact, eugenics usually 
becomes legislation when a liberal government is in power and, as in England in 
1966, it votes with the right on an issue such as abortion. 

Source: EQ 1966-68; SB 1969-77; AMWS 1989 



Lindbergh, Charles A. - 1955-59 
Personal: 

Spirit of St. Louis; b. 1902; d. 1974; Father was Congressman from Minnesota; 
two years at University of Wisconsin; became a flier; 1927 made first non stop 
trans Atlantic flight; married Anne Morrow, daughter of US. ambassador to 
Mexico, Dwight Morrow 1929; Dwight Morrow was a Morgan Partner; worked for 
Pan Am; son kidnapped 1932; the Lindberghs went to Europe to escape publicity; 
worked with Alexis Carrel of the Rockefeller Institute on developing perfusion 
machine to keep heart alive; studied German air power; advocated US. neutrality 




in WW II; consultant to United Air Lines; flew combat missions; lived in 
Connecticut then Hawaii; consultant to Pan Am and Dept, of Defense; appointed 
Brigadier General in Air Force Reserve by Eisenhower 1954; there is a statue of 
Charles Lindbergh at the entrance to the Rockefeller Center 

Publications: 

1978 The Autobiography of Values : The Spirit of St. Louis. 1953; Of Flight and 
Life. 1948; Wartime Journals 1038 - 45 . published 1970; The Culture of Organs. 
1938 w/ Alexis Carrel (Alexis Carrel founded the Vichy Foundation for Human 
Betterment under the Vichy government.); We. 1927 

Background: 

1989 (repr.) Lindbergh on the Federal Reserve . C. A. Lindbergh Sr.; 1972 Banking . 
Currency, the Money Trust and Wa r. C. A. Lindbergh Sr. 1972 

Source: EQ 1955-59; "Charles Lindbergh" Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th edition 
1987, vol. 7 p. 371-2 



Lindeman, Prof. Eduard C. - 1936, 1939-40 
Personal: 

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Board of Directors; Prof, of Social 
Philosophy, New York School of Social Work, New York, NY 1939-40; Birth 
Control Federation of America, Advisory Council 1939; Citizens Committee for 
Planned Parenthood 1939 

Publications: 

Birth Control Review, Consulting editor 1939 

Source: AESM 1936; EN 1939-40; WWWIA; BCR April and November 1939; BCR, 
Feb. /March 1939 



Lindzey, Gardner - see under officers 

Littell, Robert - 1939-44 
Publications: 

Editorial Committee, Eugenical News 1939-41; Assoc, editor, Readers' Digest 

1940-44 




Source: EN 1939-44 



Little, Clarence C. - see under officers 



Loehlin, John Clinton- Director 1968-74; Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1926, India; PhD Berkeley, California 1957; Univ. Texas, Austin (i964-(i995), 
Prof, of Psychology and Computer Science 1969-92, Emeritus); Center for 
Advanced Studies in Behavioral Science; Behavior Genetics Assn. 

Publications: 

1992 Genes and Environment in Personality Development ; 1992 Latent Variable 
Models: An Introduction to Factor. Path and Structural Analysis ; 1977 
"Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human 
behavior" w/ J. C. Defries and R. Plomin q.v., Psychol. Bulletin, v. 88, p. 245 ff; 
1976 Heredity. Environment and Personality: a study of 850 sets of twins w / 
Robert C. Nichols, University of Texas Press; 1975 Race Differences in 
Intelligence, w/ Gardner Lindzey q.v. and J. N. Spuhler q.v.; 1968 Computer 
Models of Personality 



Source: EQ 1968-69, SB 1969-74 



Lorimer, Frank - see under officers 



Directors M-Z 



Source of names: names of officers and directors were listed in the Eugeni cal 
News (EN + date), Eugenics Quarterly (EQ + date) and Social Biology (SB + date) 
for the years from 1939-1994 and in "Brief History of the American Eugenics 
Society", Eugenical News, December 1946, vol. 31 #4, p. 49 ff for the years from 
1922-1940 (EN 1946, December) and in Minutes of the American Eugenics 
Society 1925-39 deposited in the American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania (AESM + date); a list of members as of 1925 is deposited in the 
American Philosophical Library in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1925 list); a list of 
members of the Advisory Council appeared in Eugenics, Feb., 1929 (Eugenics, 
Feb. 1929); a list of members appeared in the Eugenics Quarterly 1956 (EQ 1956); 
Frederick Osborn wrote to congratulate new members as they joined, the Society 




and these letters, with other letters to and from members, are deposited in the 
American Philosophical Society Library's American Eugenics Society collection 
(AESC + date); Richard Osborne, editor of Social Biology, prepared a list of 
members for the officers and directors of the Society in 1974 (Osborne list); Barry 
Mehler compiled a table of the terms served by members of the Advisory Council 
and the Board of Directors from 1923 to 1940 which he published in his PhD 
thesis, A History of the American Eugenics Society 1921-1940 , UMI Dissertation 
Services, 1988 (Mehler + page number); other sources as specified 



MacCluer, Jean W. - Member 1974; Director 1978-86 
Personal: 

Dept, of Biology, Pennsylvania State University 1976; Center for Advanced Study, 
Stanford 1980; Southwest Foundation for Research and Education 1982-86; 
received grant through recommendation from American Eugenics Society 

Publications: 

1992 Issues in Gene Mapping and Detection of Major Genes , Bergamo Conf., 
Dayton Ohio, ( in J. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, v. 59, #2-3); 1974 "Avoidance 
of Incest: genetic and demographic consequences" in Computer Simulation in 
Human Population Studies, by Bennett Dyke q.v. and J. W. MacCluer 

Source: AESC; Osborne list; SB 1978-86 



Maclver, Prof. Robert M. - 1929-32 
Personal: 

1882-1970; Prof, of Social Science, Barnard College (1927-36); Prof, of Political 
Science, Columbia Univ. 1929-50; Pres., New School for Social Research 

Source: AESM 1929; Mehler p. 396 



Mauldin, W. Parker - 1969-76 
Personal: 

Population Council (1992 co-manages information collection on family planning 
programs around the world; chief of Demography 1969-76); called M. Parker 
Mauldin (Dec. 1972), W. Parker Mauldin (March 1972) and Parker Mauldin 
(1969); a relative, Frances Mauldin, was Frederick Osborn's private secretary, 




doubling as the American Eugenics Society secretary in the late sixties and early 
seventies. 



Publications: 

1993 "The Fertility Decline in Dev. Countries", w/ C. Westoff q.v., Scientific 
American, Dec.; 1990 The Promotion of family planning by financial payments: 
the case of Bangladesh . Population Council Working Paper #13; 1978 "Patterns of 
Fertility Decline in Developing Countries 1950-75, Studies In Family Planning, v. 
9 #4, p. 75; 1978 "Conditions of Fertility Decline in Developing Countries 1965- 
75", w/ Bernard Berelson, Studies in Family Planning, v. 9 #5 p. 90; 1975 
"Assessment of National Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries", 
Studies in Family Planning, v. 6 #2, p. 30; i960 "Fertility Control in Communist 
Countries: Policies and Practice" in Population Trends in Eastern Europe, the 
USSR and Mainland China , New York, Milbank Memorial Fund; Berelson on 
Population (ed. w/ J. A. Ross) 

Background: 

1990 The Promotion of family planning bv financial payments: the case of 
Bangladesh . Population Council Working Paper #13. This paper asserted that 
those receiving payments understood and freely chose sterilization (Population 
Index, v. 56, #3, Fall, 1990, p. 534) 

Source: AESC; SB 1969-76; Population Council Annual Report 1992 



Mayr, Ernst - Member 1974, Director 1985, 1986 

Personal: 

b. Germany 1904 

German Career : 

PhD Univ. Berlin 1926; ass't. curator, Zoological Museum, Berlin 1926-32; 
Rothschild Expd. to New Guinea 1928; Whitney Expd 1928-29 

American Career : 

American Museum of Natural History (1931-53; curator 1944-53); Harvard Univ. 
(Agassiz Prof. Zoology 1953-75, Emeritus 1975- (1995); Dir., Museum of 
Comparative Zoology 1961-70; evolutionary theorist who brought systematics 
into the Synthetic Theory of evolution 



Publications: 





One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary 
Thought (reviewed 1992 Bioscience, v. 42, Oct., p. 716); "Bureaucratic Mischief: 
recognizing endangered species and subspecies", w/ Stephen J. O'Brien, 1991, 
Science, v. 251, March 8, p. 1187; Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: 1988 
(review by Francisco Ayala discusses evolutionary theory, teleology and 
prediction in biology; Science, June 28, 1988); Observations of an Evolutionist 
1988 (Reviewed by John Maynard Smith, New York Review of Books, May 14, 
1992, p. 34); The Growth of Biological Thought 1982; The Evolutionary Synthesis : 
Perspectives on the Unification of Biology. 1980: "Evolution", Scientific American, 
Sept. 1978; Evolution and the Diversity of Life 1976; Populations. Species and 
Evolution. 1970; Principles of Systematic Zoology. 1969; Animal Species and 
Evolution. 1963 Harvard Press; Svstematics and the Origin of Species 1942 

Background: 

Species and Subspecies: 

Biologists are in disagreement over what a species is. Consequently it is difficult 
to classify them. The study of species classification is called systematics. see "Are 
species specious? Biologists still argue about what a species is" 1991, Scientific 
American, v. 265, Nov. 1991, Science and the Citizen; Furthermore some groups 
being protected are actually hybrids or subspecies. But Mayr believes that even 
subspecies should sometimes be protected under the Endangered Species Act. 
"Bureaucratic Mischief: recognizing endangered species and subspecies", w/ 
Stephen J. O'Brien, 1991, Science, v. 251, March 8, p. 1187 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1985, 1986; WSWIA 1995 



Mazur, Prof. Alan Carl - Spring 1992 
Personal: 

b. 1939; North American Aviation, then MIT (instr., political science) then ops 
research assistant, Lockheed Missile, all between 1961-68; PhD Johns Hopkins 
1969; Syracuse Univ. (i97i-(i995); Prof, of Public Affairs i992-(i995)) 

Publications: 

1991 Global Social Problems : 1981 Dynamics of Technical Controversy : 1972 
Biology and Social Behavior 

Source: SB Spring 1992 



McClearn, Gerald A. - Member 1974; Director 1986-88, 1991-92 



Personal: (a.k.a. Gerald E. McClearn see SB Spring 1992) 



b. 1927; Pennsylvania State University 1986-92; Institute for Behavioral Genetics, 
Univ. of Colorado, Boulder 1974 

Publications: 

1993 Nature, Nurture and Psychology (ed. w/ R. Plomin q.v.); 1991 $600,000 
from National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHHD) to 
Plomin q.v. and McClearn to look for genes involved in cognitive ability, see 
Plomin; 1990 Behavioral Genetics: a primer w/ R. Plomin q.v., and J. C. Defries 
q.v.; 1985 "Genetics and the Human Encounter with Alcohol", Social Biology, v. 
32, 3-4; 1985 Development of animal models as pharmacogenetic tools. 
Monograph #6, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH, Proc. 
workshop, Alcohol Research Center, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder; 1973 
Introduction to Behavioral Genetics w/ J. C. DeFries; 1967 "Psychological 
Research and Behavioral Phenotypes" in Genetic Diversity and Human Behavior. . 
(Ed.) J. N. Spuhler q.v. 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1986-92; Science, v. 253, 9/20/1991, p. 1352 



McKusick, Prof. Victor - 1971-72 (March); Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1921; Johns Hopkins University (1946-1992; MD 1946; USPHS clin. intern 
1946-52; Instruct, to Prof. Medicine 1946-85; Chief Div. medical genetics 1957-73, 
85-89; Prof, epidemiology and biology 1969-78; Prof. Medical Genetics 1985- 
(1992)); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 1954; Pres., 8th Int. 
Congress in Human Genetics 1991; Founder and President, Human Genome 
Organization 1988-90; International Medical Congress Ltd. (Pres.) 

Publications: 

1993 "Medical genetics: a 40 year perspective on the evolution of a medical 
specialty from a basic science", JAMA, v. 270, Nov. 17, p. 2351; "The Growth of 
Human Genetics as a Clinical Discipline" (a history); Medical Genetics lQ.sS-bo: 

An Annotated Review. 1961 and Medical Genetics 1061-62: An Annotated Review. 
1966; Genes. Brain and Behavior. 1991 (Ed.) w/ Paul McHugh, Research Pub., 
Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, Raven Press; The 
Morbid Anatomy of the Human Genome: a review of gene mapping in clinical 
medicine. 1988 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 6701 Rockledge Dr., Bethesda, 
MD (Reprints four articles pub. in Medicine, Jan. 1986, Jan. and July 1987 and 
Jan. 1988); Medical and experimental mammalian genetics. (Ed.) Birth Defects v. 
23 #3. Papers collected to celebrate fourteenth anniversary of the Bar Harbor 
course, q.v.; Medical Genetic Studies of the Amish: selected papers. 1978 (Ed.) w/ 




commentary, Johns Hopkins Press; The Genetics of Hand Malformation, w/ 

Sarnia Temtany and Daniel Bergsma. Birth Defects v. 14 #3 National Foundation 
March of Dimes; Human Gene Mapping 3 Third International Workshop 
sponsored by the March of Dimes at Johns Hopkins 1975 ed. w/ Wilma Bias); 

Fifth Conference on the Clinical Delineation of Birth Defects. 1972 sponsored by 
Johns Hopkins and the March of Dimes (Ed., Daniel Bergsma w/ McKusick) pub. 
for the March of Dimes by Williams and Wilkins 1974; "The Mapping of Human 
Chromosomes", Scientific American, April 1971; (McKusick also edited 4th, 3rd 
and 2nd conferences 1971, 1970, 1969 all sponsored by the March of Dimes and 
numbered sequentially); Limb Malformations 1974 ed. Daniel Bergsma w/ 
McKusick) sponsored by Johns Hopkins and the March of Dimes, Stratton 
Intercontinental Medical Book; Study Guide: Human Genetics. 1972 w/ Gary A. 
Chase, Prentice Hall; Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue (4th Ed., 1972) 
Mosby; "General Tom Thumb and Other Midgets", Scientific American, July 1967; 
"The Royal Hemophilia", Scientific American, Aug. 1965; Human Genetics. (1969, 
2nd Ed., Prentice Hall), (2 Vol., 1st Ed 1958/60, 1961/63); 1957 "Genetics in 
Relation to Cardiovascular Disease", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 4, #4; 1956 "Heart 
Sounds", Scientific American, May ; 1956 A Synopsis of Clinical Auscultation. . 
Baltimore 

Background: 

— March of Dimes: 

"The literature of genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis is vast ... Valuable for 
developments since the nineteen-sixties are the many volumes published by the 
National Foundation-March of Dimes in its Birth Defects: Original Article 
Series ... Very helpful to me in understanding the role of the Foundation in the 
development of prenatal diagnosis and counseling was an interview with Arthur 
Salisbury in New York, May 1982." Kevles p. 402-3 

"In i960, at McKusick's instigation and with the financial support of the National 
Foundation-March of Dimes, a summer course in human genetics aimed mainly 
at medical school faculty was established at the Jackson Laboratory in Bar 
Harbor, Maine. (A success from the outset, the program continues to thrive, 
teaching mouse genetics and human genetics to about one hundred people a 
year.") Kevles p. 254 

"The National Foundation-March of Dimes, while denying that the severe fire 
from the [right-to-life] movement influenced its policies, disclosed in 1978 that it 
intended to reduce its considerable support of genetic-services programs." Kevles 
p. 287 

Source: SB 1971 (Sept.), 1972; Osborne list; Membership list, American Society of 
Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 




Menken, Jane - Member 1974; Director 1978-80, 1993-94; Member 1995; M 1987 
Personal: 

b. 1939 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; m. Matthew Menken (div. 1985); m. M.R. 
Jessor 1992; NIMH (stats) 1964-66; research staff, Office of Population Research, 
Princeton 1969-71; Princeton Univ. (Office of Population Research, Princeton 
(1974-87; Graduate Student in Sociology at Office of Population Research, 
Princeton University; (see C. Westoff, A. J. Coale, N. Ryder); PhD Princeton 1975; 
research staff 1975-87; Asst, dir 1978-86); Prof. Princeton 1980-87; Univ. of 
Pennsylvania Prof, of Sociology and Demography, Univ. of Pennsylvania 
Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia i987-(i995); 
Rockefeller Foundation (Chmn., Population Adv. Comm. 1981-1993); National 
Academy of Science: Comm on Aids in Africa 1994; Alan Guttmacher Institute, 

Bd Dirs. 1981-90, i993-(i995) 

Publications: 

1989 "Measuring Sterility from Incomplete Birth Histories" 1989 Demography v. 
26:185 ff; 1987 "Demographic foundations of family change" 1987 American 
Sociol. Rev., June p. 346 ff; 1986 World Population and US Policy: The Choices 
Ahead ; 1986 "Female Reproductive Development: A Hazards Analysis Model", 
Social Biology, v. 33, 3-4; 1981 Teenage Sexuality, Pregnancy and Childbearing. 
(Ed. w/ Frank F. Furstenburg, Richard Lincoln, University of Pennsylvania Press. 
All articles originally appeared in Family Planning Perspectives); 1981 "The 
Nutrition and Fertility Link: An Evaluation of the Evidence", w/ James Trussed & 
Susan Watkins, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, v. 11, #3, p. 425; 1979 
"Seasonal Migration and Seasonal Variation in Fecundability: Effects on Birth 
Rates and Birth Intervals", Demography, v. 16, #1, p. 103; 1973 Mathematical 
Models of Conception and Birth., w/ Mindel C. Sheps, Univ. of Chicago Press 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1978-80, 1993-94 



Mi, Ming Pi - Director 1971-74; Member 1974 
Personal: 

University of Hawaii 1971-74; also called Ming Pi 
Publications: 

Interracial Crosses, w/ Newton Morton q.v. 
Source: SB 1971-73; Osborne list 




Moore, Mrs. Louis de B. - 1941-51; Member 1956 
Personal: 

New York City 1941-51; Pres., New York State Birth Control Federation 1940; 
Chmn. of the Board, American Birth Control League 1937, 1938 

Background: 

— The Birth Control Review: 

The Birth Control Review was originally edited by Margaret Sanger, volume one 
appearing in 1917. (In the Woman Rebel, a previous journal, she published 
articles supporting presidential assassination and bombings; she herself 
advocated birth control in the same issue. For this she was prosecuted under the 
Comstock laws.) From December 1921 to January 1939 the American Birth 
Control League published the Birth Control Review. From February 1939 to 
January 1940 the Birth Control Federation of America (which renamed itself 
Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1942) published the Review. The 
last issue of the Birth Control Review (January, 1940) describes the annual 
meeting of the Birth Control Federation. Its theme was "Race Building in a 
Democracy". 

— The American Birth Control League and Planned Parenthood: 

"The US. agencies best known internationally for family planning are the 
Margaret Sanger Research Bureau and the Planned Parenthood Federation of 
America. Foreigners occasionally ask how they differ. 

—The Bureau 

"Founded 33 years ago by Margaret Sanger, the Bureau housed the largest birth 
control clinic in America. ... departments of research, infertility aid and ... 
marriage counseling ... 

— The Federation 

"An outgrowth of the American Birth Control League (1922), the Planned 
Parenthood Federation of America was organized in 1942 for education, 
maintenance of standards etc. and to serve and bind together 111 affiliated state 
and local centers throughout the country. ... The Federation is dedicated to 
increasing public understanding of responsible family life under the credo: To be 
wanted is the birthright of every ..." (ARTW, May 1956) 



— Birth Control Federation of America: 




"Forward Under One Banner The birth control movement in the United States 
now marches forward with complete unity, its leadership and resources fused in 
one new national organization. The Birth Control Federation of America was 
formed on January 18 [1939] through a merger of the Birth Control Clinical 
Research Bureau with the American Birth Control League and its state member 
leagues throughout the country. The New York City Committee of Mothers 
Health Centers has also merged its activities with those of the Federation." 

"Expansion and intensification of the movement will follow this joining of forces. 
The two national organizations had always had common objectives ... The 
Federation is fortunate in having the leadership of Margaret Sanger as honorary 
chairman and an active member of the board of directors, and of Dr. Richard 
Pierson as chairman of the board and president pro tem. The National Medical 
Council on Birth Control will serve in an advisory capacity for the Federation." 

"The aims and program of the Federation are outlined in this issue [of the Birth 
Control Review, Ed.] on page 164 ..." 

— Department Functions of the Federation (p. 164, BCR) 

"The Federation will maintain two offices - one situated at 501 Madison Avenue, 
New York (the League's former headquarters) and the other at 17 West 16th 
Street, New York (the former headquarters of the Birth Control Clinical Research 
Bureau). ("Feb./ March 1939, Birth Control Review, vol. XXIII, #5-6) 

Source: EN 1941-51; EQ 1956; Every Child A Wanted Child : catalogue entry for 
Birth Control Review in National Library of Medicine; Birth Control Review 1940 
#3; BCR Oct. 1937; BCR May 1938 



Morgan, Arthur E. - Advisory Council 1927-35; Member 1930; Director 1950-57 
Personal: 

b. Cleveland, Ohio 1878; Pres., Antioch College 1920-36; Chmn., Tennessee 
Valley Authority 1933-38; Pres., Community Service Inc., Yellow Springs. Ohio 
1950-57 

Publications: 

1984 The Small Community: Foundation of Democratic Life : 1979 The 
Philosophy of Edward Bellamy ; 1974 The Making of the TVA. ; 1971 Dams and 
other Disasters: A Century of the Army Corps of Engineers in Civil Work : "A 
Laboratory Case in Urban Survival: the Parsi of Bombay" Eugenical News 1950, 
35, 3-5 (the Parsi, "a superior and almost pure racial strain" and their survival in 
Bombay, quotation from a review in Psychological Abstracts 1927-58 p. 2715); 
1944 Plagiarism in Utopia 




Source: EN 1950-53; EQ 1954-57; Mehler, p. 309; Psychological Abstracts; 
WWWIA 



Morton, Prof. Newton - 1958, 1959 (March), 1977-82 
Personal: 

University of Hawaii 1977-82 (See Pi Ming Mi); Professor of Medical Genetics, 
University of Wisconsin 1958-59 (see R. Osborne) 

Publications: 

1983 "Race, and Blood Pressure in Northeastern Brazil", Social Biology, v. 30, 2; 
1983 Methods in Genetic Epidemiology ., w/ Dabeera Rao and Jean Marc Lalouel 
(Basle, New York) Karger; Outline of Genetic Epidemiology. 1982 (Basle, New 
York) Karger; "Hereditary Genius: A Centennial Problem in Resolution of 
Cultural and Biological Inheritance" 1980 Social Biology, v. 27, 1; (Ed.) Genetic 
Epidemiology. 1978 w/ Chin Sik Chung q.v. Based on conference at Univ. of 
Hawaii 1977 (New York, Academic Press); Computer Applications in Genetics. 
1969 Proc. of a conference sponsored by Univ. of Hawaii and Genetics Study 
Section, Division of Research Grants, National Institute of Health (NIH), 
dedicated to L. S. Snyder q.v., Univ. of Hawaii Press; A Genetics Program Library . 
1969, Univ. of Hawaii Press, supported by a grant GM 15421 from NIH; Genetics 
of Interracial Crosses in Hawaii. 1967 (Basle, New York) Karger; "Models and 
Evidence in Human Population Genetics" in Genetics Today. Proc. XI 
International Congress of Genetics. The Hague 1963 (Ed.) S. Geerts; "The 
Genetical Structure of Human Populations" 1963 in Les Desplacements humains: 
Aspects methologiques de leur mesure. (Ed.) J. Sutter, Paris "The Mutational 
Load due to detrimental genes in man" i960 American Journal of Human 
Genetics 12:348-364; 

Background: 

" Sewall Wright (q.v.) began using more complicated arithmetic for animal 
breeding studies. His methods have been modified by Newton Morton and others 
for use in human genetics as the basis of pedigree analysis and the formal 
genetics of mankind." Social Biology, 1974 p. 332 

Source: EQ 1958, 1959 (March); SB 1977-82; Osborne list 



Motulsky, Prof. Arnold G. - Member 1974; Director 1988-93 
Personal: 



German Career: 




b. 1923, East Prussia; left Germany 1939 on S.S. St. Louis; not allowed to land 
(See The Voyage of the Franz Joseph . Yaffe); Vichy refugee camps 

American Career: 

entered US 1941; MD Univ. of Illinois 1947; University of Washington Medical 
School, Seattle ((i953-(i992), taught by Herluf Starndskov q.v. then studied at 
Galton Lab, London (C. A. B. Smith and Harry Harris 1958) then put in charge of 
the division of Medical genetics in Seattle; 1992 Prof, of Medicine; Head of 
Division of Medical Genetics); American Society of Human Genetics, Pres. 1977- 
78; Pres., VII International Congress in Human Genetics, Berlin 1986 

Publications: 

1994 Assesing Genetic Risk: Implications for Health and Social Policy, ed., Arno 
Motulsky, L.B. Andrews, Jane Fullerton, Neil Holtzman, National Academy Press; 
1989 "Medical Genetics", JAMA, v. 261, May 19, p. 2855; 1988 Human Genetics: 
Problems and Approaches , w/ Peter Vogel; 1983 "Impact of Genetic 
Manipulation on Society and Medicine", Science, v. 219:135; 1974 Birth Defects , 
w/ W. Lenz, q.v., Amsterdam (W. Lenz is the son of Fritz Lenz, whom Hitler 
quoted. W. Lenz followed von Verschuer, Mengele's co-researcher at Auschwitz, 
as Prof, of Human Genetics at Munster); 1973 "Brave New World?", Birth Defects, 
Proc. of Fourth International Conference, Vienna, sponsored by the National 
Foundation-March of Dimes; (1969-75) editor, American Journal of Human 
Genetics; 1962 "Medical Genetics in the Pacific Area", Eugenics Quarterly, vol. 9, 
#1; Motulsky was Conference editor and organizing Chairman of "Symposium of 
Medical Genetics", Tenth Pacific Science Congress 1961, papers in Eugenics 
Quarterly, v. 9, #1, 1961. This conference includes Gadjusek's discussion of Kuru, 
a possible viral mechanism of selection 

Source: SB 1988-93; Osborne list; Wm. Allan Award, AJHG Oct. 13, 1970, p. 105 



Mudd, Mrs. Emily H. - 1954-62 
Personal: 

Director, Marriage Council of Philadelphia 1954-62 
Publications: 

1958 Marriage Counseling: a casebook. Ed. w/ Abraham Stone q.v.; 1957 Man 
and Wife: a source book of family attitudes, sexual behavior and marriage 
counseling. , ed. w/ Aron Krich) based on a course organized by the Family Study 
Division of the Dept, of Psychiatry, Univ. of Pennsylvania; 1955 "Psychiatry and 
marital problems: mental health implications" Eugenics Quarterly, 2, 110-117 
("marriage ... the concern not only of marriage counseling centers but of doctors 




and public health workers" Psychological Abstracts 1927-58); The Practice of 
Marriage Counseling. 1951 (includes sketch of history of marriage counseling); 

Background: 

read final draft of Female Sexual Behavior for Alfred Kinsey; the Marriage 
Council may have been inspired by the English Marriage Advisory Service, which, 
oddly, was funded by the Home Office, England, that is, the police; this reminds 
one that Kinsey had files on the odd sexual habits of many powerful men. 

Source: EQ 1954-62; Marriage Guidance Council annual reports; life of Kinsey 



Murphy, Prof. Gardner - 1947-71; Member 1974 
Personal: 

American Psychological Association (Pres.); Professor of Psychology, City College, 
NY 1947-52; Menninger Foundation (195370; Director of Research 1953-68; in 
1952-53 the Menninger Foundation launched a $1,365,000 three year research 
program); George Washington University 1971; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 

Source: EN 1947-53; EQ 1954-68; SB 1969-71 (June 1971); Osborne list; 
Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Murray Jr., Robert F. - 1972-77 
Personal: 

b. 1931; BS Union College, Schnectady, New York; MD Univ. of Rochester 1958; 
Fellowship, Univ. of Heidelberg 1956; MS Univ. Washington, Seattle 1968 (NIH 
Fellowship in Medical Genetics, Univ. of Washington 1965-67; see Arno 
Motulsky); research grant, NIH 1969-75; Howard University, Washington, D.C. 
(i967-(i995); Prof, of Pediatrics 1967 (or acc. to WSWIA 1995, since 1974 thus 
exempting self from any part in Roe v. Wade) -(1995); chief, div., of medical 
genetics, i969-(i995); Chmn., graduate dept, of genetics and human genetics 
i976-(i995)); Adv. Bd, National Sickle Cell Anemia Foundation Inc. 1980, 1995; 
Bd. Dirs., Hastings Center i97i-(i98o), 1994-95; American Society of Human 
Genetics 1995 

"More of the Best" (brief profiles of the nation's leading black doctors), 1988 
Black Enterprise, v. 19, Oct. 1988, p. 94 



Pubns: 




lggi "Skin color and blood pressure: genetics or environment" (editorial)., JAMA, 
v. 256, Feb. 6, p. 639; 1990 Genetic Variation and Disorders in People of African 
Origin : 1988 "A Health Orientation Scale: A Measure of Feelings About Sickle 
Cell Trait", Social Biology, v. 35, 1-2; 1979 Genetic Counseling: Facts. Values and 
Norms 



Background: 

see Scientific American article on genetic counseling condemning the way the 
sickle cell counseling was handled, "Grading the Gene Tests", John Rennie, June 
1994; see also M. Kaback) 

Source: SB 1972 (December)-77; Osborne list; WSWIA 1995 



Newcombe, Howard - Dec. 1972-1974 
Personal: 

b. 1914; PhD McGill 1939; Carnegie Inst., Washington DC 1946-47; Atomic 
Energy Commission of Canada (research scientist 1947-79); Atomic Energy of 
Canada Ltd. (head, biology branch 1949-70, head, population branch 1970-79); 
Newcombe used government computers to show how various records could be 
linked by computers to build pedigrees (a genetic file) on people without their 
knowledge or consent. Genetic files can be used to deny insurance; American 
Society of Human Genetics, v.p. 1962 

Publications: 

1992 "The Use of Names for Linking Personal Records" w/ Pierre Lalonde and 
Martha E. Fair, Journal of the American Statistical Association, v. 87, Dec., p. 
1193 and "Rejoinder" in same issue p. 1207; 1988 Handbook of Record Linkage: 
Methods for Health and Statistical Studies , Oxford; 1965 "Use of Vital Statistics" 
in Proc. of World Population Conference 1965 . vol. 2, United Nations; 1962 
"Family Linkage of Population Records" in The Use of Vital Statistics for Genetic 
and Radiation Studies. WHO. United Nations; 1962 "Population genetics: 
Population Records" in Methodology in Human Genetics. (Ed.) W. Burdette; 
"Pedigrees for Population Studies: a progress report" in Cold Spring Harbor 
Symposia for Quantitative Biology. 29:21-30 

Source: SB Dec. 1972-74; WSWIA 1995 



Notestein, Frank W. - Director 1950-56; Member 1974 



Personal: 




b. 1902; PhD (economics) Cornell 1927; d. Feb. 22, 1983; lived in Newtown, 
Pennsylvania 1983; Researcher, Milbank Memorial Fund 1928-1936; Office of 
Population Research, Princeton, New Jersey (Founder, 1936, Director, 1950-56); 
Princeton, Professor of Demography 1936-59; Birth Control Federation of 
America, Advisory Council 1939; Director, Population Division, Dept, of Social 
Affairs, United Nations 1946-48; Chmn., technical advisory cttee, 1950 Census 
(see P. M. Hauser); Population Council (Founding trustee, 1953; Pres. 1959-1968) 
Population Association of America (Pres., 1946-47) 

Publications: 

1971 "Reminiscences: The Role of Foundations, the Population Association of 
America, Princeton University and the United Nations in Fostering American 
Interest in Population Problems", Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, Oct., v. 49, 
#4, no. 2, p. 67; 1970 "Zero Population Growth: What is it?", Family Planning 
Perspectives, v. 2, #3, June, p. 20; 1968 'The Population Council and the 
Demographic Crisis of the Less Developed World", Demography, v. 5, #2, p. 553; 
1951 "Population", Scientific American, Sept.; 1950 "The Population of the World 
in the Year 2000", Journal of the American Statistical Association; 1944 The 
Future Population of Europe and the Soviet Union: population projections. 1 Q 4 Q- 
70 . w/ Dudley Kirk q.v., Ansley Coale q.v., Irene Taeuber q.v.and Louise Kiser 
(Geneva, League of Nations); 1944 "Problems of Policy in Relation to Areas of 
Heavy Population Pressure" in Demographic Studies of Selected Areas of Rapid 
Growth, New York, Milbank Memorial Fund; 1943 "Some Implications of 
Population Change for Post-War Europe", Proc. American Philosophical Society; 
1940 Controlled Fertility: an evaluation of clinic service , patients of the birth 
control clinical research bureau in New York City, assigned to authors by the 
Milbank Memorial Fund) Williams and Wilkins 

Background: 

endorsed federal population center in NICHHD; supported government research 
in contraception; his book The Future Population of Europe and the Soviet Union 
population projections, 1940-70, published in 1944 played a role in the 
establishment of the UN population commission in the Economic and Social 
Council which he later headed 

— Destruction of Family: 

Notestein argued that "the destruction of the large traditional family was 
necessary not only for the indirect effect on economic growth via the reduction of 
fertility but also for its direct effect in producing a society more attuned to the 
modern economy", according to John Caldwell (q.v.) in Limiting Population 
Growth and the Ford Foundation , (1986) p. 26. He cites "Economic Problems of 
Population Change" by Notestein in 8th International Conference of Agricultural 
Economist s, 1953 as an example of Notestein’s reasoning. He says this paper 
argued for "experimental social engineering." (1986 Caldwell, p. 26) 




Source: EN 1950-53; Osborne list; Obit, New York Times, Feb. 2, 1983; "The 
Population Association Comes of Age" EN 1952-53 p. 108; EN 1953 p. 96; EQ 
1954-56; BCR, 1940, editorial page; BCR, Feb. /March 1939 



Oliver, Prof. Clarence P. - 1950-56 
Personal: 

b. 1898; Professor of Zoology, University of Texas (did eugenic counseling) 1950- 
56; Founding Director, Dight Institute, Minneapolis, MN 1941; Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 



1970, i960 Advisory Board, Mankind Quarterly (see i960, v. 1, #1; 1970, v. 11, #1); 
1947 Four Generations of Blindness , w/ A Report of the Dight Institute 1945-46. 
published for the Dight Institute by University of Minnesota Press 1947; 1946 
"Report of the Dight Institute" 1944-45 w/ Biology and Social Problems by Elmer 
Roberts, also published by University of Minnesota Press; 1945 "Report of the 
Dight Institute" 1943-44 by C. P. Oliver w/ a family history of Huntington's 
chorea: made possible by the recording of surnames by C. P. Oliver and Burtrum 
Schiele, published by University of Minnesota Press; 1945 The Collection of 
Records in the Study of Human Heredity ., published for the Dight Institute by 
University of Minnesota Press ; 1943 "A Report on the Organization and Aims of 
the Dight Institute." Bulletin of the Dight Institute 

Background: 

— Dight Institute: 

"To promote Biological Race Betterment - betterment in Human Brain Structure 
and Mental Endowment and therefore in Behavior ... a place for consultation and 
advice on heredity and eugenics and for rating of people." Dight will, 1927 setting 
up the Dight Institute 

— Dight Institute and Eugenic Record Office: 

"The accumulated records of the (Eugenic Record) Office were in 1948 
transferred to the Dight Institute of the University of Minnesota", from 
"Counseling Centers on Human Heredity in North America" Dice, EN 1952, p. 32 

— Racism and Mankind Quarterly: 

C. P. Oliver was on the Mankind Quarterly Editorial Advisory Board (see Vol. 1, 

#1, i960). The goals of Mankind Quarterly were to reverse the ideas of equality 
which were spreading and leading to school desegregation, "during the last two 




decades there has been a decided tendency to neglect the racial aspects of man's 
inheritance for the social ... they are unduly influenced by political and ethical 
conceptions current in many circles today ... we are helping correct a serious 
imbalance ..." Editorial on Goals, Mankind Quarterly, Vol. l, #1, i960; "... 
persistent attempts to force school integration on the South, against their 
opposition on the grounds that separate schools are better for both races ... 
American anthropologists were responsible for introducing equalitarianism into 
anthropology, ignoring the hereditary differences between races, and even among 
individuals, until the uninstructed public were gradually misled." review by RR 
Gates and Gayre of Gayre of Race and Reason . 1961 by Carleton Putnam, 

Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 1, p. 297 

— Racism and Democracy 

"differential fertility ... in a society of mixed ethnic origin... The necessary 
consequence is generally a systematic predominance of the cultural and political 
dispositions of the lower but more fecund orders." review by A. James Gregor of 
Corsa di Sociologia , 1957 by Corrado Gini in the Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 1, p. 

300, i960 

Source: EN 1950-53 including EN 1952 "Counseling Centers on Human Heredity" 
p. 33; Mankind Quarterly i960, 1961; EQ 1954-56; Membership list, American 
Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Olson, Judge Harry - 1923-33 
Personal: 

Chief Judge, Municipal Court, Chicago 
Source: AESM 1926, 1928, 1930; Mehler, p. 309 



Omenn, Gilbert S. - Member 1974; Director 1976-81 
Personal: 

Division of Medical Genetics, Dept, of Medicine, University of Washington, 
Seattle 1976 (see A. G. Motulsky) 

Publications: 

1993, 1992, 1991 Annual Review of Public Health , vols. 12-14; 1979 "Genetics and 
Epidemiology; Medical Interventions and Public Policy", Social Biology, v. 26, 2; 
"Intrauterine diagnosis and genetic counseling: implications for psychiatry in the 
future" 1975 in American Handbook of Psychiatry. . D.A. Hamburg q.v., (Ed.), vol. 




6, 3rd Ed.; "Genetic Engineering: Present and Future" in To Live and to Die. 1973 
R. H. Williams (Ed.); "Genetic Issues in the Syndrome of Minimal Brain 
Dysfunction" 1973, Seminars in Psychiatry, vol. 5, pp. 5-17 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1980 



Osborn, General Frederick - see under officers 



Osborn Sr., Prof. Henry Fairfield - 1923-35 
Personal: 

1857-1935; uncle of Frederick Osborn; Second International Congress on 
Eugenics (Pres. 1921); American Museum of Natural History, Pres.; New York 
Zoological Society 

Publications: 

1980 (1902-1940) Major Papers on Early Primates 1902-1940 . AMS Press; 1980 
(1917) The Origin and Evolution of Life: On the Theory of Action. Reaction and 
Interaction of Energy bv H. Osborn Sr., (ed.) S. J. Gould, Ayer, (reprint of 1917 
edition); 1975 (1929) From the Greeks to Darwin , (reissue of 1929 book, 1st ed. 
1899); 1931 Men of the Old Stone Age ; 1931 Cope: Master Naturalist. Princeton; 
"Organic Selection" w/ E. B. Poulton, Science 1897, NS, vi, 583-587 

Source: AESM 1926; Mehler p. 309 

Osborne, Richard H. - Member 1956; Director 1962-74, 1981-84, 1986-95 (ace. to 
WWWIA 1995 but not on SB Board list); Editor, Social Biology 1961-1977, 1981- 
( 1995 ) 

Personal: 

b. 1920 Alaska; USAAF 1942-46; (note missing years 38-42, 46-53); Columbia 
Univ. (1953-64; Institute for the Study of Human Variation: Research 1953-58 as 
Viking Fund Pre Doctoral Fellow (Axel Wenner Gren, who endowed the Viking 
Fund, was considered a Nazi sympathizer by the American government in World 
War II); PhD (genetics, anthropology and health) from Institute for the Study of 
Human Variation 1956; seminar on genetics and evolution of man 1958-64); 
Cornell Univ., Sloan Kettering Institute of Cancer Research (head, Human 
Genetics Section 1958-64); Univ. of Wisconsin at Madison (Prof, of Anthropology 
and Prof, of Medicine (medical genetics) 1964-85, Emeritus I98s-(i995); ****** 
American Eugenics Society (Editor, Eugenics Quarterly 61-68, Social Biology 69- 
77, 1981-1995)*****, 




consultant in cultural anthropology, fellow, rev. cttee, National Institute of 
Health 1969-73; National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke 1970-72 
(genetics task force); Member: Genetics Society of America, American Society of 
Human Genetics (Director, 1960-61, 67-69); Behavioral Genetics Assn. (Chmn., 
Organizing Cttee, 1st Pres pro tem: "when the American Eugenics Society 
sponsored the formation of the Behavior Genetics Association and served as 
President Pro Tem of the fledgling organization", Social Biology, Winter 1977, p. 
255 ) 

— m. Barbara White 1944 (div.) 

— m. Barbara Teachman Harvey 1970 (in 1994 she was Managing editor and 
Book Review editor of Social Biology, the Journal of the Society and Osborne was 
editor) 

Pubns: 

1971 Biological and Social Meaning of Race ; 1968 Human Variation and Origins ; 
Genetic Perspective in Disease resistance and Susceptibility ; 1959 Genetic Basis 
of Morphological Variation (PhD/Viking Foundation studies) 

Source: American Men and Women of Science; Who's Who in America; Eugenics 
Quarterly 1956, 1962-68; Social Biology 1969-74, 1976, 1981-84, 1986-88, 1994; 
Biology and Society article, Winter 1977 p. 255; WSWIA 1995 



Overstreet, Harry - 1936 
Source: AESM, May 1936 

Paschal, Mrs. Dorothy Iselin - 1954-56 
Personal: 

Constitution Laboratory, Columbia University 1954-56 
Source: EQ 1954-56 



Perkins, Henry F. - see under officers 



Pollitzer, William S. - Member 1974; Director 1980-84 



Personal: 




b. 1923 Charleston, South Carolina; PhD 1957 (human variation) Columbia Univ. 
(see R.H. Osborne); Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill (i957-(i995); Instr. to Prof. 
1957-73; Prof. Anatomy, School of Medicine 1973-87, Emeritus); American Assn. 
Phys. Anthrop. (Pres. 1979-81, editor journal 1970-77); Human Biology Council 
(Pres. 1986-88); ASHG; Am Assn. Physical Anthropol.; Genetics Society Am.; 513 
Morgan Creek Rd., Chapel Hill 1995; serology, population genetics 

Publications: 

Book review in Social Biology, 1983, v. 30, 3 Ethology: The Mechanisms and 
Evolution of Behavior 



Source: SB 1980-84; Osborne list 



Plomin, Robert; an editor, Social Biology; Director 1993-94 
Personal: 

Penn State, 1993-94; Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging; behavioral genetics 
Publications: 

1994 "Nature and nurture: genetic contributions to measures of the family 
environment", De., Psych., v. 30, p. 32 ff, Jan.; 1993 Nature. Nurture and 
Psychology (ed. w/ G. E. McClearn q.v.); 1993 "Genetic change and continuity 
from 14 to 20 months: the MacArthur Longitudinal Twin Study", Child De., v. 64, 
p. 1354, Oct.; 1991 received $600, 000 from NICHHD to study the role of genes 
in IQ using QTL association analysis; 1990 "The Role of Inheritance in Behavior", 
Science, April 3, 1990, p. 183 ff; 1990 Nature and Nurture: An Introduction to 
Behavior Genetics : 1989 Behavior Genetics: A Primer: 1988 Nature and Nurture 
During Infancy and Early Childhood ; 1986 Development, Genetics and 
Psychology ; The Study of Temperament: Changes, Continuities and Challenges , 
(ed. w/ Judy Dunn); 1985 Origins of Individual Differences in Infancy: The 
Colorado Adoption Projec t, w/ J. DeFries; 1985 "Individual Differences in 
Sensitivity and Tolerance to Alcohol", Social Biology, v. 32, 3-4; 1984 
Temperament: Early Developing Personality Traits : 1981 "The importance of 
non-shared (El) environmental influences in behavioral development" w/ D.C. 
Rowe q.v., 1981 De. Psych., v. 17, p. 517 ff; 1979 "Selective Placement in Adoption", 
1979 Social Biology, v. 26, 1; 1977 "Genotype-environment interaction and 
correlation in the analysis of human behavior" w/ J. C. DeFries q.v. and J. C. 
Loehlin q.v., Psychol. Bulletin, v. 88, p. 245 ff 

Background: 

— Government Funding of eugenics: 




Colorado Adoption Project (J. C. DeFries q.v., R. W. Fulker q.v., R. Plomin, co- 
investigators) funded by NIH (FID 10333, HD 18426, MH 43899) and the 
National Science Foundation (BNS 8806589); Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of 
Aging (G. E. McClearn q.v., J. R. Nesselroade, R. Plomin, N. Pederson, co- 
investigators) funded by NIH (AG 04563) and MacArthur Foundation Research 
Network on Successful Aging 

— Behavioral Genetics: 

(see 1990 "The Role of Inheritance in Behavior", Science, April 3, 1990, p. 183 ff; 
which explains the theory of quantitative behavioral genetics and Plomin' s plans 
for us. e.g., "Behavior is in the vanguard of evolution ... Genetic analysis of 
behavioral dimensions and disorders is especially difficult ... why should 
scientists bother with behavior if it is so complex? The answer lies in the 
importance of behavior per se ... Some of society's most pressing problems, such 
as drug abuse, mental illness, and mental retardation are behavior problems. 
Behavior is also the key in health as well as illness ... The essence of quantitative 
genetic theory is that Mendel's laws of discrete inheritance also apply to ... 
complex characteristics [such as behaviors] if we assume that many genes, each 
with small effect, combine to produce observable differences in a population ... 

An exciting direction for genetic research on behavior is the identification of 
genes responsible for genetic variance on (sic) behavior ... The human genome 
project ... one of the many benefits of the project will be the identification of more 
markers and genes that might play a role in genetic variation in behavior ... 
genetic variance rarely accounts for as much as half of the variance of behavioral 
traits ... In conclusion, the use of molecular biology techniques will revolutionize 
behavioral genetics, and the quantitative genetic perspective of behavioral 
genetics will transform our use of these techniques as we continue to explore the 
role of inheritance in the most complex of phenotypes, behavior" 

1979 

— Other Writings by John R. Nesselroade: 

1985 "Multivariable Causal Modeling in Alcohol Use Research", J.R. Nesselroade 
w/ J. Jack McArdle, Social Biology, v. 32, #3-4, Issue devoted to "Genetics and 
the Human Encounter with Alcohol" (Why Irish are Drunks); Longitudinal 
Research in the Study of Behavior and Development, Academic Press 

Source: Social Biology 1993-94 and earlier as an editor; Science, v. 253, 

9/20/1991, P - 1352 



Popenoe, Paul Bowman - Director 1923-54; Member 1930, 1956, 1974 



Personal: 




Secretary and General Director, The American Institute of Family Relations, Los 
Angeles, California 1939-54; Founder, Southern California branch of American 
Eugenics Society (Kevles p. 65); Member, American Society of Human Genetics 
1954; Birth Control Federation of America, Advisory Council 1939; Citizens 
Committee for Planned Parenthood 1939 

(Note below the two publishers of Popenoe's book on sterilization, the Human 
Betterment Foundation and Birthright. The two groups have no organizational 
connection with Birthright, the pro life group. No one knows why they have the 
same name.) 

Publications: 

Advisory Board, Eugenical News 1936; Editorial Committee, Eugenical News 
1942-45 

Marriage is what you make it. 1950 (New York, Macmillan); Twenty-eight Years 
of Sterilization in California. 1946 w/ E. S. Gosney (3rd edition) Princeton, NJ, 
Birthright Inc.; Modern Marriage: A Handbook for Men 1940 (2d Ed.) New York, 
Macmillan; "Your Inferiority Complex" Scientific American, May 1939; "The 
Hysteroid Personality", Scientific American, April 1939; "The Paranoid 
Personality", Scientific American, Feb. 1938; "Introverts and Extroverts", 
Scientific American, Oct. 1937; Sterilization for Human Betterment a summary of 
results of 6,000 operations in California, 1909-1929 w/ Gosney. New York, 
Macmillan, 1930 (Human Betterment Foundation, California), trans. into 
German and Japanese; Practical Applications of Heredity. 1930 (Baltimore, 
Williams and Wilkins); The Child's Heredity. 1930 (Baltimore, Williams and 
Wilkins); The Conservation of the Family. 1926 (Baltimore, Williams and 
Wilkins); Modern Marriage: A Handbook. 1925 (New York, Macmillan); Applied 
Eugenics. 1918 w/ Roswell Johnson q.v. (New York, Macmillan), trans. into 
German and Japanese 

Quotes: 

On the Nazis: 

[1934] Germany is "proceeding toward a policy that will accord with the best 
thoughts of eugenicists in all countries.", Paul Popenoe, "The German 
Sterilization Law", Journal of Heredity, v. 25, 1934 quoted in Who Should Play 
God? . Ted Howard and Jeremy Rifkin, 1977, p. 72 

Background: 

Some studies have been carried out on who was sterilized in California. 
Sterilization and Eugenics: An Examination of Early Twentieth Century 
Population Control in the United States 1980, J. K. Grether, Ann Arbor 




Source: Sanger list 1930; AESM 1934; Mehler, p. 309, 416; EN 1940-53; EQ 1954, 
1956; Osborn list; Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 
1954; BCR, Feb./March 1939; BCR, April 1939; EN, May /June 1936 



Post, Richard H. - Member ??1930??, 1956; Director 1963-March 1972 
Personal: 

University of Michigan (1963-72; Dept, of Human Genetics 1963-68) 

Publications: 

1966 "Deformed Nasal Septa and Relaxed Selection", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 13, 2; 
1965 Genetics and Demography: Summary of 'Workshop Conference' between 
demographers and population geneticists ., (ed.) Eugenics Quarterly 12:41-71; 
1962 "Population Differences in Red and Green Color Vision Deficiency: A 
Review and a Query on Selection Relaxation", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 9, 3 (and 
correction v. 12, 1, 1965) 

Source: Sanger list 1930; EQ 1956, 1963-68; SB 1969-1972 (March 1972) 



Preston, Samuel Hulse - Member 1974; Director 1987-92 
Personal: 

b. Morrisville, Pennsylvania 12/2/1943; PhD (econ.) Princeton 1968; Univ. 

Seattle (Center for Demography, Dir., 1972-77); United Nations (UN) (Chief, 
Population Structure Section 1977-79); Univ. Pennsylvania (Population Studies 
Center, Dir., 1979-88, continuing association in 1995) 1992-87 University of 
Pennsylvania; Univ. of Washington, Seattle (Dept, of Sociology 1974); note 
middle name "Hulse"; Irene B. Tauber Award for Excellence in Demographic 
Research 1983; Population Assn. America (Pres. 1984) 

Publications: 

1994 Demography of Aging . S.H. Preston w/ Linda G. Martin, National Academy 
Press (see graphs based on book in Issues in Science Winter 94/95, v.9 #2, p. 80 
article by Karen Foote, Program officer, National Research Council Cttee on 
Population); iqqi Fatal Years: Child Mortality in Late Nineteenth Century 
America , w/ Michael R. Haines; 1990 Preface to World Population: Approaching 
the Year 2000. Sage Publications, Annals of the American Academy of Political 
and Social Science, v. 510, July, p. 8; 1987 "Census under count and the quality of 
geographic population distributions" (inclu. comments and rebuttal), Journal of 
American Statistical Association, v. 82, Dec., p. 965; "Children and the Elderly in 
the US", Scientific American, Dec. 1984; Biological and Social Aspects of 




Mortality and the Length of Life, seminar sponsored by International Union for 
the Scientific Study of Population and Istituto di Demografia, University of Rome; 
1980 "Causes and consequences of mortality decline in less developed countries 
in the twentieth century" in Population and Economic Change in Developing 
Countries , R. Esterlin (ed.); 1978 The Effects of Infant and Child Mortality on 
Fertility, seminar sponsored by the population division of the United Nations 
(Committee for International Coordination of National Research in Demography, 
Dept, of Economic and Social Affairs) Academic Press; 1976 Mortality Patterns in 
National Populations: with special reference to recorded causes of death 
Academic Press; 1975 "The Influence of Women's Work Opportunities on 
Marriage Rates", Demography 12(2)1209-22; 1974 "Demographic and Social 
Consequences of Various Causes of Death in the United States", Social Biology, v. 
21, 2; 1972 Causes of Death: Life tables for national populations , w/ Nathan 
Keyfitz q.v. and Robert Schoen, New York, Seminar Press; 1970 Older Male 
Mortality and Cigarette Smoking: a demographic analysis, Berkeley, Institute of 
International Studies, Population monograph series 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1987-92; WSWIA 1995 



Prewitt, Prof. Kenneth - 1982-87 
Personal: 

spelt Pruitt 1982-83 but Prewitt in 1984 within the same term of office as a 
director of the Society 

b. 1936; BA, Southern Methodist University 1958; PhD, Stanford; Director, 
National Opinion Research Center 1976-79; Univ. of Chicago, Prof. Political 
Science 1964-80; Social Science Research Council, Pres., 1979-85); Rockefeller 
Foundation (cons., Zaire 1972, Thailand 1973; senior v.p. I98s-(i995); Bd. Dirs.: 
Washington Univ., Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Science; Council on 
Foreign Relations; 1995 address Rockefeller Foundation 420 Fifth Ave., New 
York City 

Pubns: 

1994 Advisory Editor, Social Science and Modern Society, a journal which is 
participating in the attempted rehabilitation of Cyril Burt of the English Eugenics 
Society; 1993 "America's Research Universities Under Public Scrutiny", Daedalus, 
v. 122, Fall, p. 85; 1983 (1991, 6th ed.) Introduction to American Government ; 

1973 Ruling Elites ; 1973 L abyrinths of Democracy ; 1969 Political Socialization 

Source: SB 1982-87; Foundation Report 1992; WSWIA 1992-93 



Reed, Sheldon C. - Member 1956; Director 1957-77 




Personal: 



1977-57 University of Minnesota, (Director, Dight Institute 1957-68); Member, 
American Society of Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

***** Genetic Counseling. 1969, WHO Technical Report #416.*****; 

1981 "Assortative Marriage", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of 
Social Biology as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1979 
"A Short History of Human Genetics in the USA" American Journal of Medical 
Genetics, 3 (1979), 282-95; 1974 "A Short History of Genetic Counseling", Social 
Biology, 21, 332-39; 1974 Appreciation of Charles M. Goethe (q.v.): A Short 
History of Genetic Counseling (includes Report of Progress 1966-74, Dight 
Institute of the University of Minnesota) Bulletin, Dight Institute of the 
University of Minnesota, No. 14; Appreciation of Dwight Minnich (includes 
Reports of Progress, Dight Institute of the University of Minnesota 1961/63- 
1963/66. Bulletin #13; 1965 Mental Retardation: A Family Study (used ERO 
cases from the Twenties and Thirties, cases stashed at the Dight Institute by the 
ERO, see Mehler, Sources in the Study of Eugenics, Mendel Newsletter, Nov., 
1978); A Law for Human Genetics: Two Discourses by Pope Pius XII (Pope Pius 
XII here recommends the Dight Institute as solely concerned with helping 
families. Luigi Gedda, who was meant to be an advisor in the Church, was a 
member of the American Eugenics Society in 1956 as was Reed. The two had just 
appeared in a book together with von Verschuer. See below for the true eugenic 
society agenda in medical genetics.) includes Report of Progress 1957-59 of the 
Dight Institute) Bulletin # 11; Causes of Congenital Anomalies (Report of 
Progress of the Dight Institute 1955-57). Bulletin # 10; Counseling in Human 
Genetics Part III (includes Report of Progress 1951-53 of the Dight Institute). 
Bulletin #8; Appreciation of Helen Bunn: 1979-1951 and Counseling in Human 
Genetics Part II (includes Report of Progress 1949-51 of the Dight Institute. 
Bulletin #7; Reactivation of the Dight Institute 1947-49 and Counseling in 
Human Genetics Part I , Bulletin #6, The Dight Institute, University of Minnesota; 
Counseling in Medical Genetics. 1955 (2nd Ed 1963) W. B. Saunders (section on 
history of genetic counseling); "Genetic Counseling: for children of mixed race 
ancestry." Eugenics Quarterly 8:157-163; 1954 "Fertility and Intelligence Among 
Families of the Mentally Deficient" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #1 

Background: 

— Genetic Counseling, WHO Report and the Dight Institute: 

"It was my privilege to provide the agenda for the 1968 (WHO) meeting which led 
to this (WHO Technical Report on genetic counseling) report ... Chaired by Prof. 

J. A. Book (q.v.)... the milestone at which genetic counseling became official on a 
world wide basis." "History of Genetic Counseling" Social Biology 1974, p. 337; 




"My life long emphasis on the practical aspects of human genetics" Dight Bulletin 
# 16 p. iii, 1978 Symposium on Genetic Counseling in Minnesota, (inclu. 
counseling at Mayo Clinic where Blackmun was counsel 1950-60); "my practice 
of divorcing the two concepts of eugenics and genetic counseling contributed to 
the rapid growth of genetic counseling. Genetic counseling would have been 
rejected, in all probability, if it had been presented as a technique of eugenics... In 
Nazi Germany, an attempt was made to use human genetics for the benefit of the 
State... in my concept (it) is a type of social work entirely for the benefit of the 
whole family without direct concern for its effect upon the state or politics." 
"History of Genetic Counseling" Social Biology Vol. 21, #4, 1974 

— Coercive implications of eugenic sponsorship of genetic counseling: 

Compare these two statements: (one from 1954, the other from 1991) 

(1) : 1954 "The base for negative eugenics is being laid by a group of medical 
geneticists here and in other countries. Public health will require that it be 
followed up by practical applications very soon after the scientific justification 
has been demonstrated. "The Role of the American Eugenics Society" EQ, Vol. 1 
#1 1954 (not by Sheldon Reed) 

(2) : 1991 "If a limitation on public support for potentially healthy children is the 
law of the land, an even stronger case can be made to restrict public support for 
children with severe genetic disorders. There are many fanciful and theoretical 
back doors to eugenics, but Dandridge v. Williams is real ... indirect coercion of 
pregnant women by the state, insurance companies, employers, the family or 
friends may be just as effective" (as mandated pregnancy screening, Ed note) Am 
J. Human Genetics, Invited Editorial, James E. Bowman 

Source: EQ 1956, 1957-68; SB 1969-77; Osborne list; Dight Bulletin # 16; EQ; 
American Journal of Human Genetics; Membership list, American Society of 
Human Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Retherford, Robert D. - see under officers 



Rice, Dorothy P. - 1988-93 
Personal: 

b. 1922; National Center Health Statistics, Rockville, Maryland (Dir., 1976-82); 
Univ. California, San Francisco (Institute of Health and Aging i982-(i995)); 
expert of health care costs 



Research Question: Who finances or is the chief donor to this institute, especially 
in the years of the health care debate? start with Rockefeller grants 




— daughter of Gershon and Lena Schiff Pechman 

— m. John Donald Rice 1943 
Publications: 

1990 The economic costs of alcohol and drug abuse and mental illness prepared 
by the Institute for Health and Aging, UCSF under contract # 283-87-0007 from 
the DHHS, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health 
Administration; 1983 "Changing mortality patterns, health services utilization, 
and health care expenditures, United States, 1978-2003.", DHHS, Public Health 
Service, National Center for Health Statistics No. 83-1407; 1981 Social and 
Economic Implications of Cancer in the United States , w/ Thomas A. Hodgson. 
DHHS, Public Health Service, National Center for Health Statistics; 1980 
Environmental Health: a plan for collecting and coordinating statistical and 
epidemiologic data, w/ Bruce B. Cohen and Jeffrey A. Perlman. DHHS, Public 
Health Service, National Center for Health Statistics; 1976 The Current Burden of 
Illness in the United States , w/ Jacob J. Feldman and Kerr L. White, presented at 
Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC; 1966 Estimating the Cost of Illness Public 
Health Service, Division of Medical Care Administration, Health Economics 
branch 

Background: 

1968 "... Rice and others have sought to comprehend a number of cost-benefit 
variables in gauging the social consequences of illness from different conditions" 

Source: SB 1988-1993; Foundation data; WSWIA 1995 



Ridley, Jean Clare - Director Sept. 1971-March 1972; Member 1974; M 1987 
Personal: 

Columbia University 1971-72 
Pubns: 

1987 "Farm Background, Socioeconomic Status, and Fertility: The Two 
Generation Hypothesis" Social Biology, v. 34, 3-4; 1987 book review of Rural 
Development and Human Fertility by Schujer and Stokes in Social Biology, v. 34, 
3-4 

Source: SB Sept. 1971, March 1972; Osborne list 



Riley, Ann P. - 1994 




Personal: 



Georgetown Univ. 1994 
Pubns: 

1993 "A new look at the determinants of non numeric response to desired family 
size: the case of Costa Rica", Demography, v. 30, p. 159 ff, May 1993 

Source: SB 1994 



Riley, Prof. Matilda W. - 1986-91 
Personal: 

b. 1911; National Institute on Aging (Associate Director 1979-91; Senior Social 
Scientist I99i-(i995)); NIH Task Force on Health and Behavior (Chmn., 1986); 
Carnegie Aging Society Report, Advisory Cttee 1985-87; Social Science Research 
Council (Chmn., Cttee on life course 1977-80; Commission on Middle Years 1973- 
77); Cons., National Council on Aging; Cons., WHO 1987-; Fellow, Center for 
Advanced Study in Behavioral Science 1978-79; AAAS (Chmn., section on social 
and economic sciences 1977-78); Bowdoin College (Prof, of Political Economy 
and Sociology 1974-78); Rutgers (Prof, of Sociology 1951-73; Chmn., Dept, of 
Anthropology and Sociology 1959-73; Emeritus 1973); Market Research 
Company of America (v.p. 1938-49); Institute of Medicine; American Sociol. Assn. 
(Pres. 1986, 1991); American Association of Public Opinion Research 
Distinguished Service Award 1983; Eastern Sociol. Society (Pres. 1977-78); 
American Philosophical Society 

Publications: 

1994 "Age Integration and the lives of older people", Gerontologist, v. 34, p. 110 ff 
Feb.; 1989 Aids in an Aging Society: what we need to know. Springer; 1989 The 
Quality of Aging: Strategies for Intervention : 1988 Social Change and the Life 
Course, v. 1, v. 2; 1987 Perspectives in Behavioral Medicine: The Aging 
Dimension, w/ J. D. Matarazzo, Andrew Baum, conf. sponsored by the National 
Institute on Aging; 1983 Aging in Society: Selected reviews of research w/ Beth B. 
Hess, Kathleen Bond, pub., L. Erlbaum Associates; 1980 Sociological Traditions 
from Generation to Generation , w/ Teitelbaum; 1979 Aging from birth to death: 
interdisciplinary perspective, Westview Press for American Association for the 
Advancement of Science; 1968-72 Aging and Society , w/ Anne Foner, 3 Vols., 
Russell Sage Foundation 



Source: SB 1986-91 




Rossi, Alice S. - 1987-92 
Personal: 



b. 1922; PhD Columbia Univ. 1957; University of Massachusetts (Prof. Sociology 
1974-91, Emeritus; founder board member NOW 1966-70; grants from NIMH, 
Rockefeller Foundation (RF), National Science Foundation (NSF); American Soc. 
Assn. (Pres. 1983-84) 

Publications: 

1990 Of Human Bonding (Parent-Child Relations Across the Life Course) w/ P. H. 
Rossi; 1985 Gender and the Life Course . American Sociological Assn., 
presidential volume, Aldine Press; 1980 Generational Differences in the Soviet 
Union w/ Harriet Zuckerman and Robert K. Merton; 1973 (repr. 1985) The 
Feminist Papers: from Adams to De Bouvoir. Columbia Univ. Press 

Background: 

1978 "Alice Rossi's Sociobiology and Antifeminist Backlash", Cerullo and others, 
Feminist Studies, vol. 4, #1 

Source: SB 1987-92; WSWIA 1995 



Rowe, David C. - 1993-94; M 1989 
Personal: 

1993-94 Univ. of Arizona 
Pubns: 

1993 "Social contagion and adolescent sexual behavior: a developmental EMOSA 
model", w/ J. L. Rodgers q.v., Psychol. Review, v. 100, p. 479 ff, July; 1991 
"Adolescent smoking and drinking: are they 'epidemics' ", w/ J. L. Rodgers q.v., 

J. Stud. Alcohol, v. 152, p. 110 March; 1990 "Adolescent sexual activity and mildly 
deviant behavior: sibling and friendship effects", w/ J. L. Rodgers q.v., J. Family 
Issues, v. 11, p. 274, Sept, [special issue on adolescent sexuality, contraception, 
and child bearing]; 1989 "An 'Epidemic' Model of Sexual Intercourse Prevalences 
for Black and White Adolescents", Social Biology, v. 36, #3-4 w/ Joseph Lee 
Rodgers q.v.; 1988 "Influence of siblings on adolescent sexual behavior", w/ J. L. 
Rodgers q.v., Dev. Psychol., v. 24, p. 722, Sept.; 1981 "The importance of non- 
shared (El) environmental influences in behavioral development" w/ R. Plomin 
q.v., Dev. Psych., v. 17, p. 517 ff 




Source: SB 1993-94 



Ryder, Norman B. - Director 1967-72, Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1923; Office of Population Research, Princeton University 1974; University of 
Wisconsin & Princeton University in 1971; University of Wisconsin 1967-71 (Dept, 
of Sociology 1967-69; Dept, of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, 1180 
Observatory Dr., Madison, WI; see address of R. H. Osborne, editor of Eugenics 
Quarterly and Social Biology) 

Publications: 

1983 Book review in Social Biology, v. 30, 2 of World Population and Human 
Values: A New Reality by Salk and Salk; 1982 Progressive Fertility Analysis . 
Voorburg, Netherlands, International Statistical Institute, World Fertility Survey 
#8; 1981 "Oral Contraception, Coital Frequency and the Time Required to 
Conceive", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as 
one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1980 The Cohort 
Approach: Essays in the Measurement of Temporal Variations in Demographic 
Behavior : 1977 The Contraceptive Revolution, w/ Charles Westoff q.v., Report of 
1970 National Fertility Study, Princeton, NJ, Published for the Office of 
Population Research, Princeton Univ. by the Princeton Univ. Press; 1976 "Some 
sociological suggestions concerning the reduction of fertility in developing 
countries", East-West Population Institute, v. 14; 1974 "The Family in Developed 
Countries", Scientific American, Special Population Issue, Sept.; 1971 
Reproduction in the United States. , (1st Edition 1965) w/ Charles Westoff q.v., 
Published for the Office of Population Research, Princeton University Press (in 
print 1994) 

Source: EQ 1967-68; SB 1969-72 (March 1972); Osborne list 



Scarr Salapatek, Sandra - Sept. 1971-82, 1985-86 
Personal: 

b. 1936; PhD Harvard 1965; Univ. Pennsylvania 1971; Prof. Psychology: Univ. 
Minnesota i967?-77 (Child Development); Yale University 1977-83, Univ. 
Virginia, Charlottesville I983~(i995); Grants i967-(i995): NIH, National Science 
Foundation; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (AdvBd. 1985-91); Pres.: 
Behavior Genetics Assn. 1985, Society Research In Child Development 1989-91; 
American Psychological Assn., James McKeen Cattell Award 1993 



Publications: 




1989 Caring for Children ; 1984 Mother Care, Other Care ; 1981 Race, Social Class 
and Individual Differences in IQ, (compiled) Erlbaum; 1981 "Environmental Bias 
in Twin Studies", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social 
Biology as one of the most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1981 
"Effects of Birth Weight on Later Intelligence", Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 
(reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as one of the most frequently cited 
articles of Social Biology); 1976 "IQ Test Performance of Black Children Adopted 
by White Families", American Psychologist, vol. 31, pp. 726-39 

Source: SB 1971 (Sept.)-1982, 1985, 1986; Osborne list; WSWIA 1995 



Schultz, T. Paul - Member 1974; Director 1986-89; Member 1995 
Personal: 

b. 1940, Ames, Iowa; PhD 1966 MIT; RAND Corp., Res. Econ. 1965-72; Yale Univ. 
(Prof. Economics i974-(i995), Economic Growth Center (dir., i983-(i995); cons., 
World Bank, Rockefeller Foundation; National Academy of Science (Comm, on 
Population 1987-89, 1990-93) 

Publications: 

1994 Investigating Women’s Human Capital : 1993 "Mortality decline in the low 
income world: causes and consequences" (inchi. bibliography), in Proc. American 
Economic Association annual meeting, American Economic Review , v. 83, May, 
p. 3375 1993 "Measurement of Returns to Adult Health: Morbidity Effects on 
Wage Rates in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana", LSMS Working Papers Series # 95, 

World Bank; 1991 "Who receives medical care? Income, implicit prices and the 
distribution of medical services among pregnant women in the United States" w/ 
Mark R. Rosenweig, Journal of Human Resources, v. 26, Summer, p. 473; 1991 
"Report of the Commission on Graduate Education in Economics" w/ others, 
Journal of Economic Literature, v. 29, Sept. p. 1035; 1990 "Testing the 
neoclassical model of family labor supply and fertility", Journal of Human 
Resources, v. 25, Fall, p. 599; 1990 "Women's changing participation in the labor 
force: a world perspective" Economic Development and Cultural Change, v. 38, 
April, p. 457; 1989 Schooling, information and non-market productivity: 
contraceptive use and its effectiveness", International Economic Review, v. 30, 
May, p. 457; 1989 The State of Development Economics w/ Gustav Ranis; 1989 
"Women's Changing Participation in the Labor Force: a world perspective" World 
Bank PRE Working Paper 272; 1989 "Women and Development: Objectives, 
Framework and Policy Interventions" World Bank PRE Working Paper #200; 

1988 "Population programs: measuring their impact on fertility and the personal 
distribution of their effects", Journal of Policy Modeling, v. 10, April, p. 113; 1988 
Research in Population Economics, v. 6; 1988 The State of Development 
Economics (ed.); 1987 "Fertility and investments in human capital: estimates of 
the consequence of imperfect fertility control in Malaysia", w/ Mark. R. 




Rosenweig, Journal of Econometrics, v. 36, Sept-Oct.; 1982 "Women's work and 
their status: rural Indian evidence of labor market and environmental effects on 
sex differences in childhood mortality" in Women's Roles and Population Trends 
in the Third World R. Anker; 1982 "Effective Protection and the Distribution of 
Personal Income by sector in Columbia" Trade and Employment in Developing 
Countries: Factor Supply and Substitution, in A. Krueger (Ed.) Univ. of Chicago 
Press; 1982 "Women's work and their status: rural Indian evidence of labor 
market and environmental effects on sex differences in childhood mortality" in 
Women's Roles and Population Trends in the Third World R. Anker; 1981 
Economics of Population : 1976 "Interrelationships between mortality and 
fertility" in Population and Development: the search for selective interventions. ; 
1971 Structural Changes in a Developing Country 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1986-89 



Scott, J. P. - see under officers 



Scrimshaw, Susan C. M. - 1986-88 
Personal: 

1988-86 University of California, Los Angeles 1986-88 
Pubns: 

1975 "Child survival and intervals between pregnancies in Guayaquil, Ecuador", 
1975 Pop. Stud., v. 29:479 

Source: SB 1986-88 



Segal, Sheldon - 1969-80, 1987-92 
Personal: 

b. 1926; PhD Univ. of Iowa 1952; Rockefeller Foundation (Dir., Population 
Sciences. i978-(i992); Population Council, York Ave. and 66th St., New York City, 
then One Dag Hammarskold Plaza, New York City (i956-(i995); Biomedical 
Division: asst. med. dir. 1956-63, med. dir. 1963-78; v.p. 1969-76, sr. v.p. 1976-78; 
Distinguished Scientist 1992-1995; office in Population Council 1992); 
International Committee for Contraceptive Research 1992); visiting prof., Peking 
Union Medical College, Peking China 1987, Chinese Academy of Science 1988; 
Advisor, to project of the Chinese State Family Planning Commission and the 
Rockefeller Foundation on use of Copper T IUDs, and "a medical method for the 
termination of pregnancy" (Population Council Annual Report 1991, p. 70); Cons: 




World Bank, WHO, NIH, Ford Foundation, Indian Government, UN Office 
Science and Technology, UN Fund Population for Activities; National Academy of 
Sciences: Cttee on contraceptive tech 1977-80, cttee on demographic effects of 
contraceptives 1988-89; National Institute of Child Health and Human 
Development (NIH) 1978-80; Marine Biology Lab, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 
Chmn., Bd. Trustees I99i-(i992); Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 
Founding Member, Trustee i992-(i995); International Planned Parenthood 
Federation (Research Committee 1966 (ARTW, Nov. 1966); Oral Advisory Group 
of the Evaluation Sub-Committee 1962-63, 1964); International Society for the 
Study of Reproduction (Pres. 1968-72); Council on Foreign Relations; Clarence J. 
Gamble Award, World Academy of Arts and Sciences 1980; UN Population award 
1985; Planned Parenthood of America Award 1990 

Publications: 

1989 Demographic and programmatic consequences of contraceptive innovations , 
conference sponsored by National Research Council's Committee on Population; 
1988 Preservation of tubo-ovarian function in gynecologic benign and malignant 
diseases . Serono Symposia, Raven Press; **** The antiprogestin steroid RU 486 
and human fertility control. 1985 w/ Etienne-Emile Baulieu, Proc. of a 
Conference at Bellagio, Italy, Plenum Press; 1973 The Role of RNA in 
Reproduction and Development . Symposia of American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, American Society of Zoologists (Division of 
Developmental Biology) Elsevier; Gossypol: a potential contraceptive for men. 

1985 (Ed.) New York, Plenum Press; Intra-ovarian Control Mechanisms. 1982 w/ 
Cornelia Channing, Proc. of conference at Villa Serbelloni, Bellagio, Italy; 
Conference on Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. 1980 Proc. of conference at 
Rockefeller Foundation Conference and Study Center, Bellagio, Italy, pub. New 
York; International Family Planning Programs 1966-75: a bibliography. 1977 w/ 
Katherine Chiu, Univ. of Alabama; Analysis of intrauterine conception. 1975 w/ 
Fouad Hafni, American Elsevier; "The Physiology of Human Reproduction", 
Scientific American, Special Population Issue, Sept. 1974; The Regulation of 
Mammalian Reproduction. 1973 sponsored by National Institute for Child Health 
and Human Development (Center for Population Research) and John E. Fogarty 
International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences, C. C. Thomas; 
Contraceptive Technology: current and prospective methods. 1971 New York, 
Population Council; Intrauterine Contraception. 1965 second congress sponsored 
by the Population Council 

Background: 

Norplant, Copper-T IUD: 

The Population Council's Center for Biomedical Research at the Rockefeller 
University developed NORPLANT and the copper-T IUD. "Ethical issues 
surrounding NORPLANT use continue to concern Dr. Segal, who, as original 
creator of the implant, [ed. bold] is frequently called upon for statements" 




(Population Council Annual Report 1991, p. 70). In 1991 Dr. Segal is leading team 
studying gossypol, an anti viral, antifertility, anti cancer substance. "Estimates of 
contraceptive use required to meet United Nations projections on fertility decline 
in less developed countries reveal that the use of IUDs and oral contraceptives 
will need to be sharply increased ... To achieve this increase requires that interest 
in and access to each of these methods be enhanced considerably throughout the 
developing world. In the case of IUDs, this will necessitate a re-evaluation of the 
method by policy makers and program implementers to counter the unwarranted 
bias against IUD use that prevails in many countries." (Population Council 
Annual Report, 1991, p. 72). Valerie Beral of the English Eugenics Society wrote 
an article defending IUDs. The validity of her statistical methods is an area in 
which research is needed. In particular, the use of the total number ectopic 
pregnancies to evaluate the risk of ectopic pregnancy to women who do not use 
IUDs seems questionable, if IUDs have increased the risk of ectopic pregnancies. 
Yet this is how Dr. Beral seems to proceed. 

Background: 

Members of the English Eugenics Society in or connected with activities of the 
International Planned Parenthood Federation 1959-64, 1974: Amoroso, E. C.; 
Blacker, C. P.; Cadbury, G.; Durand-Wever, A.; Edwards, R. G.; Fernando, E. C.; 
Glass, D. V.; Houghton, V.; Huxley, J.; Goh Kok Kee; Jackson, M. C. N.; Malleson, 
Joan; Marie Stopes Memorial Clinic; Meade, J. E.; Mears, E.; Nixon, W. C. W.; 
Oliver Bird Trust; Parkes, A. S.; Peberdy, M.; Peers, R.; Pyke, M.; Raisman, J.; 
Shelesnyak, M. C.; Simon, Lord; Simon Population Trust; Teeluck, L.; Tewson, 
Lady; Tietze, C.; Titmuss, R.; Von Emde Boas, C.; Wright, H 

Source: SB 1969-80, 1987-92; Osborne list; ARTW, Feb. 1961; Annual Report, 
International Planned Parenthood Federation 1959-61, 1962-63, 1964, 1974; 
Population Council Annual Report 1992; WSWIA 1992 



Sewell, William H. - 1991; M 1988 
Personal: 

b. 1909; PhD Univ. Minnesota 1939; Oklahoma State Univ. (taught sociology, 
1937-44); Univ. Wisconsin, Madison (i946-(i995); Prof. Sociology 1946-64; Vilas 
Prof. i964-(i995); National Opinion Research Center 

Pubns: 

1985 Structure and Mobility of the Men and Women of Marseille 1820-1870 : 

1980 Work and Revolution in France ; 1976 Schooling and Achievement in 
American Society (ed.) w/ R. Hauser q.v. 




Source: SB 1991 



Shapiro, Harry L. - see under officers 



Sherrod, Lonnie R. - see under officers 



Sills, David - 1972 (December)-1974; Member 1974 
Personal: 

b. 1920; US Army 1942-46; Allied Occupation of Japan (public opinion research 
1947-50); Columbia Univ. (Bureau of Applied Social Research 1952-62 (Dir. of 
Research 1962); PhD 1956); UN Technical Assistance, Bombay, India 1960-61; 
editor, International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences. 1968, 17 vols.; Population 
Council (Demographic division, assoc, dir 1968-70; Bd. Dir., Population Council 
1970-72); Social Science Research Council 1973-88; Social Science Research 
Council 1973-1974; Population Council 1972 (December)-73; United Nations 
expert 1961 (ARTW, April 1961) 

Pubns: 

1992 Social Science Quotations: Who Said What Where and When w/ Robert 
Merton; 1968 editor, International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences , 17 vols. 

Source: SB 1972 (December)-74; Osborne list; WSWIA 1995 



Singer, Burton - 1988-90 
Personal: 

b. 1938; PhD (stats) Stanford 1967; Columbia University (1967-89; instr to Prof, 
math statistics 1967-77; Prof, math stats 1977-89 (Chmn Dept. 1985-89); Yale 
University School of Medicine (i989-(i995); Chmn dept, epidemiology and 
public health I989~(i995); Prof, stats i99i-(i995) 

Source: SB 1988-90; WSWIA 1995 



Slade, Valeda - see under officers 



Snow, Prof. William F. - Adv. Council 1923-40; Member 1930; Director 1936, 
1939-46 




Personal: 



b. 1874, Illinois; d. June 12, 1950 NYC; Cooper Medical College, San Francisco; 
postgraduate, Johns Hopkins Univ.; Stanford Univ. (asst. prof, hygiene 1903, 
assoc, prof. 1903-09, prof, hygiene and public health 1909-19);* Member and 
Executive Officer, California Board of Health 1909-14 * (during time when 
sterilizations were done); *Chmn., Board of Directors, American Social Hygiene 
Assn. 1914- *(General Director 1940-46. From 1942-46 the headquarters of the 
American Eugenics Society was in the offices of the American Social Hygiene 
Association); special consultant, US Public Health Service 1936-; Lect., School of 
Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins 1920-26; Lect. in health education, 
Columbia Univ. 1928-40; Lect. in Preventive Medicine, NYU 1930-36; Fellow: 
American Public Health Assn., AAAS; Cosmos 

Background: 

The American Social Hygiene Association was founded by Alice Hoadley Dodge. 
She was a relative of the Osborns (Henry Fairfield, Frederick, Fairfield, and John 
Jay) and of Cleveland Dodge of Phelps Dodge. Frederick Osborn's father was a 
director of Phelps Dodge. 

Source: Eugenics, Feb. 1929; Mehler, p. 309; Sanger list 1940; AESM May 1936; 
EN 1939-46; WWWIA; Current Biography (Alice H. Dodge, Frederick Osborn, 
Fairfield Osborn, Cleveland Dodge) 



Snyder, Laurence H.- see under officers 



Sonnenborn, Prof. Tracy M. - 1958, March 1959 
Personal: 

Professor of Zoology, Indiana University 1958-59; Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1975 "Herbert Spencer Jennings, 1869-1947" National Academy of Sciences 
Biographical Memoirs, v. 47, 143-223; 1965 The Control of Human Heredity and 
Evolution . (Ed.); 1950 "Partner of the Genes", Scientific American, Nov. 

Source: EQ 1958, March 1959; Membership list, American Society of Human 
Genetics, AJHG 1954 



Spuhler, Prof. James N. - Director 1967-71 (June); Member 1974 




Personal: 



University of New Mexico 1968-71 (Dept, of Anthropology 1968); University of 
Michigan (Chmn., Dept, of Anthropology 1967); Member, American Society of 
Human Genetics 1954 

Publications: 

1981 "Assortative Mating With Respect to Physical Characteristics", Social 
Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as one of the most 
frequently cited articles of Social Biology); 1975 Race Differences in Intelligence. 
w/ J. C. Loehlin q.v. and Gardner Lindzey q.v. from the Social Sciences Research 
Council Committee on Biological Bases of Social Behavior; 1967 Genetic Diversity 
and Human Behavior., published by Wenner Gren Foundation for 
Anthropological Research, Chicago, Aldine; "Inbreeding in Small Human 
Populations" 1965 Eugenics Quarterly 12:204-08; 1965 The Evolution of Man's 
Capacity for Culture., Symposium at plenary session of 56th annual meeting 
American Anthropological Assn., Chicago 1957, first published Feb. 1959, Human 
Biology, Detroit, Wayne State Press; Natural Selection in Man. 1958 papers of the 
Wenner Gren Conference, University of Michigan 1957 during a meeting of the 
American Society of Human Genetics and the American Association of Physical 
Anthropologists, Memoir #86 of the American Anthropological Assn, and in 
Human Biology, v. 30, 1958, Detroit, Wayne State Press 

Background: 

— Race Differences in Intelligence, concluded that differences in scores on IQ 
tests among "racial-ethnic groups" reflected test biases, environmental 
differences, and genetic differences. The report, written by three members of the 
American Eugenics Society, concluded that: "A rather wide range of positions 
concerning the relative weight to be given to the three factors can reasonably be 
taken on the basis of the current evidence, and a sensible person's position might 
well differ for different abilities, for different groups and different tests." This 
apparently "reasonable" position leaves room for the most virulently racist 
attitudes, such as those of the "Mankind Quarterly". Many of "Mankind 
Quarterly' s" editors and contributors were eugenic society members. This was 
still true in 1993. 

-- Wenner Gren: 

Wenner Gren was a Swedish industrialist who bought Bofors, the Swedish arms 
company from Krupp. He was blacklisted by the Allies during World War II as a 
Nazi sympathizer. He set up the Viking Fund, which became the Wenner Gren 
Foundation. 

Source: SB 1967-71 (June); Osborne list; Current Biography; Membership list, 
American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; The Arms of Krupp . Wm. 




Manchester 



Stein, Zena - 1982-87 
Personal: 

Gertrude Sergeinsky Institute 1982-84 (also spelt Tergeinsky); New York State 
Psychiatric Institute 1985-1987 

Publications: 

1984 "Relationship of Maternal Age and trisomy among trisomic spontaneous 
abortions", AJHG, v. 36:134 ff; 1980 "The Effects of Teen Aged Motherhood and 
Maternal Age on Offspring Intelligence" 1980 Social Biology, v. 27, 2; 1978 
"Famine and Fertility " in Nutrition and Human Reproduction , (ed.) W. H. 
Mosley, Plenum, New York 

Source: SB 1982-1987 



Swedlund, Prof. Alan Charles; Member 1974, 1989; Director 1994 
Personal: 

b. 1921; BA 1966, PhD (anthropology) University of Colorado 1970; Univ. of 
Massachusetts, Amherst 1977-94 (assoc, prof. 77-85, Prof, anthropology 1985, 
1989); Biological Anthropology Program, Oxford 1982 (this program is 
dominated by members of the British Eugenics Society including A. J. Boyce); 
Member: AAAS, American Assoc, of Physical Anthropologists, American Society 
of Human Genetics, Population Assoc, of America; population genetics, historical 
demography 

Publications: 

1990 Disease in Populations in Transition: anthropological and epidemiological 
perspectives 1990 w/ George G. Armelagos q.v.; 1983 "A Test of the Child 
Replacement Theory: Nineteenth Century Massachusetts", Social Biology, v. 30, 
2; 1978 "Historical Demography as Population Ecology", in Annual Review of 
Anthropology . B.J. Siegel et al (eds.), v. 7 

Source: Osborne list; SB 1994; AMWS 1989 



Teitelbaum, Michael S. - see under officers 
Thompson, Vaida D. - 1983-85; M 1988 




Personal: 



University of North Carolina 1983-1985 
Pubns: 

1988 "Effects of Family Configuration Variables on Reported Indices of Parental 
Power Among Iranian Adolescents", Social Biology, v. 35, 1-2 

Source: SB 1983-85 



Thompson, Warren S. - 1937-58 
Personal: 

b. 1887; Scripps Foundation for Population Research, Miami University, Ohio 
1940-45 (1939-58; Director 1940-45); see also P. K. Whelpton, Miss E.B. Scripps 

Publications: 

1969 Population Trends in the United States, w/ P. K. Whelpton q.v., New York, 
Gordon and Breach Scientific Publications; 1965 (5th Ed.) Population Problems. 
w/ David T. Lewis (3rd edition 1942, 1st edition 1930); 1954 "Future Population 
Prospects in The United States" Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #4; 1950 "Population", 
Scientific American, Feb.; 1947 Population and Peace in the Pacific. ; 1946 "The 
Atomic Threat" 1946 in Cities Are Abnormal . Elmer T. Peterson, University of 
Oklahoma Press; 1946 "Population Growth and Control in Relation to World 
Peace", Yale Law Journal, Vol. 55, #5; 1944 Plenty of People.. Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania, Jacques Cattell Press; 1943 "Estimates of Future Population of the 
United States", w/ P. K. Whelpton q.v. of the Scripps Foundation for the 
Committee on Population Problems of the National Resources Planning Board, 
Washington, DC; 1929 "Population", American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 34, #6 

Source: AESM 1938; Mehler, p. 309; EN 1939-53; EQ 1954-58 



Udry, J. R. - 1992-1994; M 1988 
Personal: 

Carolina Population Center, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
Publications: 

1993 "The Politics of Sex Research", J. Sex Research, v. 30, p. 103, May; 1993 
"Relationships Between Aggression and Pubertal Increases in Testosterone: A 




Panel Analysis of Adolescent Models" w/ Carolyn Halpern, Benjamin Campbell, 
Chiragath Suchindran, Social Biology, v. 40, 1-2; 1993 "Biosocial Models of 
Adolescent Problem Behavior: Extension to Panel Design" Stephen Drigotas and 
J. Richard Udry w/ grants HD-12806, HD-05798 from NICHHD, Social Biology, 
v. 40, 1-2 (Quote: "Early high testosterone is an index of a more general trajectory 
of early development" p. 7); 1988 "The Season of Birth Paradox", Social Biology, v. 
35, 3-4 w/ Joseph Lee Rodgers q.v.; 1983 "Adolescent sexual behavior and 
popularity" w/ S. F. Newcomer, Adolescence, v. 18:515 ff; 1983 The Effects of Age 
and Pubertal Development on Adolescent Sexual Behavior w/ J. O. G. Billy, MS, 
Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill; 1981 "Subjective expected utility and 
adolescent sexual behavior", w/ R. E. Bauman, Adolescence 14:57 ff; 1979 "Wives' 
and Husbands' Expected Costs of Childbearing as Predictors of Pregnancy" Social 
Biology, v. 26, 4; 1978 "Relative Contribution of Male and Female Age to the 
Frequency of Marital Intercourse" Social Biology, v. 25, 2; 1978 "Differential 
Fertility by Intelligence: The Role of Birth Planning", Social Biology, v. 25, 1 

Source: SB 1992-1994 



Vanderlip, Mrs. Frank A. - 1936-45 
Personal: 

State Chmn., League of Women Voters 1918-24; Pres., Board of Trustees, New 
York Infirmary for Women and Children, New York, NY 1939-45; wife of Frank A. 
Vanderlip 

Frank A. Vanderlip; head, City Bank of New York 1920, said: 

"English industry has made a red ink overdraft upon the future by underpaying 
labor so that it did not receive enough to live efficiently and you know that, in the 
mill towns of England, there grew up a secondary race of underfed, 
undereducated, undeveloped people ... 

"America ... will be forced to seek more and more markets and sources of raw 
material. What else is the meaning of the expansion of the United States with the 
last generation? Why have we taken over Hawaii, the Philippines, Puerto Rico ... 
Why is American capital interested in Mexico? ... At this rate will we have 
200,000,000 people in 1950!" speech reported in the Birth Control Review, July 
1919 or June 1920); The American v Commercial Invasion’ of Europe 1902 
(reprinted 1976); Business and Education 

Source: AESM, April 1936; Mehler, p. 309; EN 1939-45 



Vaupel, James W. - 1994 




Personal: 



Duke and Odense Universities 1994 
Pubns: 

1993 "Hutterite fecundability by age and parity: strategies for frailty modeling of 
event histories", Demography, v. 30, p. 81 ff, Feb.; 1990 "Alternative projections 
of the US population", w/ Dennis Ahlberg, Demography, v. 27, p. 639, Nov.; 1988 
"Inherited frailty and longevity", Demography, v. 25, p. 277, May; 1987 "Repeated 
resuscitation: how life saving alters life tables", Demography, v. 24, p. 123. Feb.; 
"Passage to Methusaleh: some demographic consequences of continued progress 
against mortality", w/ Ann E. Gowan, Am. J. Pub. Health, v. 76, p. 430, April; 
1985 "Heterogeneity's ruses: some surprising effects of selection on population 
dynamics", Am. Stat., v. 39, p. 176, August 

Source: SB 1994 



Wallace, Bruce - Director 1952-65; Member 1974 
Personal: 

1958-65 Cornell University, Dept, of Plant Breeding; Research Associate, Long 
Island Biological Association, Cold Spring Harbor 1949-57. The Long Island 
Biological Association helped run Cold Spring Harbor after the Carnegie Institute 
distanced itself; Research Dept, of Genetics, Carnegie Institution 1947-49; 
condemned the use of genetics in the racism of Frederick Garrett, R. R. Gates' 
associate on the racist journal, Mankind Quarterly, (see also Oliver, C. P. q.v.) 

Publications: 

1992 The Search for the Gene : 1991 Fifty Years of Genetic Load: An Odvssev 
(semi-autobiographical); Biology for Living. 1987 Johns Hopkins University 
Press; 1981 Basic Population Genetics : 1972 Essays in Social Biology, . Prentice 
Hall; Genetic Load: Its Biological and Conceptual Aspects. 1970 Prentice-Hall; 
Topics in Population Genetics. 1968 New York; Chromosomes, Giant Molecules 
and Evolution. 1966 New York, Norton; Adaptation. 1964 w/ Adrian M. Srb (2nd 
Ed.) Prentice Hall; Population Genetics. 1964 Boston, Heath (BSCS pamphlets 
#12); Radiation, Genes and Man. 1959 w/ Theodosius Dobzhansky q.v., New 
York, Holt; 1954 "Genetic Studies of Population", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #2 

Background: 

"Wallace irradiated a fruit fly population to learn about the detrimental effects of 
radiation on average fitness but the fitness of the mutated population was higher 
than the control population. He has been studying this "Wallace effect" for the 




last forty years. It contradicts the basic assumptions of the theory of genetic load. 
"Wallace showed that the load decreased yet ... (the community of population 
geneticists) clung to Haldane's paradigm. So much for the scientific method. ... 

No progress has been made in our understanding of the mechanism for the 
increase in viability. ... He (Wallace, ed. note) doesn't seem to have come to grips 
with the concept (of the mean fitness of a population, ed. note) after more than 
forty years of effort, nor has anyone else. For me the obvious conclusion is that 
population genetics theory has nothing of substance to say about the mean fitness 
of population. ... We cannot hope to predict through purely theoretical 
arguments whether these changes will improve or depreciate the situation of the 
population. Given the extraordinary importance attached to the fundamental 
theorem of natural selection and the current spate of evolutionarily-stable- 
strategy arguments, this conclusion will be viewed as heretical. Yet if Wallace's 
book is telling us anything, it is that something is very wrong with the population 
geneticists' obsession with the mean fitness of a population" book review by John 
H. Gillespie, Center for Population Biology, University of California at Davis, in 
Science, Nov. 1991 

Source: EN 1952-53; EQ 1954-65; Osborne list 



Weinstein, Maxine - 1994 
Personal: 

Georgetown Univ. 1994 
Pubns: 

1993 "How does variation in fetal loss affect the distribution of waiting times to 
conception?" w/ James Wood q.v., Daniel D. Greenfield, Social Biology, v. 40, 1-2 
"Mother child relations and adolescent sexual attitudes and behavior", w/ Arland 
Thornton, Demography, v. 26, p. 563 Nov.; 1988 "A Model of age-specific 
fecundability", w/ James Wood q.v., Pop. Studies, v. 42:85 ff 

Source: SB 1994 



Weiss, Kenneth M. - 1993-94 
Personal: 

1993 Penn State; biological anthropology 



Pubns: 




1991 "Infant Mortality in a Mexican-American Community: Laredo, Texas 1950 
77", w/ Anne Buchanan, Social Biology, v. 38, p. 233, Fall/Winter; 1991 "Genetic 
variation of the mitochondrial DNA genome of the American Indians is a 
mutation-drift equilibrium", w/ Ranajit Chakraborty, Am. J. Phys. Anthrop., v. 
86, p. 497, Dec.; 1990 "The biodemography of variation in human frailty", 
Demography, v. 27, p. 185, May; 1990 "Duplication with variation: metameric 
logic in evolution from genes to morphology", Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. suppl. 11, 
p. 1; 1986 "Frequencies of complex diseases in hybrid populations", w/ Ranajit 
Chakraborty, Am. J. Phys. Anthrop., v. 70, p. 489 August 

Source: SB 1993-94; AMWS 1979 



Westoff, Prof. Charles F. - Member 1956, 1974; Director 1983-85, 1992-1994 
Personal: 

b. 1927; m. Joan P. Uszynski 1948 (div. 1969); Princeton University, 1962-1994 
(Prof, of Sociology i962-(i992), During Prof, of demography and sociology 1972- 
(1992)); Office of Population Research, Princeton University ( 1952-62, assoc, dir., 
1962-75); Exec, dir., Commission on Population Growth and the American 
Future 1970-72; Bd. Dirs., Alan Guttmacher Institute 1977-88; sr. technical 
advisor, Demographic Health Surveys i984-(i992); Planned Parenthood 
Federation of America, Bd. Dirs., 1978-81; Population Association America 
(i96o-(i975), Pres. 1974-75) 

Publications: 

1993 "The Fertility Decline in Dev. Countries", w/ W. Mauldin q.v., Scientific 
American, Dec.; iqq.2 Age at Marriage. Age at First Birth, and Fertility in Africa . 
World Bank Technical Papers Series, 1992, #16; 1991 Reproductive Preferences: a 
comparative view . Macro Systems Inc.; 1988 "Contraceptive paths toward the 
reduction of unintended pregnancy and abortion" Fam. Plan. Persp., v. 2o(i):4 ff; 
1981 "Oral Contraception, Coital Frequency and the Time Required to Conceive", 
Social Biology, v. 29, #1-2 (reprinted in 1981 issue of Social Biology as one of the 
most frequently cited articles of Social Biology); Third Child: A Study in the 
Prediction of Fertility : 1979 "The End of Catholic Fertility", Demography, 16:209 
ff; 1977 The Contraceptive Revolution, w/ Norman Ryder q.v., Report of 1970 
National Fertility Study, Princeton, NJ, Published for the Office of Population 
Research, Princeton Univ. by the Princeton Univ. Press; 1974 "The Populations of 
the Developed Countries", Scientific American, Special Population Issue, Sept.; 
1973 Toward the end of growth: population in America , (ed.) Conference 
sponsored by Ortho; 1972 Demographic and Social Aspects of Population Growth . 
US Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, Research 
Reports, vol. 1, Washington, DC, US Government Printing Office; 1971 Toward 
the End of Growth : 1971 From now to zero: fertility, contraception and abortion 
in America : 1967 College Women and Fertility Values 




Source: EQ 1956; Osborne list; SB 1983-85, 1992-1994; WSWIA 1992-93 



Whelpton, P. K. - Member 1956; Director 1959-63 
Personal: 

Miami University, Ohio (Scripps Foundation for Research in Population 
Problems 1956, Director 1959-63), see Warren Thompson q.v.; UN Population 
Division, Director 1953 (ARTW, Jan. 1953); see "Contributions of P. K. Whelpton 
to Demography" by Clyde V. Kiser, Social Biology, 1973 v. 20, 4 

Publications: 

1958 Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Fertility w/ Clyde V. Kiser q.v., 
1946-58, 5 vols., New York, Milbank Memorial Fund; 1954 "Future Fertility of 
American Women", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 1, #1; Family Planning. Sterility, and 
Population Growth w/ A. Campbell q.v., McGraw-Hill, New York; 1947 Forecasts 
of the Population of the United States 1945-75., Wash., D.C., US Government 
Printing Office; 

Source: EQ 1956, 1959-63 



Wiggam, Albert E. - Director 1928-46; Member 1930, 1956 
Personal: 

a.k.a. Albert F. Wiggam (1942-46); b. Indiana; d. April 1957, Santa Monica CA; 
PhD Hanover College, Indiana 1893; Chautauqua writer and editor 1901-1919; Ed 
dir., National Newspaper Service; Member: American Society of Human Genetics 
1954, American Genetic Assn., Assn, for the Study of Human Heredity (v.p. 1933) 
Citizens Committee for Planned Parenthood 1939; author and publicist 

Publications: 

1939-41 Editorial Committee, Eugenical News; 1927 The Next Age of Man ; 1924 
The Fruit of the Family Tree, Indianapolis (repr., in print 1994); 1923 The New 
Decalogue of Science. Indianapolis; newspaper column "Let's Explore Your 
Mind" 

Quote: 

eugenics is " simply the projection of the Golden Rule down the stream of 
protoplasm" Kevles p. 59 




Source: AESM 1935; Mehler, p. 310; EN 1939-45; EQ 1956; WWWIA; 
Membership list, American Society of Human Genetics, AJHG 1954; BCR, April 
1939 



Winternitz, Milton C. - 1934-35 
Personal: 

1936 resigned; Dean of Yale Medical School 1920-35; assoc, director, Institute for 
Human Relations, Yale Univ. 1931-50; Member, Birth Control League 

Source: AESM 1934; AESM Oct. 1936; Mehler, p. 310, 444 
Wood, James - see under officers 



Woolf, Charles M. - Member 1956, 1974; Director 1977-79 
Personal: 

b. Utah 1925; PhD (Genetics) California 1954; Univ. of Utah (Lab. of Human 
Genetics 1950-61; Director of Lab 1957-61; taught genetics 1953-61 (assoc, prof. 
1959-61); Arizona State Univ. (Zoology; Prof. 1964-); Member: American Society 
of Human Genetics, Genetics Society of America; genetics of cancer, 
consanguinity, development 

Publications: 

1975 "A Genetic Study of Spina Bifida Cystica in Utah", Social Biology, v. 22, 3; 
1968 Principles of Biometry: Statistics for Biologist s: 1962 Communication, 
"Medical Dilemma: Is Insulin Therapy Increasing the Frequency of the Gene for 
Diabetes Mellitus", Eugenics Quarterly, v. 9, 4; 1955 Three Investigations on 
Genetic Aspects of Carcinoma of the Stomach and Breast . Univ. of California 
publications in Public Health, v. 2 # 4, Books on Demand 



Source: EQ 1956; SB 1977-79; Osborne list; AMWS 12th Ed.